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5. Western Boundary Currents
5a. NW Atlantic
Aikman, F. III, H.W. Ou and R.W. Houghton, 1988. Current variability across the New England continental shelf break and slope. Continental Shelf Research, 8, 625-651.
Beardsley, R. C., and W. C. Boicourt, 1981. On estuarine and continental-shelf circulation in the Middle Atlantic Bight. In: Evolution of Physical Oceanography, Scientific Surveys in Honor of Henry Stommel, B.A. Warren and C.I. Wunsch, editors, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts; pp.198-233.
Beardsley, R.C., D. C. Chapman, K.H. Brink, S.R. Ramp, and R.Schlitz, 1985. The Nantucket Shoals Flux Experiment (NSFE79), Part 1: A basic description of the current and temperature variability. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 15, 713-748.
Biscaye, P.E., C.N. Flagg and P.G. Falkowski, 1994. Shelf edge exchange processes in the southern middle Atlantic Bight: SEEP-II. Deep-Sea Research II, 41, 231-252.
Blanton, J.O., 1971. Exchange of Gulf Stream water with North Carolina shelf water in Onslow Bay during stratified conditions. Deep-Sea Research,18, 167-178.
Blanton, J.O., L.P Atkinson, L.J. Pietrefesa and T.N. Lee, 1981. The intrusion of Gulf stream water across the continental shelf due to topographically-induced upwelling. Deep-Sea Research, 28, 393-405.
Blanton, J.O. and L.J. Pietrafesa, 1978. Flushing of the continental shelf south of cape Hatteras by the Gulf stream. Geophysical Research Letters, 5, 495-498.
Boicourt, W.C., W.J. Wiseman, Jr., A.Valle Levinson and L.P. Atkinson (1998). Continental shelf of the southeastern United States and the Gulf of Mexico: in the shadow of the western boundary current. In: The Sea, volume 11, A.R. Robinson and K.H. Brink, editors, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 135-182.
Brooks, D. A., and J. M. Bane, 1983. Gulf Stream meanders off North Carolina during winter and summer 1979. Journal of Geophysical Research, 88, 4633-4650.
Chapman, D. C., J. A. Barth, R. C. Beardsley and R.G. Fairbanks, 1986. On the continuity of mean flow between the Scotian Shelf and the Middle Atlantic Bight. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 16, 758-772.
Churchill, J. H., P. C. Cornillon, P. Hamilton, 1989. Velocity and hydrographic structure of subsurface shelf water at the Gulf Stream’s edge. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 10791-10800.
Fennel , K., J.Wilkin, J. Levin, J.Moisan, J. O'Reilly and D.Haidvogel, 2006. Nitrogen cycling in the Mid Atlantic Bight and implications for the North Atlantic nitrogen budget: Results from a three-dimensional model. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20, GB3007.
Fisher, A., Jr., 1972. Entrainment of shelf water by the Gulf Stream northeast of Cape Hatteras. Journal of Geophysical Research, 77, 3248-3255.
Ford, W. L., J. R. Longard, and R. E. Banks, 1952. On the nature, occurrence and origin of cold low salinity water along the edge of the Gulf Stream. Journal of Marine Research, 11, 281-293.
Gawarkiewicz, G., T. G. Ferdelman, G. W. Luther, III, and T. M. Church, 1996: Interaction of shelf, slope, and Gulf Stream water masses on the continental shelf north of Cape Hatteras. Continental Shelf Research, 16, 1751-1773.
Mountain, D. G., 1991. The volume of shelf water in the Middle Atlantic Bight: seasonal and interannual variability, 1977-1987. Continental Shelf Research, 11, 251-267.
Wang, Z. A., W. J. Cai, Y. Wang and H. Ji, 2005. The southeastern continental shelf of the United States as an atmospheric CO2 source and an exporter of inorganic carbon to the ocean. Continental Shelf Research, 25, 1917-1941.
