Medical Laboratory Technician &
Medical Technologist/Medical Laboratory Scientist
Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department
College of Health Professions
Table of Contents
PART I: INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL INFORMATION *
MLT-MT Ladder Curriculum
Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department Faculty *
Academic and Professional Advisement: *
Description of the Profession *
MLT and MT Program Entry Expectations *
Outcomes Desired by Typical CLS Students *
Essential Functions of CLS Students *
Academic Standards *
Course Evaluation by Students *
Student Services *
Appeals and Grievances *
Content of CLS Courses and Student Assessment *
Computer Access Requirement
PART II. MLT Associate in Applied Science Degree Program *
MLT Pre-Clinical CLS Courses *
MLT Clinical Practicum Courses *
Hospital affiliates of the MLT program: *
MLT-MT Ladder Curriculum *
PART III. Bachelor of Science Degree in Medical Technology *
General Academic Requirements *
Employment and Personal Commitments vs. Study *
MT Program Pre-clinical Courses *
MT hospital clinical practicum *
Advanced Placement *
Hospital affiliates for the MT clinical practicum *
Part IV. Graduation and Certification, MLT and MT *
Applying for Graduation *
Applying For Professional Certification Examinations *
PART V. ON-CAMPUS LABORATORY POLICIES AND RULES *
Waste Management *
Safety Procedures *
Specimen Handling *
Protective Clothing *
Laboratory Accidents, First Aid *
Handling, Hazards, and Proper Disposal of Chemicals *
Student Lab Stations *
PART VI. PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATION, JOB PLACEMENT *
Professional Certification and Licensure *
Job Placement *
Professional Organizations *
Professional Scholarships and Financial Aid *
PART VII: Bulletin Boards *
PART I: INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL INFORMATION
This guide is for students already admitted to the MLT and MT programs and as additional information for individuals looking for information about the Marshall University CLS Programs . For information on admissions, check the current MU Undergraduate Catalog.
MLT-MT Ladder Curriculum
These degree programs are quite adaptable to individual student backgrounds, goals, and needs. It is convenient to think of these as two one-year programs with prerequisites. For example, a student who has already completed most of the general course requirements for the bachelor's degree might choose to complete the MLT and MT programs sequentially in two years. Another student may choose to complete the MLT program, take prerequisites for the MT program over a period of a year or more, then continue into the MT program. Some MLT graduates have found employment and then continued working toward the bachelor's degree with tuition paid by an employer.
Students who successfully complete the MU MLT program are eligible to continue on into the MT program. In order for program officials to know your intentions and to schedule clinical MT practicum experiences, admission to the MT program requires that you submit a letter of intent to the MT Program Director in the spring of the academic year you intend to begin the preclinical MT course sequence.
Graduates of other NAACLS-accredited MLT programs are also eligible for direct admission to the MT program. See the MU catalog. Graduates of a NAACLS-accredited MLT program with work experience at the MT level may apply for advanced standing in the medical technology program.
The Marshall Plan does not apply to associate degrees. However, CLS students who want to complete the bachelor’s degree program in medical technology should plan with their academic advisor to include as many "Marshall Plan" requirements as possible while completing the MLT program curriculum. A listing of Marshall Plan courses offered in the current semester may be found in the schedule of classes and on MILO.
Clinical Laboratory Sciences programs are excellent pre-medical curricula, when supplemented with additional general studies courses. Students planning to seek admission to postgraduate professional schools should plan their academic program with an additional pre-professional advisor.
Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department Faculty
Jennifer Perry, MS, BSMT (ASCP) joined the MU faculty in August of 2005 and is currently the chair and program director for CLS programs. She received her Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology from Marshall University in 1994 and her Master of Science in Health Care Administration also from Marshall University in 1999, and is currently pursuing a doctorate in Education Administration from Marshall University. Professor Perry spent twelve years in the clinical laboratory field where she supervised operations in the Chemistry and Hematology sections, as well as educated CLS students at the clinical site. She currently holds the rank of assistant professor and teaches CLS 200, Clinical Biochemistry, CLS 464, Laboratory Instrumentation, CLS 255, Clinical Laboratory Problems, CLS 468, Senior Research/Capstone, and also serves as the MLT clinical rotation coordinator.
