Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger

НазваниеSallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger
Размер0.74 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   17


A Unique Type of

Mercury Poisoning

Sallie Bernard*
Albert Enayati, B.S., Ch.E., M.S.M.E.
Heidi Roger
Teresa Binstock

Lyn Redwood, R.N., M.S.N., C.R.N.P.

Woody McGinnis, M.D.


2000 by ARC Research

14 Commerce Drive

Cranford, NJ 07016

April 3, 2000


Autism is a neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by impairments in social relatedness, language, and communication, a need for routine and sameness, abnormal movements, and sensory dysfunction. Mercury is a toxic metal that can exist as a pure element or in a variety of inorganic and organic forms and can cause immune, sensory, neurological, motor, and other behavioral dysfunctions.

The characteristics of autism and mercury poisoning, derived from a review of medical literature, have been found, upon comparison, to be strikingly similar. The characteristics of both disorders are summarized in the following table and fully elucidated in the body of this document. The parallels between the two diseases are so close that it would be unreasonable to assume that the similarities occur by chance.

We claim that autism is a form of mercury poisoning, based on similarities of characteristics and on the known exposure to mercury of the majority of US children. The exposure route is childhood vaccines, most of which contain thimerosal, a preservative comprised of 50% ethylmercury by weight. The amount of mercury a typical child under two years receives from vaccinations equates to 237.5 micrograms, or 3.53 x 1017 molecules (353,000,000,000,000,000 molecules), most of which is not excreted and goes directly to the brain. The amount is known to exceed Federal safety standards, but is still considered a “low” level, such that only a small percentage of exposed individuals will exhibit signs of toxicity. Affected individuals are those genetically prone to mercury sensitivity, which is consistent with the observed high heritability rate of autism. Furthermore, the timing of mercury exposure via vaccines coincides with the emergence of autistic symptoms. Moreover, mercury has been detected in urine, hair, and blood samples from autistic children, and parental reports, though limited at this date, indicate significant improvement in symptoms with administration of standard heavy metal chelators. Thus, the four agreed-upon criteria used by clinicians to diagnose mercury poisoning – i.e., observable symptoms, known exposure at the time of symptom onset, detectable levels in biologic samples, and improvement with chelation - have been met for autism.

The phenotypic expression of mercury poisoning varies by a host of factors – including type of mercury given, method of administration, rate and level of dose, individual genotype, and age of patient – so that each variation in factors has created in the past a slightly different manifestation of the disease – Mad Hatter’s disease, Minamata disease, and acrodynia, for example. The pathology arising from the set of mercury-related variables involved in autism – intermittent bolus doses of ethylmercury injected into genetically susceptible infants and toddlers – has never been reported before in medical literature. Thus we argue that autism represents a unique form of mercury poisoning not heretofore described. Our findings have widespread implications for the affected population of autistic individuals, for other unexplained disorders with symptoms similar to heavy metal intoxication, and for childhood vaccination programs.

Summary Comparison of Characteristics

of Autism & Mercury Poisoning

Mercury Poisoning



Social deficits, shyness, social withdrawal

Social deficits, social withdrawal, shyness


Depression, mood swings; mask face

Depressive traits, mood swings; flat affect



Schizoid tendencies, OCD traits

Schizophrenic & OCD traits; repetitiveness

Lacks eye contact, hesitant to engage others

Lack of eye contact, avoids conversation

Irrational fears

Irrational fears

Irritability, aggression, temper tantrums

Irritability, aggression, temper tantrums

Impaired face recognition

Impaired face recognition


Loss of speech, failure to develop speech

Delayed language, failure to develop speech

Language &

Dysarthria; articulation problems

Dysarthria; articulation problems


Speech comprehension deficits

Speech comprehension deficits


Verbalizing & word retrieval problems

Echolalia; word use & pragmatic errors

Sound sensitivity

Sound sensitivity

Hearing loss; deafness in very high doses

Mild to profound hearing loss

Poor performance on language IQ tests

Poor performance on verbal IQ tests


Abnormal sensation in mouth & extremities

Abnormal sensation in mouth & extremities


Sound sensitivity

Sound sensitivity

Abnormal touch sensations; touch aversion

Abnormal touch sensations; touch aversion

Vestibular abnormalities

Vestibular abnormalities

Motor Disorders

Involuntary jerking movements - arm flapping, ankle jerks, myoclonal jerks, choreiform movements, circling, rocking

Stereotyped movements - arm flapping, jumping, circling, spinning, rocking; myoclonal jerks; choreiform movements

Deficits in eye-hand coordination; limb apraxia; intention tremors

Poor eye-hand coordination; limb apraxia; problems with intentional movements

Gait impairment; ataxia – from incoordination & clumsiness to inability to walk, stand, or sit; loss of motor control

Abnormal gait and posture, clumsiness and incoordination; difficulties sitting, lying, crawling, and walking

Difficulty in chewing or swallowing

Difficulty chewing or swallowing

Unusual postures

Unusual postures

Cognitive Impairments

Borderline intelligence, mental retardation - some cases reversible

Borderline intelligence, mental retardation - sometimes "recovered"

Poor concentration, attention, response inhibition

Poor concentration, attention, shifting attention

Uneven performance on IQ subtests

Uneven performance on IQ subtests

Verbal IQ higher than performance IQ

Verbal IQ higher than performance IQ

Poor short term, verbal, & auditory memory

Poor short term, auditory & verbal memory

Poor visual and perceptual motor skills, impairment in simple reaction time

Poor visual and perceptual motor skills, lower performance on timed tests

Difficulty carrying out complex commands

Difficulty carrying out multiple commands

Alexia (inability to comprehend the meaning of written words)

Hyperlexia (ability to decode words while lacking word comprehension)

Deficits in understanding abstract ideas & symbolism; degeneration of higher mental powers

Deficits in abstract thinking & symbolism, understanding other’s mental states, sequencing, planning & organizing
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   17


Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconArrizabalaga, Heidi Pattern and Palette Sourcebook a complete Guide to Choosing the Perfect Color and Pattern in Design / Heidi Arrizabalaga. Rockport
Цветочный орнамент / textes Clara Schmidt, Helene Franchi; William Wheeler; O. L. and Co.; Najjia Zegoudh; Olga Nazarova. L'Aventurine,...
Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconThe ghost of Roger Casement Is beating on the door. W. B. Yeats, “The Ghost of Roger Casement” What symbol are you in this dance of death? What is your relevance?

Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconC. V. of Roger L. Boyell, Page of Roger L. Boyell, electronics analyst

Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconPygmalion by George Bernard Shaw

Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconChakats © Bernard Doove/Chakat Goldfur used with permission

Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconThe Project Gutenberg ebook of George Bernard Shaw, by Gilbert K. Chesterton

Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconTake a look at Roger Ebert's 2002

Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger icon) stars as a very animated Heidi who is unfairly separated from her loving grandfather (Burl Ives), and forced to live with a gaggle of despicable relatives in

Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconRoger Stelljes. Smashwords Edition

Sallie Bernard* Albert Enayati, B. S., Ch. E., M. S. M. E. Heidi Roger iconTranslated by Albert Tezla

Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:

База данных защищена авторским правом © 2014
обратиться к администрации
Главная страница