Environmental chemistry – I

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Sub Code : 10 EV 32 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1 4 Hours

    1. Significance of Environmental Chemistry for Water Supply Engineering

    2. Significance of Environmental Chemistry for Wastewater Engineering

    3. Importance of Environmental Chemistrty for Solid and Hazardous Wastes

UNIT 2 8 Hours

Basic Concepts from Physical Chemistry

2.1. Osmosis

2.2. Dialysis

2.3 Principles of Solvent Extraction

2.4. Oxidation and Reduction

2.5. Electrochemistry

2.6. Catalysis

2.7. Adsorption

2.8. Colourimetry

2.9. Light Absorption and Beer’s Law.

UNIT 3 10 Hours

Basic Concepts of Equilibrium and Colloidal Chemistry

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Solution to equilibrium problems

3.3 Acids and Bases

3.4 Buffers.

3.5 Introduction to colloidal chemistry

3.6 Colloidal dispersions in liquids

3.7 Colloidal dispersions in air

UNIT 4 4 Hours

pH – General Considerations

4.1 Theoretical considerations,

4.2 Measurement of pH, and interpretation of pH data


UNIT 5 8 Hours

Pollution Parameters of Wastewater

Definitions and estimation of ;

5.1 COD

5.2 BOD

5.3 DO

5.4 TOC

5.5 Nitrogen – 5.5.1 Different Forms, 5.5.2 Environmental

Significance, 5.5.3 Methods of Analysis.

UNIT 6 4 Hours


6.1 General considerations

6.2 Chemistry of fluoride and its compounds

6.3 Methods of determining Fluoride.

UNIT 7 6 Hours

Sanitary Significance of Sulphate, Nitrate and Phosphate

7.1 Phosphorous Cycle

7.2 Carbon Cycle

7.3 Nitrogen Cycle

7.4 Sanitary significance N & P

UNIT 8 8 Hours

Instrumental Methods of Analysis

Optical Methods, Electrical Methods,

Chromatographic Methods and other Instrumental Methods

Description of UV-Vis Spectrophotometer, GC, HPLC with MS, AAS and

Plasma Emission Spectrometer


In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the

students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part


1. Sawyer G.N., McCarty, P.L. and Parkin, G.F., and Science, (2003),Chemistry for

Environmental Engineering, 5th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill

2. Stumn & Morgan, (1981), Aquatic Chemistry, Second Edition, John Wiley Publisher

3. Banerjee (2008), Environmental Chemistry, 2nd Edition, PHI Learning Publications


1.American Water Works Association, (2001), “Standard Methods for Examination of

Water and Wastewater”, 20th Edition.

2. Khopkar S.M, (2007) Basic Concepts of Analytical Chemistry,. New Age Science ltd

3. De, A.K , (1989),Environmental Chemistry,., Wiley Eastern Ltd.,

4. Ronald L Droste, (1996),Textbook of Environmental Engineering

5. Peavy, H.S., Rowe, D.R., and Tchobanoglous, G., (1986), Environmental

Engineering, McGraw Hill Book Co.


Sub Code : 10 EV 33 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1 7 Hours

Simple Stress and Strain

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Properties of Materials

1.3 Stress, Strain, Hook’s law

1.4 Poisson’s Ratio

1.5 Stress – Strain Diagram for structural steel and non ferrous materials

1.6 Principles of superposition

1.7 Total elongation of tapering bars of circular and rectangular cross sections. Elongation due to

self – weight

UNIT 2 6 Hours

Simple Stress and Strain continued…

2.1 Composite section

2.2 Volumetric strain, expression for volumetric strain

2.3 Elastic constants, relationship among elastic constants

2.4 Thermal stresses (including thermal stresses in compound bars)

UNIT 3 8 Hours

Compound stresses

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Stress components on inclined planes

3.3 General twodimensional stress system

3.4 Principal planes and stresses,

3.5 Mohr’s circle of stresses.

3.6 Thin cylinders subjected to pressure, change in length, diameter and volume,

3.7 Thick cylinders - Lame’s equations (excluding compound cylinders).

UNIT 4 7 Hours

Bending moment and shear force in beams

4.1 Introduction,

4.2 Types of beams loadings and supports,

4.3 Shearing force in beam,

4.4 Bending moment,

4.5 Sign convention, 4.6 Relationship between loading, shear force and bending moment,

4.7 Shear force and bending moment equations, SFD and BMD with salient values for cantilever

beams, simply supported beams and overhanging beams considering point loads, UDL, UVL

and Couple.


