Meets w 11 am-1: 55 pm in lab room C208

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Biology E211-Anatomy and Physiology I

Fall 2011

Course syllabus Housatonic Community College

Credit hours: 4 900 Lafayette Blvd

Bridgeport, CT 06604

Course Reference Numbers:

CRN #3130 – meets M/W 9:30-10:50 am in lecture room C202 AND

meets W 11 am-1:55 pm in lab room C208

CRN #3135 – meets F 9 am-12 pm in lecture room C202 AND

meets F 12:30 pm-3:30 pm in lab room C208

Instructor: Professor Kyle Zander

Office room: Lafayette Hall, C227

Office phone: 332-8562

E-mail: please use BlackBoard or

Office hours: Tuesdays/Thursdays 12:30 pm to 2:00 pm or by appt.

Description (from catalog): The first semester of a two semester course. Lecture and laboratory will stress the molecular and cellular theories of body homeostasis. Topics include the structure of cells and tissues and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems with an underlying stress on their chemical functioning. Lab deals with chemical analysis, histology, bone and muscle identification, articulations and nervous system anatomy. 3 hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week during the academic year (8 hours of each per week in the summer).

Prerequisites: Eng 101=Composition and both a laboratory-based college biology course (e.g. Intro Biol) and a laboratory-based college chemistry course or equivalent, each with a grade of “C” or better.

HCC Student Handbook - Please refer to the student handbook which is the second part of the most recent Housatonic Catalog for such policies that govern your time at Housatonic as a student. Such policies include, but are not limited to, academic expectations, academic standards, academic honesty, dishonesty & plagiarism, academic calendar, student activities & organizations, etc. The web site for the 2010-2011 Housatonic Community College catalog and student handbook is:

Course Objectives: Biology E211, Anatomy and Physiology 1, is designed as an introductory course in human anatomy and physiology to meet the needs of students in allied health, biological and medical programs who have a foundation in the physical and biological sciences. The course may also be used by a liberal arts major or non-science major as a general elective. The general objective of the two semester course is to provide a basic understanding and working knowledge of the human body, that is, its structure and function.

You will, hopefully, develop a comprehensive understanding of the close interrelationship between anatomy and physiology as seen in the human organism. It begins by introducing the student to fundamental concepts, basic biochemistry, and the cell as the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms. The course also covers tissues, integument, skeleton, muscular, and nervous systems as an integrated unit.

The primary goal of this course is for you to gain a basic understanding of human anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology and become familiar with hospital, laboratory, and medical procedures. At the conclusion of the course you will be able to identify major human anatomical structures, organ systems, disease processes, and medical terminology.

Textbook and Supplies:

The required course textbook is:

Martini, Frederic, H. Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology. 9th ed. Pearson, 2012. ISBN 9780321792426

*SPECIAL NOTE: All sections of this course follow the format for the required text material.

Older editions of the text materials and/or books by other authors are not acceptable

replacements. They are to be used as supplements only!

The required laboratory manual is:

Eckel, C. Human Anatomy Laboratory Manual. 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill, 2011. ISBN 9780073525662

Supplements that accompany our textbook:

  • The InterActive Physiology® (IP) CD (excellent for muscle and nervous system)

  • MasteringA&P™ (contains quizzes online)

  • Martini’s Atlas of the Human Body

  • Get Ready for A&P!

  • A&P Applications Manual

Internet Site for Textbook: has the text chapters and different levels of questions tied into the chapters. For further hints, suggestions, quizzes and other materials designed to help you succeed in the course, please refer to this web site designed to accompany the textbook: register and then select Martini’s textbook, 8th edition to access

Suggested Reference:

Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (Thumb-Indexed) (Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary

Author: Donald Venes

Edition: 21 Indexed (2009-02-02)   Publisher: F. A. Davis Company    Hardcover: 2928 pages  

ISBN-13: 9780803615595   ISBN-10: 0803615590
 has a pronunciation guide for our scientific terms!!!!

Suggested Study Guides:

Seiger, Charles M. 2009. Study Guide: Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, 8th Ed. Benjamin Cummings. San Francisco. ISBN 0-321-51231-6.

Atlas of Human Anatomy by Vincent Perez. BarChart, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 2006, ISBN 978-1423201724 (excellent simplified pictures & diagrams!!!)

The Human Body Book by Steve Parker, DK Publishers, New York 2007, ISBN 978-0756628659 (the best!!!!!, colorful, simplified & DVD!!!)

