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Sub Code : 10 EV 32 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100 PART – A UNIT 1 4 Hours
UNIT 2 8 Hours Basic Concepts from Physical Chemistry 2.1. Osmosis 2.2. Dialysis 2.3 Principles of Solvent Extraction 2.4. Oxidation and Reduction 2.5. Electrochemistry 2.6. Catalysis 2.7. Adsorption 2.8. Colourimetry 2.9. Light Absorption and Beer’s Law. UNIT 3 10 Hours Basic Concepts of Equilibrium and Colloidal Chemistry 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Solution to equilibrium problems 3.3 Acids and Bases 3.4 Buffers. 3.5 Introduction to colloidal chemistry 3.6 Colloidal dispersions in liquids 3.7 Colloidal dispersions in air UNIT 4 4 Hours pH – General Considerations 4.1 Theoretical considerations, 4.2 Measurement of pH, and interpretation of pH data PART – B UNIT 5 8 Hours Pollution Parameters of Wastewater Definitions and estimation of ; 5.1 COD 5.2 BOD 5.3 DO 5.4 TOC 5.5 Nitrogen – 5.5.1 Different Forms, 5.5.2 Environmental Significance, 5.5.3 Methods of Analysis. UNIT 6 4 Hours Fluoride 6.1 General considerations 6.2 Chemistry of fluoride and its compounds 6.3 Methods of determining Fluoride. UNIT 7 6 Hours Sanitary Significance of Sulphate, Nitrate and Phosphate 7.1 Phosphorous Cycle 7.2 Carbon Cycle 7.3 Nitrogen Cycle 7.4 Sanitary significance N & P UNIT 8 8 Hours Instrumental Methods of Analysis Optical Methods, Electrical Methods, Chromatographic Methods and other Instrumental Methods Description of UVVis Spectrophotometer, GC, HPLC with MS, AAS and Plasma Emission Spectrometer QUESTION PAPER PATTERN In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part TEXT BOOKS 1. Sawyer G.N., McCarty, P.L. and Parkin, G.F., and Science, (2003),Chemistry for Environmental Engineering, 5th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill 2. Stumn & Morgan, (1981), Aquatic Chemistry, Second Edition, John Wiley Publisher 3. Banerjee (2008), Environmental Chemistry, 2^{nd} Edition, PHI Learning Publications REFERENCES 1.American Water Works Association, (2001), “Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater”, 20^{th} Edition. 2. Khopkar S.M, (2007) Basic Concepts of Analytical Chemistry,. New Age Science ltd 3. De, A.K , (1989),Environmental Chemistry,., Wiley Eastern Ltd., 4. Ronald L Droste, (1996),Textbook of Environmental Engineering 5. Peavy, H.S., Rowe, D.R., and Tchobanoglous, G., (1986), Environmental Engineering, McGraw Hill Book Co. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS Sub Code : 10 EV 33 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100 PART – A UNIT 1 7 Hours Simple Stress and Strain 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Properties of Materials 1.3 Stress, Strain, Hook’s law 1.4 Poisson’s Ratio 1.5 Stress – Strain Diagram for structural steel and non ferrous materials 1.6 Principles of superposition 1.7 Total elongation of tapering bars of circular and rectangular cross sections. Elongation due to self – weight UNIT 2 6 Hours Simple Stress and Strain continued… 2.1 Composite section 2.2 Volumetric strain, expression for volumetric strain 2.3 Elastic constants, relationship among elastic constants 2.4 Thermal stresses (including thermal stresses in compound bars) UNIT 3 8 Hours Compound stresses 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Stress components on inclined planes 3.3 General twodimensional stress system 3.4 Principal planes and stresses, 3.5 Mohr’s circle of stresses. 