UNIT 5 6 Hours

Bending stress, shear stress in beams

5.1 Introduction – Bending stress in beam,

5.2 Assumptions in simple

bending theory,

5.3 Pure bending derivation of Bernoulli’s equation,

5.4Modulus of rupture, section modulus, 5.5 Flexural rigidity, 5.6 Expression for horizontal shear

stress in beam,

5.7 Shear stress diagram for rectangular, symmetrical ‘I’ and ‘T’ section (Flitched beams not


UNIT 6 6 Hours

Deflection of beams

6.1 Introduction – Definitions of slope, deflection,

6.2 Elastic curvederivation of differential equation of flexture,

6.3 Sign convention

6.4 Slope and deflection for standard loading classes using Macaulay’s method for prismatic

beams and overhanging beams subjected to point loads, UDL and Couple.

UNIT 7 6 Hours

Torsion of circular shafts

7.1 Introduction – Pure torsion-torsion equation of circular shafts,

7.2 Strength and stiffness,

7.3 Torsional rigidity and polar modulus,

7.4 Power transmitted by shaft of solid and hollow circular sections.

UNIT 8 6 Hours

Elastic stability of columns

8.1 Introduction – Short and long columns,

8.2 Euler’s theory on columns,

8.3 Effective length slenderness ration,

8.4 radius of gyration, buckling load,

8.5 Assumptions, derivations of Euler’s Buckling load for different end conditions,

8.6 Limitations of Euler’s theory, 8.7 Rankine’s formula and problems.


In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the

students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part


1. Subramanyam ,(2008), Strength of Materials, Oxford University Press

2. Punmia B.C., Ashok Jain and Arun Jain, (2004), Mechanics of Materials, Lakshmi

Publications, New Delhi.

3. Basavarajaiah B.S.,and Mahadevappa P, (2009), Strength of Materials , Universities Press,

New Delhi.


1. Singer, F.L.,(1962),Strength of Materials, Harper and Row Publications.

2. Timoshenko and D.H.Young, (2003),Elements of Strength of Materials, Affiliated East-West


3. James M. Gere (2000),Mechanics of Materials, (5th Edition), Thomson Learning publication.


Sub Code : 10 EV 34 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1 4 Hours


1.1 Definition of Surveying

1.2 Classification of Surveys,

1.3 Uses of Surveying Units of Measurements,

1.4 Map & Classification,

1.5 Survey of India topographical Maps and their numbering

1.6 Basic principles of surveying,

1.7 Errors, Classification, 1.8 Precision and accuracy.

UNIT 2 5 Hours

Measurement of horizontal distances.

2.1 Chain and types,

2.2 Tape and types,

2.3 EDM devices,

2.3 Ranging of lines 2.4 Direct and Indirect,

2.5 Measurement of distances over sloping grounds,

2.6 Chain and Tape corrections - Numerical problems.

UNIT 3 7 Hours

Chain Surveying

3.1 Accessories required,

3.2 Selection of stations and lines,

3.3 Offsets and types

3.4 Setting out of right angles,

3.5 Working principle and use of optical square, prism square, cross staff.,

3.6 Linear methods of setting out right angles,

3.7 Booking of chain survey work,

3.8 Field book, entries, conventional symbols, 3.9 Obstacles in chain survey, Numerical


3.10 Errors in chain survey and precautions to be taken.

UNIT 4 6 Hours

Compass Surveying

4.1 Meridians and bearings,

4.2 Principle, working and use of – Prismatic compass

4.3 Surveyor’s compass,

4.4 Magnetic bearing, true bearings,

4.5 WCB and Reduced bearing.

4.6 Dip and Declination

4.7 Accessories required for compass surveying,

4.8 Traverse - closed and open traverse

4.9 Computation of bearings of legs of closed traverse given the bearing of one of the legs,

4.10 Computation of included angles given the bearings of legs of a closed traverse.


UNIT 5 8 Hours

Compass Traversing continued….