Anatomy & Physiology for Dummies by Donna Rae Siegfried. Wiley, John & Sons, Inc. 2002. ISBN 978-0764554223.

Anatomy & Physiology Made Incredibly Easy. Springhouse Publishers. 2004. ISBN 978-15825530163.

Essential Atlas of Anatomy. Parramon Studios.2001. ISBN 0-7641-1833-1

Essential Atlas of Physiology. Barron’s Educational Series, 2003.

ISBN 0-7641-3090-5

Test Yourself in Anatomy & Physiology. Alford & Roffey. 1998.

ISBN 978- 0844223803

Cliffs Study Solver-Anatomy & Physiology by Steve Bassett.

IDGP Publishers. 2005 ISBN 0-7645-7469-8

1,001 Facts about the Human Body, A Backpack Book. DK Publishers.

ISBN 978-0789484512

Tutors: There may be tutors available at no charge to students. These persons would be located in the Academic Support Center in room B116 in the “B” wing on the first floor. Please make appointments in person for such services. Students are encouraged to form study groups and meet regularly in the cafeteria or library.

On Reserve in Library: At the main circulation desk in the HCC library on the first floor in the “B” wing, I may have placed some books/CD ROMS/models pertinent to anatomy and physiology. They are only for use in the library and may not be checked out overnight or for longer periods of time. Check “Anatomy & Physiology 1.”

Classroom & Laboratory Etiquette – The instructor and students will show respect for each other by not talking while someone else is speaking, by entering/leaving the room with the minimal amount of distraction, by not causing visual distractions or by not allowing disruptive noise to take place.

Electronic devices –

  • Cellular phones, beepers, watch alarms, IPods, etc. must be TURNED OFF OR TO VIBRATE OR MUTE! Do NOT keep your phone on vibrate during exams

  • NO telephones are to be ringing, answered, or used to make calls in the classroom or in the laboratory regardless if the class is in session or not.

  • ALL CALLS MUST BE MADE OUTSIDE OF THE CLASSROOM AND LABORATORY! If you must take/make an emergency message, please leave the room to complete your business


Attendance Policy: State of Conn. policy requires that the instructor maintain an attendance roster for the 1st week of classes. After this time, attendance may still be taken in the lab but it is expected that the person will also be in lecture for that day. Attendance will not be used in the determination of the final grade. It is my attendance policy that the student accepts responsibility to take full advantage of the educational opportunity by regular attendance in both lecture and laboratory. The nature of this course makes regular and prompt attendance a necessity if you are to be successful. Any work missed because of absence from lecture or lab is the sole responsibility of the student. It is imperative that the student realize that attendance should not be infrequent since test questions do come from the material presented and discussed in the classroom and not just from the text. Also, if the student should be late for class, please, by all means, attend class, entering the room, with the minimal amount of distraction. Extra time will NOT be granted for students arriving late to exams, practicals, or quizzes.

Lecture Exam Format: Each lecture exam consists of 100 questions (true/false, matching, multiple choice, fill-in-the blank WITHOUT a word bank) and optional extra credit essays (worth up to 10 points). Not doing the extra credit essays does not penalize a student but by doing these extra credit essays, the points awarded for the extra credit essays “wipe out” an equal number of points on the questions segment. These essays will be assigned during the class period prior to the lecture exam and answers must be typed with any sources (NON-WIKIPEDIA) cited as a separate reference page attached. No credit will be awarded if sources are not cited. You MUST compose your own essays. Essays are NOT accepted after you have left the exam room.

Lab Practical Format: Each lab practical consists of 100 questions regarding identification of parts/structures on torsos, models, charts, pictures, etc. These 100 questions will be spread across approximately 25 stations. You will have 3 minutes to complete each station before moving on, and up to 30 minutes at the end of the exam to return to any stations.

Make-up Policy: Students are expected to take all regularly scheduled exams and lab practicals shown on the course schedule or on those dates announced in class (if these dates deviate from the dates found on the topical course outline due to weather, etc.). There are no make-ups for missed lab practical exams or lab quizzes; failure to take the lab practical on the scheduled dates results in a “0” for that lab practical. In the case of an emergency (as documented by a doctor’s letter), lecture exams may be made up at a time convenient to the professor. Extra-credit essays will NOT be accepted on makeup lecture exams. Under no circumstances may the final lecture exam be made up. If you must miss a lecture exam, you must email the professor BEFORE the exam begins. Students may not make up an exam for any reason if they decide to sit for an exam. Once a make-up is scheduled, it must NOT be missed and CANNOT be rescheduled again (i.e. you cannot miss your appointment and reschedule). For the Fall 2011 semester, any missed exams MUST be made up on TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 2011. There will be no exceptions.