Wishner, K., E. Durbin, M. MacCaulay, H.Winn and R.Kinney, 1988. Copepod patches and Right Whales in the Great South Channel off New England. Bulletin of Marine Science, 43, 825-844.
5b. NW Pacific
Arai, M., 2005. Numerical study of a Kyucho and a bottom intrusion in the Bungo Channel, Japan: Disturbances generated by the Kuroshio small meanders. Journal of Oceanography, 61, 953-971.
Caruso, M. J., G. G. Gawarkiewicz, R. C. Beardsley, 2006. Interannual variability of the Kuroshio intrusion in the South China Sea. Journal of Oceanography 62 , 559-575.
Chapman, D.C., D.S. Ko and R.H. Preller, 2004. A high-resolution numerical modeling study of the subtidal circulation in the northern South China Sea. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 29, 1087-1104.
Chen, C. T. A., 1996. The Kuroshio intermediate water is the major source of nutrients on the East China Sea continental shelf. Oceanologica Acta, 19, 523-527.
Chen, C. T. A., R. Ruo, S. C. Pai, et al., 1995. Exchange of water masses between the East-China-Sea and the Kuroshio off northeastern Taiwan. Continental Shelf Research, 15, 19-39.
Chen, C.T.A. and D.D. Sheu, 2006. Does the Taiwan Warm Current originate in the Taiwan Strait in wintertime? Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111(C4), C04005.
Chen C.T.A. and S.L.Wang SL, 1999. Carbon, alkalinity and nutrient budgets on the East China Sea continental shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 104, 20675-20686.
Chen, X., X. Wang and J. Guo, 2006. Seasonal variability of the sea surface salinity in the East China Sea during 1990–2002. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111(C5), C05008.
Chern, C.-S., J. Wang, and D.-P. Wang, 1990. The exchange of Kuroshio and East China Sea shelf water. Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, 16017-16023.
Cho, Y.K., Kim, K. 2000. Branching Mechanism of the Tsushima Current in the Korea Strait. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, 2788-2797.
Fukamachi, Y., G. Mizuta, K.I. Ohshima, L.D. Talley, S.C. Riser and M. Wakatsuchi, 2004. Transport and modification processes of dense shelf water revealed by long-term moorings off Sakhalin in the Sea of Okhotsk. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 109(C9), C09S10.
Gawarkiewicz, G., J. Wang, M. Caruso, S.R. Ramp, K.H. Brink and F.Bahr, 2004. Shelfbreak circulation and thermohaline structure in the northern South China Sea - Contrasting spring conditions in 2000 and 2001. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 29, 1131-1143.
Gladyshev, S., L. Talley, G. Kantakov, G. Khen and M. Wakatsuchi, 2003. Distribution, formation, and seasonal variability of Okhotsk Sea Mode Water. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 108, 3186.
Guo, B.H., X.M. Hu, X.J. Xiong and R.F. Ge, 2003. Study on interaction between the coastal water, shelf water and Kuroshio water in the Huanghai Sea and East China Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 22, 351-367.
Guo, X.Y., H. Hukuda, Y. Miyazawa, T. Yamagata, 2003. A triply nested ocean model for simulating the Kuroshio - Roles of horizontal resolution on JEBAR.
Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33,146-169.
Guo, X., Y. Miyazawa, T. Yamagata, 2006. The Kuroshio onshore intrusion along the shelf break of the East China Sea: The origin of the Tsushima Warm Current. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 36, 2205-2231.
Hinata, H., T. Yanagi, T. Takao and H. Kawamura, 2005. Wind-induced Kuroshio warm water intrusion into Sagami Bay. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 110(C3), C03023.
Hsueh, Y., 2000. The Kuroshio in the East China Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 24, 131-139.
Hsueh, Y., C. S. Chern, J. Wang, 1993. Blocking of the Kuroshio by the continental-shelf northeast of Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research, 98 , 12351-12359.
