National Institute of Standards and Industrial Technology Act 1993




НазваниеNational Institute of Standards and Industrial Technology Act 1993
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(10) Adequate detection and monitoring equipment, for hydrogen sulfide gas will be provided and used in any area where H2S may exist in concentrations exceeding 10 PPM and, at concentrations exceeding 20 PPM, full respiratory equipment shall be made available and used by all personnel working in the affected area.

20. Fire Fighting Equipment.

(1) Adequate, easily accessible, properly maintained fire fighting equipment shall be provided at all operational locations where the potential of fire does or may exist.

(2) Only fire extinguishers that have been manufactured for the purpose intended shall be used and all units shall be maintained, tested and recorded according to manufacturer’s specifications.

(3) The operator shall ensure that sufficient personnel are trained in the effective use of fire fighting equipment which they may be called upon to operate at their place of work.

(4) Fire fighting contingency procedures shall be published and displayed around the site and such procedures shall include the provision of a trained fire fighting team for first line action from each crew and the provision of muster points for those personnel not assigned to the fire fighting team.

(5) All extinguishers and other fire fighting equipment shall be maintained in good working condition in accordance with PNGS 1218 Parts 1 and 2.

21. Communications.

(1) Reliable and continuously available communication facilities shall be provided at main operational locations and at all main tank farms, main pumping stations and main compressor stations.

(2) Reliable communication facilities shall be continuously available at all drilling rigs and all workover or well servicing rigs and at their associated camp facilities if not in proximity to the rig.

(3) Radio communications shall be provided at remote geophysical survey camps and fly-camps.

(4) Where helicopter transport is utilized to support operations, radio communication between the helicopter and the operational site shall be required.

(5) Where the camp site is situated more than 1km from the well site, a means of communication between the well site and the camp shall be installed.

22. Clothing.

(1) All personnel shall wear clothing and footwear suitable for the operational conditions and the work being performed.

(2) No person shall unnecessarily expose any part of the body to substances which are injurious to the skin.

(3) Where there is a danger of contact with moving parts of machinery or in any work process where a similar hazard exists–

(a) close fitting and close fastened clothing shall be worn; and

(b) head and facial hair shall be completely confined or cut short; and

(c) dangling neckwear, jewelry or other similar items shall not be worn.

(4) Where a person’s clothing or skin becomes contaminated with any flammable or harmful substance, the clothing shall be removed at the first practical opportunity and the affected part of the body cleansed and, when necessary, medically treated as soon as possible.

23. Personal Protective Equipment.

(1) Industrial protective wear shall meet standards which are not less than the applicable requirements of–

(a) PNGS 1088 (industrial safety helmets); and

(b) PNGS 1092 (industrial eye protectors); and

(c) AS 1338 (protective filters against optical radiation in welding and allied operations); and

(d) PNGS 1089 (industrial safety gloves and mittens); and

(e) PNGS 1085 (safety footwear).

(2) Industrial protective headgear shall be worn by a person engaged in any operation at any location where potential hazards exist that could result in head injuries.

(3) Properly fitting goggles, face-shields or other eye protective equipment, appropriate to the work being done, shall be worn by a person who is or could be exposed to injury or irritation of the eyes.

(4) Industrial protective safety footwear shall be worn by all personnel engaged in any operation at any location where any hazard to the feet may exist.

(5) A person engaged in the handling of harmful substances which are injurious to the skin shall wear suitable protective clothing and equipment.

(6) All personal protective equipment and safety equipment, required by this Regulation, shall be kept in a safe and sanitary condition and maintained to properly perform the function for which it was designed.

24. Noise Levels.

All personnel exposed to noise levels, which may be injurious to their hearing, shall be issued with appropriate hearing protection equipment, and/or the equipment shall be designed, modified or constructed in such a manner as to reduce noise levels to an acceptable level.

25. Radioactive Substances.

All operations entailing the storage, handling and use of radioactive substances shall be carried out in accordance with current applicable regulations and in such a manner as to provide full protection against contamination of personnel, equipment and the environment.