Final Grade Determination: The final grade for Biology E211 is determined as follows:

Lecture examinations #1, #2, and #3 (=final) = 75%

(the final lecture exam is not cumulative)

Lab practical exams #1, #2 and #3 (=final) = 25%

(the final lab practical is not cumulative) and

the average of the weekly lab quizzes

Academic Honor: Any student found cheating will receive a grade of zero for that exam, quiz, etc (this includes plagiarism on the extra credit essays). Students are reminded to remove all notes from their person and to place all notebooks, texts, etc., out of view. In addition, students are expected to turn off and remove from their person all electronic devices during all exams (e.g. cell phones, iPods, Blackberrys, laptops, etc.). Failure to do so will be considered cheating.

Please DO NOT contact me at the conclusion of the course requesting a grade that you need for your programs. Your final grade will be the grade you earn. If, however, you discover you are not performing as well as you would like at any point DURING the semester, please contact me and we can meet to discuss how you are preparing for exams and how to improve your performance. There will be NO EXTRA CREDIT ASSIGNMENTS offered outside of lecture exams.

Class withdrawal: The last day to withdraw from this class will be the class period following the first lecture exam (i.e. your first class period after October 3, 2011). Students wishing to withdraw must complete the required form and the instructor will then submit that form directly to the registrar. The instructor will not assign a grade of W after this date—any student wishing to withdraw will then receive an F.

Refer to the syllabus and/or HCC course catalogue for add/drop dates and the specific date indicated by HCC for student receipt of an automatic W course grade not requiring faculty signature. After the official withdrawal date as indicated by the HCC registrar, any students with excessive absenteeism of unknown/unexplained reason to the instructor, combined with absolutely no lecture/practical exam scores at the termination of the semester, will receive an N grade. You must request an I directly from the instructor before finals begin, and you must also meet the qualifying standards in order to be authorized for that letter grade. Should an I be assigned, you must make up any incomplete work within one semester or an F course grade will result. Should the final exam be taken, no special requests for withdrawals or incompletes are accepted.

Recording devices: Under no circumstances may a student tape record or video tape lecture (e.g. via laptop, Smartpens, tape recorders, cell phones, Blackberrys, etc.). This is considered a felony—only the notes you take may leave the lecture hall.

Computation of final course grade:

A+P 1- Bio E211





























No Credit




Lab practical #1 grade = 7% =

Lab practical #2 grade = 7% =

Lab practical #3 grade = 7% =

Average of daily lab quizzes = 4% =


These 4 above equal 25%

of total course grade.

Lab average = 25% ==============

Grade for lecture exam #1 = 25% ====

Grade for lecture exam #2 = 25% ====

Grade for lecture exam #3 = 25% ====

Total course average =

Final course grade =

I do not curve or round your grade—the grade you will receive is the grade you have earned.

Pertinent Information-

  • All course materials will be posted to BlackBoard. This includes:

    • Lecture syllabus and Lab syllabus for the whole semester

    • Practical lists summarizing information to be tested on practicals

    • PowerPoint files for each of the chapters covered in lecture (these will always be posted before we discuss them in lecture)

    • Grades will also be posted to BlackBoard and students may contact the professor utilizing the “Mail” tab

  • The classroom session is devoted mainly to a lecture period which will be concerned with the material found in the text.

  • Additional material is supplemented wherever possible, particularly when there have been new discoveries in a topic or when students have interest in particular disease states (please ask me!)

  • Students will be called upon to answer questions on material being currently studied.

  • I will sometimes utilize the interactive physiology software in lecture—please utilize this software as you study the muscle and nervous system material

  • Students are encouraged to ask questions on material being currently studied.

  • The laboratory is open other hours beyond the regularly scheduled lab times in what are called “OPEN LABS” as noted on the laboratory door. Students are encouraged to avail themselves of these extra hours during which an instructor will be present for extra help. These open lab hours will be posted on both message boards near the C208 lab doors and in the anatomy & physiology lab room and in the syllabus.

  • This course is designed to make you understand human structure and function, but this means that the first step is often to become comfortable with many new terms (=nomenclature) and ideas.

  • It is highly recommended that you take full advantage of the resources at your disposal.