5.1 Local attraction, determination and corrections,

5.2 Dependent and independent co-ordinates,

5.3 Checks for closed traverse and determination of closing error and its direction

5.4 Bowditch’s graphical method of adjustment of closed traverse,

5.5 Bowditch’s rule and transit rule,

5.6 Omitted measurements (Only Length and corresponding bearing of one line).

UNIT 6 7 Hours

Introduction to Levelling

6.1 Principles and basic definitions,

6.2 Fundamental axes and part of a dumpy level,

6.3 Types of adjustments and objectives,

6.4 Temporary adjustments of a dumpy level,

6.5 Sensitiveness of bubble tube,

6.6 Curvature and refraction correction,

6.7 Type of leveling, 6.8 Simple leveling,

6.9 Reciprocal leveling,

6.10 Profile leveling,

6.11 Cross sectioning,

6.12 Fly leveling,

UNIT 7 4 Hours

Reduction of Levelling continued….

7.1 Booking of levels

7.2 Rise and fall method and Height of instrument method

7.3 comparison Arithmetic checks

7.4 Fly back leveling.,

7.5 Errors and precautions.


7.6 Contours and their characteristics,

7.7 Methods of contouring,

7.8 direct and indirect methods,

7.9 Interpolation techniques,

7.10 Uses of contours

7.11 Numerical problems on determining intervisibility,

7.12 Grade contours and uses.

UNIT 8 5 Hours

Plane Table Surveying

8.1 Plane table and accessories,

8.2 Advantages and limitations of plane table survey,

8.3 Orientation and methods of orientation,

8.4 Methods of plotting – Radiation, Intersection, Traversing,

8.5 Resection method,

8.6 Two point and three point problems,

8.7 Solution to two point problem by graphical method,

8.8 Solution to three point problem Bessel’s graphical method,

8.9 Errors in plane table survey.


In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the

students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part


1. Punmia, B.C.,(1991),‘Surveying’ Vol–1, , Laxmi Publications, New Delhi.

2. Chandra, A.M.,(2002),‘Plane Surveying Vol-1-, Newage International ® Ltd.

3. Alak De (2000),‘Plane Surveying’, S. Chand & Company Ltd., New Del.

4. Roy, S.K., (2009), Fundamentals of Surveying, Prentice Hall of India


1. Milton O. Schmidt, Milton O Wong,(1985), Fundamentals of Surveying, Thomson Learning


2 Subramnian R., (2007), “Surveying and Levelling”, Oxford University Press

3. Duggal, S.K. (2000), Surveying Vol. I, Third edition, ,Tata Macgraw Hill Publishing Company

Limited, New Delhi.

4. Venkataramaiah C., (2009), “Text Book of Surveying”, Unversities Press

* Survey of India Publication on maps.


Sub Code : 10 EV35 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1 9 Hours