3.6 Thin cylinders subjected to pressure, change in length, diameter and volume, 3.7 Thick cylinders  Lame’s equations (excluding compound cylinders). UNIT 4 7 Hours Bending moment and shear force in beams 4.1 Introduction, 4.2 Types of beams loadings and supports, 4.3 Shearing force in beam, 4.4 Bending moment, 4.5 Sign convention, 4.6 Relationship between loading, shear force and bending moment, 4.7 Shear force and bending moment equations, SFD and BMD with salient values for cantilever beams, simply supported beams and overhanging beams considering point loads, UDL, UVL and Couple. PART – B UNIT 5 6 Hours Bending stress, shear stress in beams 5.1 Introduction – Bending stress in beam, 5.2 Assumptions in simple bending theory, 5.3 Pure bending derivation of Bernoulli’s equation, 5.4Modulus of rupture, section modulus, 5.5 Flexural rigidity, 5.6 Expression for horizontal shear stress in beam, 5.7 Shear stress diagram for rectangular, symmetrical ‘I’ and ‘T’ section (Flitched beams not included). UNIT 6 6 Hours Deflection of beams 6.1 Introduction – Definitions of slope, deflection, 6.2 Elastic curvederivation of differential equation of flexture, 6.3 Sign convention 6.4 Slope and deflection for standard loading classes using Macaulay’s method for prismatic beams and overhanging beams subjected to point loads, UDL and Couple. UNIT 7 6 Hours Torsion of circular shafts 7.1 Introduction – Pure torsiontorsion equation of circular shafts, 7.2 Strength and stiffness, 7.3 Torsional rigidity and polar modulus, 7.4 Power transmitted by shaft of solid and hollow circular sections. UNIT 8 6 Hours Elastic stability of columns 8.1 Introduction – Short and long columns, 8.2 Euler’s theory on columns, 8.3 Effective length slenderness ration, 8.4 radius of gyration, buckling load, 8.5 Assumptions, derivations of Euler’s Buckling load for different end conditions, 8.6 Limitations of Euler’s theory, 8.7 Rankine’s formula and problems. QUESTION PAPER PATTERN In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part TEXT BOOKS 1. Subramanyam ,(2008), Strength of Materials, Oxford University Press 2. Punmia B.C., Ashok Jain and Arun Jain, (2004), Mechanics of Materials, Lakshmi Publications, New Delhi. 3. Basavarajaiah B.S.,and Mahadevappa P, (2009), Strength of Materials , Universities Press, New Delhi. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Singer, F.L.,(1962),Strength of Materials, Harper and Row Publications. 2. Timoshenko and D.H.Young, (2003),Elements of Strength of Materials, Affiliated EastWest Press. 3. James M. Gere (2000),Mechanics of Materials, (5th Edition), Thomson Learning publication. SURVEYING Sub Code : 10 EV 34 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100 PART – A UNIT 1 4 Hours Introduction 1.1 Definition of Surveying 1.2 Classification of Surveys, 1.3 Uses of Surveying Units of Measurements, 1.4 Map & Classification, 1.5 Survey of India topographical Maps and their numbering 1.6 Basic principles of surveying, 1.7 Errors, Classification, 1.8 Precision and accuracy. UNIT 2 5 Hours Measurement of horizontal distances. 2.1 Chain and types, 2.2 Tape and types, 2.3 EDM devices, 2.3 Ranging of lines 2.4 Direct and Indirect, 2.5 Measurement of distances over sloping grounds, 2.6 Chain and Tape corrections  Numerical problems. UNIT 3 7 Hours Chain Surveying 3.1 Accessories required, 3.2 Selection of stations and lines, 3.3 Offsets and types 3.4 Setting out of right angles, 3.5 Working principle and use of optical square, prism square, cross staff., 3.6 Linear methods of setting out right angles, 3.7 Booking of chain survey work, 3.8 Field book, entries, conventional symbols, 3.9 Obstacles in chain survey, Numerical problems, 3.10 Errors in chain survey and precautions to be taken. UNIT 4 6 Hours Compass Surveying 4.1 Meridians and bearings, 4.2 Principle, working and use of – Prismatic compass 4.3 Surveyor’s compass, 4.4 Magnetic bearing, true bearings, 4.5 WCB and Reduced bearing. 