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IGU Commission on the Geography of Tourism, Leisure and Global Change Activity Report


14 February 2004


Prepared by the Chairperson


Professor C. Michael Hall


Department of Tourism

University of Otago

PO Box 56

Dunedin

New Zealand


Tel: +64 3 479 8520 (Secretary)

Fax: +64 3 479 9034

Email: cmhall@cbusiness.otago.ac.nz


Web: http://www.geog.nau.edu/igust/


The following represents the report of the IGU Commission on the Geography of Tourism, Leisure and Global Change. It outlines the group's goals and objectives, the activities and means which have been undertaken to meet those goals and objectives, details on membership, relationship with other organisations and proposed future directions. The Chairperson would like to thank all corresponding and full members of the Study Group for their support but would particularly like to acknowledge the contribution of the vice-chairperson Professor Jean-Michel Dewailly, and the list and website manager Professor Alan Lew.


Report Highlights:


Substantial Research Output Aligned to Commission Goals and Objectives

Growth in Membership: 308 end of 1999, 510 end of 2003

11 Meetings 2000-2003, two in 2004

Active Communication Programme and Promotion of IGU and Discipline Through Internet, Publications and Journals

OBJECTIVES AND GOALS


The aims of the Commission are to:

1. To implement the purposes of the IGU as defined in its statutes to promote the geography of tourism and leisure around the world.

2. To develop an international research culture to investigate and develop the Geography of Tourism, Leisure and Global Change.

3. To promote close working relations with international, national and regional organisations which share similar interests in the Geography of Tourism, Leisure and Global Change and to work with communities which are affected by such change.

  1. To enhance the place of the geography of tourism and leisure in education and research; tourism and leisure policy-makers; the tourism and leisure industries; and the wider community.


The overall objective of the Commission is the development and application of an internationally comparable research program on the relationships between tourism, leisure and global change.


The Commission's specific objectives are to:

* communicate the role of tourism and leisure as a major factor which both influences and is influenced by global change;

* further develop the concept of sustainability as applied to 'tourism' and 'leisure' with respect to the concept of global change;

* communicate the importance of understanding a broad range of processes that affect the relationships between tourism, leisure and global change, including the natural environment, political, and socio-economic processes;

* foster research that incorporates the notion of the inter-relatedness of structures and processes in tourism and leisure, through a variety of linked spatial - international, national, regional, local and the individual, and temporal - short term and long term (inter and intra generational) - scales.

* communicate the results of the research by members of the Commission to various academic, industry and policy arenas in order to influence policy in an effective and appropriate manner.


These objectives are to be pursued over the life of the Commission through a set of research 'tasks' that were been defined through discussion with members and modified as appropriate during the Study Group and Commission meetings..


Task 1 Interpreting the meaning of 'sustainability' within the context of tourism, leisure and global change;

Task 2 The operation and regulation of tourism and leisure in a 'borderless world'

Task 3 The relationship of tourism and leisure to issues of time-space convergence;

Task 4 Tourism and leisure in the interaction between natural, rural and urban systems;

Task 5 The inter-relationship of tourism and leisure with place, identity and citizenship within the context of global change;

Task 6 The dynamics and capacities of communities and institutions in order to effectively contribute and respond to global change; and

Task 7 Contributing to relevant international research programmes associated with the aims and objectives of the Commission


The integrating theme of all the 'tasks' is 'Tourism and Leisure in the Context of Global Change'


MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION


At the time of its establishment the full membership of the then Study Group (now Commission) consisted of


Marin Bachvarov

University of Sofia, Bulgaria and University of Lodz, Poland

e-mail: miastur@krysia.uni.lodz.pl


Alvaro Sánchez Crispin

Department of Geography, UNAM, Mexico

e-mail: ascrispin@yahoo.com


Jean-Michel Dewailly (Vice-chairperson)

Department of Geography, Université Lumière Lyon 2, France

e-mail: dewailly@univ-lyon2.fr


Thor Flognfeldt, Jr.