Hsueh, Y., H.-J. Lie and H. Ichikawa, 1996. On the branching of the Kuroshio west of Kyushu. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 3851-3858.
Hsueh, Y., J. R. Schultz, W. R. Holland, 1997. The Kuroshio flow-through in the East China Sea: A numerical model. Progress in Oceanography, 39, 79-108.
Hsueh, Y., J. Wang, C. S. Chern, 1992. The intrusion of the Kuroshio across the continental-shelf northeast of Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 14323-14330.
Ichikawa, H., M. Chaen, 2000. Seasonal variation of heat and freshwater transports by the Kuroshio in the East China Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 24, 119-129.
Jan, S.. and D.D. Sheu and H.M. Kuo, 2006. Water mass and throughflow transport variability in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans,111 (C12), C12012.
Jan, S., J. Wang, C.S. Chern and S.Y. Chao, 2002. Seasonal variation of the circulation in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Marine Systems, 35, 249-268,
Jiang, H., S. Bjorck, L. H. Ran, et al., 2006. Impact of the Kuroshio Current on the South China Sea based on a 115 000 year diatom record. Journal of Quaternary Science, 21, 377-385.
Jilan, S., 2004. Overview of the South China Sea circulation and its influence on the coastal physical oceanography outside the Pearl River Estuary. Continental Shelf Research, 24, 1745-1760.
Johns, W. E., T. N. Lee, D. X. Zhang, et al., 2001. The Kuroshio east of Taiwan: Moored transport observations from the WOCE PCM-1 array. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31 , 1031-1053.
Kasai, A., S. Kimura, H. Nakata, et al., 2002. Entrainment of coastal water into a frontal eddy of the Kuroshio and its biological significance. Journal of Marine Systems, 37, 185-198.
Kawamiya, M. and M.J. Kishi, 2002. Ecological–physical modelling for warm core ring 93A of Kuroshio extension focused on a blooming event inside WCR. Journal of Marine Systems, 32, 139-152.
Kim K.-R., Kim G., Kim K., Lobanov V., Ponomarev V. and A. Salyuk, 2002. A sudden bottom-water formation during the severe winter 2000–2001: The case of the East/Japan Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 1234.
Lee J.C., Kim, H. and J.-C. Kim, 2003. Observations of coastal upwelling at Ulsan in summer 1997. Journal of Korean Society of Oceanography, 38, 122-134.
Lee, J.S. and T. Matsuno, 2007. Intrusion of Kuroshio water onto the continental shelf of the East China Sea. Journal of Oceanography, 63, 309-325.
Li, R. F., D. J. Guo, Q. C. Zeng, 1996. Numerical simulation of interrelation between the Kuroshio and the current of the northern South China Sea. Progress in Natural Science, 6, 325-332.
Liang, W.D., T.Y. Tang, Y.J. Yang, M.T. Ko and W.S. Chuang, 2003. Upper-ocean currents around Taiwan. Deep-Sea Research II, 50, 1085-1105.
Matsuno, T., M. Shimizu, Y. Morii, H.Nishida and Y. Takaki, 2005. Measurements of the turbulent energy dissipation rate around the shelf break in the East China Sea. Journal of Oceanography, 61, 1029-1037.
Matsuyama, M., H. Ishidoya, S. Iwata, Y. Kitade and H. Nagamatsu, 1999. Kyucho induced by intrusion of Kuroshio water in Sagami Bay, Japan. Continental Shelf Research, 19, 1561-1575.
Mizuta, G., K.I. Ohshima, Y. Fukamachi and M. Wakatsuchi, 2005. The variability of the East Sakhalin Current induced by winds over the continental shelf and slope. Journal of Marine Research, 63, 1017-1039.
Nakatsuka, T., M. Toda, K. Kawamura and M. Wakatsuchi, 2004. Dissolved and particulate organic carbon in the Sea of Okhotsk: their transport from continental shelf to ocean interior. Journal of Geophysical Research 109 (C9), C09S14.