1.1 Scope and importance of Subject

1.2 Definition of Fluid, Distinction between solids & fluid

1.3 Distinction between liquid & gas fluid continuum


1.4 Mass density, Specific Volume

1.5 Specific Weight Relative density

1.6 Definition, units and Dimensions

1.7 Viscosity, Newton’s law of viscosity

1.8 Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids

1.9 Ideal and Real fluids

1.10 Compressibility

1.11 Vapour pressure

1.12 Surface tension, Definitions, units and dimensions

1.13 Equation for stability of bubble

1.14 Capillarity, theory and problems

1.15 Problems on Newton’s law of viscosity

UNIT 2 6 Hours


2.1 Definition of pressure, units and dimensions

2.2 Pressure at a point

2.3 Pascal’s law

2.4 Hydrostatic pressure law

2.5 Absolute and Gauge pressure

2.6 Measurement of pressure, Simple Manometer theory and problems

2.7 Differential manometer theory & Problems

2.8 Mechanical pressure gauges

UNIT 3 6 Hours


3.1 Definition of total pressure, Center of pressure, Centroid, centroidal depth, depth of center of


3.2 Equation for hydrostatic force and depth of center of pressure on plane surfaces (vertical and


3.3 Problems on hydrostatic force vertically submerged surfaces

3.4 Problems on inclined submerged surfaces

3.5 Hydrostatic force on submerged curved surfaces, problems, 3.6 Pressure diagram, problems

UNIT 4 7 Hours


4.1 Description of fluid flow

4.2 Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches

4.3 Classification of flow, steady & unsteady, uniform and non-uniform

4.4 Definition of path line, streamline, streak line, stream tube, one, two, three dimensional flows

Rotational and irrotational flow

4.5 Acceleration of flow

4.6 One dimensional flow, derivation of continuity equation in differential form

4.7 Definition of velocity potential, stream functions, stream line, equipotential line

4.8 Relation between velocity potential and stream function, Laplace equation

4.9 Problem on continuity equation

4.10 Problem on velocity potential and stream function


UNIT 5 7Hours


5.1 Concept of Inertia force and other forces causing motion

5.2 Derivation of Euler’s equation and Bernoulli’s equation with assumption and limitation

5.3 Modification of Bernoulli’s equation, problem on Bernoulli’s equation without and with losses

5.4 Application of Bernoulli’s equation - Pitot tube, problems

5.5 Venturimeter, problems

5.6 Momentum equation, problems

UNIT 6 7 Hours


6.1 Flow through pipes, Reynolds number, classification of flow

6.2 Definition of hydraulic gradient, energy gradient

6.3 Major and minor losses in pipe flow

6.4 Equation for head loss due to friction (Darcy-Weishbach equation ). –Friction factor for

commercial pipes

6.5 Minor losses (types), equation for head loss due to sudden expansion. – Problem on minor


6.6 Pipes in series, pipes in parallel and equivalent pipe

6.6 Problems

UNIT 7 5 Hours


7.1 Flow through Orifices; classification

7.2 Hydraulic co-efficients of an Orifice and relation between them.

7.3 Equation for co-efficient of velocity, problems

7.4 Submerged and large rectangular Orifices

7.5 Flow through mouth pieces, classification, equation for discharge and pressure head for an

external cylindrical mouth piece

UNIT 8 5 Hours


8.1 Flow over notches, classification

8.2 Equation for discharge over rectangular and trapezoidal notches

8.3 Equation for discharge over Vnotch, problems

8.4 Cippoletti notch, problems

8.5. Types of Nappe, ventilation of weirs

8.6 Broad crested weirs, problems

8.7.Submerged weirs, equation for discharge, problems


In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the

students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part


1.. Modi P.N and. Seth, S.M., (2002), Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, Standard Book House,

New Delhi.

2. Bansal, R.K. (2005), Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, Lakshmi Publications,

New Delhi.

3. Jain, A.K. (2004), “Fluid Mechanics”, 37th Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.

4. Mohanty A.K., (2009), “Fluid Mechanics”, 2nd Edition, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi


1. James F Cruise, Vijay P. Singh, Mohsan M. Sherif,(2006), Elementary Hydraulics ,1st

Edition,Civil engineering publishers.

2. Arora, K.R. (2005), Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulic and Hydraulics , Standard Book House,

New Delhi.

3. John F. Douglas et al, (2005), Fluid Mechanics, Pearson Prentice Hall, India.


Sub Code : 10 EV 36 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1 6 Hours

Introduction to Environmental Biology

1.1 Concepts of Environment, Public Health and Eco system health

1.2 General Microbiology.

1.2.1 Microscopic fauna and flora concern to Environmental Engineers, Water as their natural


1.2.2 Systematic study of important group / subgroups for sizing the problems they cause.

UNIT 2 8 Hours

Plant Kingdom

2.1 Algae – basic characteristics and classification upto classes.

2.2 Salient characteristics of Chlorophyceae – Bascillariophyceae, Cyanophyceae and


2.3 Economic importance of Algae. Problems caused by algae and methods of control.

2.4 Water Hyacinth – Morphology, anatomy and life cycle.

2.5 Environmental significance of plant kingdom.

UNIT 3 8 Hours

3.1 Animal Kingdom: Group Protozoa - basic character. Group Rotifers - basic character.

Subgroup Crustaceans - basic character.

3.2 Group Fungi: Basic characteristics of the group and classification upto classes and class


3.3 Morphology of Bacteria: Bacteria exhibiting variation in shapespherical, rod and helices.

Cytoplasmic appendages of bacteria, celia and flagella, spore and spore formation.

