2001. Type of document: Draft rivo id number: 109 Aarts, P. G. Guidelines for Programmes Psychosocial and Mental Health Care Assistance in (Post) Disaster and Conflict Areas. Draft. 2001




Название2001. Type of document: Draft rivo id number: 109 Aarts, P. G. Guidelines for Programmes Psychosocial and Mental Health Care Assistance in (Post) Disaster and Conflict Areas. Draft. 2001
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108: 5-7.

RIVO ID Number: 230


Vignar, M. N. (1989). 2. Violence sociale et réalité dans l'analyse. Violence d'état et psychoanalyse. J. K. Puget, R; Vignar, M; Rincon, L. Paris, DUNOD: 41-66.

Vignar, Marcelo N., "Violence sociale et réalité dans l'analyse", Violence d'état et psychoanalyse, Paris, Dunod (1999): 41-66: (violence sociale, psychanalyse)


Dans ce chapitre, l'auteur présente ses réflexions sur le rapport entre psychanalyse et violence politico-sociale. Il questionne notamment la place et de la violence organisée dans l'espace psychanalytique de même que la pertinence de la pratique analytique dans un contexte de violence politique. Il aborde également l'aporie de l'individuel et du social, de la réalité psychique et la réalité vécue pour s'interroger sur la façon dont ces éléments de l'interne et de l'externe peuvent être reconnu dans l'analyse

RIVO ID Number: 288


Vissandjée, B. and S. Dupére (2000). “La communication interculturelle en contexte clinique: une question de partenariar.” Revue canadienne de recherche en sciences infirmières 32(1): 99-113.

RIVO ID Number: 860


Volkan, V. D. (2004). Traumatized Societies and Psychologicval Care: Expanding the Concept of Preventive Medicine. D. Knafo. Lanham, Jason Aronson: 10.

This chapter examines the psychological repercussions of shared catastrophes on both an individual and societal level. Shared catastrophes are divided into subgroups: natural causes, human-made disasters, and etchnic set of psychological consequences and etchnic, national, or religious identity issues. Nongouvernmental organization (NGOs) and the mental health professionals who work with traumatized societies need to understand the maladaptive societal changes that result from experiencing a catastrophe and how they may lead to future conflict through the process of transgenerationaltransmission. Besides caring for people with individual Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and working through their own redevelop and enact strategies to interrupt the vicious cycle of transgenerational transmission, administering "preventive medicine" to societies recovering from shared trauma.

RIVO ID Number: 934


Volkan, V. D. (2004). From Hope for a Better Life to Broken Spirits: And introduction. Broken Spirits ( The Treatment of Traumatized Asylum Seekers, Refugees, War and Torture Victims). J. W. a. B. Drozdek. New York, Brunner Routledge: 6.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, former U.S President Georges Bush, Sr. introduced the idea of the ' New World Order and envisioned 'kinder and gentler' times. This vision, as we all know, has by the no meand materiliazied. Massive human tragedies deliberately caused by 'others' people also usually known as 'enemies', occurred during and after his presidency, resulting in, among other disasters, tens of thousands of refugees and asylum seekers. Little more than a decade later, the former president,s son, George Bush, Jr. and national aggression, worldwide terrorism, and a 'new' kind of ruthless the human response to it. The fact is that, when we do not deny it, we realize that the human psychology of individuals or large groups has not changed ; what is changing with great speed is the mastery of technological challenges, which, among other things, has created more and more destructive weapons.

RIVO ID Number: 962


Volpe, J. S. (1996). “Traumatic stress: An overview.” Trauma Response II.1: 1-7.

RIVO ID Number: 563


Walser, R. D. and S. C. Hayes (2006). Acceptance ad Commitment - Therapy in the Treatment of Postraumatic Stress Disorder. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies for Trauma. V. M. F. J. I. Ruzek. New York London, Library of Congress Catalog-in-Publication Data: 14.