4.6 Dip and Declination 4.7 Accessories required for compass surveying, 4.8 Traverse  closed and open traverse 4.9 Computation of bearings of legs of closed traverse given the bearing of one of the legs, 4.10 Computation of included angles given the bearings of legs of a closed traverse. PART – B UNIT 5 8 Hours Compass Traversing continued…. 5.1 Local attraction, determination and corrections, 5.2 Dependent and independent coordinates, 5.3 Checks for closed traverse and determination of closing error and its direction 5.4 Bowditch’s graphical method of adjustment of closed traverse, 5.5 Bowditch’s rule and transit rule, 5.6 Omitted measurements (Only Length and corresponding bearing of one line). UNIT 6 7 Hours Introduction to Levelling 6.1 Principles and basic definitions, 6.2 Fundamental axes and part of a dumpy level, 6.3 Types of adjustments and objectives, 6.4 Temporary adjustments of a dumpy level, 6.5 Sensitiveness of bubble tube, 6.6 Curvature and refraction correction, 6.7 Type of leveling, 6.8 Simple leveling, 6.9 Reciprocal leveling, 6.10 Profile leveling, 6.11 Cross sectioning, 6.12 Fly leveling, UNIT 7 4 Hours Reduction of Levelling continued…. 7.1 Booking of levels 7.2 Rise and fall method and Height of instrument method 7.3 comparison Arithmetic checks 7.4 Fly back leveling., 7.5 Errors and precautions. Contouring 7.6 Contours and their characteristics, 7.7 Methods of contouring, 7.8 direct and indirect methods, 7.9 Interpolation techniques, 7.10 Uses of contours 7.11 Numerical problems on determining intervisibility, 7.12 Grade contours and uses. UNIT 8 5 Hours Plane Table Surveying 8.1 Plane table and accessories, 8.2 Advantages and limitations of plane table survey, 8.3 Orientation and methods of orientation, 8.4 Methods of plotting – Radiation, Intersection, Traversing, 8.5 Resection method, 8.6 Two point and three point problems, 8.7 Solution to two point problem by graphical method, 8.8 Solution to three point problem Bessel’s graphical method, 8.9 Errors in plane table survey. QUESTION PAPER PATTERN In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part TEXT BOOKS 1. Punmia, B.C.,(1991),‘Surveying’ Vol–1, , Laxmi Publications, New Delhi. 2. Chandra, A.M.,(2002),‘Plane Surveying Vol1, Newage International ® Ltd. 3. Alak De (2000),‘Plane Surveying’, S. Chand & Company Ltd., New Del. 4. Roy, S.K., (2009), Fundamentals of Surveying, Prentice Hall of India REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Milton O. Schmidt, Milton O Wong,(1985), Fundamentals of Surveying, Thomson Learning Publisher. 2 Subramnian R., (2007), “Surveying and Levelling”, Oxford University Press 3. Duggal, S.K. (2000), Surveying Vol. I, Third edition, ,Tata Macgraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi. 4. Venkataramaiah C., (2009), “Text Book of Surveying”, Unversities Press * Survey of India Publication on maps. ENVIRONMENTAL FLUID MECHANICS  I Sub Code : 10 EV35 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100 PART – A UNIT 1 9 Hours INTRODUCTION 1.1 Scope and importance of Subject 1.2 Definition of Fluid, Distinction between solids & fluid 1.3 Distinction between liquid & gas fluid continuum FLUID PROPERTIES AND CLASSIFICATION OF FLUID 1.4 Mass density, Specific Volume 1.5 Specific Weight Relative density 1.6 Definition, units and Dimensions 1.7 Viscosity, Newton’s law of viscosity 1.8 Newtonian and NonNewtonian Fluids 1.9 Ideal and Real fluids 1.10 Compressibility 1.11 Vapour pressure 1.12 Surface tension, Definitions, units and dimensions 1.13 Equation for stability of bubble 1.14 Capillarity, theory and problems 1.15 Problems on Newton’s law of viscosity UNIT 2 6 Hours FLUID PRESSURE AND