National Institute of Standards and Industrial Technology Act 1993




НазваниеNational Institute of Standards and Industrial Technology Act 1993
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PART IX. – MARINE FACILITIES.

203. Mobile Platform.

A floating structure, tender barge or construction barge forming part of a fixed platform shall be deemed for the purposes of Sections 204 and 205 to be a mobile platform when it is disconnected from the fixed platform.

204. Mobile Platform Approval.

(1) A mobile platform shall not be used unless–

(a) either it complies with such provisions of the Merchant Shipping Act 1975 as apply to it by virtue of that Act or it meets the requirements of that Act relating to the safety and operation of a vessel or structure performing the functions of the mobile platform; and

(b) it is currently certified, and maintains its certification, by a recognized and authorized classifying authority for mobile platforms of its class; and

(c) all equipment and facilities have been inspected and approved by a qualified inspection company; and

(d) the Director has given consent to the use of the mobile platform.

(2) The documents issued from time to time by the classifying authority under its rules which relate to the use and maintenance of a mobile platform shall be produced when required by the Director or a Petroleum Inspector.

(3) Except in an emergency, a mobile platform and its associated facilities shall not be materially altered or reconstructed without approval of and verification by the appropriate classifying authority.

(4) An emergency alteration or reconstruction shall, as soon as practicable, be reported to the appropriate classifying authority.

205. Movement of Mobile Platform.

(1) Subject to Subsection (4), a mobile platform shall not, without approval of the appropriate Authority under the Merchant Shipping Act 1975 and the Director, be moved–

(a) into the licence area; or

(b) from a particular place in the licence area to another place in the licence area; or

(c) to a place outside the licence area.

(2) An application for approval under the Merchant Shipping Act 1975 to move a mobile platform shall be lodged directly with the appropriate Authority under that Act.

(3) An application for approval by the Director to move a mobile platform shall, unless the Director allows in exceptional circumstances, be made in writing at least seven days before the proposed move and shall include particulars of–

(a) the dates and times at which the move is proposed to be carried out, and the locations concerned; and

(b) any buoy or underwater obstruction proposed to be left at a location from which the mobile platform is to be moved.

(4) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), a person may, in the case of an emergency, make any change in the location of a mobile platform necessary to protect personnel and property.

(5) The movement of a mobile platform made in accordance with Subsection (4) shall, as soon as practicable after that movement has taken place, be reported to the Director and to the Marine Search and Rescue Division of the Department of Transport, Port Moresby.

(6) Before a mobile platform is moved to another location, details of the move, including the present and new locations, the time of departure from the present location, and the estimated time of arrival and expected duration of stay at the new location, shall be reported to the Director and to the Marine Search and Rescue Division of the Department of Transport, Port Moresby.

(7) When a mobile platform has arrived at a new location the actual time of arrival shall be reported to the Director and to the Marine Search and Rescue Division, Port Moresby.

206. Anchoring Vessels near Pipelines.

A vessel associated with operations in a title area shall not, without approval from the Person-in-Charge of a pipeline, drop anchor within one nautical mile of that pipeline in the licence area.

207. Consent to Construct or Install a Fixed Platform.

(1) A fixed platform, prefabricated parts or sections, for installation in the licence area, shall not be constructed or installed unless the consent of the Director has been obtained in writing.

(2) Prior notice, acceptable to the Director, shall be given of the commencement of construction and the commencement of installation of the platform.

(3) Arrangements acceptable to the Director shall be made to enable a Petroleum Inspector to examine the platform at any time during its construction or installation.

208. Application for Consent to Construct or Install a Fixed Platform.

An application for consent to the construction and installation of a fixed platform shall include particulars of–

(a) the location at which it is intended to construct and install the fixed platform; and

(b) the reason, including the geological evidence, for the selection of that location; and

(c) copies of reports and recommendations made by persons responsible for ascertaining the criteria determining the design; and

(d) design criteria including–

(i) the depth of the sea and the nature of the sea-bed and subsoil at the intended location; and

(ii) the maximum and minimum air and sea temperatures likely to occur at that location; and

(iii) the characteristics of the waves (including heights, periods and directions, and their probable distribution) at that location; and

(iv) the relevant water current information; and

(v) the maximum wind speeds and the direction of winds and the estimated maximum three second gust speed at that location; and

(vi) details of estimated marine growth on the fixed platform; and

(vii) the worst combination of dead and live loads likely to be applied to the fixed platform; and

(e) specifications for the construction and installation of the fixed platform; and

(f) drawings of the structure and of the equipment installed or to be installed on the structure; and

(g) the parts or sections constructed or proposed to be constructed before installation in the licence area; and

(h) standards and codes followed or to be followed in the construction and installation; and

(i) the fire protection and fire extinguishing equipment installed or to be installed on the platform; and

(j) the communication equipment; and

(k) the life saving equipment; and

(l) plans and specifications for the periodic inspection of the fixed platform

(m) a certificate of the verification of design given by a verifying body in accordance with Section 210(1) and a copy of the contract for that verification.