Acceptance and comitment therapy (ACT; Hayes, Strosahl, & Wilson, 1999) is a behaviorally based intervention designed to target and reduce expriental avoidance and cognitive entanglement while encouraging clients to make life-enhancing behavioral changes that are in accord with their personal values. Although ACT has been applied to a wide variety of problems, it is well suited to the treatment of trauma. Individuals who have been diagnosed with postraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are often disturbed by traumatic memories, nightmares, unwanted thoughts, and painful feelings. They are frequently working to avoid these expeiences and the trauma-related situations or cues that elicit them. in addition to the symptoms of PTSD, the painful emotional experience and aftermath of trauma can often lead traumatized individuals to view themselves as 'damaged' or 'broken in some important way. These difficult emotions and thaoughts are associated with a variety of behavioral problems, from substance abuse to relationship problems.

RIVO ID Number: 950


Walter, J. and J. Bala (2004). Where Measurings, Sorrow, and Hope Have a Resident Permit: Treatment of Families and Children. Broken Spirits (The Treatment of Traumatized Asylim Seekers, Refugees, War and Rorture Victims). J. P. W. a. B. Drozdek. New York, Brunner- Routledge: 34.

Today's warefare and political persecution very often aim not only at combatants and political activists but usually include spouses and children as targets of repression, violation of human rights, and as victims. Destroying the enemy's future by destroying the hope that rsts on children and through violatig spouses has been a central aim in many historical or present by conflits..

RIVO ID Number: 976


Watson, S. (1995). Preparing caregivers to work with survivors of torture: The importance of self-Awareness and Self-Care,. Community Support for Victims of Torture : A Manual,. Price K. Toronto, CCVT,: 111-119.

RIVO ID Number: 72


Weathers, F. W. and B. T. Litz (1994). “Psychometric properties of the clinitian-administered PTSD Scales, CAPS-1.” PTSD Research Quarterly: 3-8.

RIVO ID Number: 577


Weile, B., L. B. Wingender, et al. (1990). “Behavioural problems in children of torture victims: a sequel to cultural maladaptation or to parental torture.” Developement and behavioural pediatrics 11.2: 79-80.

RIVO ID Number: 132


Weiss, R. and R. STUKER (1998). “Interprétariat et médiation culturelle dans le système de soins.”.

RIVO ID Number: 789


Welsh, J. (2000). “Guatemalan gouvernment acknowledge human-rights abuses.” The Lancet 1356(9239).

RIVO ID Number: 475


Welsh, J. and M. Rayner (1997). “Torture.” 7.1.

RIVO ID Number: 615


Wenzel, T. and I. Sibitz (2001). “On the development of professional psychotherapy.” Torture 11(1): 11-12.

RIVO ID Number: 392


Wertheim-Cahen, T., M. V. Duck, et al. (2004). About a Weeping Willow, a Phoenix Rising From Its Ashes, and Building a House...Art Therapy With Refugees: Three Different Perspectives. Broken Spirits ( The Treatment of Traumatized Asylum Seekers, Refugees, War and Torture Victims. J. P. Wilson and B. Drozdek. New York, Brunner-Routledge: 22.

My drawing represent a life of pain and sorrow. They are my broken dreams. Once I was a beautiful girl. My parents were warm and loving people. I loved to dance, I was an excellent student, and had little worry about. So I do know able to recall the feeling. I have lost my parents and my husband. I have been raped and torturedand fled from my negative country..

RIVO ID Number: 975


Westermeyer, J. (1987). “Prevention of mental disorder among hmong refugees in the U.S: lessons from the period 1976-1986.” Soc. Sci. Med. 25.8: 941-947.

RIVO ID Number: 195


Westermeyer, J. (1996). “Compromise, Complicity and Torture.” JAMA 276.5: 416-417.

RIVO ID Number: 553


Westermeyer, J. and K. Wahmenholm (1989). “Assesing the victimized psychiatric patient.” Hospital and Community psychiatry 40.3: 245-249.

RIVO ID Number: 192


WHO (1994). “Female genital mutilation,.” Medical Press: 1.

RIVO ID Number: 375


WHO and EUR (1988). Report on the meeting of the Advisory Group on the Health situation of Refugees and Victims of Organized Violence. Gothembourg, WHO-EUR: 12.

Type of document:

RIVO ID Number: 592


Wicker, H.-R. (1992.). “Le langage de la violence extrême.”.

RIVO ID Number: 2


Wikan, U. (1988). “Bereavement and loss in two Muslim communities : Egypt and Bali compared.” Social Sciences and Medecine 27(5): 451-460.