ITS MEASUREMENT 2.1 Definition of pressure, units and dimensions 2.2 Pressure at a point 2.3 Pascal’s law 2.4 Hydrostatic pressure law 2.5 Absolute and Gauge pressure 2.6 Measurement of pressure, Simple Manometer theory and problems 2.7 Differential manometer theory & Problems 2.8 Mechanical pressure gauges UNIT 3 6 Hours HYDROSTATICS 3.1 Definition of total pressure, Center of pressure, Centroid, centroidal depth, depth of center of pressure 3.2 Equation for hydrostatic force and depth of center of pressure on plane surfaces (vertical and inclined) 3.3 Problems on hydrostatic force vertically submerged surfaces 3.4 Problems on inclined submerged surfaces 3.5 Hydrostatic force on submerged curved surfaces, problems, 3.6 Pressure diagram, problems UNIT 4 7 Hours KINEMATICS OF FLUIDS 4.1 Description of fluid flow 4.2 Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches 4.3 Classification of flow, steady & unsteady, uniform and nonuniform 4.4 Definition of path line, streamline, streak line, stream tube, one, two, three dimensional flows Rotational and irrotational flow 4.5 Acceleration of flow 4.6 One dimensional flow, derivation of continuity equation in differential form 4.7 Definition of velocity potential, stream functions, stream line, equipotential line 4.8 Relation between velocity potential and stream function, Laplace equation 4.9 Problem on continuity equation 4.10 Problem on velocity potential and stream function PART – B UNIT 5 7Hours DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW 5.1 Concept of Inertia force and other forces causing motion 5.2 Derivation of Euler’s equation and Bernoulli’s equation with assumption and limitation 5.3 Modification of Bernoulli’s equation, problem on Bernoulli’s equation without and with losses 5.4 Application of Bernoulli’s equation  Pitot tube, problems 5.5 Venturimeter, problems 5.6 Momentum equation, problems UNIT 6 7 Hours FLOW THROUGH PIPES 6.1 Flow through pipes, Reynolds number, classification of flow 6.2 Definition of hydraulic gradient, energy gradient 6.3 Major and minor losses in pipe flow 6.4 Equation for head loss due to friction (DarcyWeishbach equation ). –Friction factor for commercial pipes 6.5 Minor losses (types), equation for head loss due to sudden expansion. – Problem on minor losses 6.6 Pipes in series, pipes in parallel and equivalent pipe 6.6 Problems UNIT 7 5 Hours FLOW MEASUREMENTS 7.1 Flow through Orifices; classification 7.2 Hydraulic coefficients of an Orifice and relation between them. 7.3 Equation for coefficient of velocity, problems 7.4 Submerged and large rectangular Orifices 7.5 Flow through mouth pieces, classification, equation for discharge and pressure head for an external cylindrical mouth piece UNIT 8 5 Hours FLOW MEASUREMENTS Continued… 8.1 Flow over notches, classification 8.2 Equation for discharge over rectangular and trapezoidal notches 8.3 Equation for discharge over Vnotch, problems 8.4 Cippoletti notch, problems 8.5. Types of Nappe, ventilation of weirs 8.6 Broad crested weirs, problems 8.7.Submerged weirs, equation for discharge, problems QUESTION PAPER PATTERN In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part TEXT BOOKS 1.. Modi P.N and. Seth, S.M., (2002), Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, Standard Book House, New Delhi. 2. Bansal, R.K. (2005), Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, Lakshmi Publications, New Delhi. 3. Jain, A.K. (2004), “Fluid Mechanics”, 37th Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi. 4. Mohanty A.K., (2009), “Fluid Mechanics”, 2^{nd} Edition, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi REFERENCE BOOKS 1. James F Cruise, Vijay P. Singh, Mohsan M. Sherif,(2006), Elementary Hydraulics ,1st Edition,Civil engineering publishers. 