Dorothy (Dee) J. Fike, MS, MT (ASCP), SBB (AABB). Professor Fike joined the MU faculty in January 1995. She earned the bachelors degree in biology from Capital University (Ohio) in 1968. She completed the medical technology program at Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, OH in 1967 and earned the Master of Science Degree in Biology (Immunology) at Cleveland State University in 1972. She has done additional graduate study at the University of Michigan Ann Arbor and at Virginia Commonwealth University. Ms. Fike holds the rank of full professor and currently teaches CLS 110, Clinical Hematology, CLS 210, Clinical Immunohematology, CLS 310, Clinical Immunology and Molecular Diagnostics, CLS 410, Advanced Hematology / Transfusion Medicine, and CLS 466, Diagnostic Physiology. She also coordinates MT clinical practicum experiences (CLS 472 and CLS 473).
Dr. Muhammad Amjad, Ph.D., SM(ASCP). Dr. Amjad joined the MU faculty in August 2009. He earned a Bachelor of Science in Microbiology and Biochemistry in 1988, a Master’s degree in Microbiology in 1991, and a Ph.D. in Microbiology in 1998 from the University of Karachi, Pakistan. Dr. Amjad has experience in the clinical laboratory, and earned a Specialty certification in Microbiology through ASCP in 2003, and a Diplomat of American Board of Microbiology through the American Academy of Microbiology in 2009. Prior to coming to Marshall University, Dr. Amjad was an Assistant Professor and an active researcher in the Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department and School of Medicine at Wayne State University, in Detroit, Michigan. Dr. Amjad holds the rank of associate professor and currently teaches CLS 105, Medical Laboratory Terminology, CLS 421, Advanced Microbiology and Chemistry, CLS 220 Clinical Microbiology, CLS 468 Senior Research/Capstone, and CLS 499, Readings in Laboratory Medicine.
The MLT and MT programs at Marshall University underwent the comprehensive reaccreditation process in 2005-06 through the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS). Both programs were granted 5-year accreditation.
Academic and Professional Advisement:
CLS programs are under the administration of the College of Health Professions. The office of the Dean, College of Health Professions (COHP) is located on the 2nd floor of Prichard Hall.
MLT, MT, and CYT students should be assigned to a faculty member in the Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department for academic and professional advisement. Computer advisement holds must be removed from students’ records before they can officially register for classes. For students who have already discussed their academic program with their CLS advisor, academic holds may be removed by a telephonic or email request addressed to the advisor. If the CLS advisor is unavailable, the office of the associate dean of the College of Health Professions may remove academic holds.
Description of the Profession
The following descriptions and entry-level competence statements are extracted from the NAACLS (National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences) Essentials for medical laboratory technicians and technologists.
Medical Laboratory Technician:
The clinical laboratory technician/medical laboratory technician is an allied health professional who is qualified by academic and practical training to provide service in clinical laboratory science. The clinical laboratory technician/medical laboratory technician must also be responsible for his/her own actions, as defined by the profession.
The ability to interact with people, a capacity for calm and reasoned judgment and a demonstration of commitment to the patient are qualities essential for a clinical laboratory technician/medical laboratory technician. They must demonstrate ethical and moral attitudes and principles which are essential for gaining and maintaining the trust of professional associates, the support of the community, and the confidence of the patient and family. An attitude of respect for the patient and confidentiality of the patient’s record and/or diagnoses must be maintained.
Clinical laboratory technicians/ medical laboratory technicians are competent in:
a. Collecting, processing, and analyzing biological specimens and other substances;
b. Performing analytical tests of body fluids, cells, and other substances;
c. Recognizing factors that affect procedures and results, and taking appropriate actions within predetermined limits when corrections are indicated;
d. Performing and monitoring quality control within predetermined limits;
e. Performing preventive and corrective maintenance of equipment and instruments or referring to appropriate sources for repairs;
f. Applying principles of safety;
g. Demonstrating professional conduct and interpersonal communication skills with patients, laboratory personnel, other health care professionals, and with the public;
h. Recognizing the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel and interacting with them with respect for their jobs and patient care;
i. Applying basic scientific principles in learning new techniques and procedures;
j. Relating laboratory findings to common disease processes, and k. establishing and maintaining continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence.
Upon graduation and initial employment, the clinical laboratory technician/medical laboratory technician should be able to demonstrate entry-level knowledge and skills in the above areas of professional practice.
