The decline of elkhorn coral at Buck Island Reef National Monument: Protecting the first threatened coral species




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Park Science

Integrating Research and Resource Management in the National Parks

Volume 25 • Number 1 • Summer 2008


ISSN 0735-9462

United States Department of the Interior • National Park Service


• Threatened coral at Buck Island Reef

Monitoring captures the devastating 2005 bleaching event of the barrier reef


• Learning center goes virtual

• The Park Science interview: Mike Soukup

• Remembering Eric York

• Adaptive management for national parks

• Ungulates at Assateague

• Citizen science at Cape Cod

• Fields and forests at Manassas

• 20 years ago in Park Science

= = = = Contents = = = =


DEPARTMENTS

(1) From the Editor


(2) In This Issue

(3) Comments and Corrections

–Subscriptions updated

–Corrections

–Native grasses: Contributors to historical landscapes and grassland-bird habitat in the Northeast

–Workforce succession and training needs among National Park Service program managers


(4) 20 Years Ago in Park Science

–Climate change

–Communicating research findings


(5) Tribute

–Eric York


(6) Profile

–Interview with Mike Soukup


(7) Information Crossfile

– Scat-detection dogs, lead ammunition and California condors, lichens, effective science communication, insects, working with people, dog walking, subalpine restoration, remote camera security boxes, birds and climate change, book review, DOI library


(8) Science Notes

– Devils Hole pupfish, hydrology and karst at Antietam, prehistoric ecology of Buffalo National River, Big Cypress hydrology program, New River Gorge mine portals, sign research


(9) Field Moment

– Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, 25 May 2004


(10) Meetings of Interest (Web site edition)


ARTICLES


Science Features


(11) The decline of elkhorn coral at Buck Island Reef National Monument: Protecting the first threatened coral species

Monitoring captures the devastating 2005 bleaching event of the barrier reef that surrounds a newly expanded national monument in the Virgin Islands.

By Ian Lundgren


(12) Sidebar: Basic ecology of elkhorn coral and threats to its survival.


(13) Assessing the effects of ungulates on natural resources at Assateague Island National Seashore

Research is beginning to suggest a new management approach to what has been a controversial park management issue.

By Mark Sturm


(14) Sidebar: Saving the seabeach amaranth.


Case Studies


(15) Collaboration of the Natural Resource and Museum programs: A research tool for information archives at Dinosaur National Monument

Archivist and curator secure, protect, catalog, and ensure access to a wealth of information, resulting in an archival processing and cataloging handbook for many users.

By Lynn Marie Mitchell and Ann Elder


(16) Using virtual Research Learning Centers for disseminating science information about national park resources

One-stop shopping for science information about natural and cultural park resources.

By Tomye Folts-Zettner, Tom Olliff, Cheryl McIntyre, and Tom Porter


Research Reports


(17) Using landscape analysis to evaluate ecological impacts of battlefield restoration

Park staff strives to protect large “refuges” of native forest while preserving historically significant open fields at Manassas National Battlefield Park.

By Todd R. Lookingbill, Shawn L. Carter, Bryan Gorsira, and Clayton Kingdon


(18) A behavioral intervention tool for recreation managers

A handbook helps managers identify barriers to and promote the actualization of pro-environmental behaviors.

By Shawn Meghan Burn and Patricia L. Winter


(19) Adaptive management for national parks: Considerations for an experimental approach

New method describes how to implement a management framework for reliable outcomes under uncertain environmental conditions.

By Tony Prato


(20) Cultivating connection: Incorporating meaningful citizen science into Cape Cod National Seashore’s estuarine research and monitoring programs

A field experiment tests the validity of mollusk population data collected by volunteers and measures changes in participant support for ecological restoration.

By Brett Amy Thelen and Rachel K. Thiet


(21) Ranking and mapping exotic plants at Capulin Volcano and Fort Union national monuments

Investigators identify serious pest plants for management and control using an extensively tested decision-making tool.