2. Arora, K.R. (2005), Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulic and Hydraulics , Standard Book House, New Delhi. 3. John F. Douglas et al, (2005), Fluid Mechanics, Pearson Prentice Hall, India. ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY Sub Code : 10 EV 36 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100 PART – A UNIT 1 6 Hours Introduction to Environmental Biology 1.1 Concepts of Environment, Public Health and Eco system health 1.2 General Microbiology. 1.2.1 Microscopic fauna and flora concern to Environmental Engineers, Water as their natural habitat. 1.2.2 Systematic study of important group / subgroups for sizing the problems they cause. UNIT 2 8 Hours Plant Kingdom 2.1 Algae – basic characteristics and classification upto classes. 2.2 Salient characteristics of Chlorophyceae – Bascillariophyceae, Cyanophyceae and Euglinaeceae, 2.3 Economic importance of Algae. Problems caused by algae and methods of control. 2.4 Water Hyacinth – Morphology, anatomy and life cycle. 2.5 Environmental significance of plant kingdom. UNIT 3 8 Hours 3.1 Animal Kingdom: Group Protozoa  basic character. Group Rotifers  basic character. Subgroup Crustaceans  basic character. 3.2 Group Fungi: Basic characteristics of the group and classification upto classes and class schizomycetes. 3.3 Morphology of Bacteria: Bacteria exhibiting variation in shapespherical, rod and helices. Cytoplasmic appendages of bacteria, celia and flagella, spore and spore formation. UNIT 4 8 Hours Metabolism and Principles 4.1 Nutritional requirements of bacteria. 4.2 Autotrophic and heterotrophic requirements. Photosynthesis. 4.3 Definition of Metabolism  Difference of anabolism and catabolism. 4.4 Dependence of metabolism on biological catalysts and enzymes. PART – B UNIT 5 6 Hours Air and Water Microbiology 5.1 Bacteria in water and air 5.2 Indicator organisms and their testing techniques – MPN, Multiple Fermentation and membrane filter methods: 5.3 Importance in Environmental Studies. UNIT 6 8 Hours Microbiology of Soil 6.1 Physical Characteristics, 6.2 Microbial flora, 6.3 Interaction among microorganisms, 6.4 Biogeochemical roles of soil microorganisms. UNIT 7 4 Hours Virology 7.1 Types, 7.2 Characteristics and enumeration methods. 7.3 Effects of virus on cells. UNIT 8 8 Hours Microbial Metabolism of Heavy Metals and pesticides 8.1 General interaction between Mircobes and Metals. 8.2 Microbial transformation of Arsenic, Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Selenium, Tin, Tellurium. 8.3 Microbial metabolism of Hydrocarbons (HC) and Pesticides – Petroleum, HC, Benzene, toluene, xylene, DDT, BHC. 8.4 Bioconcentration, Biomagnification and Depuration. QUESTION PAPER PATTERN In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part TEXT BOOKS 1. Mckinney R.E, (1962), Microbiology for Sanitary Engineers, McGraw Hill. 2. Pelczar Michael, (2004, Microbiology, Tata McGraw Hill. 3. Atlas R.M. and Bortha R., (1998), “Microbial Ecology – Fundamentals and Applications”, Pearson Education (Singapore) Pvt. Ltd., REFERENCES 1. Gopal B.,(1987), Water Hyacinth, (1987), Elsevier Publishers, Amsterdam. 2. Mishustin Y., and Petrobvskaya M.,(1979), Sanitary Microbiology of Soil, NAUKA Publishers, Russia. 3. Verschueren K, Van Nostrand, (1983),Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals, II Edition,. 4. Mitchell R, (1978), Water Pollution Microbiology,Vol. 2, , Wiley Interscience, New York. 5. Philip Herries Gregory, (1976), Aerobiology, , Oxford University Press, London. ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS LABORATORY – I Sub Code : 10 EVL 37 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 Introduction – Lab layout, lab apparatus, washing & sterilization methods. Preparation of culture media. Plate count, multiple tube fermentation and membrane filter technique for coliforms. Different Coliform groups – faecal coliform and faecal streptococci. Bacteriological examination of recreational water. Rapid detection methods for coliform. Bacterial cell immobilization and mixed culture tests. Detection of fungi. Microscopic Identification of aquatic organisms – Bluegreen algae, Diatoms, Green Algae. Microscopic Identification of Plankton, Periphyton, Macrophytes. REFERENCES 1.American Water Works Association, (2001), “Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater”, 20^{th} Edition. 2.Pepper, Gerba and Brendecke, ,(1995), Environmental Microbiology: A laboratory manual Academic Press, San Diego. 3. Relevant I.S. codes. SURVEYING PRACTICE Sub Code : 10 EVL 38 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 Exercise – 1 a) To measure distance between two points using direct ranging b) To set out perpendiculars at various points on given line using cross staff, optical square and tape. Exercise – 2 Setting out of rectangle, hexagon using tape/chain and other accessories Exercise – 3 Measurement of bearing of the sides of a closed traverse & adjustment of closing error by Bowdich method and Transit method Exercise – 4 To set out rectangles, pentagon, hexagon, using tape /chain and compass. Exercise – 5 To determine the distance between two inaccessible points using chain/tape & compass. Exercise – 6 To locate points using radiation and intersection method of plane tabling Exercise – 7 To solve 3point problem in plane tabling using Bessel’s graphical solution Exercise –8 To determine difference in elevation between two points using fly leveling technique & to conduct fly back leveling. Booking of levels using both HI and Rise & Fall methods. Exercise – 9 To determine difference in elevation between two points using reciprocal leveling and to determine the collimation error Exercise – 10 To conduct profile leveling for water supply /sewage line and to draw the longitudinal section to determine the depth of cut and depth of filling for a given formation level. Demonstration Minor instruments – Clinometer, Ceylon ghat tracer, Hand level, Box sextant, Planimeter and Pantagraph, Total Station. TEXT BOOKS 1. Punmia , B.C. (1991),‘Surveying’ Vol.–1 , Laxmi Publications, New Delhi. 2. Chandra, A.M. (2002) “Plane Surveing” Vol1, Newage International ® Ltd. 3. ALAK , (2000),“Plane Surveying”, S. Chand and Company Ltd., New Delhi. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Roy, S.K. (2009), Fundamentals of Surveying, Prentice Hall of India. 2. Milton O. Schimidt, Milton O Wong, (1985), Fundamentals of Surveying, Thomson Learning. 4. Duggal, S.K. (2000), Surveying Vol. I, Third edition,Tata Macgraw Hill Publishing Company Limited ADVANCED MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION Sub Code : 10 EV 42 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100 PART – A UNIT 1: BUILDING STONES 1.1. Common building stones and their uses 1.2. Quarrying of stones 1.3. Deterioration of stones 1.4. Preservation of stones 1.5. Dressing of stones 7 Hours UNIT 2: BRICKS & TILES 2.1. Classification of bricks 2.2. Manufacture of bricks 2.3. Tests on bricks 2.4. Types of tiles 2.5. Quality of tiles & their uses 7 Hours UNIT 3: TIMBER 3.1. Varieties & uses 3.2. Defects in Timber 3.3. Tests for good Timber 3.4. Seasoning of timber 3.5. Plywood & its uses 3.6. Wood wool boards 7 Hours UNIT 4: LIME & CEMENT 4.1. Types of lime 4.2. Manufacture of Hydraulic & Fat Limes 4.3. Activated Lime – Pozzolana mixture 4.4. Chemical Composition of Portland Cement and Hydration of Cement 4.5. Manufacture of Portland Pozzolana Cement 4.6. Types of Cements and their uses 4.7. Lime & cement mortar 7 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: CONCRETE INGREDIENTS 5.1. Testing of Cementfield testing, fineness by sieve test and Blaine’s air permeability test. 5.2. Normal consistency, setting time, soundness. 