  • Every week, you will be in the lab for 3 hours and in the lecture for 3 hours. I would suggest that you also have to spend a minimum of 3 hours of studying outside of the lab + classroom daily in order to read and study and learn all the material required of you for successful completion of this course.

  • You are in a course that is normally an early requirement for a professional career in the health sciences and I expect you to conduct yourself and exhibit behavior & mannerisms expected by esteemed colleagues in your chosen field.

  • Please dress casually; bring sweatshirts because lecture + lab rooms are often quite cool. Please wear rubber bottomed, flat shoes for safety in the laboratory!!!!!!

Suggestions from our authors from Chapter 1

  • Study strategies crucial for success

  • Attend all lectures, labs, and study sessions

  • Read your lecture and laboratory assignments before going to class or lab

  • Devote a block of time each day to your A&P course

  • Set up a study schedule and stick to it

  • Do not procrastinate!

  • form study groups

  • Approach the information in different ways

  • Develop the skill of memorization, and practice it regularly

  • As soon as you experience difficulty with the course, seek assistance

  • Look at the Chapters’ Learning Outcomes

  • Pay attention to the Illustrations and Photos

  • Try the Pronunciation Guides so that you will be able to pronounce properly

  • See if you can answer the Checkpoint Questions

  • Pay attention to the Tips & Tricks

  • Clinical Notes

  • Chain Link Icons

  • End-of-Chapter Study and Review Materials

  • Systems Overview Section correlates that system with the remaining 10 others

  • System in Perspective Summaries

  • Colored Tabs are used to separate the book into sections/chapters

  • End-of-Book Reference Sections shows other books used by the authors

Guidance in Successfully Completing A & P!!

 1. The PREREQUISITES for A & P are there for many reasons and the only way you could have registered for the class without the prerequisites is if you spoken with or emailed me for permission. In rare and extenuating circumstances are these prerequisites not adhered to. Be sure that you're in the right class. Don't skip the prerequisites. If you did poorly in previous classes, the next higher level is NOT going to be easier.
 2. SELF-DISCIPLINE. All of us can be a little bit on the lazy side. For continuing success you need to be in the habit of setting high standards for yourself - and exceeding them. Don’t look for the easiest pathway

 3. GOOD READING ABILITY. The textbook is written for the college student so if you have deficiencies in reading or the English language, you are hampering yourself in success. You are learning a whole new language (=medical) with its own lingo and abbreviations and there's a lot of reading to go along with it.
 4. PUNCTUALITY. Tardiness and absenteeism are devastating in lecture and lab classes. Being present in class and on time should be ingrained in your habits and be as natural as breathing.
 5. POSITIVE ATTITUDE. If you've always enjoyed learning and have a long-standing genuine interest in the human body, then you'll naturally learn better. If you hate it and resist, it's going to be a rough road and you should change your health career major right now.
 6. CLEAR & LOGICAL THINKING. A & P is logical. There are logical tendencies (rules, common themes etc.) in the vocabulary and organization of each subject. If you can mirror these tendencies in your thinking, you'll "absorb" and understand the subject easier.
 7. KNOWING HOW TO USE THE TEXTBOOK. Use the text as a REFERENCE like a dictionary or encyclopedia. Know how to find information quickly using the index & glossary. For more depth, skim the chapter summary at the end of the chapter to start, then read deeply if needed. Don't read more than 5-6 sentences without stopping and mentally reviewing it. Every sentence is LOADED with information. Take it slowly.

 8. EFFICIENT TIME MANAGEMENT SKILLS. Keep a semester/course calendar. Create both a daily and weekly list of activities and events. Stick to your schedule - but be flexible if needs change. Allow at least one and a half hours per day (six days/week) for regular studying during the regular 15 week semester and six hours per day ( six days/week during the summer course.

9. PROPER NOTE-TAKING SKILLS. Bring the chapter outlines to each class. You can download and review these expanded lecture outlines so that you have room to take notes. Bring them to class and add details. Use the notes to study until you don't need to look at them anymore. Prepare flashcards for memorizing terms/concepts. Some students use color coded flashcards. It's rudimentary learning but it's a necessary first step towards comprehension.
 10. SMART TEST-TAKING SKILLS. Be on time, calm and ready. Take a deep breath. Follow the test directions. Read each question carefuly. If it's multiple choice, try to narrow the choices down. Save the hard questions for later. Be sure to answer all questions. If it's essay, make sure you write something!
11. ACADEMIC FRAME OF MIND. Hopefully you enjoy school and you have arranged your activities around it. This is more difficult if you're working full-time. Stress, relationships, illness, jobs and other crises may be unavoidable and shake you out of your "learning-centered" frame of mind. A clear, calm and focused mind should be your "game-face" for school.