Department of Tourism, Lillehammer College, Norway

e-mail: Thor.Flognfeldt@hil.no


C. Michael Hall (Chairperson)

Centre for Tourism University of Otago, New Zealand

e-mail: cmhall@commerce.otago.ac.nz


Felix Juelg

Institut für Wirtschafts-und Sozial Geographie,Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, Austria

e-mail: elix.juelg@wu-wien.ac.at


Alan Lew

Department of Geography and Planning, Northern Arizona University, USA (Webmaster)

e-mail: alan.lew@nau.edu


Tej Vir Singh

Centre for Tourism Research, Lucknow, India

e-mail: tvsingh@lw1.vsnl.net.in


Peggy Teo

Department of Geography, National University of Singapore, Singapore

e-mail: geoteop@nus.edu.sg


Allan Williams

Department of Geography, University of Exeter, England, UK

e-mail: A.M.Williams@exeter.ac.uk


Lindisizwe Magi

University of Zululand, South Africa (lapsed following assumption of IGU Vice-Presidency)


The Study Group has experienced substantial growth since its establishment and now has over 500 members. In addition to maintaining growth in the traditional membership base of Europe and North America the Study group is pleased that growth in membership has occurred in the less developed world and in transitional Europe. It is hoped that further membership growth will occur in this area. The co-sponsorship of meetings and ensuring that they are located in various parts of the world has been a major factor in this growth.


Table 1: Number of Corresponding Members


1997 1999 2003


Argentina 2 3 8

Austria 8 7 7

Australia 10 22 27

Azerbaijan - - 1

Bangladesh 1 1 2

Barbados - - 1

Belgium 5 6 8

Brazil 1 1 5

Bulgaria 2 2 2

Canada 36 37 49

China - 3 6

Costa Rica - 1 1

Croatia 1 1 2

Cuba - 1 1

Cyprus - - 1

Czech Republic 3 3 5

Denmark - 1 1

Egypt - - 1

Finland 2 4 5

France 23 25 31

Germany 27 25 29

Greece 1 1 1

Guatemala - - 1

Hong Kong SAR - 1 3

Hungary 4 4 4

Iceland 1 2 3

India 1 4 8

Indonesia - - 3

Iran - - 2

Ireland 5 3 5

Israel 2 3 5

Italy 6 8 10

Japan 2 2 5

Jordan - - 1

Korea (South) 2 3 3

Lithuania - - 1

Luxembourg - - 1

Malaysia - - 3

Maldives - - 1

Martinique - - 1

Mexico 2 2 5

Morocco 1 1 4

Namibia - - 1

Nepal - 6 6

Netherlands 5 6 7

New Zealand 3 9 18

Nicaragua - - 2

Nigeria 1 1 2

Norway 4 4 6

Peru - - 1

Poland 6 6 6

Portugal 2 4 11

Russia 2 2 1

Samoa 1 1 1

Singapore 1 5 6

Slovenia 2 2 3

South Africa 5 7 13

Spain 4 8 13

Switzerland 4 5 8

Sweden 6 7 12

Taiwan ROC - 1 1

Thailand - 2 3

Trinidad - - 1

Turkey 2 2 8

United Arab Emirates - - 1

United Kingdom 11 11 35

United States 37 41 72

Vietnam - - 1

Yugoslavia - - 1

Zimbabwe 1 1 1


Total: 246 308 510


GROUP ACTIVITIES


The Study Group has organised, sponsored or co-sponsored 11 meetings in the period 2000-2003 a further two meetings are planned for 2004. Details of meetings are outlined below along with associated publishing activities.