26. Notices.

(1) The site person-in-charge shall cause to be displayed at an operational site, where appropriate, notices warning all personnel of any potential dangers that exist or may exist, and notices of the associated safety requirements needed for the protection of the personnel, equipment, environment and resources

(2) Notices under Subsection (1) shall be in accordance with PNGS 1086, and shall be in English and Tok Pisin and the prevalent common language of the area of operations or shall be of a type using internationally accepted pictorial formats and/or easily recognizable symbols.

27. Pressure Vessels.

All boilers and unfired pressure vessels used in conjunction with petroleum operations shall be designed, manufactured, installed, tested, inspected and maintained in accordance with Part V of the Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Act 1961.

28. Machinery.

(1) A workman assigned by his supervisor to operate any tool, machine or equipment, or to carry out any work, process, or procedure shall be competent to carry out the assignment in a safe manner.

(2) All equipment and drive assemblies used for the transmission of power, such as belts, ropes, chains, gears, sprockets, clutches, cranks, connecting rods and any other exposed moving part of machinery (except equipment operated from catheads and/or supported or driven by the rotary table) shall have guards installed of sufficient strength to withstand the breaking of said equipment and the guards shall be positioned such that personnel cannot unintentionally come in contact with the moving parts.

(3) Pinch points of all types of machines and the cutting edge of all power-driven tools shall, where practical, be guarded.

(4) Every abrasive wheel shall, where practical, be guarded.

(5) Where power-driven machinery is used, each machine shall have a stopping device located within easy reach of the workman operating the machinery.

(6) Every machine not individually motor-driven shall be equipped with a clutch or other efficient means of stopping the machine.

(7) Starting devices shall be arranged to prevent accidental starting.

29. Winching, Lifting Equipment.

(1) The working load on winch mechanisms, lines, slings, hooks and fittings shall not exceed the safe working load recommended by the manufacturer and equipment shall be used only in the manner for which it is designed.

(2) Damaged, frayed or worn hoisting lines, slings and/or hooks shall be taken out of use immediately and replaced with new or competent replacements.

30. Repair and Maintenance of Machinery.

In order to protect personnel from potential injury, the site person-in-charge shall ensure that safety procedures are in place, and used by all personnel, for the repair and maintenance of equipment in all operational areas under his control.

31. Mobile Equipment.

All powered mobile equipment shall be suitably equipped to protect the operator, safely operate in the designated area, maintained in proper running order, and operated in such a manner as to prevent undue danger to personnel working in the same area.

32. Responsibility of Driver.

(1) The driver of any mobile equipment shall be directly responsible for the safe operation of his unit and its associated equipment.

(2) No person shall remain on or ride on any load or part of a load being raised or lowered.

(3) A tag line of sufficient length shall be used when required to ensure that any movement of the load cannot strike the person controlling the tag line.

(4) A person shall not work, stand or pass under or near a suspended load, or between a winch mechanism and a load being winched.

33. Aircraft Operations.

(1) For the purposes of this section, “aircraft operations” means aircraft operations in connection with petroleum exploration operations or operations for recovery of petroleum.

(2) Except as provided in this section, all aircraft operations shall be conducted in accordance with existing laws of Papua New Guinea relating to civil aviation.

(3) An order given by a pilot of an aircraft–

(a) while the aircraft is airborne or moving shall be obeyed immediately by all passengers; and

(b) affecting the loading of the aircraft, the method of approaching the aircraft and the embarkation or disembarkation of the aircraft while the aircraft is stationary, shall be obeyed.

(4) All persons shall exercise extreme care when approaching a helicopter when its rotors are in motion.

(5) Whenever practicable, a pilot of a helicopter shall adopt a flight path which avoids over flying a rig, camp or field facility, production facility and/or petroleum processing facility.

(6) Where helicopters are used, the following procedures shall be adhered to:–

(a) one person shall be designated as responsible for hooking on or unhooking an externally slung suspended load;

(b) when the person referred to in Paragraph (a) has carried out his task, he shall stand clear and signal the pilot that his task has been completed;

(c) all other persons shall stand clear of the externally slung suspended load;

(d) at an onshore rig location where all transportation is by helicopter, a helipad shall be constructed at a safe distance from the rig so that personnel can be safely evacuated in case of an emergency;

(e) when not in use, a helipad shall be kept clear at all times;

(f) stocks of appropriate aviation fuel shall be maintained at a drilling location and shall be situated at a safe place;

(g) during well testing, helicopter operations shall be conducted in such a manner as to be consistent with flying safety and to minimize the effect of rotor down wash on any flare or heat shield;

(h) at an onshore rig location, each helipad shall be equipped with adequate fire fighting equipment so that a fire inside or outside the helicopter can be safely and effectively fought and so that rescue and other personnel can be effectively protected during such fire or helicopter evacuation.