209. Consent to use a Fixed Platform.

(1) A fixed platform shall not be used unless the Director has given consent in writing to the use of the fixed platform.

(2) An application for consent to the use of a fixed platform shall be made in writing and shall be accompanied by a certificate of verification of construction and installation of the platform, given by a verifying body in accordance with Section 210(2) and a copy of the contract for that verification.

(3) The structure of an installation on a fixed platform of other than the drilling and production equipment, personnel emergency facilities and accommodation shall not be altered or reconstructed without approval and, where applicable, verification by the verifying body.

210. Certificate of Verification of Design, Construction and Installation of a Fixed Platform.

(1) A certificate of verification of design of a fixed platform referred to in Section 208(l) is a certificate given by a verifying body certifying that the body is satisfied in relation to the design of the fixed platform that–

(a) the basic structural concept and configuration are appropriate for the conditions in which the fixed platform is proposed to be used; and

(b) a structural analysis has been made for critical loading with particular attention to the interaction between the structure and the piling; and

(c) a fatigue analysis has been made of critical joints; and

(d) an assessment of steel grades has been made in relation to stress levels, minimum service temperature and other significant parameters; and

(e) from an examination of the plans of the structure and the installations, the primary and secondary structures are suitable for the overall and local loading to be imposed and the design is in accordance with good practice; and

(f) the welding procedures used or proposed to be used are satisfactory and the design of the principal welds is satisfactory; and

(g) such other matters, as the Director has required, have been taken into account.

(2) A certificate of verification of construction and installation of a fixed platform referred to in Section 209(2) is a certificate given by the verifying body that verified the design, certifying that the body is satisfied in relation to the construction of the fixed platform and its installation in the licence area, that adequate and satisfactory inspection was carried out during the construction and installation and that all construction and installation was carried out as per the specifications.

211. Inspections of a Fixed Platform.

(1) Where the Director has consented to the use of a fixed platform, an inspection shall be carried out from time to time to ascertain whether the structure of and installations on the platform are being maintained in a safe working condition.

(2) An inspection under Subsection (1) shall be carried out by qualified personnel, in the manner and at the intervals at which the Director approves, and shall be certified on completion.

212. Tests on a Fixed Platform.

Where the Director requires that a test in relation to the structural integrity of a fixed platform be carried out, that test shall be carried out in such a manner as will enable the results to be recorded and certified in an endorsed test document within the meaning of the By-laws of the National Association of Testing Authorities, Australia.

213. Records of Tests on a Fixed Platform.

Records of or relating to an inspection, survey, examination or quality surveillance in relation to a fixed platform shall be forwarded forthwith to the Director.

214. Additional Requirements for a Platform.

(1) A platform to be used or constructed or installed in the licence area shall have–

(a) around the unprotected perimeter of the floor or deck areas of, and openings on, the platform (other than a helideck), safety devices, guards or rails properly designed to prevent personnel from falling from the deck; and

(b) the perimeter of the helideck protected with a device of sufficient strength and size to provide an effective safeguard against a person falling from the helideck; and

(c) suitable access ways to helidecks which will ensure the safety of all embarking and disembarking passengers; and

(d) suitable transfer facilities sufficient to ensure safe movement of persons onto and off boats; and

(e) on any deck where there are survival craft, at least two adequately sized walkways running either the full length or the full width of the deck leading to those craft; and

(f) at least two separate stairways between decks; and

(g) on any deck, at least two adequately sized walkways running either the full length or the full width of the deck and leading to the stairways referred to in Paragraph (f); and

(h) stairways which comply with PNGS 1081 Code for Fixed Platform, Walkways, Stairways, and Ladders; and

(i) an appropriately equipped first aid facility for the care of sick or injured persons unless otherwise approved.

(2) In this section “survival craft” means survival craft complying with Section 221.

215. Helideck.

A helideck on a platform shall be designed, constructed and lighted in accordance with the requirements of the Civil Aviation Act 2000.

216. Warning Lights.

(1) A platform other than–

(a) a construction platform; or

(b) a mobile drilling unit that is being moved from one place to another,

shall show white warning lights in accordance with Subsection (2) and red warning lights in accordance with Subsection (3).

