Bio 225 – Medical Microbiology, 4 credits

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BIO 225 – Medical Microbiology, 4 credits

Spring 2007 semester, Lecture/Lab: Monday/Wednesday 2:00 pm-5:10 pm

Web-enhanced 16 week course

PROFESSOR: Deborah Campbell

OFFICE: Room 222 Jolly Classroom Center

OFFICE HOURS: Refer to my door schedule

PHONE: 1-800-246-7521 or (606) 487-3378 (Hazard)



The characteristics of microorganisms and their relation to health and disease are studied in this course. Lecture: 2 hours, Lab: 4 hours weekly.


TEXT: Talaro, K.P. and Talaro, A. Foundations in Microbiology, Fifth edition. New York: McGraw Hill, 2005.

Pierce, B.E. and LeBoffe, M.J. EA Photographic Atlas of Microbiology, Third edition, Englewood: CO: Morton Publishing Company, 2005.


To succeed in this class you MUST:

  1. carefully read and review this syllabus;

  2. follow the course schedule;

  3. read the assigned textbook chapters;

  4. follow directions carefully;

  5. complete the required assignments on time;

  6. ask questions BEFORE an assignment is due; and

  7. call or email me if you experience problems.


Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

1. Demonstrate correct use of a microscope.

2. Demonstrate proper aseptic laboratory technique.

3. Describe the major groups of microorganisms.

4. Prepare bacterial and fungal cultures for study.

5. Identify and characterize bacterial and fungal cultures.

6. Prepare and interpret bacterial slides.

7. Demonstrate the proper use of laboratory apparatus.

8. Describe methods of physical and chemical control of microbial growth.

9. Compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

10. Explain microbial metabolism and genetics.

11. Explain the mechanisms of pathogenicity.

12. Describe the symptoms, treatment, and control of common infectious diseases.

13. Describe specific and non-specific host defenses.

14. Discuss the role of parasites in human disease.

These 14 competencies will be assessed through multiple choice exams, laboratory reports, and a project.


Communicate Effectively - Students will fulfill this competency by:

1. Submitting summaries of medical articles and this competency will be assessed by grading the content, grammar and spelling on all written assignments.

2. Reading assigned units in the text and this competency will be assessed by exams and assignments.

Think Critically - Students will fulfill this competency by:

1. Identifying and analyzing current microbiological events and case studies and this competency will be assessed in student reports.

Learn Independently Students will fulfill this competency by:

1. Discussing present and future problems related to medical microbiology and this competency will be assessed in case study reports.

2. Researching major clinical presentations and this competency will be assessed in student reports.

3. Performing computer search strategies, accessing information in a variety of formats, which

include both print and non-print. These competencies will be assessed using a project.

Examine Relationships in Diverse and Complex Environments - Students will fulfill this

competency by:

  1. Working together in groups in the laboratory, on case studies, and on a project and this

competency will be assessed by grading labs, cases and projects.


Regular and prompt attendance in this course is required for students to succeed. Four absences will

be permitted. Students exceeding four absences will be dropped from the course and receive a

grade of E except in unusual circumstances as determined by the professor. Students who miss labs

will be required to complete extensive written assignments for every lab missed.


During periods of inclement weather, all classes scheduled BEFORE 9:30 a.m., will be cancelled.  Students will be asked to report at 9:30 for their 9:30 classes.  The classes that are cancelled will be made up according to a manner that the individual faculty member has determined and which has been approved in advance by the appropriate Division Chair and Dean.


KCTCS faculty and students are bound by principles of truth and honesty that are recognized as fundamental for a community of teachers and scholars. The college expects students and faculty to honor, and faculty to enforce, these academic principles. The college affirms that it will not tolerate academic dishonesty including, but not limited to, violation of the academic rights of students (section 2.0) and student offenses (section 3.0).

Complaint/Appeal Procedure

  1. Division Chair: (Dell Sasser).

  2. Academic Dean. (Leila Smith).

  3. Vice President of Academic Affairs / Provost: Dr. Kathy Smoot

For information about academic rights and academic offenses and the student’s right to appeal, students should be referred to the KCTCS Code of Student Conduct found on-line at


The last date to withdraw from this course without penalty is Monday, March 12, 2007. After

midterm, the student who withdraws will receive a grade of E unless he/she is able to provide the

professor with written documentation of unusual circumstances. Students must officially

withdraw or they will receive an automatic grade of E.


