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Kushnir, H., H. Leitner, D. Ikanda, and C. Packer. 2010. “Human and Ecological Risk Factors for Unprovoked Lion Attacks on Humans in Southeastern Tanzania”, Human Dimensions of Wildlife: An International Journal, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 315-331.

Packer, C., D. Ikanda, B. Kissui, and H. Kushnir. 2005. “Conservation biology: Lion attacks on humans in Tanzania”. Nature, vol. 436, pp. 927-928.

Peterhans, J.C.K. and T.P. Gnoske. 2001. “The Science of ‘Man-Eating’ Among Lions Panthera leo With a Reconstruction of the Natural History of the ‘Man-Eaters of Tsavo’”. Journal of East African Natural History, vol. 90, pp. 1-40.

Saberwal, V.K., J.P. Gibbs, R. Chellam, and A.J.T. Johnsingh. 1994. “Lion-Human Conflict in the Gir Forest, India”. Conservation Biology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 501-507.

Last Updated: Tuesday, 15 June, 2004, 13:01 GMT 14:01 UK

Dead wife bait traps killer lion

Tanzanian police have vowed to act after a villager laced with poison his wife's remains to catch a killer lion.

Police told the BBC they will wipe out the rogue lions that are terrorising villages in the southern Lindi area.

When Selemani Ngongwechile found his wife's half-eaten body, he calmly poisoned it, knowing the lion would return for the rest of its "meal".

His plan worked, killing the lion, but the police say they will use more orthodox methods.

Lindi local police chief Simon Dau told the BBC that "a few" lions remained in the area and warned villagers to stay inside after dark.

After killing Somoe Abdallah near her home and eating her upper body, the lion might have gone for a drink, he said.

This is when Mr Ngongwechile found her remains hidden in a bush.

But instead of panicking, he put the poison in her corpse and waited inside his house for the lion to return, before informing the authorities.

"Nowadays there are very few animals in the area for the lions to hunt. So instead of starving they decide to kill humans rather than keep on looking for antelopes or deers which are scarce," Commander Dau said.

Last Updated: Monday, 29 November, 2004, 11:00 GMT

Zimbabweans eat killer lion

A group of Zimbabwean villagers has exacted sweet revenge on a lion which had wreaked havoc on their livestock by eating it, local media reports.

"It ate our animals so it is only fair we eat it, too," one man said after enjoying the barbecued meat.

Others said they wanted to eat the lion to inherit its bravery and strength.

Game wardens killed the lion after a six-month rampage against goats and cattle in Muzarabani, 200 km (125 miles) north of the capital, Harare.

Local villagers then asked the parks authorities for the "huge" carcass of the male lion.

"A few lucky individuals got to have a piece or two - some said they had eaten the meat in the belief that they would get lion-like bravery and strength," a witness said.

A senior official at Zimbabwe's Parks and Wildlife Management Authority said that people are not encouraged to eat the meat of animals which can eat humans.

"Our policy is that we offer only the carcasses of herbivores such as elephants," he was quoted as saying.


Page last updated at 09:58 GMT, Friday, 1 May 2009 10:58 UK

Mice 'attack' elderly Australians

The Australian government has ordered an investigation after mice

repeatedly bit residents of a nursing home.

One man, a bedridden veteran aged 89, was found covered in blood after his

ears, neck and throat were chewed by the mice. He had to be sedated later.

The incident at the home in Queensland state was "extremely disturbing",

said Minister for Ageing Justine Elliot.

She said if health and safety practices at the 80-bed institution were

found to be inadequate, it would be closed.

The fact that the blood-covered veteran was discovered by nursing staff on

Anzac Day, when Australia remembers its fallen heroes, has only heightened

the sense of outrage, says the BBC's Nick Bryant in Sydney.

Another man was reportedly bitten, but suffered no injuries.

Ms Elliot has asked accreditation authorities to investigate the staff

response to the rodent plague.

