W e. f. 2010-2011 academic year




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Reference Books:

  1. Hydrocarbon Well Logging Recommended Practice, Society of Professional Well Log Analysts.

  2. Open – Hole Log Analysis and Formation Evaluation, Richard M. Batemons, International Human Resources Development Corporation, Bostan, 1985.

  3. Well Logging for Earth Scientists, Darwin V. Ellis, Julian M. Singer, Springer, 2007.

  4. Fundamentals of Well Log Interpretation: The Acquisition of Data, Oberto Serra, Elsevier, 1984.

  5. Well Logging Handbook, Oberto Serra, Editions Technip, 2008.





JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY KAKINADA


III Year B. Tech. Petroleum Engineering I Sem.

DRILLING TECHNOLOGY


UNIT-I

Overview of drilling & well completion: Drilling Planning Approaches- Drilling team- Types of drilling.


UNIT-II

Rotary bit technology- Drilling string basics.


UNIT-III

Drilling fluids and hydraulics: Drilling fluid economics- Drilling fluid properties- Drilling fluid report hydraulics calculations- Bit Hydraulics- Optimization- Swab & Surge-pressures- Mud hydraulics analysis report.


UNIT-IV

Casing & cementation: Casing standards- Casing coupling- Cementing: Introduction cement slurries-Typical field calculations- Cementing nomenclature- Cement additives- Casing & cementing analysis report.


UNIT-V

Directional drilling: Applications- Well planning- Down-hole motors- Deflection tools and techniques- Face orientation- Direction control with rotary assemblies- Navigation drilling systems- Horizontal wells-Fishing operations- MWD, LWD & ERD and Bi-centric bits.


UNIT-VI

Stuck pipe, well control: Kicks- Kick control- Pressure control theory- BOP-Special kick problems and procedures to free the pipes.


UNIT-VII

Drillers logs: Sample logs- Miscellaneous logging devices.

Formation damage: Causes- Prevention of formation damage- Quantitative analysis of formation damage.

Drill stem testing: General procedure- General consideration- Test tool components and arrangement- Qualitative pressure chart analysis- Analysis of test data- Wire line formation testing.


UNIT-VIII

Disposing of the drilling fluids waste and drill cuttings waste.


Text Books:

  1. Petroleum Engineering: Drilling and Well Completion, Carl Gatlin, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1960.

  2. Drilling Engineering, J.J. Azar and G.Robello Samuel, PennWell Books, 2007.

  3. Working Guide to Drilling Equipment and Operations, William Lyons, Gulf Publishing, 2009.



Reference Books:

  1. Oil Well Drilling Engineering: Principles and Practice, H. Rabia, Graham & Trotman, 1985.

  2. Drilling Engineering: A Complete Well Planning Approach, Neal Adams, Tommie Charrier Pennwell, 1985.

  3. Practical Well Planning and Drilling Manual, Steve Devereux, Pennwell, 1998.

  4. Primer of Oil Well Service, Workover and Completion, Petroleum Extension Service, University of Texas at Austin, 1997.

  5. Formulas and Calculation for Drilling, Production and workover, Norton J. Lapeyrouse, 2nd Edition, Gulf Publishing, 2002.

  6. Applied Drilling Engineering, Adam T. Bourgoyne Jr., Keith K. Millheim, Martine E. Chenevert and F. S. Young Jr., Society of Petroleum Engineers, 1991.

  7. Well Engineering and Construction, Hussain Rabia, Entrac Consulting, 2002.

  8. Drilling Fluids Processing Handbook, ASME Shale Shaker Committee, Gulf Professional Publishing, 2005.

  9. Fundamentals of Drilling Engineering, Robert F. Mitchell, Stefan Z. Miska, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2011.





JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY KAKINADA


III Year B. Tech. Petroleum Engineering I Sem.


PETROLEUM REFINERY AND PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIT-I

Origin, formation and composition of petroleum: Origin and formation of petroleum- Reserves and deposits of world- Indian Petroleum Industry.


UNIT-II

Petroleum processing data: Evaluation of petroleum-Thermal properties of petroleum fractions-Important products- Properties and test methods.


UNIT-III

Fractionation of petroleum: Dehydration and desalting of crudes- Heating of crude pipe still heaters- Atmospheric and vacuum distillations- Blending of gasoline.


UNIT-IV

Treatment techniques: Fraction- Impurities- Treatment of gasoline- Treatment of kerosene- Treatment of lubes.