5.3. Compression strength of cement and grades of cement, quality of mixing water. 5.4. Fine aggregate – grading, analysis. 5.5. Specific gravity, bulking, moisture content, deleterious materials. 5.6. Coarse aggregate importance of size, shape and texture. 5.7. Grading of aggregatessieve analysis, specific gravity. Flakiness and elongation index, crushing impact and abrasion tests. 6 Hours UNIT 6: FRESH CONCRETE 6.1. Workability – factors affecting workability, 6.2. Measurement of workability – slump. Flow tests. 6.3. Compaction factor and veebee consistometer tests. 6.4. Segregation and bleeding. 6.5. Process of manufacture of concrete: Batching . 6.6. Mixing. 6.7. Transporting 6.8. Placing 6.9. Compaction 6.10. Curing 6.11. Chemical admixtures plasticizers, accelerators, retarders and air entraining agents. 6.12. Mineral admixtures – fly ash. 6.13. Silica fumes and rice husk ash. 6 Hours UNIT 7: HARDENED CONCRETE 7.1. Factors affecting strength, w/c ratio, gel/space ratio, maturity concept. 7.2. Effect of aggregate properties, relation between compressive strength, and tensile strength, bond strength, modulus of rupture. 7.3. Accelerated curing, aggregatecement bond strength. 7.4. Elasticity Relation between modulus of elasticity, Poission ratio. 7.5. Shrinkage – plastic shrinkage and drying shrinkage, factors affecting shrinkage. 7.6. Creep measurement of creep, factors affecting creep, effect of creep. 7.7. Durability – definition, significance, permeability, sulphate attack, chloride attack, carbonation, freezing and thawing.. 7.8. Factors contributing to cracks in conreteplastic shrinkage, settlement cracks, construction joints 7.9. Thermal expansion, transition zone, structural design deficiencies. 7.10. Testing of hardened concretecompressive strength, split tensile strength. 7.11. Flexural strength, factors influencing strength test results. 6 Hours UNIT 8: OTHER BUILDING MATERIALS: Properties & uses of 8.1. Reinforcing steel, structural steel 8.2. Cast Iron, Plain carbon steel 8.3. Glasses 8.4. Electrical, Thermal & Sound Insulating Materials 8.5. Paints, Varnish & Enamels 8.6. Plastics, Composites, Polymers, Geosynthetics 8.7. Rubber and water proofing materials 8.8. Bitumen & Asphalt 6 Hours QUESTION PAPER PATTERN In the examination EIGHT full questions shall be set out of which the students shall answer FIVE full questions, selecting atleast TWO questions from each Part TEST BOOKS 1. Rangawala R.C., (2000), Engineering Materials, Charotar Publishing House, Anand, India. 2. Sushil Kumar, Engineering Materials, , Standard Publication and Distributors, New Delhi 3. Shetty M..S, (2002), Concrete technology – Theory and practice, , S. Chand and Co, New Delhi. 4. Varghese P.C., (2007), Building Construction, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Varghese. P.C. (2007), A Text Book Building Materials , PrenticeHall of India Pvt. Ltd., Publication. 2. Mohan Rai and M.P. Jain Singh (1986), Advances in Building Materials and Construction, CBRI Publication, Roorkee. 3. Neville A.M and Brooks J.J ,(1987), Concrete Technology, ELBS Edition, London 4. Gambhir M.L , (1995), Concrete Technology, Tata McGrawHill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY  IISub Code : 10 EV 43 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100 