Staff numbers have been increased and more mouse traps have been set at

the Karingal home, located in Dalby, about 200km (120 miles) west of the

state capital, Brisbane.

Nursing union officials say nursing staff are horrified by the infestation

of mice and have called for the home to be shut down if the authorities

cannot remove the rodents.

The state health department blamed the infestation on the cooler autumn

climate which was forcing mice across the region to look for warm places

to infiltrate.


Friday, 14 April, 2000, 09:36 GMT 10:36 UK

Monkeys create havoc in Delhi

By Daniel Lak in Delhi

Authorities in the Indian capital Delhi have come under new pressure to bring the city's large population of monkeys under control, after a man was killed by a falling flower-pot apparently thrown or pushed from a roof by a monkey.

There are an estimated 5,000-7,000 wild monkeys roaming the streets of Delhi and all earlier attempts to control them have failed.

Relatives of 48-year-old Arvind Kumar Jha said he was struck by a falling flower-pot after leaving a high-rise apartment building where his family owned a flat.

Witnesses say a monkey on the roof of the building pushed at least two pots over the edge.

One of them hit Mr Jha on the head, killing him instantly.

The monkey is sacred to Hindus

Press reports on the incident say there have been many complaints in the area about the increasingly bold and dangerous behaviour of local monkeys.

A doctor was quoted as saying he treated about 15 monkey bites every month.

The wild monkeys are an acute problem for the city authorities.

Aside from biting people, they destroy property, get into houses and offices and wreak havoc, and steal food from picnickers and street vendors.

The monkey is a sacred animals to Hindus, so culling the beasts is not an option.

Attempts to round them up and ship them to a distant spot in the countryside have failed, as the monkeys always come back.

Animal rights activists blame loss of habitat and the paving of city parks and forest reserves for the monkey problems of the city.

Last Updated: Sunday, 21 October 2007, 21:33 GMT 22:33 UK

Monkeys attack Delhi politician

The deputy mayor of the Indian capital Delhi has died a day after being attacked by a horde of wild monkeys.

SS Bajwa suffered serious head injuries when he fell from the first-floor terrace of his home on Saturday morning trying to fight off the monkeys.

The city has long struggled to counter its plague of monkeys, which invade government complexes and temples, snatch food and scare passers-by.

The High Court ordered the city to find an answer to the problem last year.

One approach has been to train bands of larger, more ferocious langur monkeys to go after the smaller groups of Rhesus macaques.

The city has also employed monkey catchers to round them up so they can be moved to forests.

But the problem has persisted.

Culling is seen as unacceptable to devout Hindus, who revere the monkeys as a manifestation of the monkey god Hanuman, and often feed them bananas and peanuts.

Urban development around the city has also been blamed for destroying the monkeys' natural habitat.

Mr Bajwa, a member of the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), is survived by his wife and a son, according to the Press Trust of India news agency.

Malaysian baby killed by macaque monkey

A Malaysian baby girl has died after being snatched by a monkey which bit her then dropped her from a roof.

The four-day-old was sleeping in the living room of her home in the central Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan when a macaque monkey entered.

The baby had been briefly left alone. Wildlife officials said the monkey had probably been searching for food.

The officials said it was the first case of an attack by wild monkeys on a human in the state.

The child's mother, 26-year-old V Revathy, said she had left her baby to go to the bathroom and the baby's grandfather had gone to get a glass of water.

"We frantically searched all over the house and saw her body covered in blood lying outside the house," the child's grandfather A Valayutham told the Star newspaper.

The baby had serious bite and scratch marks on her ears, neck and head.

The newborn, who had not been named yet, died on her way to hospital.

"She was our bundle of joy and we were looking forward to spending many happy years with her... I just cannot believe she's gone," said V Neru, the baby's father.

State wildlife officials said they had shot the monkey they believed was responsible for the attack.

Assistant wildlife official Mohd Zafifi Ramli told the BBC that macaque monkeys were breeding too fast in Malaysia.

With the country rapidly developing, he said, there was less forest for wild animals to live in.

