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Keeping marine pests out of Australian waters
The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry advises that the information contained in this report is based on scientific research and is intended to inform the development of public policy. Readers are advised and need to be aware that this information may be incomplete or unsuitable for use in any specific situation. Before taking any action or decision based on the information in this publication, readers should seek professional, scientific and technical advice.
To the extent permitted by law, the Australian Government and Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (including its employees, consultants and advisers) disclaim all liability, including liability for negligence, for any direct or consequential loss, damage, death, injury, expense, liability or cost incurred or suffered by any person (including corporate entities or bodies politic) as a result of accessing, using or relying upon any of the information or data contained in this publication.
© Commonwealth of Australia 2010 (except where otherwise indicated)
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Cover image courtesy of Neptune Marine Services Limited.
Designed by Professional Public Relations <http://www.ppr.com.au>
The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF)
The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Limited
Oliver Floerl, Lisa Peacock, Kimberley Seaward and Graeme Inglis
NIWA thanks the individuals and companies who provided extensive information on currently available antifouling coatings and ship hull cleaning technologies and the costs associated with in-water and shore-based hull maintenance. NIWA also appreciates the comments provided by John Lewis on a draft version of this report.
While every effort has been made to identify all current in-water cleaning technologies available to vessel owners and operators, some may not be contained in this review. This may be the case for overseas technologies or initiatives that are not yet published on the internet and which our points of contact for in-water cleaning technologies may not have been aware of. Some details or test results of reviewed technologies may have been deliberately kept confidential on the basis of patent or commercial development processes and were therefore not available for inclusion in this review.
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