Nof ,D., 1993. The penetration of Kuroshio water into the Sea of Japan. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 23,797-807.
Qiu, B., R. Lukas, 1996. Seasonal and interannual variability of the North Equatorial Current, the Mindanao Current, and the Kuroshio along the Pacific western boundary. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 12315-12330.
Rybalko, S.I., and G.V. Shevchenko, 2003. Seasonal and spatial variability of sea currents on the Sakhalin northeastern shelf. Pacific Oceanography, 1, 168–178.
Seung, Y. H., 1999. A geostrophic adjustment model of shelfward intrusion of oceanic upper water across a depth discontinuity: implication to the Kuroshio region. Continental Shelf Research, 19, 247-269.
Sosnin, V.A., 2007. On the role of the freshwater budget at the origin of the salinity minimum at intermediate depths in the northern Pacific. Russian Meteorology and Hydrology, 32, 453-460.
Tang,,T.Y., J.H. Tai and Y.J. Yang, 2000. The flow pattern north of Taiwan and the migration of the Kuroshio. Continental Shelf Research, 20, 349-371.
Tatebe, H. and I.Yasuda, 2005. Numerical experiments on the seasonal variations of the Oyashio near the east coast of Japan. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 35, 2309-2326.
Trusenkova O., A. Nikitin and V. Lobanov, 2009. Circulation features in the Japan/East Sea related to statistically obtained wind patterns. Journal of Marine Systems 78, 214-225.
Tseng, R.S. and Y.T. Shen, 2003. Lagrangian observations of surface flow patterns in the vicinity of Taiwan. Deep-Sea Research II ,50, 1107-1115.
Tsujino, H., N. Usui, H. Nakano, 2006. Dynamics of Kuroshio path variations in a high-resolution general circulation model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111 (C11), C11001.
Wong, G.T.F., S.Y. Chao, Y.H. Li and F.K. Shiah, 2000. The Kuroshio edge exchange processes (KEEP) study - an introduction to hypotheses and highlights. Continental Shelf Research, 20, 335-347.
Xue, H.J., F. Chai, N. Pettigrew, D.Y. Xu, M. Shi and J.P. Xu, 2004. Kuroshio intrusion and the circulation in the South China Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 109(C2), C02017.
Yang, S.-K., Y. Nagata, K. Taira, and M. Kawabe, 1993. Southward intrusion of the Intermediate Oyashio Water along the east coast of the Boso Peninsula: I. Coastal minimum layer water off the Boso Peninsula. Journal of the Oceanographical Society of Japan, 49, 89-114.
Yasuda, I., S. Kouketsu, K. Katsumata, M. Ohiwa, Y. Kawasaki and A. Kusaka, 2002. Influence of Okhotsk Sea Intermediate Water on the Oyashio and North Pacific Intermediate Water. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 107(C12), 3237.
Yuan, D.L., W. Q. Han, D. X. Hu, 2006. Surface Kuroshio path in the Luzon Strait area derived from satellite remote sensing data. Journal of Geophysical Research- Oceans, 111 (C11), C11007.
Yuan, D., J. Zhu, C. Li, and D. Hu, 2008. Cross-shelf circulation in the Yellow and East China Seas indicated by MODIS satellite observations. Journal of Marine Systems, 70, 134-149.
Zuenko Yu.I. and V.V. Nadtochii, 2004. A study of the upwelling effect on the mesoplankton abundance and composition in the coastal zone of the Sea of Japan. Oceanology, 44, 526-534.
5c. East Australia Current
Baird, M. E., P. G. Timko, I. M. Suthers and J. H. Middleton, 2006. Coupled physical-biological modelling study of the East Australian Current with idealised wind forcing: Part II. Biological dynamical analysis. Journal of Marine Systems, 59, 271-291.
McLean-Padman, J., and L. Padman, 1991. Summer upwelling on the Sydney inner continental shelf. The relative roles of local wind forcing and mesoscale eddy encroachment. Continental Shelf Research 11, 321-345.
