Born on September 9, 1742 in Scotland. John died in Scotland before 1805; he was 62

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Register Report

First Generation


1. John KEAND. Born on September 9, 1742 in Scotland. John died in Scotland before 1805; he was 62.


By Wm. McCann

This Story of the Keand-McKeand-McCann Bible is pieced together from various entries therein, from actual personal knowledge of occurences in my lifetime, and from a relative small amount of deductive reasoning.

The fly-leaf of the Old Testament is missing; so the date of its printing is indeterminate. The New Testament and The Psalms of David are from the press of His Majesty's Printer, Adrian Watkins of Edinburgh; the former is dated M.DCC.LI and the latter M.DCC.L.

The condition of the Bible is not the best; in addition to normal aging, the pages are stained, apparently from being water-soaked in an accidental dousing. Although the paper is torn and structurally weak, most of the entries are clear; only occasionally has it been necessary to interpolate the script; and, in the below, I state no date that is not clearly and distinctly written.

The original owner of the Bible was Margrat (M’Colough) Keand, my great-great-great grandmother, born in Scotland in 1743. According to original entry (now very faint) the Book was presented to her by her husband, John Keand, on January 30, 1757, which for want of better evidence, I assume to be the date of marriage. Neither John nor Margrat Keand, to my knowledge, migrated to America. Another entry shows ownership of Bible to have passed to their son, John McKeand, born January 30, 1769 in Scotland; he migrated to America, we think about 1787, carrying the Bible with him; and he was an early settler near Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky, where he married and had nine children, one of which was a son, James H. McCann, who was a prominent early citizen of Paris, and who probably became custodian of the Bible. I have an excellent oil painting of James Hervey McCann, done by his son William P. McCann, and given to me by Jessie Lena Brown, a granddaughter of James. From my parents years ago, I learned that the Bible was possessed by Rear-Admiral William Penn McCann (then deceased), whose wife, Elizabeth Vulté (also deceased), remarried name Johnson of Cherrydale, Virginia. I obtained the Bible in 1925 from Mr. Basil D. Boteler, Attorney for the Johnson estate.

The several entries in the Bible, arranged in chronological order, follow -

"Peggy Keand"

"To Margrat Keand"

Her Bible God Give his

Grace thereon to look not

*(to book) But understand and

*(so to live) at Gods Command January 3’ day 1757"

*The ink of above original entry in Bible Is faint but quite readable, except for the five parenthesized words, in which only a few letters are distinguishable. The name "Peggy Keand" is written vertically, in handwriting same as rest of inscription, all written presumably by John Keand, Sr.

"John Keand was Born in mounth of Subtember in the year 1742 - - - Margrat mColough his spous was born in the month of June in the year 1743." (1)

"Margrat McKeand was Born the 21 day of December in the year 1765 it Being on a Setardey night Be twext seven and eght a Clock" (1)

"Margrat McKeand was Born December the 21 Day 1765 - John McKeand hir Brother was Born Januarey the 30 Day 1769. Margrat M’Colough Her mother was Born June - 1743 - John McKeand the above, was Born 9 September, 1742." (3)

"John McKeand Was Born the 30th of January in the year of our Lord 1769 it Binge on A monandey or mondy morning Be twixt one and two a Clock" (1)

"John Mccan was born January 30, 1769 his Book god give him grace therein to Look (and)* to Likewise to understand and to keep all gods Commands" (2)

*The page in Bible is torn, and one word is unreadable at this point. The entire inscription is written over the original entry (p.1). indicating that John's mother, Peggy gave her Bible to him upon his departure for America.

"John MCann and Nancy Penn Was Married the 24th of August in the year of our Lord 1797" (4)

"Nanoy Penn Born June 3. 1779" (4)

"Cynthia MCann was born on Thursday the 13th of September about 4 oclock in the afternoon 1798" (4)

"James M'Cann was Born the 20th day of December on Saturday at 3 of the Clock in the afternoon in the year of Lord 1800" (4)

"Eliza M'Cann was Born on Monday ye 14th day of March about 7 oClock in the morning in the year of our Lord 1803." (4)

From dissimilarity of handwriting, we deduce that the various entries were probably made by four persons, viz - (1) John Keand, in Scotland; (2) Margrat M’Colough Keand, in Scotland; (3) Margrat McKeand, First child of John and Margrat Keand, in Scotland; and (4) John McKeand, in America.

John married Margrat M’COLOUGH. Born in June 1743 in Scotland. Margrat died in Scotland in August 1785; she was 42.

They had the following children:

i. Margrat. Born on December 21, 1765 in Scotland.

2 ii. John (1769-1849)

Second Generation


Family of John KEAND (1) & Margrat M’COLOUGH

2. John McKEAND. Born on January 30, 1769 in Wigtownshire, Scotland. John died in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky on May 29, 1849; he was 80. Buried in Paris Cemetery, Paris, Kentucky.