Students needing accommodations should contact the local disabilities service representative to complete an Accommodations Plan which will ensure that the student receive full benefits and that the instructor is aware and can make the proper adjustments in his/her courses for the student. Hazard Community & Technical College contacts are as follows: Hazard Campus, Knott County Branch, Leslie County Center, and the Technical Campus – see Doug Fraley and at the Lees College Campus – see Cluster Howard.

Every effort is being made to meet the ADA 508 and W3C guidelines but if you find any distance learning class to be limiting in any way please contact the course instructor and the Disability Services Representative, Hazard Community and Technical College, One Community College Drive, Hazard, KY 40351; phone (606)-487-3086; email:


The course grade will be determined as follows:

Examinations/Final 50%

Case Studies/Articles/Clinical presentations /Labs 40%

Project 10%

The examinations will cover all reading assignments, lecture notes, handouts, and laboratory

procedures. Final grades will be an average of the evaluation percentages shown. Letter grades will

be assigned using the following scale:

A = 90 - 100%

B = 80 - 89%

C = 70 - 79%

D = 60 - 69%

E = 0 - 59%

EXAMS: There will be four exams on lectures and the principles and procedures learned in the labs. If a student misses an exam, he/she should contact the professor immediately. The student must take the exam before it is returned to the class. All answers on exams and quizzes are to be the student’s work at the time of the testing. Any attempt at academic dishonesty will be reported to the proper college authorities and may result in removal from the course. Students will not be permitted to use any electronic devices during exams.

Exams will be returned to the students for review on the next scheduled class day. Students are not to write down or tape record the exam items or answers. In addition, exams and scantron sheets cannot be removed from the classroom; they must be turned into the professor prior to leaving the classroom.

FINAL: A comprehensive final exam will be given.

MAKE-UP POLICY: Make-up exams will be scheduled by appointment only and only one make-up is allowed per student. Make-up exams will include essay questions. There is no makeup for the final unless PRIOR arrangements are made with the professor.

LABWORK: Students are required to keep documentation of their lab reports and any written assignments required for absences in a notebook. Notebooks are due on May 2, 2007. Objectives and procedures for the laboratory exercises will be provided in a manual and each student must work with a lab partner to complete the labs. Lab review sheets will be given as study guides and it is the student’s responsibility to complete them before exams.

EXTRA CREDIT: There are no extra credit opportunities in BIO 225.


It is expected that each student engage in a minimum of three hours of study for each hour spent in class. Students are responsible for noting the subject for class discussion and using references indicated on the calendar provided for class preparation prior to class.

WEB ENHANCEMENT: Students should access the Blackboard platform to obtain web resources for this course.

CELL PHONES: Students are asked to turn cell phones and pagers off before entering class.


I. Introduction to the microbial world

A. Historical perspective

B. General characteristics of microbes

C. Classification of major groups of microbes

D. Relevance of human health and disease

E. Beneficial functions of microbes

II. Laboratory techniques for microbiology

A. Microscopy

B. Aseptic procedures

C. Media and specimen preparation

III. Characteristics and structure of procaryotic cells

A. Morphology

B. Physiology

C. Contrast with eucaryotic cells

III. Microbial metabolism

A. Enzyme activity

B. Cellular respiration

C. Other cellular reactions

D. Nutritional patterns

IV. Microbial growth

A. Physical requirements

B. Chemical requirements

C. Culture media

D. Bacterial growth kinetics

V. Control of microbial growth

A. Physical methods

B. Chemical methods

VI. Microbial classification and identification

A. Viruses

B. Bacteria

C. Protozoa

D. Fungi

E. Helminths

VII. Host-parasite relationships

A. Mechanisms of pathogenicity

B. Basic principles of disease processes

C. Non-specific host defenses

D. Immunology

E. Epidemiology

VIII. Antimicrobial drugs

IX. Common infectious diseases

eLearning: Web-enhanced, Web-Local, Web-Hybrid, or Web-KYVU Class Policy:

The Internet can be used in multiple ways to deliver instruction, assess student learning, and provide an interaction among students and between the instructor and students. Internet instruction can be designed to be accessed by students at their convenience.

Student rules and expectations:

  • Students are expected to read the course syllabus and send the instructor an email stating the student understands the course policies. If the student does not understand the syllabi, the student is to make an appointment to speak with their instructor.

  • Students are expected to complete the DL Orientation.

  • Students having problems with class access are to contact the instructor and /or the Distance Learning Coordinator immediately.

  • Students are expected to have all class textbooks and supplies by the end of the first week of classes.