Mr Zafifi said the monkeys were also attracted to urban areas because many people fed them.


MMWR. 2006. “Injuries from Motor-Vehicle Collisions with Moose --- Maine, 2000--2004”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 55, no. 47 (1 December 2006), pp. 1272-1274,

First published: 24 Feb 2003, 10:49

Flying moose lands on car's roof

A leisurely Sunday drive came to an abrupt halt for a couple in southern Norway over the weekend, when a fully grown moose suddenly landed on the roof of their car.

"We didn't even have time to think when there came this enormous thud," said a shaken Leo Henriksen after the bizarre incident.

He and his wife were cruising along the two-lane Highway 405 in their little red Mazda. The couple was a few kilometers south of Vatnestrom in Iveland township, Aust-Agder, when their involuntary encounter with the moose took place.

The moose, a female weighing some 350 kilos (770 pounds), apparently had been running through the forest when she suddenly came upon a cliff leading down to the highway.

Unable to stop, the moose seemed to literally fly off the cliff, landing first on the Henriksen's car before catapulting further into the oncoming lane.

The moose-versus-motorist drama ended when Randi Olsen, driving in the oncoming lane with her young daughter, was unable to stop and hit the moose that was now lying in the road.

The moose was dead when wildlife authorities arrived on the scene. Henriksen suffered minor hand injuries, while his wife and the Olsens emerged from the incident without a scratch. Both cars, however, were severely damaged.

Henriksen told the Kristiansand newspaper Faedrelandsvennen that he and his wife lost their house in a fire in mid-January. Now they've lost their car as well, and were hoping for a sympathetic meeting with their insurance agent on Monday.

Aftenposten English Web Desk

Nina Berglund

First published: 11 Jan 2005, 11:30

Two moose charged a dogsled led by 12 huskies over the weekend. The attack came just a day after another moose broke into a children's clothing store in Lillehammer.

All the more reason why Reidar Stenmark was stunned when two "well-grown moose calves" stormed out of a forest in Nordland on Sunday and attacked a dogsled he was guiding.

"I yelled and screamed at the moose to scare them away, but they didn't pay any attention to me," Stenmark told local newspaper Avisa Nordland.

Stenmark was out exercising his dogs when the two moose suddenly crossed their path and started running directly for the dogs. One of his dogs was hurled over on his side, while another was kicked.

"I knew we had to get away," Stenmark said. He said he managed to get his lead dogs, named Sjakk and Anette, to react, but they didn't manage to get all the other shocked dogs to pull together and run.

The dogs finally did start barking and squealing and moving to get flee the angry moose. Both Stenmark and his dogs escaped in remarkably good shape, with only some bruises.

There was no indication of what prompted the moose to attack, just as wildlife officials further south in Lillehammer were baffled as to why a fully grown moose ran through a plate glass window at a downtown shop on Saturday.

That incident began about 11am, when the store was open for business. Shocked customers and staff suddenly heard glass shatter and had a confused moose in their midst.

"I got really scared," clerk Randi Espås told TV2. She and her customers ran out of the store and called for help.

Police, firefighters and wildlife officials quickly cordoned off the area and tried to lure the moose, which was bleeding from cuts caused by broken glass, outside, to no avail. They finally managed to shoot him with a tranquilizer gun and haul him out of the store.

Some officials speculate that the moose was hungry and had wandered into the former Olympic town in search of food. Confused or in a panic, the moose was then drawn by the reflection of the glass window and lights within the store.

A similar incident occured in Elverum last summer, when a moose broke into a local grocery store. In both cases, the animals caused lots of interior damage and had to be destroyed because of their injuries.

Original publication: November 18, 2006

Moose on the loose in Putnam area

By Jorge Fitz-Gibbon

The Journal News

EAST FISHKILL - A wandering moose caught the eye of scores of motorists and residents this morning as it lazily made its way back into the wild.

Police said the female moose was first spotted grazing near Route 84 in Kent about 9 a.m.