McCANN, JOHN-A, 221-Wife, Nancy and children. Sept. 8, 1795--Oct. 1795. Children to be schooled. Capt. Thos. Rule, Extr. [1] Note: This is speculation at this point.--REF


From “Some Descendants of John Keand of Whithorn, Scotland” by Wm. R. McCann, 1953, housed in the John Fox, Jr., Library, Paris, Kentucky.

JOHN KEAND (A) b. September 9, 1742 in Scotland, m. in Scotland to MARGRAT M'COLOUGH. She was b. June, 1743 in Scotland. They probably did not migrate to America; both probably died before 1805, when John's father died and bequeathed his real property to his grandson, John McKeand (l), who had emigrated to America. John's mother died in August, 1785; his father remarried in 1788, and lived for seventeen years with his second spouse, who survived him.

John Keand's, father lived in Whithorn, Wigtownshire; and, when he died, his granddaughter, Jean McWilliam. (m. Alexander Kinner), residing in Mochrum, Wigtownshire, corresponded, with her cousin, John McKeand (l) in America, regarding the disposition of their grandfather's "House & Yeard". We possess three of her letters and John McKeand's Bible, which have been handed down in the family for years (see the Story of the Keand-McKeand/McCann Bible). A postscript to one of the letters is interest in that it directs John McCann in America to sign his name John McKeand, for legal purposes in Scotland; and further this postscript indicates a line of at least four John McKeands in Wigtownshire, running back to about 1700. We quote the postscript, to-wit:

"When you Send me the Power (of attorney) be so good as to Sign your name John McKeand as that is the way it is Signed in this Country and in it mention that you are Son to John McKeand who was Son to John McKeand taylor in Whitehorn. So with Compliments to you your wife and Family I am as before

Jean McWilliam"

Herein we use the spelling of names and the dates recorded at various times in John McKeand's Bible, which was given to him by his mother, "Peggy" Keand, probably at the time of John's departure for America. Children of John and Magrat Keand:

Margrat McKeand (1). b. December 21 1765 in Scotland.

John McKeand (l), b. January 30, 1769 in Scotland.

No knowledge of other children, if any.

JOHN McKEAND (l) - John(A); b. January 30, 1769 in Wigtownshire, Scotland. May 29, 1849 at Paris, Kentucky; re-interred Paris Cemetery; on August 24, 1797, in Bourbon County, Kentucky, he married NANCY (ANNE) PENN, who, family lore has had it, was directly descended from William Penn, illustrious founder of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; but this tradition of the McCanns has been disproved by William Mason Phillips of Bransby Farm, Lebanon, Ohio (whose sister is Mrs. F. C. Johnston., presently residing in Paris, Kentucky), who possesses documentary evidence that Nancy's lineage reverts to emigrant Edward Penn, a resident of Cecil County, Maryland, as early as May 4, 1676 six years previous to Quaker William's landing at Newcastle, Delaware. Nancy's lineage, according to Phillips, is Benjamin Penn, Jr.(3), who was b. 1753 in Maryland, d. May 10, 1827 in Franklin County, Kentucky, and m. 1774 in Montgomery County, Maryland, to Rebecca Ryan (b. 1760, and d. January 10, 1840 in Franklin County, Kentucky); Benjamin Penn, Sr.(2) , who married Dinah ________and d. 1777 in Ann Arundel County, Maryland; and Edward Penn (1) whose will was filed for probate in 1741. Nancy Penn was b. June 3, 1779 according to entry in John McKeand's Bible, but Phillip's records indicate June 10, 1778 in Montgomery County, Maryland; at age 19, she moved to Paris, Kentucky, where she lived until she d. April 10, 1842; funeral services at the Methodist Church, and re-interred In Paris Cemetery.

John McKeand emigrated to America about 1785-6, during that troublesome period between the failure of the Articles of Confederation and the Constitutional Convention. James Harrod had established the first Kentucky settlement at Harrodsburg in 1774, and Daniel Boone had settled Boonesborough in 1775. Many of the more adventuresome immigrants followed these first settlers westerly into a new and fertile country, then a part of the Commonwealth of Virginia and subject to its jurisdiction; some travelled through Virginia and Cumberland Gap, while others took a more northerly route to the Ohio River on which they barged and bumped their way to their destination. We know not John McKeand's route, but he settled down near what is now Paris I county seat of Bourbon County. Around a fine spring (Doylets) at mouth of Houston, a few scattered huts in 1784, developed in 1786-1789 into a wee town called Hopewell, laid off in lots with streets. The Virginia Legislature, in 1790, renamed the settlement, Paris - population, 358. John, the second school teacher at Paris, taught in 1800 in a little frame building at corner of Pleasant and Mulberry (now 5th) Streets. On this corner, years later, the Presbyterian Church (North) was established; it is now (1953) occupied by Davis Funeral Home. In 1810, John served as volunteer fireman. He died in Paris; funeral services, May 30, 1849. Originally buried elsewhere, probably at the old cemetery in Paris, John's remains with those of his wife, Nancy Penn, and daughter-in-law, Jane Lowry McCann, were removed to Paris Cemetery (Section L-25). His estate, appraised July 14, 1849 at $7988.25, included various property, stock, produce, and sixteen blacks; and the sale of the estate was ordered recorded by the Bourbon County Court on December 2, 1850 at $8247.81. His will, Which was probated on June 4, 1849, bequeathed his lot (from Main to Pleasant Streets), his house, and four slaves to his daughters Nancy Ann McCann and Cynthia Swartzwelder, no mention being made of another daughter, Eliza m. Griffing, assumedly deceased.

