1. 3 Management applications of the database

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Report No 118



A report to the Australian Alps Liaison Committee

K.L. Brown, L.S. Gadd, T.W. Norton, J.E. Williams & N.I. Klom

Cataloguing in Publication provided by Albury Campus Library, Charles Sturt University

The effects of fire on fauna in the Australian Alps National Parks: a database / K.L. Brown ... (et al.] - Albury. NSW: Charles Stun University, Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation & Heritage. 1998. I v., - (Report/ Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation & Heritage, no. 118)

DDC 577.209944

ISBN 1875758 79 8

1. Animals-Effect of fires on-Australia-Australian Alps (N.S.W. and Vic.)

2. National parks and reserves-Australian Alps (N.S. W. and Vic.)-Management

I. Brown, K.L. 11. Charles Sturt University. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation & Heritage. Ill. Tide IV. Series.


We would like to acknowledge the assistance of a number of people in this compilation of this report and database. In particular we thank Dave Woods and Ken Green of the Jindabyne office of Kosciuszko National Park, (NSW NPWS) who offered guidance and information for the project, as well as helpful comments on the draft. Patrick Lupica and Rob Hunt (NSW NP WS), Trish McDonald and Mark Lintermans (ACT Parks & Conservation Service), Barbara Baxter, Paul Foreman, Glenn Johnson, Joy Sloan, and Steve de Voogd (DNRE, Vic.) all provided information needed in the compilation of the database.

Atlas records from NSW, ACT and Victoria for fauna species found in each of the AANP was made available to us and we gratefully acknowledge this. Dick Cooper from the NSW Bird Atlassers also made additional information available from their database on birds in the NSW Alpine Parks.

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Australian Alps National Parks

1.2 Database compilation

1.3 Management applications of the database

2.0 Faunal-habitat Classification

2.1 Comparisons of Broad community/faunal-habitat classification between the States and Territory and use in fire management planning

2.2 Broad community habitat descriptions

Rainforest (RF)

Tall Open Forest (TF)

Open Forest (OF)

Woodlands (WD)

Sub-alpine Woodlands (SAW)

Alpine Community (ALP)

Grassland (GRD)

Heath (HTH)

Alpine/subalpine Heath (ASH)

Riparian (RIP)

Swamp (SWP)

Stream or river (SR)

Freshwater lake (FL)

Includes both natural and artificial lakes within the AANP. Rock outcrop (RO)

Cave (CA)

Urban (UR)

2.3 Microhabitat descriptions

2.4 Vulnerable Period

3.0 Understanding fire regimes as a basis for management

3.1 Historical fire regimes

3.1.1 Pre-European fire regimes

3.1.2 Early European phase

3.2 Present day fire regimes

4.0 Fire Regimes and implications for faunal diversity

4.1 Terminology used in the Fire and Fauna database

Fire Intensity

Fire Season

Fire Extent

Fire Frequency

4.2 Fuel reduction techniques

4.3 Fire suppression techniques

4.4 Effect of fire on fauna & faunal habitat

4.4.1 Mammals

4.4.2 Reptiles

4.4.3 Amphibians

4.4.4 Birds

4.4.5 Fish

4.4.6 Invertebrates

4.4.7 Faunal succession and population dynamics

4.4.8 Refugia and unburnt patches

4.5 Threatened fauna species - implications for fire management

4.5.1 Mammals

Mountain Pygmy Possum (Burramys parvus)

Smoky Mouse (Pseudomys fumeus)

Broad Toothed Rat (Mastacomys fuscus)

Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)

Spot-tailed Quoll (Dasyurus maculatus)

Brush-tailed Phascogale (Phascogale tapoatafa)

Yellow-bellied Glider (Petaurus australis)

Common Wallaroo - eastern race (Macropus robustus robustus)

Long Footed Potoroo (Polorous longipes).

Brush-tailed Rock Wallaby (Petrogale pencillata)

Common Bent-wing Bat (Miniopterus schreibersii)

Eastern False Pipistrelle (Falsistrellus tasmaniensis)

45.2 Reptiles

Alpine Oak Skink (Cyclodomorphus praealtus)

Heath Monitor (Varanus rosenbergi)

4.5.2 Amphibians

Green and Golden Bell Frog (Litoria aurea)

Spotted Tree Frog (Litoria spenceri)

Blue Mountains Tree Frog (Litoria citropa)

Large Brown Tree Frog (Litoria littlejohni)

Alpine Tree Frog (Litoria verreauxii ssp. alpina)

Southern Corroboree Frog (Pseudophryne corroboree)

Northern Corroboree Frog (Psuedophryne pengellii)

Giant Burrowing Frog (Heleioporus australiacus)

4.5.3 Birds

Regent Honeyeater (Xanthomyza phrygia)

Grey Falcon (Falco hypoleucus)

Square-tailed Kite (Lophoictinia isura)

Glossy Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami)

Swift Parrot (Polytelis swainsonil)

Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella)

Powerful Owl (Ninax strenua)

Sooty Owl (Tyto tenebricosa)

Masked Owl (Tyro novaehollandiae)

Pink Robin (Peso ca rodinogaster)

Olive Whistler (Pachycephala olivacea)

Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii)

4.6 Habitat of special consideration

4.6.1 Karst.

4.6.2 Old growth forest

4.3 Sphagnum bogs and fens

4.6.4 Temperate grassland

4.7 Conclusions

5.0 Recommendations

5.1 Research

5.2 Schedule for update

6.0 References

Personal Communications





4.1 Progress Reports

4.1 Interim Report

4.2 Final Report






AANP Australian Alps National Parks

AALC Australian Alps Liaison Committee

ACT Australian Capital Territory

ALP Alpine National Park

AWP Avon Wilderness Park

BNP Brindabella National Park

BNR Bimberi Nature Reserve

DNRE Department of Natural Resources & Environment

KNP Kosciuszko National Park

NNP Namadgi National Park

NPWS National Parks and Wildlife Service

NSW New South Wales

SRNP Snowy River National Park

SRNR Scabby Range Nature Reserve

Vic. Victoria

1.0 Introduction

This report and the FIRE AND FAUNA database have been compiled for the Australian Alps Liaison Committee (AALC). The faunal habitat information in the database is based on a fauna-habitat matrix for Kosciuszko National Park (KNP) developed by Woods (1996)_ The database provides information on the effects or possible effects of fire on vertebrates recorded within the Australian Alps National Parks (AANP). Where known, effects of various aspects of fire regimes, fuel reduction activities, and fire suppression techniques on fauna and habitat, are included. Recommendations are made for future research, and an update of the fire and fauna database. A copy of the project brief is appended

1.1 Australian Alps National Parks

The area covered in the database encompasses the AANP including; Namadgi National Park (ACT), Kosciuszko National Park, Brindabella National Park, Bimberi Nature Reserve, Scabby Range Nature Reserve (NS W), and the Alpine National Park, Avon Wilderness Park and Snowy River National Park (Victoria). The Australian Alps National Parks span from near Canberra in the North to the north-east of Melbourne in the South. They contain a great diversity of environments, rare and threatened flora and fauna, and have world heritage values. The AANP do not consist entirely of alpine areas, but also contain large areas of foothills and montane landforms. Elevation ranges from approximately 300m to 2230m. A large number of vertebrate fauna exist in a variety of vegetation/habitat complexes within the AANP.

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