MEETINGS AND ASSOCIATED PUBLISHING ACTIVITIES


2000


ECOTOURISM CONFERENCE IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, JULY Between the 15-23 July 2000, the Commission for the Anthropology of Tourism of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES), along with the then IGU Study Group on the Geography of Sustainable Tourism co-sponsored a number of panels and individual presentations in the 'Feria Ecoturïstica y de ProducciÛn' or Ecotourism and Production Fair, at the Hacienda Muriel, in Hato Nuevo, Manoguayabo, near Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. The Fair was organized by the Fundacion ciencia y arte, under the direction of Dr. Jose Serulle Ramia. Themes examined in the conference section of the Ecotourism Fair included: sustainable tourism in the Caribbean and elsewhere; development of Ecotourism in the Dominican Republic and Internationally; importance of rivers and wetlands in biodiversity and ecotourism activities; river and wet land clean-up; environmental protection; coastal-marine environments; 'green hotel' policy and practice; tourist resorts and ecotourism; national parks; issues of private reserves; water sports; legislation of contamination of rivers, wetlands and coastal-marine environments; international experiences in river, wetland and coastal management; cultural heritage; territorial-spatial management; urban environments and tourism; urban and rural environmental clean-up; and evaluations of ecotourism projects. Other panels or individual contributions on other themes will be considered.

SEOUL, IGU, August


The Study Group conducted a Pre-Congress meeting on the island of Cheju. Prof. Sang-Choel Kwon, Department of Social Studies Education, Cheju National University was the local organiser for the meeting and he developed an excellent program. The Study Group hosted its business meeting at Cheju. The Pre-Conference theme was The Future of Sustainable Tourism: Perspectives and Prospects. Over 30 members as well as local staff and students attended the meeting


There was also a considerable presence by tourism study group at the main IGU Congress with just under 50 papers being presented. Several papers from the congress and pre-congress were published in Tourism Geographies.


2001


HUMAN MOBILITY IN A BORDERLESS WORLD? - 19-20 April, Pescara, Italy


This was a well-attended joint meeting of the Tourism, Leisure and Global Change Study Group, the Political Geography Commission, and the Human Mobility and Global Change Study Group organized by Professor Armando Montanari. The three day programme had extremely wide international attendance and Professor Montanari produced a monograph based on the conference presentations. Human Mobility in a Borderless World? ed. A. Montanari, Collana no. 10, Societa’ Geografica Italiana, Rome.


NEW DIRECTIONS IN MANAGING RURAL TOURISM AND LEISURE: Local Impacts, Global Trends - Auchincruive, Scotland, 5-8 September


The Study Group was a sponsor for this conference which was hosted by the Scottish Agricultural College and chaired by Professor Derek Hall. There were over 80 delegates as well as a number of students attending the meeting. A CDRom was produced from the immediate proceedings and two edited books are also in press from the meeting being published by Channelview Press and CABI. These are expected to be out in 2004.


TOURISM PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - 11-14 November, Guilin China


This was a Joint Meeting of the Commission on the Geography of Tourism of the China Geographical Society and the IGU Tourism Study Group. Conference themes included:

•   Potentials and prospects for tourism in developing countries

•   Economic, social and environmental impacts of tourism in developing countries

•   Tourism planning and management in developing countries

•   Theories and methods for tourism planning in developing countries

•   Tourism planning case studies

•   Tourism planning evaluation in developing countries

•   Chinese tourism in the 21st century

Approximately 40 papers were presented in English and a number of these have been published in a book arising from the conference.


2002


IGU REGIONAL CONGRESS - 4-7 August 2002 - Durban, South Africa


Approximately 50 papers on tourism and tourism related areas were presented at the regional congress. A number of these papers have since been published in Tourism Geographies and Current Issues in Tourism.


ECOTOURISM, WILDERNESS AND MOUNTAIN TOURISM: Issues, Strategies and Regional Development - 27-29 August 2002 - Dunedin, New Zealand


This conference followed the IGU Regional Congress in South Africa and enabled some participants to attend both conferences. The conference was chaired by Michael Hall and had over 250 attendees. Registration quite literally had to be closed down because there was not any more space. A Cdrom was produced of the conference proceedings and a book on Nature-based tourism in peripheral areas will be published by Channelview publications in late 2004.


MOUNTAIN RESORT PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT IN AN ERA OF GLOBALIZATION - 25-28 September, 2002 - Steamboat Springs, Colorado, USA


The study group acted as a co-sponsor for this conference organized by Rudi Hartmann, Alison Gill and Tom Clark. The conference goals were to


* Examine contemporary practices and future challenges in designing and planning for mountain resorts and communities.