UNIT-V

Thermal and catalytic processes: Cracking- Catalytic cracking- Catalytic reforming- Hydrocracking-coking- Hydrogenation processes- Alkylation’s processes- Isomerization process.


UNIT-VI

Petrochemical Industry – Feed stocks-Naphtha cracking-Gas cracking and Gas reforming.


UNIT-VII

Chemicals from gas reforming: Methanol- Acetic acid- Ammonia and urea.


UNIT-VIII

Olefins feed stock for polymers: LDPE, HDPE & LLDPE and Polypropylene- MEG- Ethyl benzene-styrene and polystyrene.


Text Books:

  1. Petroleum Refining: Technology and Economics, J.H. Gary and G.E.Handwerk, 4th Edition, Marcel Dekkar, Inc., 2001.

  2. Modern Petroleum Refining Processes, B.K. Bhaskara Rao, 5th Edition, Oxford & IBH Publishing, 2011.

  3. Petrochemical Process Technology, ID Mall, Macmillan India Ltd., 2007.


Reference Books:

  1. Petroleum Refining Engineering, WL Nelson, 4th Edition, Mc Graw Hill Company, 1958.

  2. Chemical Technology of Petroleum, W.S.Gruese and D.R. Stevens, McGraw Hill, 1960.

  3. Fundamentals of Petroleum Chemical Technology, P Belov, Mir Publishers, 1970.

  4. Petrochemical Processes, A. Chauvel and G.Lefebvre, Volume 1 & 2, Gulf Publishing Company, 1989.

  5. Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes, Sami Mater, Lewis F. Hatch, 2nd Edition, Gulf Professional Publishing, 2001.

  6. Chemicals from Petroleum: An Introductory Survey, Waddams, A.L., 4th Edition, Gulf Publishing, 1978.

  7. Handbook of Petrochemicals Production Processes, R.A. Meyers, TRW,Inc., 2005.

  8. Petrochemicals, P.Wiseman, Ellis Horwood, 1986.

  9. Petrochemical Processes Handbook, Hydrocarbon Processing, 2010.





JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY KAKINADA


III Year B. Tech. Petroleum Engineering I Sem.

PROCESS INSTRUMENTATION


UNIT-I

Elements of instruments- Static and dynamic characteristics- Basic concepts of response of first order type instruments- Mercury in glass thermometer- Bimetallic thermometer- Pressure spring thermometer- Static accuracy and response of thermometry.


UNIT-II

Thermo electricity: Industrial thermocouples- Thermo couple wires- Thermo couple wells and response of thermo couples.


UNIT-III

Thermal coefficient of resistance- Industrial resistance- Thermometer bulbs and circuits- Radiation receiving elements- Radiation photo electric and optical pyrometers.


UNIT-IV

Composition analysis- Spectroscopic analysis by absorption, emission, mass and color measurement spectrometers- Gas analysis by thermal conductivity- analysis of moisture by refractometer.


UNIT-V

Pressure, vacuum and head: liquid column manometers- Measuring elements for gauge pressure and vacuum- Indicating elements for pressure gauges- Measurement of absolute pressure- Measuring pressure in corrosive liquids- Static accuracy and response of pressure gauges.


UNIT-VI

Head, density and specific gravity- Direct measurement of liquid level- Pressure measurement in open vessels- Level measurements in pressure vessels- Measurement of interface level- Density measurement and level of dry materials.


UNIT-VII

Head flow meters- Area flow meters- Open channel meters- Viscosity meters- Quantity meters- Flow of dry materials- Viscosity measurements.


UNIT-VIII

Recording instruments- Indicating and signaling instruments- Transmission of instrument readings- Controls center- Instrumentation diagram and process analysis- Digital instrumentation.


Text Book:

  1. Industrial instrumentation, Donald P.Eckman, CBS, 2004.


Reference Books:

  1. Principles of Industrial Instrumentation, Patranabis, 2nd Edition, Tata Mc Graw-Hill, 1996.

  2. Process Control and Instrumentation Technology, Curtis D. Johnson, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1988.

  3. Process Instrumentation Applications Manual, Bob Connell, 2nd Edition, Mc Graw-Hill, 1995.





JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY KAKINADA


III Year B. Tech. Petroleum Engineering I Sem.

PROCESS DYNAMICS AND CONTROL


UNIT I

Introduction to process dynamics and control- Response of First Order Systems - Physical examples of first order systems.


UNIT-II

Response of first order systems in series- Higher order systems- Second order and transportation lag.