"It's just wandering loose in the area," said Kent police dispatcher Leanna Farrell. "Unfortunately, people are feeding her."

"Eventually she'll find her way back into the woods," she said. "I think that now that she's become more of a spectacle. People stop and it just gathers a crowd."

By 11:30 a.m., the moose had been spotted in East Fishkill, where she grazed near an abandoned home at the corner of Route 52 and Galway Road, about a mile from the county line.

Paula Ryder of Carmel said she was concerned about the animal and the snacks people were giving her. That prompted her to call 911 his morning to notify local police.

Since the moose posed no hazard other than drawing gawkers, police are hoping the animal makes its way back in the woods.

First published: 16 Oct 2003, 13:54

'Dead' moose attacked hunter

A hunter's worst nightmare came true for 68-year-old Arne Aurdal after shooting a moose in the forest in Gausdal. Aurdal is considering giving up the sport after being beaten black and blue by the mortally wounded animal, though he survived thanks to a bit of quick thinking.

Aurdal escaped with cuts and a bodyful of bruises, but a clever idea helped him avoid what could have been a painful death, newspaper Gudbrandsdoelen Dagningen reports.

"I was sure that my final hour had come, and that the bull was going to kill me. I grabbed onto his horns and hoped that his wild frenzy would end. The minute it lasted seemed like an eternity," Aurdal told the paper.

Aurdal, an experienced hunter, had taken the moose down with his first shot, and moved in to finish it off. At that moment, Aurdal was faced with a situation that moose hunters fear but rarely see.

"Suddenly the animal reared up and jumped right towards me. In panic, I threw myself onto his horns in the hope that my only chance was to avoid being skewered on the ground," Aurdal said.

The moose ended its days in a violent frenzy, thrashing Aurdal around as the man clung on for dear life.

"Luckily the bull gave up. The first shot was well aimed, and after a minute of madness it sank to its knees and moved on to the eternal forest," Aurdal said.

Aurdal reckons the beast weighed in at a bit under 300 kilos (650 lbs) and was two and half years old. His horns had five points, and Aurdal is making an exception and keeping the antlers as a memento of his near death experience.

"Right now I'm eating pills to kill the pain in my beaten body, but in a few years I might look back and laugh," Aurdal said.

Aftenposten English Web Desk

Jonathan Tisdall

First published: 13 May 2002, 11:07

Moose pose record-high traffic threat

Two men were killed over the weekend after colliding with moose that strayed onto Norwegian roads. Highway officials warn that a record-high moose population spells increased danger for motorists.

Moose have always been a threat to drivers in Norway, and more accidents occur in May than in any other month. This is the time of year when moose cows are giving birth, meaning they chase away calves born last year. The yearlings are often disoriented and hungry, and wander out of protected forest areas.

A 30-year-old motorcyclist collided with a moose on a road in Nesodden Sunday evening. He died on the way to the hospital. A few hours later another motorcyclist collided with a cow and her calf. Both animals were killed and the cyclist also died while being airlifted to Ullevål Hospital in Oslo.

Highway officials have spent millions clearing highway frontage areas of foliage, so motorists can more easily see and brake for moose along the road. Fences also have been erected along major highways.

Accidents nonetheless are frequent, and officials are urging motorists to use caution, especially in areas posted as being known moose migration points.

Aftenposten English Web Desk

Nina Berglund

Fri Mar 20, 2:47 PM

Moose charges B.C. house after homeowners try to scare it away

By The Canadian Press

PRINCE GEORGE, B.C. - Don't get a moose mad - that's what one family learned after trying to scare a moose away from their home near Prince George, B.C.

The family was using an air horn to scare the animal when the moose charged the home's front door.

The family took a video of the incident, which shows the moose tramping around in the snow outside the house before running at the door, which the owners slam shut at the last moment.

Conservation officers say the moose was probably upset by the family's barking dog and the air horn.

No one was hurt and conservation officers say anyone encountering a wandering moose should just leave the animal alone and give it plenty of space.

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