* Develop new insights into the social, economic, political, and environmental implications of globalization in mountain tourism environments.

* Search for new frames of reference in assessing the equity, economic, aesthetic and environmental consequences of alternate development scenarios in mountain settings.

* Foster an awareness of the global diversity of settings in which mountain resort planning and development occurs and provide an open forum for the exchange of views among resort developers, design and planning professionals, academics and community leaders.

* Nurture a community of actors prepared to carry on these deliberations beyond the end of this conference, and cultivate a wider appreciation of the pitfalls and opportunities that lie ahead in mountain resort planning and development.


A set of proceedings were produced from the conference.


2003


INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: LAND DEGRADATION AND DESERTIFICATION - Meeting with the IGU Land Use Commission - May 5-10


This was a meeting of the IGU Land Use Commission which the Commission agreed to co-sponsor hosted by the Universidad Nacional De Catamarca, Catamarca, Republica Argentina and chaired by Prof. Moshe Inbar, University Of Haifa, Israel and Prof. Julio Costello, Universidad Nacional De Catamarca, Argentina. With this meeting the Commission had achieved the goal of sponsoring or hosting a meeting on every continent in order to reach out to its current and potential members.


PERSPECTIVES ON TOURISM IN NORDIC AND OTHER PERIPHERAL AREAS – 21-24 August, Umeå, Sweden


Organised by the Department of Social and Economic Geography, Umeå University, Sweden and sponsored by the IGU Study Group on Tourism, Leisure and Global Change The conference was hosted by professor Dieter K. Müller and attracted over 40 participants. A Cdrom was produced from the presentations with a book also possibly being produced,


EVENT TOURISM AND DESTINATION MANAGEMENT 27-30 November 2003 - Yangtze River, China


The meeting was coorganised with the Commission on the Geography of Tourism of the China Geographical Society and held at Yichang, China. The Conference Organizers were Jigang Bao (Zhongshan University, China) and Alan A. Lew (Northern Arizona University, USA). The conference had to be rescheduled from earlier in the year because of the SARS virus but was nevertheless a great success. Nevertheless, the Conference was a major part of the celebration of World Tourism Day in Yichang, and was held in conjunction with Yichang's Three Gorges Festival. The major conference themes were


Event Tourism:

* Planning and Managing Event Tourism

* Measuring and Managing the Impacts of Megaevents

* Event Tourism Case Studies

* Sport Events and Tourism


Destination Management:


* Theory and Methods of Destination Management

* Rivers and Lakes as Tourism Destinations

* Tourism Destination Management Case Studies


Yangtze River/Three Gorges:


* The Yangtze River/Three Gorges Tourism Region

* Tourism Impacts of the Three Gorges Dam Project

* Yichang as an Emerging International Destination


2004


RECENT TRENDS IN TOURISM: THE BALTIC AND THE WORLD, 20-24 June 2004, Greifswald, Germany


This conference hosted by the Department of Geography, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University at Greifswald, Germany is cosponsored by the IGU Commisson of the Geography of Tourism, Leisure and Global Change and the German-speaking working group Freizeit- und Tourismusgeographie.


INTERNATIONAL GEOGRAPHICAL CONGRESS (GLASGOW) & PRE-CONGRESS COMMISSION MEETING (LOCH LOMOND) - 13-15 August in Loch Lomond, Scotland, and 15-20 August in Glasgow, Scotland


At the time of writing the pre-congress meeting at which the business meeting will occur has approximately 50 papers being presented while at last count there were over 100 tourism related abstracts for the main congress. The main congress will also hopefully include two panel sessions.


FORTHCOMING MEETINGS



TOURISM AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLES Flagstaff, Arizona, USA -- Tentative date: May 2005


Hosted by the University of Northern Arizona this meeting will focus on the interrelationships between tourism and indigenous peoples.