The paper discusses the experimental dimension of bereavement and grief in two muslimm societies, and argues that culture more than religion shapes and organizes responses to loss. The risk to health involved, clearly conceptualized in both societies, require enterely different preventive measures at the popular heath car level to accommodate to different, culturally constructed notions of self, body and interppersonal oblifgation. A plea for indeph studies that focus more on emotional experience in loss than on ritaulized mourning is endoresed.

RIVO ID Number: 861


Wilson, J. P. (2004). Empathic Strain, Compassion Fatigue, and Countertransference in the Treatmet of Trauma and PTSD. Living with Terror, Working with Trauma. D. Knafo. Lanham, Jason Aronson: 19.

This chapter explores the deep psychodynamic significiance of empathy in the treatment of trauma-related syndromes. The themes of trauma-specific transmission are discussed, and encoded information that manifest in patients 'transference reactions can be readily decoded through a process of empathic sustainment. New concepts are discussed, including modes of empathic attunement and empathic strain identification of factors that facilitate sucessful treatment ourcomes.

RIVO ID Number: 928


Wilson, J. P. (2004). Broken Spirits: Traumatic Injury to Culture, the Self, and Personality. Broken Spirits ( The Treatment of Traumatized Asylum Seckers, Refugees, War and Torture Victims). J. P. W.-B. Drozdek. New York, Brunner-Routledge: 44.

Weary souls displaced from their natural roots. Wuietly desperate in a vacuum of loneliness. Their cries are silent. Existence in an abyss of pain and clark uncertainly. What threads remain of the past? God, who am I now?

RIVO ID Number: 967


Wilson, J. P. and B. Drozdek (2004). Broken spirits : The treatment of Traumatized Asylum Seekers, Refugees, War and Torture Victims. New York, Brunner-Routledge.

Broken Spirits is a book about this world, the world around us, and the crevices of society where asylum seekers and refugees exist. Broken Spirits is a metaphor for 40 million people worldwide who are victims of war,political oppression, and torture in all their insidious forms and humanly devised demonic variations. This book is about some aspects of life in this world. It is a book about disenfranchised people whose lives are dominated on a daily basis by fear, shame, guilt, and terrorized by nightmares,flashbacks, or unwanted memories of painful, life-theatening experiences they have been though. It is about individuals wresting with feelings of hate and love, searching for safety, trust, and respect somewhere in the world, far from their homes..

RIVO ID Number: 961


Winter, B. d. and B. Drozdek (2004). Psychomotor Therapy Healing by Action. Nroken Spirits (The Treatment of Traumatized Asylum Seekers, Refugees, War and Torture Victims). J. P. W. B. Drozdek. New York, Brunner-Routledge: 18.

When a group of clients goes to the gym for the first time, the therapist makes sure that there are some balls and badminton equipment lying around.Then, the therapist observes what happens, and what clients do spontaneously in the first couple of minutes of the session. After having observed the initial behavior and reactions, the therapist decides what to do in this first session. In the first meeting it is not likely that clients are going to use the badminton set at all. Two players are needed for that game, and the group of patients has no group qualities yet. Generally some members of a beginners'group would date to play with a ball of their own choice, alone. The majority of the group would just sit and wait in silence for therapist's instructions. After a brief welcome address therapy, in order to prevent cognitive processes from intering with the intuitive act of playing, one plays first and talks later . That is the moment when the therapy process starts.

RIVO ID Number: 973


Wintgens, A., B. Boileau, et al. (1996). “Le penser et le dire. Autour du syndrome de stress post-traumatique en pédopsychiatrie.”: 404-416.

RIVO ID Number: 626


World Health Organization ( 199?). "Helping victims of torture and other violence,". Geneva, Switzerland: 115-128.

Type of document: Manuel (manuscript)

RIVO ID Number: 440


World Health Organization (199?). "Helping victims of rape and their communities," Refugee mental health. Draft manual for field testing. Refugee mental health. Draft manual for field testing. Geneva, Switzerland: 129-138.

Type of document: Draft manual for field testing

RIVO ID Number: 441


World Psychiatric Association (1997). “Declaration de Madrid, August 1996.”: 8-9.

RIVO ID Number: 623


World Psychiatric Association (1997). “Model Ethical Code for Psychiatrists.”.