(2) White warning lights referred to in Subsection (1) shall–

(a) be not less than 6m and not more than 30m above mean high water; and

(b) be of such a number and (subject to this subsection) so placed that from any position in the vicinity of the platform at least one light is visible; and

(c) have an apparent intensity in the horizontal direction of not less than 1,400 candelas and shall be such that they are visible for a distance of not less than 10 nautical miles from all points more than 5m above sea level when the meteorological visibility is not less than 10 nautical miles; and

(d) be operated in unison to show the letter “U” in Morse Code at intervals of not more than 30 seconds.

(3) A red warning light referred to in Subsection (1) shall–

(a) be carried in such a position on the highest point of the equipment on the platform as to be visible for not less than two nautical miles from all points more than 5m above sea level when the meteorological visibility is not less than 10 nautical miles; and

(b) unless the extremity of the platform carried a white light in accordance with Subsection (2), be carried on each extremity in such a position as to be visible as required by Paragraph (a); and

(c) have an apparent intensity in all directions, at and above the horizontal, of not less than 10 candelas.

(4) Each obstruction (other than a buoy) associated with operations carried on in the licence area shall be marked by a buoy unless otherwise approved.

(5) There shall be–

(a) a flashing yellow light showing the letter “U” in Morse Code at intervals of not more than 30 seconds and visible for a distance of not less than four nautical miles from all points more than 5m above sea level when the meteorological visibility is not less than 10 nautical miles; and

(b) a radar reflector-on each buoy (other than a mooring buoy or buoy marking a mooring associated with a platform).

217. Sound Signals.

(1) A platform shall be equipped with a device capable of emitting sound signals which satisfies the requirements of the International Association of Lighthouses Authorities (IALA) for two nautical miles usual range fog signals.

(2) The device referred to in Subsection (1) shall be operated at all times, when the meteorological visibility is less than 0.5 nautical miles, to sound the letter “U” in Morse Code at intervals of not more than 30 seconds.

218. Emergency Energy Source for Signals.

(1) The warning lights and sound signals referred to in Sections 216 and 217 on a platform shall have a reserve source of energy–

(a) that enables them to be operated for a period of four days in the event of the failure of the main energy supply on the platform; and

(b) that automatically comes into operation on the failure of the main energy supply.

(2) A platform shall be equipped with a device–

(a) that indicates whether the lights and signals referred to in Subsection (1) are operating on the main energy supply or the reserve source of energy; and

(b) that is readily observable by the site person-in-charge of the platform or, in the case of an unmanned platform, by a person at a shore station.

219. Marking of Platforms.

(1) A platform shall be marked with a name not less than 600mm high such that it can be readily identified during day and night when approached from any direction.

(2) A platform helideck shall be marked so that it can be identified from an airborne helicopter.

220. Life jackets and Lifebuoys.

(1) A platform shall carry life jackets:

(a) in number 150% of the number of persons on the platform; and

(b) complying with the provisions of Merchant Shipping Act 1975; and

(c) kept in approved places that are readily accessible and prominently indicated; and

(d) available for inspection at least once in each year by an approved qualified person.

(2) A platform shall carry at least eight lifebuoys of a type complying with the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Act 1975.

221. Survival Craft.

(1) In this section and in Section 222, “normal complement” means the number of persons who are normally present on a platform.

(2) Unless otherwise determined by the Director, a platform other than a construction platform or a service platform shall carry survival craft with an aggregate capacity sufficient to accommodate twice the normal complement.

(3) The survival craft referred to in Subsection (2) shall include–

(a) rigid totally enclosed, motor propelled and fire protected survival craft that will accommodate the normal complement; and

(b) other survival craft that will accommodate the normal complement which are capable of floating free and/or breaking free in the event of an emergency.

(4) Unless otherwise determined by the Director, a construction platform or service platform shall carry survival craft, capable of floating free and breaking free in the event of the platform becoming submerged, that will accommodate twice the normal complement.

(5) Survival craft shall be constructed and equipped so as to comply with the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Act 1975.

(6) Survival craft shall be prominently marked with an identifying name or number.

(7) Survival craft referred in Subsections (3)(b) and (4) shall be provided on at least two opposite sides of the platform.

(8) Each person on a platform shall be informed, and prominent notices shall show, which survival craft that person is to occupy in the event of an emergency.

(9) Survival craft carried on a platform shall be inspected at least once in each year by an approved qualified inspector.

222. Exceeding the Normal Complement.

The normal complement–

(a) may, in approved circumstances, be exceeded by 25%; and

(b) may be exceeded by more than 25% for a period not exceeding three hours during which there is a rostered shift change and there is a standby vessel, so situated, that if summoned, would arrive at the platform within 15 minutes.

223. Alternative Evacuation Facilities.

Alternative evacuation facilities, other than the fixed stairways, ladders or walkways shall be provided on at least two opposite sides of the platform.

224. Fire Fighting Equipment.

A platform shall be provided with items of fire fighting equipment in such number, of such types and capacity and in such locations to safely and effectively to fight any fire that could occur on the platform.

