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6.1 Implementing Agency: This activity involves all the river basins. It is therefore proposed that it be implemented directly by the African Development Bank, or by the NEPAD Secretariat. The Bank will appoint and supervise consultants to execute the assignment. The Bank will also assign a Task Manager to be responsible for the execution of the assignment.
6.2 Schedule: The implementation schedule is illustrated below. The preparation phase will be carried out over a four months period; but the resulting capacity building activities will follow over a 12 months period.
1.1 The Nile Basin states are engaged in a process of negotiating a permanent cooperative framework for joint water resources management of the basin. Negotiations involve issues on institutional arrangements, legal framework specifying rights and obligations of all the parties, operational procedures, and technical matters related to water allocation, and pollution control. The Zambezi Basin states are engaged in a similar process with respect to the establishment of ZAMCOM. Even with the conclusion of negotiations on the institutional aspects, the Zambezi Basin states will continue further with negotiations on technical issue such as “equitable and reason use” of water resources, environmental management or pollution.
1.2 Negotiating delegations involve multi-disciplinary teams. There are varying national capacities for water resources management in each river basin. Consequently, the parties to the negotiations are not bringing comparable skills, experience and qualification. In order to facilitate smooth, transparent and focused negotiations; training is required for the representatives of each riparian state to equip them with concepts and skills for undertaking complex multi-party negotiations, raising awareness of issues in transboundary water resources management, elements of international water law, and basic technical information on water resources management.
2.1 The main objective is to impart knowledge of concepts and skills for multi-party negotiations. A secondary objective is to build trust between the negotiating parties towards harmonious cooperation in joint management of the shared water resources.
2.2 These objectives will be achieved through a series of regional workshops for potential delegates to the negotiations and for senior level staff who ultimately make the decisions on behalf of their governments.
3. Scope of Activities
3.1 Two workshops per year for the next two years, each workshop preceding scheduled negotiations. Activities will consist of:
4. Expected Outputs and Beneficiaries
4.1 Main Output is Knowledge and skills of negotiations in a multi-sectoral and multi-national environment.
4.2 Beneficiaries are mainly the delegates from each respective country. Ultimately, the people of each basin benefit from cooperation in water resources management.
5. Resources Required.
5.1 Human resources in terms of Consultants to carry out the following activities:
5.2 Funds for:
The total cost for one meeting (35 participants): 4 days per diem, regional air tickets, and consultants is US$45,000. Therefore for 8 meetings over two years, total cost is US$360,000.
6.1 The negotiation process is already underway in both the Zambezi and the Nile; therefore the assignment needs urgent funding.
6.2 The implementing agencies are the Nile Basin Initiative and the SADC Water Division in the Nile and Zambezi Basin respectively.
1 FAO, Irrigation Technology Transfer in Support of Food Security, 1997.
2 The area under the jurisdiction of Lake Chad Basin Authority, denoted as the conventional area amounts to 1.035 million km2.
3 UNEP, Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements,
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