34. Debris Constituting a Fire Hazard.

(1) Rubbish, debris, or refuse that might constitute a fire hazard shall be removed to a safe distance of not less than 50m from all buildings, installations, wells or production facilities, and shall be expeditiously and safely disposed of in an environmentally acceptable manner.

(2) All hydrocarbon based refuse shall be collected in adequate containers and disposed of in an environmentally acceptable manner.

35. Flame Type Equipment and Process Vessels.

(1) No person shall create or cause to be created any unprotected flame or source of ignition within 50m of a well, oil storage tank or other source of flammable vapour unless under approved work permit conditions.

(2) No flame type equipment shall be placed or operated within 50m of any well, storage tank or process vessel unless the flame type equipment is fitted with an adequate flame arrester and air inlets are adequately flame proofed unless under approved work permit conditions.

(3) No process vessel containing flammable material shall be placed within 25m of any well or storage tank unless otherwise approved by the Director.

(4) Where the size of the location prevents the spacing specified in Subsections (1), (2), and (3), the distances may be reduced to the maximum attainable, but not so as to relieve the licensee from constructing a location of as adequate in size as practical.

36. Venting of Flammable Vapours.

(1) All process vessels, instruments and equipment, from which any flammable vapour may issue, shall be safely vented to atmosphere.

(2) All vent lines from process vessels or storage tanks which are vented to flare pits or flare stacks shall be provided with a flame arrester or other equivalent safety devices.

(3) When venting flammable vapours from a well, the operator shall ensure that any dedicated recovery tank/blow down tank is located–

(a) a minimum of 25 from the well centre; and

(b) so that vapours are carried off location by the prevailing winds of that area,

and where the provisions of Paragraphs (a) or (b) cannot be met, the tank shall be a closed type with a vent line that meets the conditions of Paragraphs (a) and (b) or is directed to a flare as specified under Section 40.

(4) In all cases of venting of flammable vapours, gas detection equipment shall be utilized to determine vapour levels with specific reference to possible ignition sources.

37. Internal Combustion Engines.

(1) An internal combustion engine within 50m of a well, process vessel, storage tank or other potential source of flammable vapour shall be fitted with effective spark-arresting equipment.

(2) An internal combustion engine, operated within 25m of a well, a process vessel, storage tank or other potential source of flammable vapour–

(a) shall be of the compression ignition type; and

(b) the engine and all ancillary components shall be rendered externally spark proof; and

(c) exhaust pipes, manifolds and turbo chargers shall be insulated, cooled, and/or otherwise constructed so as to preclude the ignition of flammable vapours.

(3) A compression ignition engine within 25m of a well, separator, storage tank or other source of flammable vapour shall be provided with one of the following:–

(a) an air intake shut-off valve operated by engine overspeed, remotely controlled from the rig floor or readily accessible location;

(b) a system for injecting an inert gas into the cylinders operated by engine overspeed, remotely controlled from the rig floor or other readily accessible location;

(c) a duct so that air for the engine is obtained at least 25m from the source of flammable vapour;

(d) such other device as may be approved in writing by the Director; or

(e) temporary equipment powered by compression ignition engines that do not meet the requirements of Paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) may be used under a permit to work system as outlined in the approved operations manual.

(4) Where a system has been installed in accordance with Subsection (3)(a) or (b), no part shall be sited within 6m of the vertical centre-line of the well or in a hazardous area, and the operation of the shut down system shall be tested at the following times:–

(a) where the engine forms part of a drilling rig–before the surface casing shoe is drilled out and thereafter at intervals of not more than seven days;

(b) where the engine forms part of a well servicing /workover rig and/or associated equipment–before commencing operations on any well, and thereafter at intervals of not more than seven days;

(c) where the engine is part of a production facility–at the commencement of operations and thereafter at intervals not exceeding one calendar month.

