7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage




Скачать 222.45 Kb.
Название7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage
страница1/9
Дата20.10.2012
Размер222.45 Kb.
ТипДокументы
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9
THE COPY/SOUTH DOSSIER


Issues in the economics, politics, and ideology of copyright in the global South


Edited by

Alan Story

Colin Darch

and Debora Halbert


Researched and published by

The Copy/South Research Group

May 2006


Published by the Copy / South Research Group

Website: http://www.copysouth.org

E-mail address: contact@copysouth.org


ISBN: 978-0-9553140-0-1 (downloadable online edition)

978-0-9553140-1-8 (printed edition)


©

Not restricted by copyright

CONTENTS





CONTENTS

1

SOME INITIAL WORDS…

3

INTRODUCTION

7

SECTION 1 – THE GLOBAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY SYSTEM IS PRIVATISING HUMANITY’S COMMON CULTURAL HERITAGE

11

1.1 Introduction

11

1.2 How privatisation and monopolisation discourage creativity and invention

13

1.3 Why this tendency is against the interests of creators and society in general

17

1.4 Monopoly ownership and its consequences for artistic expression

20

1.5 Average artists and conglomerates cannot benefit from the same copyright system

23

SECTION 2 – THE ECONOMICS OF GLOBAL COPYRIGHT: THE NET CAPITAL FLOW FROM THE GLOBAL PERIPHERY TO THE CENTRE

29

2.1 Introduction

29

2.2 Calculating copyright-related capital flows from the global periphery to the centre

31

2.3 From TRIPS to TRAP: Free Trade Agreements and copyright

34

2.4 Reprographic collecting societies and their projected growth in the South

41

2.5 How much of this capital flow is related to copyright?

46

2.6 How ‘national treatment’ increases the net outflow of capital from the South

48

SECTION 3 – PRIVATISING THE PUBLIC DOMAIN AND IMPOSING WESTERN/NORTHERN ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT CULTURAL PRODUCTION

52

3.1 Introduction

52

3.2 The basic values and ideology of copyright

53

3.3 The differing traditions of cultural creation in the South

56

3.4 Culture and creativity in the Arab countries

61

3.5 Traditional/indigenous knowledge and copyright: a complex issue.

65

3.6 The criminalisation of copying in the South and the ‘piracy’ question

71

3.7 The privatisation of common culture proceeds in the South, at a quickening pace.

76

3.8 Western cultural conglomerates and the global marketing of culture from the global South

79

3.9 The role of the World Intellectual Property Organisation in spreading the copyright system and its narratives to countries of the South

80

SECTION 4 – SERIOUS AND DAMAGING BARRIERS TO THE USE OF COPYRIGHTED MATERIALS IN COUNTRIES OF THE SOUTH

89

4.1 Introduction

89

4.2 Extending copyright terms extends privatisation

91

4.3 Distance learners kept from study materials: experiences from Kenya

95

4.4 How copyright hinders librarians in providing services to library users

100

4.5 Copyright laws add to other restrictions on learning in rural South Africa: an October 2005 survey from Mpumalanga

109

4.6 Copyright gets in the way when teachers want to provide student course & study packs

111

4.7 An academic from Colombia tries hard to do his research … with great difficulty

115

4.8 Using the Internet in the South: a tangled web of copyright toll-gates and “keep out” messages

116

4.9 Using intellectual property laws to prop up proprietary computer software

119

4.10 The visually impaired in the South: shut out of reading by copyright roadblocks

127

4.11 How copyright presumptions trump translation possibilities … and limit the sharing of knowledge

133

4.12 Three legal questions related to access

136

4.13 Copyright and cultural domination by the North: a long-standing conflict that is getting sharper

141

SECTION 5 – RESISTANCE FROM THE SOUTH TO THE GLOBAL COPYRIGHT SYSTEM

147

5.1 Introduction

147

5.2 A brief history of Southern resistance to copyright’s laws and assumptions

148

5.3 National or regional movements opposing TRIPS as interference in their cultural life

154

5.4 Venezuela initiative on the rights of authors

155

5.5 Resisting the privatisation of cultural life

157

5.6 Possible alternatives to copyright in the South

159

5.7 The A2K (Access to Knowledge) treaty group

161

5.8 Free software: a viable and cheaper alternative

164

5.9 The Creative Commons approach

167

5.10 The Canto Livre example from Brazil

170

5.11 Open access journals and open archiving initiatives

171

5.12 Co-ordinating activities across the South

174

5.13 Satire and art as resistance

175

5.14 Co-operation in the South as part of wider intellectual property activism

175

SECTION 6 – CONCLUDING THE DOSSIER … AND LOOKING AHEAD

177

6.1 Some closing words

177

6.2 Glossary of fifty copyright terms, phrases, and copyright-related organisations which are used in the Copy/South Dossier

181

INDEX OF THE C/S DOSSIER

189



  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9

Похожие:

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconSection 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconScanned, edited and tagged by: Courtney Danforth 9/27/96 Geertz, "Ideology as a Cultural System" I. It is one of the minor ironies of modern intellectual

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconWhen 'Common Interests' are not Common: Why the ‘Global Basic Structure’ should be Democratic

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconWorld intellectual property organization

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage icon1. Study the principal branches of the intellectual property

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconThe personality interest of artists and inventors in intellectual property*

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconSection 1: Multicultural, Cross-Cultural, and Cultural Psychology

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconStudy on the Anti-Competitive Enforcement of Intellectual Property (IP) Rights: Sham Litigation

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconWipo national seminar on enforcement of intellectual property rights for general prosecutors

7 section 1 – the global intellectual property system is privatising humanity’s common cultural heritage iconWho Owns Online Courses and Course Materials? Intellectual Property Policies for a New Learning Environment

Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
Библиотека


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.znate.ru 2014
обратиться к администрации
Библиотека
Главная страница