  • Students are expected to follow the course outline and calendar for due dates. It is strongly suggested that students check the course site at least one week prior to the first day of class and continuously throughout the semester as all calendar entries are tentative.

  • Students are expected to attend all class meetings (if applicable). Web-enhanced classes will have class meetings similar to an in-person class. Web-local may or may not have associated class meetings. Web-Hybrid classes will meet half of the class time and have online work for half the class time. Web-KYVU classes do not normally have class meetings.

All students enrolled in any elearning course needs to know how to use their KCTCS email account, as well as how to use the messages feature in Blackboard.

Logging-on to an eLearning class:

  1. Point your browser to

  2. Go to the login box in the middle of the window that opens and enter your username and password which is the same to access your email or student self serve account.

Checking Your KCTCS E-Mail

As a student of the KCTCS System, you have been issued a username (login ID) and password. E-mail is an integral part of the distance learning process as well as your everyday process as a student of Hazard Community and Technical College. As you get grade information, class registration, and other related information on your email account. In addition all of your KCTCS information will come through student E-mail. Click on the following link to check your e-mail:

Enter the student username and password you were provided when prompted in the following format: The login entry is the domain name (KCTCSACC), followed by a "right slash" (/), ending with the PeopleSoft student ID that you were given during registration. NOTE:  this is the same login from the one described with the Web class account. 

Username: KCTCSACC/jdoe0001
Password: your password (whatever the password is)
*For more information about student email, go to the following site:

Resource Links:

KCTCS KYVU Web Session Calendar: Student need also be aware that Web-KYVU classes do not necessarily always follow the same calendar as their home college. To check the calendar for the Web-KYVU classes go to the following site:

Distance Learning Tutorials:


Distance Learning Proctor's Site link.

HCTC DL Orientation:

Online Program Advising Guides

College Contacts

KCTCS Student Code of Conduct: - refer to section 2.3.1

KCTCS Distance Learning:

KCTCS Student Services:

KCTCS Student Tutorial and Orientation:

Kentucky Virtual Library.

Online Course Schedule (System wide classes) -

KCTCS Disability Services:  Please include in your syllabus a reference the Disability Statement.  Check with the college’s Disability Service Coordinator for the exact language.  Link to Disability Service Coordinators:  Engaging Differences website: provides useful information for faculty and students.

Contact Persons:

If you have a question or ADA-related need for distance learning courses contact Ella Strong, Distance Learning Coordinator, phone (606)-487-3208; email: If you use a Web site to promote academic departments or academic programs, contact Bart Massey, Webmaster, phone (606)-487-3267; email: assistance with ADA requirements. Students with a disability or students with any inquiries about an accommodation or lack thereof of should contact to Doug Fraley, Disability Services Representative, and phone (606)-487-3086; email: All at Hazard Community and Technical College, One Community College Drive, Hazard, KY 41701.

This syllabus is a contract and both the professor and the students must honor it. Changes must be made by a majority vote of the class.


Unit 1

Orientation to Course

1. The Main Themes of Microbiology

3. Tools of the Laboratory: Methods for Studying Microorganisms
4. Prokaryotic Profiles: The Bacteria and Archaea

7. Elements of Microbial Nutrition, Ecology, and Growth
8. Microbial Metabolism: The Chemical Crossroads of Life

9. Genetics

EXAM #1 Chapters 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9

Unit 2

11. Physical and Chemical Control of Microbes
12. Drugs, Microbes, Host-the Elements of Chemotherapy

13. Microbe - Human Interactions: Infection and Disease
14. The Nature of Host Defenses

15. The Acquisition of Specific Immunity and its Applications
16. Immunization and Immune Assays

EXAM #2 Chapters 11-16

Unit 3

18. The Cocci of Medical Importance

19. The Gram-Positive Bacilli of Medical Importance

20. The Gram-Negative Bacilli of Medical Importance
21. Miscellaneous Bacterial Agents of Disease

EXAM#3 Chapters 18-21

Unit 4

5. Eukaryotic Cells and Microorganisms

22. Fungal Diseases

6. An Introduction to the Viruses

24. Introduction to Viral Diseases and DNA Viruses
25. RNA Virus Diseases

23. The Parasitic Diseases of Humans


Monday EXAM#4 Chapters 5-6, 22-25

This schedule is subject to change based on the Professor’s discretion

Revised 1/3/07 DC

All students are required to read the syllabus and sign this form to

document that this syllabus has been reviewed and explained and each

student understands the contents.

I have read and fully understand the contents of the BIO 225 course syllabus.

Signature of student



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