(5) Tests specified under Subsection (4) shall be recorded–

(a) where the engine forms part of a drilling or well servicing/workover rig and/or associated equipment, on the tour report; or

(b) where the engine does not form part of a drilling or well servicing/workover rig and/or associated equipment, in the log book required to be kept pursuant to Section 43(7).

(6) Notwithstanding Subsections (2) and (3), a compression ignition engine, meeting the design requirements of Subsections (1), (2) and (3), may be used on permanent well pumping installation providing it is not within 6m of the wellhead, process vessel or storage tank and it is inspected on a regular basis.

38. Smoking, Naked Lights, Welding and Cutting.

(1) Subject to Subsection (3) smoking, open fires or naked lights shall not take place or be located within a distance of 50m from any well, separator, storage tank, temporary production facility, or other potential source of flammable vapour.

(2) Well site geological and/or mud logging units located closer than 25 from the well centre shall be suitably equipped for hazardous area use and where any electrical or gas fueled equipment, which does not meet hazardous area classification, is used inside these units, the units shall be pressurized and obtain their source of air supply at a distance greater than 25 from the well centre.

(3) Electrical and gas or other fuel circuits, to which unprotected equipment is connected, shall be controlled by a master switch or shut-off, readily accessible to the occupant of the caravan or unit, so that in the case of a hazard arising, the supply from any such circuit can immediately be shut off.

(4) In the case of routine operations or emergencies requiring the use of welding or flame cutting equipment, the site person-in-charge, using the permit to work procedures that have been outlined in the Operations Manual submitted to and approved by the Director, may authorize the use of such equipment within the limits stated in Subsection (1), providing that he has taken all reasonable precautions to ensure that the area is, and will remain, in a safe condition for such operations.

39. Siting of Production Facilities.

(1) Separators, tanks, heaters and other production facilities shall not be constructed within 50m of a preexisting non-associated surveyed road or building.

(2) Similar production facilities may be grouped, but dissimilar facilities shall not be located within 50m of each other unless otherwise approved by the Director.

(3) A separator shall not be enclosed within a bund or firewall surrounding a tank or group of tanks.

40. Siting of Flares.

(1) A flare pit or end of flare line shall not be located within a distance of 50m from any point on the outside of a well, separator, below ground pipeline, storage tank, temporary production facility or other unprotected source of flammable vapours and any exemptions from this minimum distance must be obtained from the Chief Inspector.

(2) A flare pit or end flare line shall not be located within a distance of 50m from a surveyed road, above ground pipeline or non-associated building, provided that topographical conditions allow for such distances and any exemptions from this minimum distance must be obtained from the Chief Inspector.

(3) The flare line shall be securely staked down and as free of bends, tees or elbows as possible.

(4) Where it is practicable to do so, a flare pit, of a sufficient size and design, shall be constructed to contain the produced fluids and protect the producing facility, property, natural vegetation and personnel from the flare and resulting heat.

(5) Where large volumes of gas and/or oil are to be burnt and topographic conditions do not allow the flare line to be extended further than the 50m referred to in Subsection (1), a flare shield shall be constructed in a manner and of a standard acceptable to the Chief Inspector.

(6) A safe, reliable and continuous method of igniting flares, acceptable to a Petroleum Inspector, shall be provided.

(7) All permanent flare installations shall be fenced off and surrounded by a low retaining wall.

(8) Adequate supervision and fire fighting equipment shall be provided to meet an emergency during flaring operations.

41. Fuel Tanks.

(1) Gasoline or other liquid fuel shall not be stored within 50m of a well unless it is stored in an appropriate operating storage tank with facilities in place to prevent any leakage or spillage from contacting the ground.

(2) Spillage or leakage referred to in Subsection (1) shall be directed away from the well location and disposed of in an environmentally acceptable manner.

42. Lighting.

Lights, that conform to the requirements of Part IV, shall be located at all operational sites so that adequate illumination provides for safe working conditions.

43. General Safety Precautions.

(1) Any equipment, that does not afford reasonable safety from accidents, shall not be used.

(2) All work areas and pedestrian areas shall be kept reasonably clear of hazards.

(3) All hand tools shall be kept in a good state of repair and neatly stored when not in use.