BORDER TOURISM AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE - Xishuangbanna, China, June 2005


This meeting will examine issues of border tourismparticularly in the Asian context and its relationship to community tourism development issues. Xishuangbanna, Jinghong City, Yunnan Province, China

Tentative Dates: 22-25 June 2005, Post-Conference Tour to Burma: 26-29 June 2005


JOINT MEETING WITH ATLAS [NOTE, THIS IS NOW CONFIRMED FOR 2006]


A joint meeting with ATLAS is tentatively scheduled for Poland in late 2005. the intention of this meeting will be in part to look at the implications of European expansion for tourism but also to bring together the Commission with other significant academic organizations in the tourism and leisure field.


2006 - IGU REGIONAL CONFERENCE - Cairns, Australia


It is expected that there will be a significant contribution of tourism papers to the regional conference while Michael Hall has also offered to assist as local organizer with a pre and/or post meeting being held in Australia and/or New Zealand.


OTHER ACTIVITIES


In addition to the various meetings and publishing activities of the Study Group outlined above the Study group has also developed a new research project on tourism and migration which commenced in late 1998 and has been incorporated in the Commission's activities.


TOURISM AND MIGRATION: NEW RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION


An International Research Project of the International Geographical Union Study Group on the Geography of Sustainable Tourism now Commission on Tourism, Leisure and Global Change.


Convenors: Allan Williams and Michael Hall


Background


A number of changes have occurred in recent years in the forms of production and consumption, which have resulted in changes in migration and consumption and in the relationship between these. The main changes can be expressed in terms of global-local relationships in production, shifts to various forms of more flexible production (requiring changes in both capital accumulation and the labour process), and the development of more flexible and internationalised forms of consumption, resulting in both the intensification of, and the emergence of new forms of, tourism and migration flows.  While to some extent a response to changes in the nature of capital accumulation processes these new forms of mobility are also the outcome of changes in the cultural construction of leisure time and spaces. Moreover, the demographic and social changes brought about by these population flows contribute to reshaping the conditions for both production and consumption.


The growth of tourism has, of course, long been interdependent with that of particular forms of migration. Quite apart from the fact that tourism itself constitutes a form of migration, of varying duration, it has generated two distinctive flows of migration.


First, there is labour migration to provide the services demanded by tourists, particularly in areas of mass tourism where rapid and substantial growth in tourist numbers may have outstripped the capacities of local labour markets. The resultant labour migration generally assumes one of three forms:


* Unskilled labour to provide consumer and collective services at relatively low costs, which are essential for the competitiveness of resorts operating in highly competitive cost-led markets.

* Skilled managerial workers providing specialist skills that may not be available in the local labour market; intra-company labour transfers often structure their mobility.

* Migration to establish small-scale businesses, often serving niche markets (typically expatriate ones), and or being motivated by life style considerations.


These migration flows are integral to the restructuring of labour markets in the recipient areas as they try to maintain competitiveness in the increasingly competitive international market for tourism services. It is not simply a matter of absolute labour supply, or of the role of migration in mediating labour costs, but also of particular types of skilled labour, in response to technology- and demand-led changes in production.


Secondly, consumption-led migration systems may develop symbiotic relationships with tourism flows, as part of the re-definition of the practices of consumption. This may assume several forms, depending on the duration of the migration, motivations and property relationships. The two migration streams are linked by the concepts of search spaces, informing decision-making. Some of the main components of consumption-led migration are:


* Investment in second homes, which implies a degree of commitment to the destination area (both for vacations and, possibly, for more permanent migration in the longer term).  This also implies particularly property relationships with the civil authorities and the private sector in the destination area, which differentiate this from long-stay tourism.

* The growth of seasonal migration, for which there is a continuum stretching from long-stay tourism to genuine dual residence between the destination area and the area of origin.

* Permanent migration which typically occurs at the retirement or early retirement stage of the life course.

* Non-tourism led migration where the migrants are attracted by the quality of life in the

destination area but are economically engaged in metropolitan economies to which they are linked by tele-working arrangements or some form of long distance commuting. They may have links to tourism through both the informing of search spaces and reliance on some of the services (such as air transport) developed for the latter.