By Gary D.Willson, James Stubbendieck, Susan J. Tunnell, and Sunil Narumalani


OTHER CONTENT


Park Science Online

www.nature.nps.gov/ParkScience/


  • Expanded interview with Mike Soukup

  • Meetings of interest

  • Full tabular data and additional illustrations

  • Search and download back issues to 1980

  • Article submission guidelines

  • Editorial style guide

  • Comment on articles

  • Manage your subscription



Future Issues

Fall 2008:

Ten Years of Canon National Parks Science Scholars


Spring 2009:

Now accepting articles, news, updates, and photographs. Visit http://www.nature.nps.gov/ParkScience for author guidelines or contact the editor at jeff_selleck@nps.gov or 303-969-2147.


Contributor’s deadline:

15 January 2009.


ON THE COVER

Tropical marine habitats of the U.S. Virgin Islands host reef communities such as the elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) of Buck Island Reef National Monument. Elkhorn coral is one of the first coral species to be protected under the Endangered Species Act. Surveys in 2003–2004 determined the species’ distribution and documented wave damage, predation, disease, and other stressors such as bleaching. Investigators continue monitoring the effects of the severe bleaching event of 2005 (see article #11). NATIONAL PARK SERVICE/HANK TONNEMACHER

= = = = Masthead = = = =


Park Science

Integrating Research and Resource Management in the National Parks

Volume 25 • Number 1 • Summer 2008


www.nature.nps.gov/ParkScience

ISSN 0735-9462 (print edition)

ISSN 1090-9966 (Web edition)


Published by

U.S. Department of the Interior

National Park Service

Natural Resource Program Center

Lakewood, Colorado


National Park Service


Director

Mary A. Bomar


Associate Director, Natural Resource Stewardship & Science

Bert Frost


Director, Natural Resource Program Center

George Dickison


Staff


Editor

Jeff Selleck

Natural Resource Program Center,

Office of Education and Outreach


Associate Editor

Katie KellerLynn

Writer-Editor, Colorado State University (cooperator)


Contributing Editor

Betsie Blumberg

Writer-Editor, Pennsylvania State University (cooperator)


Copyeditor/Proofreader

Lori D. Kranz (contractor)


Layout/Design

EEI Communications, Inc. (contractor);


Glenda Heronema, NPS Denver Service Center


Jeff Selleck, Editor


Editorial board


John Dennis

Deputy Chief Scientist, Natural Resource Stewardship & Science


Ron Hiebert

Research Coordinator, Colorado Plateau Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit


Rick Jones

Interpretive Planner, Harpers Ferry Center


Bob Krumenaker

Superintendent, Apostle Islands National Seashore


Charles Roman

NPS Research Coordinator, North Atlantic Coast Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit, University of Rhode Island


Bobbi Simpson

Supervisory Biologist and California Exotic Plant Management Team Liaison, Point Reyes National Seashore


Kathy Tonnessen

NPS Research Coordinator, Rocky Mountains Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit, University of Montana


Editorial office


Jeff Selleck

National Park Service

NRPC/OEO

P.O. Box 25287

Denver, CO 80225-0287


E-mail: jeff_selleck@nps.gov

Phone: 303-969-2147

Fax: 303-987-6704


Park Science is a research and resource management bulletin of the U.S. National Park Service. It serves a broad audience of national park and protected area managers and scientists and provides public outreach. Published three times annually in the spring, summer, and fall/winter, Park Science reports the implications of recent and ongoing natural and social science and related cultural research for park planning, management, and policy. Thematic issues that explore a topic in depth are published occasionally. Articles are field-oriented accounts of applied research and resource management topics that are presented in nontechnical language. They translate scientific findings into usable knowledge for park planning and the development of sound management practices for natural resources and visitor enjoyment. The editor and board review content for clarity, completeness, usefulness, scientific and technical soundness, and relevance to NPS policy. The publication is funded by the Associate Director for Natural Resource Stewardship and Science through the Natural Resource Preservation Program.