UNIT 4 8 Hours

Metabolism and Principles

4.1 Nutritional requirements of bacteria.

4.2 Autotrophic and heterotrophic requirements. Photosynthesis.

4.3 Definition of Metabolism - Difference of anabolism and


4.4 Dependence of metabolism on biological catalysts and enzymes.


UNIT 5 6 Hours

Air and Water Microbiology

5.1 Bacteria in water and air

5.2 Indicator organisms and their testing techniques – MPN, Multiple Fermentation and

membrane filter methods:

5.3 Importance in Environmental Studies.

UNIT 6 8 Hours

Microbiology of Soil

6.1 Physical Characteristics,

6.2 Microbial flora,

6.3 Interaction among microorganisms,

6.4 Biogeochemical roles of soil microorganisms.

UNIT 7 4 Hours


7.1 Types,

7.2 Characteristics and enumeration methods.

7.3 Effects of virus on cells.

UNIT 8 8 Hours

Microbial Metabolism of Heavy Metals and pesticides

8.1 General interaction between Mircobes and Metals.

8.2 Microbial transformation of Arsenic, Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Selenium, Tin, Tellurium.

8.3 Microbial metabolism of Hydrocarbons (HC) and Pesticides – Petroleum, HC, Benzene,

toluene, xylene, DDT, BHC.

8.4 Bioconcentration, Biomagnification and Depuration.


In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the

students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part


1. Mckinney R.E, (1962), Microbiology for Sanitary Engineers, McGraw Hill.

2. Pelczar Michael, (2004, Microbiology, Tata McGraw Hill.

3. Atlas R.M. and Bortha R., (1998), “Microbial Ecology – Fundamentals and Applications”,

Pearson Education (Singapore) Pvt. Ltd.,


1. Gopal B.,(1987), Water Hyacinth, (1987), Elsevier Publishers, Amsterdam.

2. Mishustin Y., and Petrobvskaya M.,(1979), Sanitary Microbiology of Soil, NAUKA

Publishers, Russia.

3. Verschueren K, Van Nostrand, (1983),Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic

Chemicals, II Edition,.

4. Mitchell R, (1978), Water Pollution Microbiology,Vol. 2, , Wiley Interscience, New York.

5. Philip Herries Gregory, (1976), Aerobiology, , Oxford University Press, London.


Sub Code : 10 EVL 37 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50

Introduction – Lab layout, lab apparatus, washing & sterilization methods.

Preparation of culture media.

Plate count, multiple tube fermentation and membrane filter technique for


Different Coliform groups – faecal coliform and faecal streptococci.

Bacteriological examination of recreational water.

Rapid detection methods for coliform.

Bacterial cell immobilization and mixed culture tests.

Detection of fungi.

Microscopic Identification of aquatic organisms – Blue-green algae, Diatoms, Green


Microscopic Identification of Plankton, Periphyton, Macrophytes.


1.American Water Works Association, (2001), “Standard Methods for Examination of

Water and Wastewater”, 20th Edition.

2.Pepper, Gerba and Brendecke, ,(1995), Environmental Microbiology: A laboratory manual

Academic Press, San Diego.

3. Relevant I.S. codes.


Sub Code : 10 EVL 38 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50

Exercise – 1

a) To measure distance between two points using direct ranging

b) To set out perpendiculars at various points on given line using cross staff, optical square and


Exercise – 2

Setting out of rectangle, hexagon using tape/chain and other accessories

Exercise – 3

Measurement of bearing of the sides of a closed traverse & adjustment of closing error by Bowdich method and Transit method

Exercise – 4

To set out rectangles, pentagon, hexagon, using tape /chain and compass.

Exercise – 5

To determine the distance between two inaccessible points using chain/tape & compass.

Exercise – 6

To locate points using radiation and intersection method of plane tabling

Exercise – 7

To solve 3-point problem in plane tabling using Bessel’s graphical solution

Exercise –8

To determine difference in elevation between two points using fly leveling technique & to conduct fly back leveling. Booking of levels using both HI and Rise & Fall methods.

Exercise – 9

To determine difference in elevation between two points using reciprocal leveling and to determine the collimation error

Exercise – 10

To conduct profile leveling for water supply /sewage line and to draw the longitudinal section to determine the depth of cut and depth of filling for a given formation level.


Minor instruments – Clinometer, Ceylon ghat tracer, Hand level, Box sextant, Planimeter and Pantagraph, Total Station.