After arrival in Paris about 1790, and prior to his marriage with Nancy Penn (1797), John (l) changed spelling of the surname to McCann. According to entries in old family Bible, the spel1ing used by John (A) and Peggy, his spouse, was Keand, from which John (l) derived the patronymic McKeand. "Mc" like Mac, M’, and Fitz, and other prefixes to Scotch and Irish names, often signifies "Son of" or "Daughter of". But in America our forebear's accent perhaps did not clarify the Scottish spelling; and the locale demanded an Americanism.

A story runs in the family regarding circumstances connected with the changed spelling of the name. In the early days of Paris, the village blacksmith was an Irishman named McCann; and the early settlers, finding the smith's name easier of pronunciation than McKeand, dubbed the newcomer "McCann" and thus it has been ever since. Robert J. Carpenter, Jr. (4th gen.) questioned the "blacksmith" story; In letter of June 9, 1930, R.J.C.Jr. writes, "your version of the manner of the change of the name of McKeand into McCann, is new to me. The way I always heard, was that after signs came into vogue, my grandfather (James H. McCann) changed the name so as to conform to the pronunciation of what he was called. Everyone knew him as McCann, so he used that name upon his sign as a cabinet maker." The stories are akin; the Bible entries indicate the name to have been changed between 1790 and 1797, and painted signs were then probably few, if any, in a small hamlet; and James H. McCann (b. 1800) wasn't much of a cabinet maker until about 1820. So we rather favor the story of the blacksmith named McCann; and, by the way, there is recorded in the Bourbon County Court that another John McCann died there between 1791 and 1793, when his will was probated. Further., strange though it be, this will states that his wife's name was also Nancy (nee Riley); moreover, in court records at Paris and in a register at Lexington, there are also noted several McCann marriages (not of our lineage) in Bourbon County at the turn of the century (1791 et seq) .

Children of John and Nancy (Anne) Penn McCann

Cynthia M’Cann (2), b. September 13, 1798.

James M'Cann (2), b. December 20, 1800.

Eliza McCann (2) , b. March 14, 1803.

Eleanor Penn McCann, b. April 10, 1805, d. October 5, 1825.

Nancy A. McCann (2), b. July 15, 1807, spinster, d. May 27, 1892.

Wesley D. McCann (2), b. July 20, 1809, d. July 15, 1890, Quincy, Ill.

Emily Warfield McCann, b. August 9, 1811, d. July 1, 1829.

Thomas Shannon McCann, b. May 19, 1814, d. June 5, 1814.

Susan Trigg McCann, b. September 24, 1823, d. July 27, 1824.

In 1797 when John was 27, he married Nancy Ann PENN, daughter of Benjamin PENN (-1777) & Dinah. Born on June 3, 1779 in Montgomery County, Maryland. Nancy Ann died in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky on April 10, 1842; she was 62. Buried in Paris Cemetery, Paris, Kentucky.

They had the following children:

3 i. Cynthia Rebecca (1798-)

4 ii. James H. (1800-1882)

iii. Eliza. Born on March 14, 1803.

“Some Descendants of John Keand of Whithorn, Scotland” by Wm. R. McCann, 1953, p. 6:

ELIZA R. McCANN (2) - John (l) , John (A); b. March 14, 1803; m. January 10, 1826 in Paris to Lytle Griffing (son of Aaron, d. 1837). According to W. M. Phillips, Eliza's middle name was Wryan, but old letters indicate middle initial to be "R". Family letters (1848-1854) mention that Eliza died, probably about 1847, and that she had left at least two children. Recently we became possessed of a contract, dated February 10, 1890, between "Jane McCann of the first part and Dan Roche and Jas. Lancaster of the second part, all of Paris, Ky." providing for the sale of property at the southeast corner of Main and Chestnut Streets (Paris) and for the building of a new home on Chestnut Street (now 7th) for the said Jane McCann; the contract stipulates that clear-title is to be obtained from three daughters of Eliza R. Griffing, by name Eleanor P. wife of James McGorian, Nancy A. wife of Thos. McMurray, and Celina J. wife of James Elliott - all of Adams County, Illinois. With this information, and with time for additional research at Quincy, Illinois, we believe that we shall succeed in developing Eliza's descendants.

