National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement 3




НазваниеNational Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement 3
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not meet this sub-criterion: benign ants and macaw wasting disease (proventricular dilation disease).

  • It is acknowledged that a pest or disease meeting this sub-criterion may also meet other criteria or sub-criteria.

  • National significance criterion: people, including social amenity and human infrastructure

  • General

    1. This national significance criterion is concerned with the impacts of pests and diseases on people, including:

      1. the inconvenience to people and society caused by the pest or disease

      2. the impacts on human infrastructure.

    2. A pest or disease will meet this criterion if one or more of the following sub-criteria are established:

      1. impacts on human infrastructure

      2. impacts on social amenity

      3. cultural impacts.

    To avoid any doubt, ‘impact’ is defined in accordance with clause  of this agreement (that is, ‘causing significant negative consequences’).

          1. In determining whether a pest or disease meets this national significance criterion the following matters should be considered:

            1. the severity of the impact

            2. the extent of the impact

            3. the significance of the resources/assets under threat.

    For example, this may include either a catastrophic loss of a resource amenity for a relatively small proportion of the population, or a substantial loss of amenity for an extensive or diverse part of the population.

        1. Impacts on human infrastructure

    This sub-criterion is met if a pest or disease outbreak has resulted, or would likely result, in substantial damage to or deterioration of infrastructure used by a significant proportion of people over an extensive area.

    Impacts on social amenity

    This sub-criterion is met if an outbreak has substantially degraded, or is likely to substantially degrade, amenity of resources used by a significant proportion of people over an extensive area.

        1. Cultural impacts

    This sub-criterion is met if a pest or disease outbreak:

          1. has substantially degraded, or is likely to substantially degrade, cultural assets valued by a significant segment of the community

          2. has resulted or is likely to result in substantial change to the practices and customs of a significant segment of the community; or

          3. has resulted or is likely to result in a persistent and substantial negative change in national or international perception of attributes relevant to the national image.

      1. National significance criterion: business activity

          1. This national significance criterion is concerned with the economic impacts of pests or diseases on business costs or profitability.

    To avoid any doubt, ‘impact’ is defined in accordance with clause  of this agreement (that is, ‘causing significant negative consequences’).

          1. Where the impacts of a pest or disease are predominantly on primary production, the incident would be dealt with under those pre-existing cost-sharing arrangements.

          2. Where the impacts of a pest or disease are predominantly on human health, the incident would be dealt with under those pre-existing cost-sharing arrangements.

          3. A pest or disease will meet this national significance criterion if an outbreak is likely to result in:

            1. substantial increases in business costs; or

            2. a substantial loss of production or business opportunities for an extended period

    and the pest or disease is not able to be managed under a pre-existing cost-sharing arrangement.


    National biosecurity incident response plan – technical feasibility and cost:benefit

      1. Introduction

          1. This schedule sets out the process to be followed by the notifying party:

            1. preparing a national biosecurity incident response plan

            2. undertaking a technical feasibility analysis

            3. undertaking a cost:benefit analysis

    as required under this agreement, and to be considered by the NBMCC when preparing advice for the NBMG.

          1. It also outlines the requirements for managing a national biosecurity incident response plan, as required under this agreement.

          2. Developing a national biosecurity incident response plan

        1. Development of a draft national biosecurity incident response plan by the Notifying Party

    When the notifying party is required, under this agreement, to develop a draft national biosecurity incident response plan, the response plan must be prepared in consultation with the NBMCC, and in accordance with the following principles:

          1. The requirement to develop and approve a national biosecurity incident response plan must not impede the initiation of a rapid emergency response to an outbreak of a pest or disease, by the Notifying Party or any other party, required under this agreement.

          2. The response plan must reflect the nature and circumstances of the outbreak and of the pest or disease.

          3. While the key strategies and core operational components of the response plan must be prepared by the notifying party, some parts will be developed in accordance with a timetable agreed to by the NBMCC.

          4. Any key strategies and core operational activities that are to be subject to cost-sharing must be clearly identified in the response plan.

          5. The content of the response plan must be prepared in accordance with:

            1. item 6.4(c) of this schedule

            2. Australia’s international rights and obligations, including those contained in the SPS agreement.

        1. Provision of the draft national biosecurity incident response plan to the NBMCC and NBMG

          1. The notifying party must provide the proposed response plan to the NBMCC as soon as possible.

          2. The NBMCC, once it agrees the proposed response plan is in a suitable form must submit the plan to the NBMG for consideration.

        2. Effect of approval of the draft national biosecurity incident response plan

    When the NBMG has approved the national biosecurity incident response plan:

          1. the parties become committed to the obligations and activities outlined in the plan, and must implement the plan

          2. any variations or proposed variations must be approved by the NBMG before it can come into effect. For example, the NBMCC may propose a variation to the plan, or a variation may be required because a party’s legislation limits their ability to undertake the required activities.