1. Punmia , B.C. (1991),‘Surveying’ Vol.–1 , Laxmi Publications, New Delhi.

2. Chandra, A.M. (2002) “Plane Surveing” Vol-1-, Newage International ® Ltd.

3. ALAK , (2000),“Plane Surveying”, S. Chand and Company Ltd., New Delhi.


1. Roy, S.K. (2009), Fundamentals of Surveying, Prentice Hall of India.

2. Milton O. Schimidt, Milton O Wong, (1985), Fundamentals of Surveying-, Thomson Learning.

4. Duggal, S.K. (2000), Surveying Vol. I, Third edition,Tata Macgraw Hill Publishing Company



Sub Code : 10 EV 42 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100



1.1. Common building stones and their uses

1.2. Quarrying of stones

1.3. Deterioration of stones

1.4. Preservation of stones

1.5. Dressing of stones

7 Hours


2.1. Classification of bricks

2.2. Manufacture of bricks

2.3. Tests on bricks

2.4. Types of tiles

2.5. Quality of tiles & their uses 7 Hours


3.1. Varieties & uses

3.2. Defects in Timber

3.3. Tests for good Timber

3.4. Seasoning of timber

3.5. Plywood & its uses

3.6. Wood wool boards 7 Hours


4.1. Types of lime

4.2. Manufacture of Hydraulic & Fat Limes

4.3. Activated Lime – Pozzolana mixture

4.4. Chemical Composition of Portland Cement and Hydration

of Cement

4.5. Manufacture of Portland Pozzolana Cement

4.6. Types of Cements and their uses

4.7. Lime & cement mortar 7 Hours



5.1. Testing of Cement-field testing, fineness by sieve test and

Blaine’s air permeability test.

5.2. Normal consistency, setting time, soundness.

5.3. Compression strength of cement and grades of cement, quality

of mixing water.

5.4. Fine aggregate – grading, analysis.

5.5. Specific gravity, bulking, moisture content, deleterious


5.6. Coarse aggregate- importance of size, shape and texture.

5.7. Grading of aggregates-sieve analysis, specific gravity. Flakiness

and elongation index, crushing impact and abrasion tests.

6 Hours


6.1. Workability – factors affecting workability,

6.2. Measurement of workability – slump. Flow tests.

6.3. Compaction factor and vee-bee consistometer tests.

6.4. Segregation and bleeding.

6.5. Process of manufacture of concrete: Batching .

6.6. Mixing.

6.7. Transporting

6.8. Placing

6.9. Compaction

6.10. Curing

6.11. Chemical admixtures- plasticizers, accelerators, retarders and

air entraining agents.

6.12. Mineral admixtures – fly ash.

6.13. Silica fumes and rice husk ash.

6 Hours


7.1. Factors affecting strength, w/c ratio, gel/space ratio, maturity


7.2. Effect of aggregate properties, relation between compressive

strength, and tensile strength, bond strength, modulus of


7.3. Accelerated curing, aggregate-cement bond strength.

7.4. Elasticity- Relation between modulus of elasticity, Poission


7.5. Shrinkage – plastic shrinkage and drying shrinkage, factors

affecting shrinkage.

7.6. Creep- measurement of creep, factors affecting creep, effect

of creep.

7.7. Durability – definition, significance, permeability, sulphate

attack, chloride attack, carbonation, freezing and thawing..

7.8. Factors contributing to cracks in conrete-plastic shrinkage,

settlement cracks, construction joints

7.9. Thermal expansion, transition zone, structural design


7.10. Testing of hardened concrete-compressive strength, split

tensile strength.

7.11. Flexural strength, factors influencing strength test results.

6 Hours

UNIT 8: OTHER BUILDING MATERIALS: Properties & uses of

8.1. Reinforcing steel, structural steel

8.2. Cast Iron, Plain carbon steel

8.3. Glasses

8.4. Electrical, Thermal & Sound Insulating Materials

8.5. Paints, Varnish & Enamels

8.6. Plastics, Composites, Polymers, Geosynthetics

8.7. Rubber and water proofing materials

8.8. Bitumen & Asphalt 6 Hours


In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the

students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part


1. Rangawala R.C., (2000), Engineering Materials, Charotar Publishing House, Anand, India.

2. Sushil Kumar, Engineering Materials, , Standard Publication and Distributors, New Delhi

3. Shetty M..S, (2002), Concrete technology – Theory and practice, , S. Chand and

Co, New Delhi.

4. Varghese P.C., (2007), Building Construction, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.,


1. Varghese. P.C. (2007), A Text Book Building Materials , Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.,


2. Mohan Rai and M.P. Jain Singh (1986), Advances in Building Materials and Construction,

CBRI Publication, Roorkee.

3. Neville A.M and Brooks J.J ,(1987), Concrete Technology, ELBS Edition, London

4. Gambhir M.L , (1995), Concrete Technology, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited,

New Delhi.


Sub Code : 10 EV 43 IA Marks : 25

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8


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