Middleton, J. F. and M. Cirano, 2005. Wintertime circulation off southeast Australia: Strong forcing by the East Australian Current. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 110 (C12), C12019.
Ridgway, K. R. and J. S. Godfrey, 1997. Seasonal cycle of the East Australian Current. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 22921–22936.
Roughan, M. and J. H. Middleton, 2002. A comparison of observed upwelling mechanisms off the east coast of Australia. Continental Shelf Research, 22, 2551-2572.
Roughan, M. and J. H. Middleton, 2004. On the East Australian Current: Variability, encroachment, and upwelling. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 109 (C7), C07003.
Roughan, M., P. R. Oke and J. H. Middleton, 2003. A modeling study of the climatological current field and the trajectories of upwelled particles in the East Australian Current. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33, 2551-2564.
Young, J.W., R.Bradford, T.D. Lamb, L.A. Clementson, R. Kosler and H. Galea, 2001. Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) aggregations along the shelf break off southeastern Australia: links between inshore and offshore processes. Marine and Freshwater Research, 52, 463-474.
5d. Agulhas Current
Boyd, A.J. and F.P. Shillington, 1994. Physical forcing and circulation patterns on the Agulhas Bank. South African Journal of Science, 90, 114-122.
Chapman, P. and J.L. Largier, 1989. On the origin of Agulhas Bank bottom water. South African Journal of Science, 85, 515-519.
DiMarco, S.F., P. Chapman and W.D. Nowlin, Jr. (2000). Satellite observations of upwelling on the continental shelf south of Madagascar. Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 3965-3968.
Fowler, J.L. and A.J. Boyd, (1998). Transport of anchovy and sardine eggs and larvae from the western Agulhas Bank to the west coast during the 1993/94 and 1994/95 spawning seasons. South African Journal of Marine Science, 19, 181-195.
Largier, J.L., P. Chapman, W.T. Peterson and V.P. Swart, 1992. The western Agulhas Bank: circulation, stratification and ecology. South African Journal of Marine Science, 12, 319-339.
Lutjeharms, J.R.E., 2006. The Agulhas Current. Springer, Berlin, 329 pp.
Lutjeharms, J.R.E., J. Cooper and M. Roberts, 2000. Upwelling at the inshore edge of the Agulhas Current. Continental Shelf Research, 20, 737-761.
Lutjeharms, J.R.E., M.L. Grundlingh and R.A. Carter, 1989. Topographically induced upwelling in the Natal Bight. South African Journal of Science, 85, 310-316.
Lutjeharms, J. R. E., and P. L. Stockton, 1991. Aspects of the upwelling regime between Cape Point and Cape Agulhas, South Africa. South African Journal of Marine Science, 10, 91-102.
Lutjeharms, J.R.E. and W.P.M. de Ruijter, 1996. The influence of the Agulhas Current on the adjacent coastal zone: possible impact of climate change. Journal of Marine Systems, 7, 321-336.
Lutjeharms, J.R.E. and E. Machu, 2000. An upwelling cell inshore of the East Madagascar Current. Deep-Sea Research I, 47, 2405-2411.
Machu, E., J.R.E. Lutjeharms, A.M. Webb and H.M. van Aken, 2002. First hydrographic evidence of the southeast Madagascar upwelling cell. Geophysical. Research Letters, 29, 2009.
Rouault, M., A.M. Lee-Thorp, I. Ansorge and J.R.E. Lutjeharms, 1995. The Alguhas Current Air-Sea Exchange Experiment. South African Journal of Science, 91, 493-496.
Schumann, E.H., 1986. The bottom boundary layer inshore of the Agulhas Current off Natal in August 1975. South African Journal of Marine Science, 4, 93-102.
Siedler, G., M. Rouault and J.R.E. Lutjeharms, 2006. Structure and origin of the subtropical South Indian Ocean Countercurrent. Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (L24), L24609.
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