RIVO ID Number: 624


Yael, F. (1991). “Interacting with trauma: Clinicians responses to treating psychological aftereffects of Political Repression".” AmerJ Orthopsychiat 61(2): 179-185.

RIVO ID Number: 17


Yaya, A. d., Ed. (1996). Understanding and supporting refugee students,. Vancouver, Psychosocial Trauma Institute.

RIVO ID Number: 561


Yewoubdar, B. (1992). “Medical disclosure and refugees telling bad news to Ethiopian patients.” West Journal of Medecine 157(September): 328-332.

RIVO ID Number: 264


York University (1999). “Immigrant and refugee women (special issue).” Canadian women studies/Les cahiers de la femme 19(3).

RIVO ID Number: 875


Young, A. (1995). “Reasons and causes for Post-traumatic stress disorder.”: 287-298.

RIVO ID Number: 740


Young, M. “Acculturation, identité et bien-être : l'ajustement de réfugiées somaliennes.”.

RIVO ID Number: 712


Yuksel, S. (1993). “Anxiety disorders in torture survivors.” Torture Supplementum no.1: 31-35.

RIVO ID Number: 404


Zapata, C., A. Rebolledo, et al. (1992). “The influence of social and political violence on the risk of pregnancy complicate.” American Journal of Public Health 82.5: 685-690.

Background. Events in Chile provided an opportunity to evaluate health effects associated with exposure to high levels of social and political violence.

Methods. Neighbordhoods in Santiago, Chile, were mapped for occurrences of sociopolitical violence during 1985-1986, such as bomb threats, military presense, undercover surveillance, and political demonstrations. Six health centers providing prenatal care weree then chosen at random: three from ''high-violence'' and three from ''low-violence'' neighborhoods....

Results. Women living in the high-violence neighborhoods were significantly more likely to experience pregnancy complications than women living in lower violence neighborhoods. Residence in high violence neighborhood was the strongest risk factor observed; results persisted after controlling for several sets of potential confounders.

Conclusion. Living in area of high social and political violence increased the risk of pregnancy complications among otherwise healthy women.

RIVO ID Number: 88


Zarowsky, C. (2000). “Trauma Stories: Violence, Emotion and Politics in Somali Ethiopia.” Transcultural psychiatry 37(3): 383-402.

À partir de matériel ethnographique sur l'Éthiopie, cet article explore deux façons de donner sens à la violence et la mort : le trauma psychologique individuel qui prévaut dans le domaine de la médecine psychologique de certaines sociétés versus la blessure individuelle et sociale qui relève plutôt du champ politique dans d'autres sociétés. En Éthiopie, la détresse liée à la guerre ne s'interprète pas à partir d'un cadre médical visant la guérison mais bien à partir d'un cadre politique oú la blessure individuelle est considérée comme une blessure à la lignée ou à un groupe défini. Les propos de l'auteur sont éclairés par deux vignettes ethnographiques.

RIVO ID Number: 164


Zavaglia, N. (1985?). “Immigration and Madness. An interview with the psychiatrist Federico Allodi.”.

RIVO ID Number: 51


Zegers, O. D.-. , L. Hartmann, et al. (1992). “Torture: Psychiatric sequelae and phenomenology.” Psychiatry 55(may): 177-184.

RIVO ID Number: 19


Ziegler, M. (1995). “At the edge of a Cliff: Excerpts from a Therapist's Journal.” Treating abuse today 5.6: 31-37.

Maggie Ziegler, MA is a counseller in private practice in Vancouver, Britsih Columbia who has specialized in the traitment of trauma survivors for fifteen years. She has been twice to Croatia (with colleagues Judith Boel in 1993 and Sandra Bermanin 1995).

The following journal entries, written during and after her second trip, track her exploration of the ways in which these experiences affected her. The sidebars appearing throughout the article give excerpts of letters written by Don Goewey to his children, describing his own experience while working with Bosnia refugees at the Center for attitudinal Healing: Croatia, in Zagreb. Goewey is the executive director of the Center fo Attitudinal Healing in Saualito, California (USA).

RIVO ID Number: 255


Ziv, A., A. W. Kruglanski, et al. (1974). “Children's psychological reactions to wartime stress.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 30(1): 24-30.

RIVO ID Number: 198
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