While some of these migration streams and their relationships to tourism have long historical roots, that can be traced back to at least the Grand Tour, others are of more recent genesis. They have all, however, been subject to significant changes in recent decades which have transformed their scale, geographical scan and their inter-relationships with tourism. The salient changes are inherently related to the emergence of new forms of production and consumption:


* growth in and globalisation of tourism markets;

* the internationalisation of tourism capital;

* changes in leisure time and post-working lives, which are related

- to the reorganisation of the labour process;

- the demographic ageing of populations;

- changes to family structures;

- revolutionary changes in transport and communications systems;

- territorial and social changes in the distribution of work- and non-work related income; and

- the social reconstruction of valued living and working environments, which is informed by deeper cultural changes and facilitated by new forms of communications.


Because of the above changes, there has been an increase in the scale of tourism-related

migration, and an internationalisation of the patterns of mobility. This has yielded a series of social, cultural, economic and political issues for the individual migrants, for the host communities and for local, national and supra-national states, which hitherto have been little researched. Amongst these are:


* the economic impacts of the redistribution of consumer expenditure, incomes and remittances;

* the reorganisation of labour markets;

* new social and spatial divisions of labour;

* the recasting of host-guest relationships, along new lines of gendered, racialised and class cleavages;

* nationality and citizenship rights;

* the demands on the collective services provided by local, sub-national and national states;

* the implications of tourism-related migration on the physical environment;

* the role of tourism-related migration in regional development, particularly with respect to innovation and entrepreneurship practices in rural regions; and

* issues of tourism-related migration within the context of sustainable development.


While geographers are concerned with the underlying processes of economic restructuring and cultural change which inform the redefinition of tourism-migration relationships, they are also interested in the extent and ways in which their impacts are contingent on economic, social, political and environmental conditions in particular localities. In turn, these local conditions inform the unfolding processes of globalisation.


The Project


The project therefore seeks to examine the above relationships between tourism and migration in a comparative international and intranational perspective. Participants in the project met initially at three conferences:


a) at the AAG meeting in Hawaii, 23-27 March 1999 where panel sessions sponsored by the IGU Study Group were conducted on reviews of production and consumption led migration in an international context. This session was very well attended with over 100 people in the audience;


b) at the joint meeting of the IGU Commission on Sustainable Rural Systems and the IGU Study Group on the Geography of Sustainable Tourism at Flagstaff, Arizona, 20-23 October 1999 which had a number of open sessions dedicated to the research project; and


c) at the IGU meeting in Seoul, Korea, in 26 August - 1 September, 2000 and Pre-Congress Meeting on Cheju which also featured a number of open sessions on the project.


A special edition of Tourism Geographies, 2(1) (2000) have already been developed from this project. Kluwer produced an edited book on Tourism and Migration from the project in 2002: Hall, C.M. & Williams, A.M. (eds.) 2002, Tourism and Migration: New Relationships Between Production and Consumption, Geojournal Library vol.65, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht,. 289pp ISBN 1-4020-0454-0 (Hbk)


A specific dimension of the project on second homes has also been a focal point of presentations at the Ayr conference in Scotland and the peripheral area conference in Umea. This has also resulted in further publications:


Hall, C.M. & Müller, D. (eds.) 2004, Tourism, Mobility and Second Homes: Between Elite Landscape and Common Ground, Channelview Publications, Clevedon, 304pp ISBN 1-873150-81-4 (Hbk) 1-873150-80-6 (Pbk).


Hall, C.M. & Boyd, S. (eds.) Tourism and Nature-based Tourism in Peripheral Areas: Development or Disaster, Channelview Publications, Clevedon.


Both of the above publications were also connected to an International Council for Canadian Studies project on transculturalisms which provided for a further meeting in Montreal in 2003.


RELATIONSHIP OF ACTIVITIES TO STUDY GROUP OBJECTIVES AND TASKS


The table below outlines the comparative international studies that have been undertaken through the various meeting activities outlined above in relation to the goals and objectives of the Commission. The table indicates the extent to which the Commission have embraced particular tasks through its various meetings as well as ensuring that specific research outputs such as proceedings and other publications have been tied to the Commission's objectives and goals.