On January 10, 1826 when Eliza was 22, she married Lytle GRIFFING, son of Aaron GRIFFING (-1837), in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky.

iv. Eleanor Penn. Born on April 10, 1805. Eleanor Penn died on October 5, 1825; she was 20.

v. Nancy A. Born on July 15, 1807. Nancy A. died on May 27, 1892; she was 84.

"“Some Descendants of John Keand of Whithorn, Scotland” by Wm. R. McCann, 1953, pp. 6-7:

NANCY ANN McCANN (2) - John (l) , John (A); b. July 15, 1807 in Paris, Kentucky; d. there on Friday, May 27, 1892 - a spinster; i. Paris Cemetery.

The Kentuckian-Citizen of July 16, 1887 contains the following account of Nancy's eightieth birthday: "Eighty years old.Miss Nancy McCann, of this city, reached the 80th mile-post on life's journey yesterday, and the event was celebrated by an elegant birthday supper at the residence of her niece, Mrs. Nannie Brown, on which occasion quite a number of the venerable lady's relatives were present, among them Mrs. Mary Carpenter, of Louisville. "Aunt Nancy," as she is familiarly called, Is the oldest native-born inhabitant of Paris, having been born in the little one-story frame house in rear of George W. Davis' furniture establishment, recently demolished to give place to new Presbyterian parsonage. The old lady grieved very much when she heard the old land mark in which her eyes first saw the light of day was being razed to the ground. Her first recollections of Paris was of a little town without brick sidewalks or macadamized streets, and railroads and electric telegraphs were things undreamed of. She is a sister of the late James H. McCann, and aunt of Commodore Wm. Penn McCann, of the United States Navy. The Kentuckian-Citizen printers were kindly remembered, and return thanks for a beautiful supply of good things from the supper, which they partook of with great zest while working on this issue last night. They hope "Aunt Nancy" may live to celebrate more birthdays." A similar party, a year later, celebrated the 81st. birthday of the "oldest native Parisian". Upon death, at age 85, it is recorded, "transferred from Presbyterian to Episcopal Church November 16, 1862; she had been blind for many years, but bore her afflictions with Christian resignation; funeral from Saint Peters Episcopal Church; she was a Mother In Israel." Regarding the blindness, Miss Jessie L. Brown writes (March, 1953), "She was not without sight. Her sight was just about as good as anyone's would be at her age - just weak, but not blind; but several years before her death, before she lived with us, she was stirring the fire in an oven stove, and a spark flew in one eye which destroyed the sight of one eye only, which was bad enough. When freedom was declared, Aunt Fanny, a slave, said she didn't want to be a "free Negro" and was going to stay with Aunt Nancy always, or rather as long as they both lived - which I am sure she did. The family always spoke of Aunt Fanny as very nice, sensible, and worth while. Aunt Nancy was always ready for a little fun, but never noisy.

vi. Wesley D. Born on July 20, 1809 in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky. Wesley D. died in Quincy, Illinois on July 15, 1890; he was 80.

"“Some Descendants of John Keand of Whithorn, Scotland” by Wm. R. McCann, 1953, p. 7:

WESLEY D. McCANN (2) - John (l) , John(A); b. July 20, 1809; m. Pricilla Jane Smith on September 11, 1829 in Paris, and they transferred an interest in 87 acres of land to his brother James H. on March 8, 1836; they moved to Columbus In Adams County, Illinois, and about 1854 he settled in Quincy - the county seat; it appears that Wesley married twice, as in closure of two of his letters he says, "Susan sends love to______." In 1848, Wesley's family were Thomas, Margaret, John, and Wallace (b. December 28, 1845, d. August 24, 1883). By 1854, Margaret was married and had a child. Franklin Morris McCann, a son and prominent attorney of Quincy, was b. 1848 and d. 1931; he married Luella M. Adams December 7, 1893 at Topeka, Kansas. We have some clues which lead us to believe that we may successfully develop the family genealogy of Wesley (Daniel) McCann, whenever we find time to visit Quincy and elsewhere; and, if we succeed in developing sufficient additional facts, we shall cover by appendix hereto. He died July 15, 1890 at Quincy.

vii. Emily Warfield. Born on August 9, 1811. Emily Warfield died on July 1, 1829; she was 17.

viii. Thomas Shannon. Born on May 19, 1814 in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky. Thomas Shannon died on June 5, 1814 in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky.

ix. Susan Trigg. Born on September 24, 1823 in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky. Susan Trigg died on July 27, 1824 in Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky.

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