The clinical laboratory scientist/medical technologist is an allied health professional who is qualified by academic and practical training to provide service in clinical laboratory science. The clinical laboratory scientist/medical technologist must also be responsible for his/her own actions, as defined by the profession. The ability to relate to people, a capacity for calm and reasoned judgment and a demonstration of commitment to the patient are qualities essential for a clinical laboratory scientist/medical technologist. They must demonstrate ethical and moral attitudes and principles that are essential for gaining and maintaining the trust of professional associates, the support of the community, and the confidence of the patient and family. An attitude of respect for the patient and confidentiality of the patient’s record and/or diagnoses must be maintained. Clinical laboratory scientists/medical technologists are competent in:
a. Developing and establishing procedures for collecting, processing, and analyzing biological specimens and other substances;
b. Performing analytical tests of body fluids, cells, and other substances;
c. Integrating and relating data generated by the various clinical laboratory departments while making decisions regarding possible discrepancies;
d. Confirming abnormal results, verifying quality control procedures, executing quality control procedures, and developing solutions to problems concerning the generation of laboratory data;
e. Making decisions concerning the results of quality control and quality assurance measures, and instituting proper procedures to maintain accuracy and precision;
f. Establishing and performing preventive and corrective maintenance of equipment and instruments as well as identifying appropriate sources for repairs;
g. Developing, evaluating, and selecting new techniques, instruments and methods in terms of their usefulness and practicality within the context of a given laboratory’s personnel, equipment, space, and budgetary resources;
h. Demonstrating professional conduct and interpersonal skills with patients, laboratory personnel, other health care professionals, and the public;
i. Establishing and maintaining continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence;
j. Providing leadership in educating other health personnel and the community;
k. Exercising principles of management, safety, and supervision;
l. Applying principles of educational methodology, and
m. Applying principles of current information systems.
Upon graduation and initial employment, the clinical laboratory scientist/medical technologist should be able to demonstrate entry-level competencies in the above areas of professional practice.
MLT and MT Program Entry Expectations
Students entering training for a laboratory career should expect develop the capability to perform the duties required. The following list of entry expectations that are intended to reflect the major responsibilities and duties of CLS jobs.
Interprets and acts upon written and verbal instructions for obtaining specimens.
Collects, labels, transports, and processes specimens for laboratory analysis.
Follows detailed written instructions for performing laboratory testing.
Performs clinical laboratory tests and procedures in order to provide accurate diagnostic data.
Performs quality control procedures to ensure the accuracy of the laboratory data.
Performs preventative and corrective maintenance on equipment to ensure the quality of work.
Communicates results verbally by telephone, by written report, and by computer information system.
Accurately transcribes and records information in laboratory documents.
Maintains work environment to enhance safety and quality of laboratory procedures.
Provides teaching and education to laboratory students and other personnel.
Contributes to the efficient operation of the laboratory.
Demonstrates commitment to the values involved in delivery of quality medical care.
Contributes to the effective operations of the hospital by demonstrating dependability in job performance.
Outcomes Desired by Typical CLS Students
Graduation from a Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT or CLT) or Medical Technologist (MT or CLS) educational program
Certification eligibility: ability to qualify for and attain professional certification through ASCP-BOR or NCA.
License Eligible: qualified to apply for a license in the state government of West Virginia to practice as a Medical Technician or Medical Technologist.
Attain Entry Level Skills: Ability to perform all laboratory procedures, ability to cope with the stress of emergency situations, and ability perform work in an experienced manner after orientation to the workplace.
Attain Professional Status: Attain the respect of practicing professional colleagues and their recommendations for employment.
Essential Functions for CLS Students
The following requirements include essential functions that MLT/MT students must possess so that they will be capable of achieving the objectives of the program and the profession, and so they will not be endangered, nor will they endanger others in the course of their regular work. A student in MLT or MT programs must possess the following essential functions:
Manual Dexterity: must possess the ability to use hand(s) or prosthetic devices with coordination. Tasks that could be required are, but are not limited to 1)performing simple manipulative skills such as washing, writing, streaking plates, etc. 2) performing moderately difficult manipulative skills such as positioning patients for phlebotomy procedures, using computer keyboards, etc. 3) performing difficult manipulative skills such as invasive procedures, calibration of equipment, pulling, pushing and lifting objects greater than 20 lbs etc.