Meetings

Dom. Seoul Italy Scot. Ch. S.A N.Z. USA Arg. Swed. Ch. Ger. Scot.

2000 2000 2001 2001 2001 2002 2002 2002 2003 2003 2003 2004 2004


Task 1 • • • • • • • • • • • •

Task 2 • • • •

Task 3 • • • • •

Task 4 • • • • • • • • • • • •

Task 5 • • • • • • • • •

Task 6 • • • • • • • • • • • •

Task 7 • • • • • • • • •


Task 1 Interpreting the meaning of 'sustainability' within the context of tourism, leisure and global change;

Task 2 The operation and regulation of tourism and leisure in a 'borderless world'

Task 3 The relationship of tourism and leisure to issues of time-space convergence;

Task 4 Tourism and leisure in the interaction between natural, rural and urban systems;

Task 5 The inter-relationship of tourism and leisure with place, identity and citizenship within the context of global change;

Task 6 The dynamics and capacities of communities and institutions in order to effectively contribute and respond to global change; and

Task 7 Contributing to relevant international research programmes associated with the aims and objectives of the Commission


COMMISSION COMMUNICATIONS: INTERNET AND TOURISM GEOGRAPHIES


Newsletters and updates are broadcast over the newsgroup with an annual update and major announcement being mailed out


The Commission has a website :

Web: http://www.geog.nau.edu/igust/


Professor Alan Lew of Northern Arizona University is to be strongly commended for his management of the website and the discussion list.


TOURISM GEOGRAPHIES


Tourism Geographies is an academic journal published by Routledge. The Editor of Tourism Geographies is Professor Alan Lew who is a full member of the Commision. Three other full members of the Commission also sit on the editorial board as well as a number of corresponding members. The Commission has been supportive of the publishing initiative from the outset and memebrs are being actively encouraged to support the journal through their research and publishing activities.


RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER ORGANISATIONS


The Study Group has established contact with other commissions of the IGU and has actively pursued initiatives with the the IGU Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems, the Commission on Gender and Geography, the Commission on Mobility and Agenda 21 for Ocean Geography, and the IGU Megacities project.


In addition the Study Group has co-sponsored meetings with the Population and Recreation, Tourism, and Sport Specialty Groups of the Association of American Geographers, the Commission for the Anthropology of Tourism of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, and the International Council for Canadian Studies. Discussions are currently being held with ATLAS (Association for Tourism and Leisure Studies) and the World Leisure and Recreation Association regarding the development of closer relationships including possible joint projects.


FINANCE


In addition to the support of the IGU the Study Group has also received financial support from Tourism Geographies and Current Issues in Tourism. In kind support has come from Northern Arizona University, University of Exeter and the University of Otago. As of the 1/2/04 the Study Group has NZ$315.


OVERVIEW AND FUTURE


The establishment of the IGU Commission on Tourism, Leisure and Global Change may be regarded as a success. The Commission has been at the forefront of the subdiscipline of tourism geography as well as the closely related field of tourism studies. Its activities have been conducted in line with its goals and objectives and has resulted in a number of meetings, often in association with other relevant Commissions and organisations, as well as numerous publications in various outlets.


The Commission therefore seeks to continue its activities for the next four years as outlined in relation to it sexisting goals and objectivesbut with the edition of two further tasks


8) Examination of tourism's relationships to global environmental change

9) In relation to task 8 specific examination of tourism's relationships with global climate change.


With respect to tasks 8 and 9 it is anticipated that work will be undertaken in conjunction with the IGU megacities taskforce with whom contact has already been made and with the International Biometereology Society's tourism commission


Details of future proposed meetings are outlined above. It does not seek any change in name.


However, during this period there will be changes in membership of the Commission under the statutes of the IGU, including the chairperson, because of the length of time as a full member of a commission or study group. As a result the Commission is currently reviewing membership and will be submitting the names of new members at the time of the Glasgow IGC.

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