Updated general technical guidelines for the environmentally sound management of wastes consisting of, containing or contaminated with persistent organic pollutants (pops)




НазваниеUpdated general technical guidelines for the environmentally sound management of wastes consisting of, containing or contaminated with persistent organic pollutants (pops)
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90 See Rahuman et.al, 2000 and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

91 See UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

92See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997; Rahuman et al., 2000; UNEP, 2001; UNEP, 2004b and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

93CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 in annex V, Bibliography.

94See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997; Rahuman et al., 2000; UNEP, 2004b and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

95 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 in annex V, Bibliography.

96See UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

97See UNEP, 2001; UNEP, 2004b and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

98See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 in annex V, Bibliography.

99See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 and UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

100See UNEP, 2004b and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

101See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 in annex V, Bibliography.

102See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997; Kümmling et al., 2001; Ray, 2001; UNEP, 2004b and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

103Additional information is available from Danish Environmental Protection Agency, 2004; Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable (FRTR), 2002; Rahuman et al., 2000; UNEP, 1995c; UNEP, 1998b; UNEP, 2001 and United States Army Corps of Engineers, 2003. In addition, information on BAT and BEP with respect to hazardous waste incinerators is available from the European Commission 2004 and UNEP 2006. See annex V, Bibliography.

104 See FRTR, 2002; Rahuman et al., 2000; UNEP, 1998b and UNEP, 2001 in annex V, Bibliography.

105 See UNEP, 1995c in annex V, Bibliography.

106See UNEP, 1995c; UNEP, 1998b and UNEP, 2004c in annex V, Bibliography.

107See UNEP, 1995c; UNEP, 1998b and UNEP, 2004c in annex V, Bibliography.

108UNEP, 2001 in annex V, Bibliography.

109UNEP, 2004c.

110See United States Army Corps of Engineers, 2003 in annex V, Bibliography.

111Ibid.

112See UNEP, 2004c in annex V, Bibliography.

113See UNEP, 2001 in annex V, Bibliography.

114See UNEP, 1998 in annex V, Bibliography.

115 Additional information is available from CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997; Costner et al., 1998; Rahuman et al., 2000; Ray, 2001; UNEP, 1998b; UNEP, 2000b; UNEP, 2001 and UNEP, 2004b. See annex V, Bibliography.

116 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 in annex V, Bibliography.

117See Rahuman et al., 2000 and UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

118 See UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

119See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 and UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

120Ibid.

121 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 and Rahuman et al., 2000 in annex V, Bibliography.

122 See UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

123 Ibid.

124See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 in annex V, Bibliography.

125 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 and UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

126 See UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

127 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 and UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

128 Ibid.

129 Additional information is available from CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997; Costner et al., 1998; Rahuman et al., 2000; UNEP, 2001 and UNEP, 2004b. See annex V, Bibliography.

130 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997; Rahuman et al., 2000 and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

131 See UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

132 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997; Rahuman et al., 2000 and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

133 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 in annex V, Bibliography.

134 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 and UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

135 See UNEP, 2004b in annex V, Bibliography.

136 See Rahuman et al., 2000 in annex V, Bibliography.

137 See Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

138 Ibid.

139 See UNEP, 2004b and Vijgen, 2004 in annex V, Bibliography.

140 See CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997 in annex V, Bibliography.

141 See UNEP, 2004b and Vijgen, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

142 Ibid.

143 European Commission, 2001a in annex V, Bibliography

144 European Commission, 2001b in annex V, Bibliography

145 B. Buttker et al., 2005 in annex V, Bibliography

146 Three types of gasifiers are operated by SVZ: pressurized bed gasifier, slagging gasifier BGL, entrained flow gasifier.

147 Reported DE mainly depends on low PCDD/F-concentration of 34.08 ng TEQ/kg in treated waste. DE is 99.99143 when PCDD/F-concentration in waste reachs 50.000 ng TEQ/kg. See B. Buttker et al., 2006.

148 B. Buttker et. al., 2006 in annex V, Bibliography

149Ibid.



150Further information is available within Technical Guidelines on Specially Engineered Landfill (D5), UNEP, 1995d, in annex V, Bibliography, and pertinent national legislation such as the European Directive 1999/31/EC.

151Further information on contaminated site identification is available within Assessing Soil Contamination: A Reference Manual No. 8 (FAO, 2000) and Guidance Document on the Management of Contaminated Sites in Canada (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, 1997). See annex V, Bibliography.

152 Information on methods currently used for the remediation of sites contaminated with POPs is available from a variety of sources including FRTR (2002), United States Environmental Protection Agency (1993 and 2000) and Vijgen (2002). See annex V, Bibliography

153 See Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, 2002 in annex V, Bibliography.

154 Further information on health and safety is also available from the International Labour Organization (1999a and 1999b), the World Health Organization (1995 and 1999) and IPCS INCHEM (no date). See annex V, Bibliography.

155Further guidance on emergency response plans can be found in other guidelines developed by international organizations, such as the OECD Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response, second edition (2003) and by national, regional or local governments or agencies (such as civil defence and emergency coordination agencies and fire departments).

156See Australia Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2000 in annex V, Bibliography.

K0760113 180607


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