Nepad short-term action plan (stap)




НазваниеNepad short-term action plan (stap)
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4.3 Strategic Goal



4.3.1 The proposed strategic goal for the NEPAD STAP-TWR is to strengthen the enabling environment for the effective cooperative management and development of transboundary water resources through the implementation of prioritized activities. The STAP-TWR would be implemented over the period established for NEPAD’s STAP (to 2007).


4.3.2 These goals would be met through:


  • mobilizing political will and action to RBOs (or establish new ones where none exist) such as strengthening, or if none exist; support the implementation of key initiatives in each RBO;

  • facilitating resource mobilization through policy coordination among external partners and promoting the improvement of the enabling environment that foster increased flow of investments;

  • developing follow-up actions including medium-to-long-term strategic framework and work plan to coordinate and monitor cooperative management of transboundary water resources;

  • capacity building at all levels through knowledge sharing, networking, focused training and dissemination of best practices; and,

  • promoting partnerships for transboundary water resources development and management between private sector, civil society (NGOs and communities), and public sector (water resource sector agencies, RBOs and RECs) through the support of donors.



4.4 Linkage to Sector Goal



4.4.1 Implementation of the STAP-TWR would result in strengthened cooperation in the management of transboundary river basins, thereby fostering higher level of cooperation to implement projects with win-win benefits. This would contribute to the overall sector goal of poverty alleviation and socio-economic development.


4.4.2 Figure 4.1 outlines the activities under NEPAD STAP TWR and their linkages to sector goal of poverty reduction and economic growth.


Chart 1: Stages or Process Towards Development of Cooperation in the Management of Transboundary Water Resources


Stages or Processes


National Level


Basin-wide (International) Level










Initiation Stage

Identify stakeholders

Designate body responsible for river basin management



  • Baseline information

  • Need assessment

  • Ministries responsible for water of each basin country to negotiate on establishment of cooperative arrangement.










Shared Vision Process

  • National level consultations

  • Confidence building programmes

  • Capacity building

  • Initiate shared vision process

  • Implement confidence building and decision support projects










Institutional & Legal Framework

  • Adoption of IWRM approaches in national policies

  • Harmonization of national policies and legislation to accord with international agreements

  • Establish sub-basin organizations at national level.

  • Protocols on Shared water resources, information exchange, etc

  • Agreement on the establishment of international river basin organization (RBO)

  • Establish RBO

  • Initiate operation of RBO










Information Collection & Dissemination

  • Protocols on information exchange

  • Harmonize method of information

  • Collect data and disseminate

  • Basin-wide data processing and dissemination










Development Planning/ Project Preparation

  • Preparation of basin plans at national level

  • Prepare implementation plans at national level

  • Preparation of basin-wide master plans based on optimized system benefits

  • Prepare Strategic Action Plans










Infrastructure Development Stage

  • Cooperate in the construction of shared infrastructure

  • Undertake the planning and arrangement for implementing infrastructure projects










Operation, Maintenance and Management Stage

  • Cooperate in the operation, maintenance and management of common projects.

  • Operate, maintain and manage common projects










Monitoring & Evaluation

  • Actively participate in the monitoring and evaluation of international RBO

  • Conduct regular monitoring, performance and institutional audit and make changes where needed

Chart 2: River Basins and Their Current Status Towards Development of Cooperation in the Management of Transboundary Water Resources


Stages or Process

Okavango


Zambezi

Nile

Lake

Chad

Congo

Niger

Senegal

Initiation Stage

4

4

4

4

1

4

4

Shared Vision Process

1

1

2

1

1

3

2

Institutional & Legal Framework

2/3

4

2

2/3

1

2/3

3/4

Information Collection & Dissemination

2

3

2

2/3

1

2/3

3/4

Development Planning/ Project Preparation

2

2

2

3

1

3

3/4

Infrastructure Development Stage

1

2

1/2

1/2

1

2

3/4

Operation, Maintenance and Management Stage

1

2

1

1/2

1

2

3/4

Monitoring & Evaluation

1

1

1

2/3

1

2/3

2/3



Key to Chart 2

1

Not Started

2

Early Stage

3

In Progress

4

Progressed


Chart 3. Model Processes for the Establishment of International River Basin Organizations


Senegal Basins

Zambezi Basin

Nile Basin

Activity

Date

Activity

Date

Activity

Date



















OMVS Agreement establishing an RBO with limited mandate

1972

Initiation of SADC cooperation

1975

Technical Cooperation Committee for the Promotion of the Development and Environmental Protection of the Nile Basin

1992

Joint ownership and management of infrastructure

1978

SADC Treaty establishes framework for economic cooperation, including water resources

1992

First of 10 Nile 2000 Conference aimed at dialogue towards development cooperation in the Nile Basin

1993

Water Charter of Senegal River, fully fledged RBO

2002

SADC Protocol on Shared Watercourses establishes legal framework for cooperation in WRM, and SADC Water Sector

1995

Nile River Basin Action Plan

1995







ZRA, an RBO with limited jurisdiction

1987

Negotiations towards a cooperative framework initiated

1997







Regional Strategic Action Plan for IWRM

1998

Nile Basin Initiative established as transitional institution for cooperation

1999







Revised Protocol –taking into account international conventions

1998

Shared Vision adopted by nine out of 10 riparian states

1999







Negotiations for ZAMCOM initiated

2002

Negotiation Committee for Cooperative Framework reconstituted

2003







ZAMCOM established

July 2004

Shared Vision and Subsidiary Programs established 2003

2003



INSERT EXCEL FIGURE 4.1_CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK


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