UNIT-III

Control systems controllers and final control elements- Block diagram of a chemical rector control system.


UNIT-IV

Closed loop transfer functions -Transient response of simple control systems.


UNIT-V

Stability criterion- Routh Test- Root locus.


UNIT-VI

Transient response from root locus- Application of root locus to control systems Introduction to frequency response- Control systems design by frequency response.


UNIT-VII

Advanced control strategies- Cascade control- Feed forward control- Ratio control- Smith predictor- Dead time compensation- Internal model control.


UNIT-VIII

Controller tuning and process identification- Control valves.


Text Book:

  1. Process Systems Analysis and Control, D.R. Coughanowr, 2nd Edition, Mc Graw Hill, 1991.


Reference Books:

  1. Chemical Process Control, G. Stephanopoulos, Prentice Hall, 1984.

  2. Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering: Chemical and Biochemical Reactors and Process Control, Richardson J. F. et.al, Volume 3, 3rd Edition, Elsevier India, 2006.

  3. Automatic Process Control, Donald P. Eckman, John wiley, Reprint 2011.

  4. Process Dynamics and Control, Dale Seaborg, Thomas F. Edgar, Duncan Mellichamp, 2nd Edition, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 2006.

  5. Principles of Process Control, Patranabis, 3rd Edition McGraw-Hill Education Pvt. Ltd., 2012.

  6. Industrial Process Control Systems, Dale R. Patrick, Stephon, W. Fardo, 2nd Edition, CRC Press, 2009.

  7. Modern Control Systems, 11th Edition, Dorf Pearson, 2008.

  8. Modern Control Engineering, Katsuhiko Ogata, 5th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2010.

  9. Principles and Practices of Automatic Process Control, Carlos A. Smith, Armando B. Corripio, 3rd International Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2005.

  10. Process Control: Concepts, Dynamics & Control, S. K. Single, PHI Learning, 2009.

  11. Process Control, Peter Harriott, Tata McGraw-Hill 1964. (10th Edition reprint 2008).

  12. Computer- Aided Process Control, S. K. Singh, PHE Learning, 2004.

  13. Essentials of Process Control, William L. Luyben, Michacl L. Luyben, McGraw-Hill, 1997.





JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY KAKINADA


III Year B. Tech. Petroleum Engineering I Sem.

INSTRUMENTATION & PROCESS CONTROL LAB


  1. Calibration and determination of time lag of various first and second order instruments. Major equipment - First order instrument like Mercury in Glass thermometer and overall second order instrument like Mercury in Glass thermometer in a thermal well.



  1. Experiments with single and two capacity systems with and without interaction.

Major equipment- Single tank system, two tank systems (Interacting and Non-Interacting).


  1. Level control trainer

Major equipment - Level control trainer set up with computer.


  1. Temperature control trainer

Major equipment - Temperature control trainer with computer.


  1. Cascade control

Major equipment - Cascade control apparatus with computer.


  1. Experiments on proportional, reset, rate mode of control etc.

Major equipment – PID control apparatus


  1. Control valve characteristics

Major equipment – Control valve set up.


  1. Estimation of damping coefficient for U-tube manometer

Major equipment - U-tube manometer.




JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY KAKINADA


III Year B. Tech. Petroleum Engineering I Sem.

PETROLEUM ANALYSIS LAB


  1. Determination of Distillation characteristics of crude oil & gasoline.




  1. Determination of Reid vapor pressure of crude oil & gasoline.




  1. Determination of Viscosity of diesel and transformer oils.




  1. Determination of Smoke point of kerosene.




  1. Determination of Carbon residue of petroleum oils.




  1. Determination of Flash & Fire points of gasoline, kerosene and other products.




  1. Estimation of Water content in petroleum products.




  1. Estimation of calorific value of LPG/gasoline.




  1. Determination of Aniline point of gasoline and diesel oil.




  1. Determination of Softening point of bitumen.




  1. Determination of Cloud & Pour points of petroleum products.




  1. Detection of Corrosiveness of petroleum products.





JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY KAKINADA


III Year B. Tech. Petroleum Engineering I Sem.

INDUSTRIAL VISITS

During the semester, all the students are required to visit minimum 6 major petroleum industries like ONGC, RIL, GAIL, OIL India Ltd., and Petroleum Refineries like HPCL, IOCL, CPCL accompanied by two faculty members. After each visit, every student should submit a very brief report on the industry with flow diagrams and salient features of the processes that include safety and environmental aspects.

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