(4) Fixed platforms, walkways, stairways and ladders shall conform with PNGS 1081.

(5) All buildings, structures, machinery and equipment shall be of sufficient size and strength to withstand safely the imposed loads and to perform safely the functions for which they are used.

(6) Inspections of all buildings, structures, machinery and equipment shall be made by a qualified person, as often as the character thereof and the type of operation being conducted requires, to ensure the safety of the unit and compliance with Regulations and relevant laws.

(7) The person performing the inspection shall make a written report of the inspection and shall forward a copy of a report to the Director and the site person-in-charge as soon as possible after its completion.

(8) A log-book shall be kept and there shall be recorded therein, in a form and manner acceptable to the Director, a report of each inspection under Subsection (6) and the result thereof, and such report shall be signed by the person performing the inspection and by the site person-in-charge.

(9) Any defective equipment or unsafe condition, found on an inspection, shall be corrected, repaired, or replaced, and each such correction, repair or replacement shall be noted on the report.

(10) A person having custody of a log book under Subsection (8) shall produce it on demand by a Petroleum Inspector, who may review it, make entries and give written instructions.

44. Procedure Manuals.

(1) The Operator shall–

(a) prepare a manual of instructions for the safety of operations; and

(b) prepare a manual of response to emergencies which may occur; and

(c) prepare a manual of procedures, equipment and instructions for the maintenance of well control; and

(d) when applicable, prepare a manual of procedures, equipment, instructions and training for safe operations in any area where hydrogen sulfide gas may exist at dangerous concentration levels; and

(e) submit such manuals to the Director for his review and approval prior to the commencement of operations.

(2) A manual under Subsection (1)(a) shall–

(a) detail procedures to be taken to safeguard the health and safety of all personnel associated with all foreseen operations to be performed and to safeguard the environment in which the operations are situated; and

(b) contain provisions relating to special precautions at any operational site; and

(c) take into account any potential adverse condition arising from the operations.

(3) A manual under Subsection (1)(b) shall detail procedures to be followed and actions to be taken and shall identify the persons to be responsible for following these procedures and taking these actions in the event of an emergency arising during the operations by reasons of–

(a) the escape or ignition of petroleum; or

(b) serious injury to a person; or

(c) the failure of a vessel or aircraft to arrive at its destination when it is expected to arrive, unless a report has been made as to the reason for the non-arrival; or

(d) a vessel or aircraft sending a distress signal; or

(e) conditions requiring the evacuation and/or abandonment of an operational site or camp; or

(f) a person overboard; or

(g) damage to or failure of equipment that adversely affects the operations; or

(h) any other emergency associated with the operations.

(4) A manual under Subsection (1)(c) shall detail the procedures, equipment, personnel and facilities that will be utilized to maintain well control or regain well control in the event of a kick or blowout situation.

(5) All personnel at an operational site are to be made aware of the procedures detailed in the manuals and shall have access to copies of the manuals at all reasonable times, and the site person-in-charge shall be fully conversant with the procedures related to the operation under his control.

45. Medicinal and Therapeutic Drugs.

(1) A person who brings onto an operational site any medicinal or therapeutic drug, whether prescribed or not, shall, on arrival, report to the person referred to in Section 18(8) the nature and quantity of each such drug in that person’s possession or control and, where it is prescribed, by whom it was prescribed.

(2) The person referred to in Section 18(8) shall maintain a record of the information given to that person pursuant to Subsection (1).

(3) On each operational site, the person referred to in Section 18(8) shall maintain a register which records each use of medicinal or therapeutic drugs–

(a) the date and dosage of every such use known to that person; and

(b) the name of the person to whom the drug was administered; and

(c) the name of the person who authorized the use of the drug.

(4) Any person on an operational site who is taking medication, whether prescribed or not, which impairs his ability to safely perform his duties, shall not remain on duty.

46. Unauthorized Use of Drugs and Intoxicants.

(1) A person on an operational site shall not (otherwise than in the course of his duties) have in his possession or control any drug (which he is prohibited by law from having in his possession or control) or any intoxicant.