Fine Motor Skills: must possess the ability to safely and accurately perform all laboratory procedures, manipulate tools, instruments, small objects and other equipment in the laboratory with fingertips or adaptive devices
Mobility: Ability to maneuver around instruments and objects in the classroom and laboratory, as well as in the health care setting/clinical laboratory.
Visual Discrimination: the student should be able to read charts and graphs, read instrument scales, discriminate colors, read microscopic materials, distinguish cloudy from clear and record results. In the course of the program, the CLS student may be required to:
Hearing: must possess the ability to adapt with assistive devices.
Reading: must possess the ability to read, comprehend and follow directions in printed English.
Speech: must possess the ability to verbally communicate effectively in English.
Writing: must possess the ability to communicate in written form in English
Emotional Stability: must possess the ability to work accurately and safely under stress, adapt to changing environments and prioritize tasks.
Travel Requirements: must possess the ability to travel to required education/training destinations, such as the classroom, or clinical facility.
OSHA Category For Blood borne Pathogens Exposure.
In the course of the program, the CLS student will routinely encounter exposure to blood borne pathogens. The student will be required to master safety procedures and knowledge about safety policies, materials, and procedures.
Responsibility For Non-Discrimination
The Marshall University, its clinical laboratory programs, and affiliated hospitals are committed to compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. In the course of the program, CLS student will be expected to perform medical laboratory services without regard to race, sex, religion, age, sexual orientation, handicap, or national origin of patient, physician, nurse, visitor, other student, etc.
Responsibility for Professional Confidentiality.
CLS student will be expected to respect the privacy of individuals receiving medical care. Each student will refrain from discussing any patient information with individuals not directly involved with medical treatment of that patient.
Students must earn a grade of C or better in each CLS course to remain in the program. Feedback on student performance on examinations and practical exercises is usually available the next class or laboratory period. The instructor provides periodic summaries of grades students are earning during each course.
Course Evaluation by Students
Suggestions for improving instruction may be submitted at any time. These may be done anonymously, if the student so desires. Email or other written comments may be sent to the instructor at any time.
Students will be invited to evaluate instruction in each course and clinical practicum. The purpose of this evaluation is to help faculty make their instruction more effective. These evaluations are done anonymously. Some course/instructor evaluations use standardized data forms, while others are designed by the CLS Department. Students are encouraged to include both positive and negative comments regarding their instruction.
A variety of services are available free to all MU students. These services include academic advisement, academic skills assistance, a psychology clinic, a speech and hearing center, resident hall advisors, the services of the office for student development, the African-American student office, and various outreach programs of churches and synagogues, including the Campus Christian Center. A student ombudsman is also available. MU Libraries and Computer Services provide numerous services. Many services available to students are listed on the MU Student Affairs Webpage.
Students previously in a CLS program may seek readmission/reinstatement and apply by letter to the program director during the regular admissions period, using the regular admissions procedure. Cover letters of should clearly indicate that the student is seeking readmission. Decisions regarding readmitting students to pre-clinical CLS courses will be made by the admissions committee.
No student is guaranteed readmission. Readmitted students may be required to repeat one or more CLS courses or to undertake directed independent study.
Appeals and Grievances
The process for appeals and grievances is found in the MU Undergraduate Catalog under the title, Academic Rights and Responsibilities of Students. It is also found in the MU Student Handbook. Both can be found on the Marshall University website.
Content of CLS Courses and Student Assessment
CLS Courses generally have three content components: a knowledge component (lecture/discussion), a laboratory performance (practical experience) component, and an affective (attitudinal) component. Course content is arranged in ways the instructors consider appropriate for student mastery of the content and for professional socialization. CLS class meetings may include both lecture and laboratory content, at the instructor’s discretion.
Academic credit for course components is defined based on the structure of the learning environment. Generally, the lecture/discussion classes are highly structured and have a ratio of one hour of class for each credit hour. On-campus student laboratory is not as highly structure and lasts 3 hours for each 1 credit hour. Clinical practicum experiences are highly variable regarding instructor – student interactions, so the CLS Department estimates that 40 - 50 hours of clinical practicum is equivalent to one academic credit hour.
The instructor develops each course from written objectives that include knowledge, psychomotor performance, and affective objectives. The syllabus for each course should make clear to students the expectations for each course and the manner in which knowledge and performance will be assessed.
Computer Access Requirement
All MLT and MT students need to obtain a username and password from MU Computing Services for access to the Marshall University computer system. Some courses use online supplemental materials that require secure access.