Английский язык




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Упражнение. Прочитайте диалог и поставьте глаголы в правильную форму.

Sarah: Brian! How nice to see you! What …………..(you/do) these days?

Brian: I ……….(train) to be a supermarket manager.

Sarah: Really? What’s it like?................. (you/enjoy) it?

Brian: It’s all right. What about you?

Sarah: Well, actually I …………..(not/work) at the moment. I ………..(try) to find a job but it’s not easy.

But I’m very busy. I ………….(decorate) my flat.

Brian:………….(you/do) it alone?

Sarah: No, some friends of mine……………(help)me.

7. Будущее неопределенное время (The Future Indefinite Tense) / to be going to

Future Indefinite обозначает однократные, повторяющиеся или постоянные действия и состояния, относящиеся к будущему времени:

What will you do after the - Что ты будешь делать после

lessons? уроков?

I shall write to you every week. - Я буду писать тебе каждую неделю.

The Future Indefinite Теnsе является cложным временем. Оно образуется при помощи вспомогательных глаголов shall и will и основы инфинитива основного глагола.

число

лицо

утвердительная форма

вопросительная форма

отрицательная форма




един.

1

I shall (I’ll) ask

Shall I ask?

I shall not (shan’t) ask

2

You will (you’ll) ask

Will you ask?

You will not (won’t) ask

3

He

She will (‘ll) ask

It

he

Will she ask?

it

He

She will not (won’t) ask

It


множ.

1

We shall (we’ll) ask

Shall we ask?

We shall not (shan’t) ask

2

You will (you’ll) ask

Will you ask?

You will not (won’t) ask

3

They will (they’ll) ask

Will they ask?

They will not (won’t) ask

В вопросительной форме 1-го лица единственного числа глагол shall обычно имеет модальное значение: спрашивающий осведомляется о желании собеседника:

Shall I reаd оn? - Мне читать дальше?

В разговорной речи для выражения предполагаемых будущих действий вместо Future Indefinite часто употребляются следующие конструкции:

1) to be going to + инфинитив для выражения намерения (о лицах) или вероятности (о событиях) в будущем:

I’m going to write him a letter. - Я собираюсь написать ему письмо.

It’s going to rain. - Скоро пойдет дождь.

2) tо bе sure (certain) + инфинитив для выражения уверенности в совершении будущего действия:

Ann is sure to be there. - Анна наверняка будет там.

Hes certain tо come. – Он обязательно придет.

Упражнение. Вставьте will or to be going to в следующие предложения.

1. A: Has George decided what to do when he leaves school?

B: Oh, yes. Everything is planned. He …. a holiday for a few weeks and then he … a computer programming course. (have, do)

2. A: Oh, I've just realised. I haven't got any pens.

B: Haven't you? Well, don't worry. I …you some. (lend)

3. A: Have you already decided what University to enter?

B: Yes, I have. I ….. the Oxford University. (enter)

4. A: I don't know how to use this computer.

B: It's quite easy. I … you. (show)

5. A: Why have you got the flowers?

B: Because I (to visit) my teacher.

6. I love sewing. I (to be) a fashion designer.

7. How long it (to take) you to do the work?

Texts

Russia

The vast territory of Russia lies in the eastern part of Europe and in the northern part of Asia. It is one of the largest countries in the world. Airlines service many cities throughout the country. A flight from Moscow to Magadan takes eight hours.

Russia is washed by twelve seas and three oceans. The oceans are: the Atlantic, the Arctic, the Расific. The northern and eastern coasts of Russia are washed by the White Sea , the Barents Sea and by the Okhotsk Sea.

Russia’s landscape varies a lot from heavy forests to deserts, from high mountains to deep valleys. Russia is located on two plains. They are: the Great Russian Plain and the West Siberian Plain. There are three main mountain chains in Russia. The Urals, the longest mountain chain, separates Europe from Asia. There are various types of climate on the territory of Russia. But the temperate zone with four distinct seasons prevails.

Russia is a land of long rivers and deep lakes. The broad Volga River system is of great historic, economic and cultural importance to Russia. It became the cradle of such ancient towns as Vladimir, Tver, Yaroslavl, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod.

The Volga River runs into the Caspian Sea, which is in reality, the largest lake in the world. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world.

The European part of Russia is densely populated. There are a lot of cities, towns and villages there.

Russia is rich in natural resources. It has deposits of coal, oil, natural gas, iron ore, gold, nickel, etc.

Russia borders on fourteen countries, including the former Republics of the USSR, which are now independent states.

The history of Russia dates back to the year 862. Now Russia is a presidential republic.

Russia has always played an important role in the world. It is one of its leading powers.

Great Britain

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated off the Northwest coast of Europe. The UK consists of four parts. They are: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The UK lies on the British Isles. There are some 5500 islands. The two main islands are: Great Britain and Ireland. They are separated from the continent by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. The west coast of the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea, the east coast is washed by the North Sea. The area of the UK is some 244100 square km. Its population is over 57 million people.

English is the official, but not the only language which people speak in the country.

Geographically Great Britain is divided into Lowland Britain and Highland Britain. The highest mountain Ben Nevis is in Scotland. The flora of the British Isles is much varied and the fauna is similar to that of the north – west of Europe. The country is not very rich in natural resources.

There are many rivers in Great Britain. The Severn is the longest river; the Thames is the most important one.

London is the capital of the UK. It was founded by the Romans. The population of London is over 8 million people. The largest cities of Great Britain besides London are: Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol, Leeds and Edinburgh.

Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy. The powers of the British Queen are limited by Parliament. The British Parliament consists the sovereign, the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has always played an important role in world politics.


The United States of America

The United States of America is another important English-speaking country. It consists of fifty different states and the District of Columbia joined together under one government.

The USA covers an area of almost 9400000 square kilometres and is twice as large as all the countries of Europe combined. It is placed in the middle of the North American continent and is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Placed between two oceans, the USA has a free access to the trade routes of the world.

On the whole the USA has a continental climate. It is at the same time one of the coldest and one of the hottest countries, one of the wettest and one on the driest.

The flag of the United States is called “Stars and Stripes”. The 50 stars represent the 50 states and the 13 stripes represent 13 original English colonies, which in 1776 became free and independent of England.

The USA is governed by Congress and by the President. Congress consists of the Senate (100 senators — 2 from each state) and the House of Representatives (435 Congressmen). The President, who is also the head of the government and the commander-in-chief of all the armed forces, is elected every four years.

The capital of the United States is Washington. It is situated on the Potomac River not far from the Atlantic coast. Washington is not a very large city. Such cities as New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Houston, Dallas, Philadelphia, Detroit, New Orleans and some others are larger.

The USA is one of the most developed countries in the world. It is a country of great contrasts. There are a lot of unsolved problems in the country such as unemployment and inflation, but nevertheless it is one of the greatest countries in the world.

My native town

I live in Samara, it is my native town. I am proud to be its citizen. The history of Samara is bound up with the history of Russia.

In the 16th century the River Samara was the boundary line of the Russian State. In 1586 a small wooden fortress was built here to defend the country from nomadic tribes. It got its name from the river. The word is of Turkish origin and has a meaning of “a steppe river”.

In the 19th century the city began to develop greatly. It was even called “Russian Chicago” at that time. Mainly it was a city of merchants, because the region specialized in agriculture. Different agricultural goods – cereals, meat, lard, leather – were produced in the Samara area.

During World War II Samara, then called Kuibyshev, became the second capital of the country. Stalin’s world famous bunker was constructed here during only 9 months. Now it is a museum. Many plants and factories were evacuated here from Moscow, St.Petersburg, the Ukraine and other regions. Samara became a large industrial center.

Today Samara is one of the largest cities in Russia. Its population grows up to one million three hundred thousand people. The trade mark of Samara can be seen on ma­chinery, TV-sets, aluminum construc­tion parts, the tastiest Russian chocolate and vodka. The TU - 154 aircraft came off the line here, to say nothing of spaceships “Vostok” and “Progress”.

Samara is a city of science. It has dozens of research centers, 11 universities and a lot of colleges. The city has rich cultural traditions. It has the reputation of a theatrical city.

There are many places of interest in Samara, our embankment is one of the most beautiful on the Volga. It is the favorite place for resting for our citizens, especially in summer, when it is full of cafes and small restaurants.

Samara is a very hospitable city. You are always welcome here.

Контрольное задание № 2.

Упражнение 1. Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1. This is a star. 2. This is a boy. 3. This is a baby. 4. That is a plate. 5. That is a flower. 6. That is a bookshelf. 7. Is this a sofa? 8. Is this a bookcase? 9. Is this a man? 10. Is that a ball?

Упражнение 2. Вставьте some, any, no или их производные. l. There are … buses today and I can’t go shopping. 2. There is … ink in my pen. 3. Is there … snow in the street this morning? 4. My mother likes … music. 5. Are there … newspapers on the table? 6. There are … letters for you on the table.7. Are there … mistakes in my dictation? – Yes, there are …. 8. There were … yellow and green pencils on the table. 9. You can do … you like? 10. …wants to see him. 11.Can … tell me how to get to the Public Library? 12. Did he say … about it? – No, he said …?

Упражнение 3. Переведите на английский язык сле­дующие словосочетания.

В пять часов, к пяти часам, в про­шлом году, в этом году, к 2005 году, двадцатого февраля, в ноябре во вторник, к пятнице, в половине третьего, весной, прошлой весной, в будущем году.

Упражнение4.Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык. l. На столе стоит красивая ваза. 2. В моей комнате есть большой стол. 3. В холодильнике есть молоко? 4. На столе нет той книги. 5. На полке много книг. 6. На окне нет цветов. 7. На полу лежит красивый ковер.

Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous.

1. The boys (to run) in the garden. 2 I (to do) my homework. 3. John and his friends (to go) to the library. 4. Ann (to sit) at her desk. She (to learn) geography. 5. A young man (to stand) at the window. He (to smoke) a cigarette. 6. The old man (to walk) about the room. 7. The dog (to lie) on the floor. 8. You (to have) a break? 9. What language you (to study)? 10. Who (to lie) on the sofa?

Упражнение 6. Вставьте will or to be going to в следующие предложения.

  1. A: Why are you turning on the television?

B: ………..the news (I/ watch).

  1. A: I have got a headache.

B: Have you? Wait there and ………….an aspirin for you. (I / get)

  1. A: Where are you going? Are you going shopping?

B: Yes, ………something for dinner.(I / buy)

  1. A: I’ ve decided to repaint this room.

B: Oh, have you? What colour …………it?(you /paint)

  1. A: Oh, I’ve just realised. I haven’t got any money.

B: Haven’t you ? Well, don’t worry. ………….. you some.( I / lend)

Упражнение 7. Напишите порядковые числительные, соответствующие следующим количественным:

1, 11, 21, 2, 12, 20, 3, 13, 30, 4, 14, 40, 7, 41, 49, 58, 87, 100, 148, 432, 749, 884, 921, 1000.

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   12

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