(2) A person on an operational site, who (otherwise than in the course of his duties, or as a result of any medical treatment or therapy administered to him) has in his possession or control, or is adversely affected by, any intoxicant or drug, which he is by law prohibited from having in his possession or control, shall immediately be relieved of his duties and removed as soon as practical and a report of the incident shall be sent to the Director forthwith.

47. Helicopter Operations.

(1) When a helicopter is arriving at or departing from a manned site, there shall be a person or persons on the site who shall ascertain and advise the helicopter pilot whether all requirements as to safety have been complied with and provide other pertinent information to ensure safety of helicopter operations, personnel and the recording of manifest, load and flight data.

(2) A person shall not be on the helideck/helipad on which or from which a helicopter is about to land or take off except for the purpose of handling an external load on the helicopter prior to landing or take off.

(3) All personnel shall be advised and/or trained in the proper procedures of helicopter embarkation, disembarkation and flight procedures.

(4) When a helicopter is about to land on or take off from a helideck/helipad, a revolving crane on or near the helideck/helipad shall not be operated and the jib of any such crane shall be placed in such a position as not to interfere with the landing or taking off of a helicopter.

(5) A person operating a crane referred to in Subsection (4) shall be advised in advance of the landing or taking off of a helicopter.

48. Oil Spills.

(1) Where an escape or ignition of petroleum occurs, such action as is necessary to minimize the loss of petroleum, the pollution of the area and to protect persons and property shall be taken.

(2) No chemical dispersant shall be used on an oil spill without approval from the Director.

Division 2.

Offshore.

49. General.

(1) The provisions of Division 1 shall apply with equal force to operations both onshore and offshore.

(2) Where any minimal distances specified in Sections 34 to 41 (inclusive) are impractical on a marine facility, the site person-in-charge shall ensure that the intent of this Regulation is observed so that sources of ignition are kept as far as possible from potential sources of flammable liquids and/or gas.

(3) Where there is an inconsistency between the provisions of this Division and Division 1, the provisions of this Division shall prevail.

50. Communications.

(1) Where there is a manned platform in the licence area, there shall, at all times, be maintained a shore station from which radio or telephone communication is made to and received from the platform.

(2) Radio or telephone communication shall be made from the shore station to the platform at least once in each period of eight hours, except when the site person-in-charge of the platform has ordered that, due to restrictive operations, such communication shall not be made.

(3) Where the site person-in-charge has made an order under Subsection (2) the shore station shall be informed before the order is put into effect.

(4) A stand-by vessel shall be stationed in the immediate vicinity of the platform and shall remain so stationed except if required for the purpose of dealing with a serious emergency.

(5) When communication cannot be made by radio or by telephone between the shore station and the platform or its stand-by vessel, arrangements shall be made forthwith for communication to the platform by sea or air methods.

(6) Each support vessel or aircraft, in use during operations, shall be controlled and monitored from a shore station and/or a platform.

51. Rescue Craft.

(1) A suitable helicopter service shall be maintained between a platform and the shore station.

(2) Where it is not possible to maintain a suitable helicopter service, pursuant to Subsection (1), there shall, where weather conditions allow, be provided a suitable surface craft able to come to the assistance of that platform within a minimum amount of time.

(3) A surface craft referred to in Subsection (2) shall be so designed, equipped and crewed as to be able safely to retrieve all platform personnel from the sea under adverse sea and weather conditions and administer adequate first aid as necessary.

52. Helicopter Operations.

(1) Prior to a helicopter landing or taking off, the site person-in-charge shall ensure a fully trained fire fighting crew is mustered to the helideck.

(2) The fire fighting crew shall man the fire fighting equipment and one member of the crew shall wear a close proximity fire fighting suit.

(3) When a helicopter is about to land on or take off from a platform, any handrails on the helideck shall be folded onto the deck.

53. Life Jackets and Buoyancy Vests.

(1) Unless otherwise approved, a person shall wear a life jacket, certified by a recognized institution, when engaged in an emergency drill or when evacuating a platform.

(2) A person who is in an unguarded area over water shall wear an approved buoyancy vest.

(3) A person on an open deck of a fixed platform, which open deck is at a level close to the maximum wave height, shall be accompanied by at least one other person and both shall wear an approved buoyancy vest.

(4) A person being transferred between a platform and a vessel shall wear an approved buoyancy vest or life jacket.