Web site for cadaver dissection: 27 different dissections based on the body region; with video and audio

Web site for excellent animations of body systems: has interactive tutorials and quizzes on human anatomy

Free, complete and self-contained course in modern medical terminology:

Free, pronunciation guide/site for medical terms A through Z:

Exploration of Human Anatomy. Each topic has animations, 100’s of graphics, and thousands of descriptive links. It’s fun, interactive, and an ideal reference site for students or those who just want to know more about the medical descriptions used by doctors and nurses.

Excellent self tutorials of all body systems: in left side bar are links to thorax, abdomen, head and neck, and limb dissections/ images Medical Gross Anatomy Atlas Images excellent Anatomy crossword puzzles

Who wants to be a Millionaire interactive

game board

Anatomy Jeopardy – extremely difficult learning modules with quizzes Actual surgical videos of thorax, abdomen, pelvis,

head and neck Medical gross anatomy. Only surface anatomy Medical gross anatomy; internet links for gross and radiologic


BLD, 2010

Topical Course Outline: The following is the sequence of chapters in the text. Material covered in lecture or lab, as well as any material found in your textbook or lab manual, may be tested on lecture exams (note: material covered in lab will be tested on lecture exams). The course outline is a guideline and modifications may have to be done during the semester. It is highly recommended that the student read the material before it’s discussed in lecture and lab, that is, read the chapter outline/summaries at the end of the textbook chapters and read the lab exercises in the lab book. Please bring the lab manual AND textbook to all laboratory classes. You may wish to print out PowerPoint files prior to lecture.

Martini’s 8th edition - Textbook Chapter and Title for Lecture Portion of the Course

1 - An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology WEEK 1

2 - The Chemical Level of Organization WEEK 2

3 - The Cellular Level of Organization WEEK 2

4 - The Tissue Level of Organization WEEK 3

5 - The Integumentary System WEEK 4

*********Lecture exam #1 and Lab practical #1, on above material during your lecture and lab between 9/28/11 and 10/3/11*********

Everyone takes the lecture exam and lab practical on this date.

6 - Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure WEEK 6

7 - The Axial Skeleton (mostly lab) WEEK 7

8 - The Appendicular Skeleton (mostly lab) WEEK 7

9 - Articulations (parts done in lab) WEEK 8

****Lecture exam #2 and lab practical #2, on above material during your lecture and lab between 10/26/11 and 10/31/11****

Everyone takes the lecture exam and lab practical on this date.

10- Muscle Tissue WEEK 10

11 - The Muscular System (mostly in lab) WEEK 10

12 - Neural Tissue WEEK 11

13 - The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Spinal Reflexes WEEK 12

14 - The Brain (part of) and Cranial Nerves WEEK 13

15 – Neural Integration 1: Sensory Pathways and the Somatic Nervous System (parts of)


17—Special Senses WEEK 14

******** Lecture exam #3 and lab practical #3 during the FINAL EXAM WEEK during the HCC-assigned time slot*********

Everyone takes the lecture exam and lab practical on their assigned date.

This schedule is subject to change. If changes become necessary, the professor will alert all students either in lecture or on Blackboard. Note that lecture seldom begins and ends perfectly with the start/end of a chapter.

Laboratory exercises will reinforce concepts discussed in lecture. However, some topics will ONLY be discussed in lab but WILL be on the lecture exam (generally, these lab topics will pertain to anatomy).


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Meets w 11 am-1: 55 pm in lab room C208 iconWe will meet at 3: 30 in Room 2200b symons, unless Nancy is meeting her class that day. Day when Nancy meets, we ILL meet at 3: 00. Such days are marked with an asterisk. Those responsible for presenting each topic to the group are indicated

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Meets w 11 am-1: 55 pm in lab room C208 icon5. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Lab Suzanne Amador Kane 3/13/06 (parts of this manual were adapted from the Burleigh Instruments istm manual, and the Physics 407 Lab manual from University of Wisconsin) Introduction

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Meets w 11 am-1: 55 pm in lab room C208 iconProfessor Eloise Linger Spring 2010 Meets T/R 8: 30-10: 10 pm in a 102 Office hour: T/R 1: 40– 2: 40 pm, or by appointment e-mail: L

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