          3. National biosecurity incident response plan protocol

    In addition to the requirements in item 6.1(c) of this schedule, a national biosecurity incident response plan must detail all the following matters:

          1. the results of a risk assessment of the pest or disease outbreak, in accordance with

          2. the results of the assessment of the pest or disease outbreak against the national significance criteria, in accordance with

          3. the results of the technical feasibility analysis carried out in accordance with item (l) of this schedule

          4. the results of the cost:benefit analysis carried out in accordance with item 6.6(r) of this schedule

          5. the detail of the actions to be undertaken as part of the response, including identifying the parties that will undertake those actions

          6. recommended approaches for determining proof-of-freedom, including surveillance

          7. the projected budgets and indicative costs

          8. review points or ‘caps’ relating to the extent of cost-sharing. A review point may include the occurrence of a new outbreak of the pest or disease in a different location, the point where an agreed limit of funding has been expended, as well as other indicators of the effectiveness of the response arrangements to date.

          9. Technical feasibility

        1. The objective of the technical feasibility analysis

    The objective of the technical feasibility analysis is to determine the technical feasibility of the proposed national biosecurity incident response in eradicating the pest or disease.

        1. Technical feasibility criteria

    In undertaking a technical feasibility analysis, all the following criteria must be considered and advice provided:

          1. the capability to accurately diagnose or identify the pest or disease

          2. the effectiveness of the control technique options, including a recommendation on the control technique likely to be the most cost-effective in eradicating the pest or disease

          3. the level of confidence that all individual pest/disease organisms present (including at all life stages) can be removed/destroyed by the recommended control techniques

          4. the level of confidence that it is possible to remove the organisms at a faster rate than they can propagate until the population is reduced to a non-viable density

          5. confirmation that the recommended control techniques are publicly acceptable (taking into consideration cultural and social values, humaneness, public health impacts, non-target impacts and environmental impacts)

          6. interim control measures that have been put in place by the notifying party

          7. endemic pest or disease controls that may limit or prevent establishment

          8. any legislative impediments to undertaking an emergency response

          9. resources required to undertake an emergency response

          10. the known area of infestation

          11. the likely distribution of the pest or disease, in accordance with Attachment 5A, 5B, 5C, 5D and 5E to Schedule 2, in relation to a terrestrial pest/disease, an inland waters pest, an inland waters disease, a marine pest and a marine disease respectively

          12. identification of the pathways for the entry into and spread within Australia of the pest or disease

          13. the level of confidence that further introductions are sufficiently low

          14. the dispersal ability of the organism (that is, whether the organism is capable of rapid spread over large distances)

          15. the level of confidence that the organism is detectable at very low densities (to help determine if eradication has been achieved), and that all sites affected by the outbreak have or can be found

          16. surveillance activities that are in place or could be put in place to confirm proof-of-freedom for sites possibly infested by the pest or disease

          17. the community consultation activities undertaken.

          18. Cost:benefit analysis

        1. The objective of the cost:benefit analysis

          1. The cost:benefit analysis is an important factor in determining:

            1. whether to implement a national biosecurity incident response, and

            2. the form of that response.

          2. The objective of the cost:benefit analysis is to determine whether the costs of a national biosecurity incident response would be outweighed by the benefits and, if so, to whom the benefits would accrue.

          3. The parties agree to undertake cost:benefit analyses for the purposes of this agreement, in accordance with the National Framework for Biosecurity Benefit:Cost Analysis at Schedule 4, Attachment A).

        2. Relevant matters

    As outlined in Attachment A to this schedule, the cost:benefit analysis should compare all the expected costs of an impact (the benefits of responding) with all the expected costs of responding, including the following matters:

          1. the direct and indirect costs arising from the impact of the pest or disease, such as

            1. increased expenses or reduced returns

            2. impacts on the economic, environmental and social values of natural assets

            3. impacts relating to the values affected under the relevant national significance criteria and the potential costs of mitigating those impacts in the absence of a national biosecurity incident response

            4. costs identified through an assessment of the human health implications

          2. identification of the industries, businesses or other sectors of society that would benefit from a national biosecurity incident response

          3. the costs and impacts of the response plan’s actions, including the opportunity cost of any alternative uses of the funds required to implement the response plan

          4. the relative cost effectiveness of alternative approaches to limiting the risks.

        1. Determining cost in the cost:benefit analysis

          1. Determining the costs and/or benefits (in a dollar sense) of the impacts of a pest or disease outbreak on the natural environment, and otherwise, can be problematic.

          2. If there are environmental or social costs and benefits, qualitative assessments should be used in the cost:benefit analysis, in accordance with Attachment A of this schedule.

      1. Management of a national biosecurity incident response plan

    A national biosecurity incident response plan must be implemented by the affected parties in accordance with:

          1. the applicable legislation

          2. the terms of the plan, ensuring the actions are not inconsistent with the applicable legislation,

          3. Australia’s international rights and obligations, including those contained in the SPS agreement.

    Attachment 4A National Framework for Biosecurity Benefit:Cost Analysis

    CURRENTLY BEING FINALISED

    1. Arrangements for cost-sharing of eligible costs

      1. Introduction

    This schedule sets out the agreement’s eligible costs and cost-sharing arrangements.

    Principles of cost-sharing

      1. Assessments prepared for the NBMCC and NBMG

    The notifying party must meet the costs of preparing the assessments to be provided to the NBMCC and the NBMG for their consideration as to whether a national biosecurity incident response is required, in accordance with step 7 of clause 5.

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