Article inquiries, submissions, and comments should be directed to the editor by e-mail; hard-copy materials should be forwarded to the editorial office. Letters addressing scientific or factual content are welcome and may be edited for length, clarity, and tone.


Facts and views expressed in Park Science are the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect opinions or policies of the National Park Service. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute an endorsement or recommendation by the National Park Service.


Park Science is published online at http://www.nature.nps.gov/ParkScience (ISSN 1090-9966). The Web site provides guidelines for article submission, an editorial style guide, key word searching, an archive of back issues, and information on how to subscribe or update your subscription.


Though subscriptions are offered free of charge, voluntary donations help defray production costs. A typical donation is $15 per year. Checks should be made payable to the National Park Service and sent to the editorial office address.


Suggested article citation

Thelen, B. A., and R. K. Thiet. 2008. Cultivating connection: Incorporating meaningful citizen science into Cape Cod National Seashore’s estuarine research and monitoring programs. Park Science 25(1):74–80.


Printed on recycled paper.


Also from the National Park Service

Natural resource publications are listed at http://www.nature.nps.gov/publications/index.cfm. They include reports for air, biologic, geologic, and water resources, and about environmental quality, inventory and monitoring, social sciences, and park soundscapes.


Recent publications in the Natural Resource Report and Natural Resource Technical Report series are listed at http://www.nature.nps.gov/publications/NRPM/nrr.cfm and http://www.nature.nps.gov/publications/NRPM/nrtr.cfm respectively. Many of the reports are available for downloading.


Naturally Speaking: E-news for Natural Resource Communicators is an e-mail newsletter that presents timely information for the communication of natural resource management issues and encourages interaction among park interpreters and resource managers. To subscribe, write to WASO-NRPC_Naturally_Speaking_eNews@nps.gov.


Published 1996–2006, Natural Resource Year in Review (ISSN 1544-5437) examines management issues and the people and science behind natural resource management in the National Park System for these calendar years. See http://www.nature.nps.gov/YearInReview.


Common Ground: Preserving Our Nation’s Heritage; CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship; Heritage News, a monthly e-newsletter; and a variety of other cultural resource management publications are described at http://www.nps.gov/history/publications.htm.

(1) = = = = From the Editor = = = =


Colorful Content


[Photo illustration] Evolution of the Park Science cover design: 1981, 1996, 2000, and 2008.


Park Science has undergone several redesigns since its inception in 1980, but never before have these changes embraced full color. I am excited by this opportunity to present the findings and applications of science to park management in this engaging format. This update facilitates better use of photography, maps, graphs, and other illustrations to impart relevant information. It strengthens our National Park Service identity and reflects the progression of science applications in national park management over the past few decades.


The new format also incorporates editorial improvements: magazine- and journal-style articles, such as “Science Features” and “Research Reports,” within new and revised departments. Introduced in this issue, “Profile” presents interviews and career reflections of resource professionals. “20 Years Ago in Park Science” reprises past perspectives on NPS science and resource management, provoking reflection on progress (or inaction). “Field Moment” shares a researcher’s or resource manager’s personal, scientific field experience in a national park. “Tribute” recognizes the contributions of active, recently retired, or deceased resource professionals. Other departments will debut in future editions.


An important part of the redesign is making a concerted effort toward content planning. In the year ahead we will report on climate change, the integration of inventory and monitoring processes in park planning, and effective roles for Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Units. In addition to expanding our information sources within the National Park Service, we will continue to rely on guest editors to help develop theme issues. In the near future we plan to publish theme editions on soundscape management and the Canon National Park Science Scholars program.


The transition to the new format has taken more than a year, and I hope you find it worth the wait. We encourage your participation as a contributor and look forward to bringing you colorful reports of science in parks for years to come.


Jeff Selleck

(2) = = = = In This Issue = = = =

[Map of United States and locations of parks and offices discussed in this issue]

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