(5) A person being transported to or from a platform, either by sea or by air, shall wear an approved life jacket as directed by the captain of the vessel.

54. Vessels Near Platforms During Diving.

Where diving operations are being carried out from a platform, the person in command of a vessel shall not cause it to approach or depart from the platform, or cause its propellers or thrusters to be engaged, without notifying and receiving approval from the site person-in-charge of the diving operations.

55. Other Operations During Diving.

Where diving operations are being carried out from a platform, a person shall not–

(a) weld on the platform, unless approved by the site person-in-charge, and such welding is carried out under a permit to work system as outlined in the Procedure Operations Manual, as detailed in Section 44, which has been forwarded to and approved by the Director; or

(b) carry our any activity at a place from which sparks or slag could fall upon any item of diving equipment being used for diving operations; or

(c) operate a crane or other equipment not associated with diving operations or carry out any activity where diving personnel or diving equipment engaged in or being used for the diving operations could be struck by any material moving or falling as a result of the use of the crane or other equipment or the carrying out of the activity; or

(d) transfer methanol, diesel fuel or other flammable or combustible substances between a supply vessel and the platform; or

(e) carry out any operations involving explosives on or near the platform; or

(f) carry out operations associated with de-pressurizing vessels or pipelines as a result of which hydrocarbons could be released on or near the platform.

56. Emergency Drill Exercises.

All persons on a platform shall participate in escape drill exercises and fire drill exercises, which shall be carried out under the control of the site person-in-charge, at random times not exceeding seven days between each time, and a record shall be kept of such drills.

57. Notices.

(1) All exits from the accommodation, office and other enclosed areas will be clearly marked.

(2) Emergency assembly location notices shall be prominently displayed on all platforms.

58. Waste Disposal.

(1) No waste materials other than food scraps, sanitary effluents, drilling fluid or formation water conforming to the requirements of Section 190 shall be released into the sea.

(2) All waste materials, other than those as stated in Subsection (1), shall be stored on the platform in a safe and environmentally suitable manner and returned to shore for proper disposal.

59. Record of Arrivals and Departures.

(1) A written record, relating to one platform, in accordance with this section shall contain–

(a) the name of each person traveling to or from the platform and the name of his employer; and

(b) the date and time at which each person arrives at, or leaves from, the shore station; and

(c) the date and time at which each person arrives at, or leaves from, the platform; and

(2) A record in accordance with Subsection (1) shall be kept at each platform and at each shore station.

60. Radio Operators.

A radio operator on a platform shall hold at least a restricted radiotelephone operator’s certificate of proficiency or equivalent and shall have experience in radio operations associated with offshore operations and be proficient in the English language.

61. Cutting, Heating and Welding.

(1) No cutting, heating or welding shall be carried out on a platform unless–

(a) the operation is carried out in accordance with PNGS 1115 (Fire Precautions in Cutting, Heating and Welding Operations); and

(b) the site person-in-charge of the platform has determined that it is safe to carry out the cutting, heating or welding operation, and has issued a ‘work permit’ that complies with the procedures manual referred to in Section 44; and

(c) any shielding or screening used in the hot work operation is of a material which is combustion resistant.

(2) The safety manual referred to in Section 44 shall contain provisions relating to the special precautions to be taken during cutting, heating or welding near–

(a) drilling operations; and

(b) well-head and production areas; and

(c) tanks containing flammable or combustible liquids; and

(d) diving operations.

(3) Electric welding neutral returns shall be connected directly to the equipment being welded.

(4) The issue of a work permit shall take into account any adverse conditions arising from the ongoing operations.

62. Storage of Dangerous Substances.

(1) No flammable liquids with a flash point below 38º C, as determined by the method PNGS 1449 set out in “Standard Methods for Testing Petroleum and its Products” or any other approved specifications, shall be kept on a platform without approval.

(2) Drum stocks of fuel or lubricating oil on a platform shall be stored as far as reasonably possible from areas where drilling operations are being carried out.

(3) A gas cylinder on a platform shall be properly secured in an upright position.

(4) No gas cylinder shall be transferred between a platform and a vessel, unless that cylinder is contained within an approved container.

(5) Potassium and sodium nitrates shall be stored in leak-proof containers, away from combustible materials.

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