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THE POETICS AND POLITICS OF RADICAL PROTESTANT WRITING
PETER RICHARD PICK
A thesis submitted to
The University of Birmingham
for the degree of
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
Department of Humanities
School of English
The University of Birmingham
To my Father, who understands all this so much better than I.
I would like to thank the Post-Graduate Team and
English Department at The University of Birmingham;
Mary-Jo Clogg, Librarian at Woodbrooke Quaker Studies Centre;
and especially Tony Davies
for his good humour and encouragement.
This research was funded partly by the Arts and Humanities Research Board of the British Academy, and partly by Birmingham University.
WILLIAM WALWYN 49
BEFORE THE LEVELLERS: SOME CONSIDERATIONS… 53
THE POWER OF LOVE 62
A STILL AND SOFT VOICE… 84
1647-1649; THE END OF THE LEVELLERS 104
ABIEZER COPPE 108
SOME SWEET SIPS OF SOME SPIRITUAL WINE 110
A FIERY FLYING ROLL 166
RETRACTION AND RETRENCHMENT 168
DIVINE FIRE-WORKS 195
COPPE CONCLUSION 216
JAMES NAYLER 227
RANTERS & QUAKERS 238
QUAKER POETICS 241
A DISCOVERIE OF FAITH 260
NAYLER VERSUS BAXTER 284
ABBREVIATIONS AND REFERENCES
C.R.W. : A Collection Of Ranter Writings From The 17th Century,
(ed.) NIGEL SMITH, Junction Books, London, (1983).
D.N.B. : Dictionary of National Biography, (19 Vols), Oxford,
GREAVES & ZALLER :
Biographical Dictionary of British Radicals in the
Seventeenth Century, (eds) Richard L. Greaves and
Robert Zaller, (3 Vols), Harvester Press, Brighton,
HOPTON : Abiezer Coppe, Selected Writings,
(ed.) ANDREW HOPTON, Aporia Press, London, (1987).
TAFT : The Writings Of William Walwyn,
(ed.) JACK R. McMICHAEL and BARBARA TAFT,
University of Georgia Press, Athens, (1989).
F.F.R. : A Fiery Flying Roll, Abiezer Coppe,
London, (January 4th , 1650).
D.F.W. : Divine Fire-Works, Abiezer Coppe,
London, (Jan 20th, 1657)
‘It may be that universal history is the history of the different intonations given a handful of metaphors.’
Jorge Luis Borges, ‘The Fearful Sphere of Pascal’ in Labyrinths, (trans.) A. Kerrigan, Penguin, Harmondsworth, (1970).
‘Heresies run on like leaden pipes under ground. They run on still, though we do not see them, in a commonwealth where they are restrained. Where liberty is, they will discover themselves, and come to punishment.’
Walter Strickland M.P. in Robert Burton’s Diary (1:88)
|Dedication For Feòrag, with love Acknowledgements||Dedication To Jim Baen, my mentor, my publisher and my friend. Just trying to pay forward. Acknowledgements|
|Dedication||Международное служение "благословение отца" © international ministry father's blessing|
Еждународное служение "благословение отца" © international ministry father's blessing
|Starting point: The Dedication of a Messenger||II. a love Story, and a Dedication page 4|
|Dedication to my husband, James, for feedback and help above and beyond the call of duty, and to Katie for her patience in sharing her Mom||My father was 44 and knew he wasn’t going to make it to 45. He wrote me a letter and hoped that something in it would help me for the rest of my life|