225. Communication Equipment.

(1) A platform shall be equipped with communication facilities which enable contact to be made at all times with the shore station referred to in Section 51 and with vessels and helicopters in transit between the platform and the shore.

(2) The equipment referred to in Subsection (1) shall include equipment which enables operation of an international distress frequency.

(3) There shall be a communication systems available on a platform to enable communications to a person or persons anywhere on the platform.

(4) All communication equipment referred to in this section shall have a source of energy that enables it to be immediately and continuously operated for a period of four days in the event of the failure of the main electricity supply on the platform.

226. Buoys.

(1) A buoy, including a buoy referred to in Section 216, shall be painted yellow and shall be marked with the name of its owner.

(2) Where a buoy comes adrift from its moorings, steps shall be taken to recover it as soon as possible.

227. Electrical Installations.

(1) The classification of hazardous areas, electrical installations, wiring and fittings on a platform shall comply with PNGS 1022, PNG Wiring Rules or other approved code.

(2) A platform shall not be used for neutral returns from electrical installations.

(3) There shall be installed an earthing system connected to the structure at one or more points, all of which are effectively equipotential by nature of the structure or by bonding, and there shall be connected to the system–

(a) earth conductors from electrical equipment; and

(b) the frames of motors and generators; and

(c) metallic housings of all other electrical apparatus; and

(d) armoring of cables.

(4) The earth resistance or impedance of the earthing system shall be such as will permit the passage of a current from any pint in a circuit at which a fault may occur equal to three times the current required to operate the circuit protective device or in the case of insulated neutral system, to operate an alarm device.

(5) Provisions shall be made for the dissipation of static charges in accordance with PNGS 1458 Static Electricity Code or other approved code.

(6) Provision shall be made for lightning protection in accordance with PNGS 1288 Lighting Protection or other approved code.

228. Furniture and Furnishings.

In fixed platform offices and accommodation–

(a) all furniture shall be constructed, as much as possible, of non-combustible and/or fire retardant materials; and

(b) all suspended textile materials, upholstery covers and floor coverings shall have flame retardant qualities; and

(c) all combustible materials in Paragraphs (a) and (b) shall be of material that does not give off toxic fumes upon ignition.

229. Flammable and Toxic Gases.

(1) Any area in which operations could lead to the emission or accumulation of flammable or toxic gases shall be provided with suitable means of ventilation.

(2) A drilling or workover installation shall have approved degassing equipment installed in the mud system.

(3) A drilling, workover or production installation on a platform shall have continuous flammable gas detection equipment installed in any enclosed area containing petroleum handling equipment, open parts of the mud system or internal combustion engines.

(4) An operation where an emission of flammable gases can result in hydrogen sulfide gas concentrations of greater than 20ppm shall not be carried out unless continuous hydrogen sulfide gas detection equipment has been installed and is functioning.

(5) The monitoring devices referred to in Subsection (3) or (4), and the control mechanisms referred to in Subsection (7) shall be so arranged that functional tests of the separate components and of the whole system can be carried out efficiently.

(6) The functional tests referred to in Subsection (5) shall be carried out by a qualified person–

(a) at approved intervals; and

(b) immediately after any event indicating that the system or any part of the system is not operating correctly, and the results of any such test shall be recorded in an approved manner.

(7) The central control for the gas detection system required by Subsection (3) or (4) shall–

(a) be capable of giving an alarm at a point not higher than 60% of the lower explosive limit; and

(b) automatically activate shut-in sequences at a point not higher than 70% of the lower explosive limit; and

(c) in the case of hydrogen sulfide detection, be capable of giving an alarm before the concentration exceeds 20ppm.

(8) An internal combustion engine on a platform, other than an engine operating a fire pump, shall be provided with an emergency shutdown device which is automatically activated when flammable gas is detected in the air intake or, where such an engine is installed in pressurized housings, in the air intake of these housings and which is, where necessary, equipped with remote control equipment that is–

(a) accessible to the driller on a drilling or workover rig; and

(b) at some readily accessible point on a production platform.

(9) The exhaust piping of an internal combustion engine located on a platform shall be adequately lagged with approved material to prevent the ignition of any hydrocarbons accidentally coming into contact with the exhaust and shall be fitted with an approved spark arresting device.

(10) At least two approved portable explosimeters shall be provided on a platform.

230. Progress Report of Construction and Installation.

(1) There shall be submitted to the Director not later than the 15th day of each month a report on progress made during the preceding calendar month in the construction and/or installation of facilities in the licence area.

(2) A report referred to in Subsection (1) shall contain all relevant information including progress reports of a verifying body, deviations from approved specifications for design, construction or installation, and proposed alternative courses of action.

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