Скачать 0.5 Mb.
1 It is not clear whether these estimates include potential costs associated with pre-treatment and/or disposal of residues.
2 It is not clear whether the above includes costs associated with the pre-treatment of solid wastes.
3 Assuming some pre-treatment has been reported. It is not clear whether this estimate incorporates capital costs or costs associated with the disposal of any residues.
Table 2 : Hazardous-waste incineration (for an incinerator treating 70,000 tons per year)
Gate fees at hazardous waste incinerators within Europe have been reported to range between €50 and €1,500 (Source: European Commission 2004).
a Source for figures in first column: European Commission 2004.
b Source for figures in second column: Mean values of the specific costs of incineration for municipal and hazardous wastes (1999), VDI 3460: Emission Control Thermal treatment of waste, Germany, March 2002
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile Information Sheets. Available at www.atsdr.cdc.gov.
Ariizumi, A.; Otsuka, T.; Kamiyama, M.; Hosomi, M., 1997, Dechlorination and decomposition behaviour of PCBs by the sodium dispersion process. J. Environ. Chem., 7, pages 793–799.
Australia Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2000. A Case Study of Problem Solving Through Effective Community Consultation. Available at www.deh.gov.au/industry/chemicals/scheduled-waste/community-consultation.html.
Basel Convention, 1994. Framework Document on Preparation of Technical Guidelines for the Environmentally Sound Management of Wastes Subject to the Basel Convention. Document no. 94/005. Secretariat of the Basel Convention, Geneva.
Buttker, B., et al.: Full scale industrial recovery trials of shredder residue in a high temperature slagging-bed-gasifier in Germany. Sekundärrohstoff-Verwertungszentrum Schwarze Pumpe (SVZ), Technologie-Entwicklungs-GmbH für ökoeffiziente Polymerverwertung (Tecpol), Association of Plastics Manufacturers (PlasticsEurope), 2005 (www.tecpol.de/downloads/SVZ_TECPOL_REPORT_E.pdf).
Buttker, B., et. al.: Stoffliche Verwertung kunststoffreicher Abfälle im Sustec Verwertungszentrum Schwarze Pumpe (SVZ), Technical lecture given at the VDI/DECHEMA-meeting, Neumünster 2006.
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, 1997. Guidance Document on the Management of Contaminated Sites in Canada. Available at www.ccme.ca.
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, 2002. Canadian Environmental Quality Guidelines. Available at www.ccme.ca.
CMPS&F – Environment Australia, 1997. Appropriate Technologies for the Treatment of Scheduled Wastes Review Report Number 4. Available at www.deh.gov.au.
Costner, P., D. Luscombe and M. Simpson, 1998. Technical Criteria for the Destruction of Stockpiled Persistent Organic Pollutants. Greenpeace International Service Unit.
Danish Environmental Protection Agency, 2004. Detailed review of selected non-incineration and incineration POPs Elimination Technologies for the CEE Region. Available at www.mst.dk/publications/.
EPA, 1993. Technology Alternatives for the Remediation of PCB-Contaminated Soil and Sediment. Available at www.epa.gov.
EPA, 2000. The Bioremediation and Phytoremediation of Pesticide-contaminated Sites. Available at www.epa.gov.
EPA, 2002. RCRA Waste Sampling Draft Technical Guidance. Available at www.epa.gov.
European Commission, 2001. Reference Document on Best Available Techniques in the Cement and Lime Manufacturing Industries. Available at http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/
European Commission, 2001a. Reference Document on Best Available Techniques in the Non Ferrous Metals Industry. Available at http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/
European Commission, 2001b. Reference Document on Best Available Techniques on the Production of Irn and Steel. Available at http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/
European Commission, 2003. Reference Document on the General Principles of Monitoring, July 2003. Available at http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/.
European Commission, 2004. Draft Reference Document on Best Available Techniques for Waste Incineration, March, 2004. Available at http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/.
FAO, 1996. Pesticide Storage and Stock Control Manual. No.3. Available at www.fao.org.
FAO, 2000. Assessing Soil Contamination: a Reference Manual No. 8. Available at www.fao.org.
FAO, 2001. Training manual on inventory taking of obsolete pesticides, Series No 10 and reference No X9899. Available at www.fao.org.
FRTR, 2002. Remediation Technologies Screening Matrix and Reference Guide, Version 4.0. Available at www.frtr.gov/matrix2/top_page.html.
Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities. GPA clearing-house mechanism. Available at http://pops.gpa.unep.org.
ILO, 1999a. Basics of Chemical Safety. Available at www.ilo.org.
ILO, 1999b. Safety in the use of chemicals at work: Code of Practice. Available at www.ilo.org.
IMO, 2002. International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code. Available at www.imo.org.
IPCS INCHEM, no date. Health and Safety Guide (HGSs). Available at www.inchem.org.
Japan Industrial Waste Management Foundation, 1999: Technical Guideline for Treatment of PCBs.
Karstensen, K.H. , 2001. Disposal of obsolete pesticides in cement kilns in developing countries. Lessons learned – How to proceed. 6th International HCH & Pesticides Forum Book, 2022 March 2001, Poznań, Poland, November 2001.
Kümmling, K., D.J. Gray, J. P. Power and S. E. Woodland, 2001 Gas-phase chemical reduction of hexachlorobenzene and other chlorinated compounds: Waste treatment experience and applications. 6th International HCH & Pesticides Forum Book, 20-22 March 2001, Poznań, Poland, November 2001.
Ministry of the Environment of Japan, 2004. Report on study of the treatment standards for POPs waste in fiscal year 2003.
Noma Y., Sakai. S., Oono M., 2002, Dechlorination pathways of PCBs by photochemical reaction and catalytic hydro-dechlorination. Organohalogen Compd. 56, pages 413–416.
Noma Y., Sakai. S., Oono M., 2003, Dechlorination pathways and kinetics in photochemical reaction and catalytic hydro-dechlorination. Organohalogen Compd. 63, pages 276–279.
Noma Y., Sakai. S., Oono M., 2003, Pathways for the degradation of PCBs by palladium-catalyzed dechlorination, Fresenius Environ. Bull, 12, 3, pages 302–308.
OECD, various years. OECD Series on Principles of Good Laboratory Practice and Compliance Monitoring (various volumes). OECD Principles on Good Laboratory Practice (as revised 1997–1999), OECD. Available at www.oecd.org/ehs/.
OECD, 2001. Harmonised Integrated Classification System for Human Health and Environmental Hazards of Chemical Substances and Mixtures. Available at www.oecd.org.
OECD, 2003. Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response, Second Edition. Available at www.oecd.org.
OECD, 2004. Recommendation of the Council on the Environmentally Sound Management (ESM) of Waste C(2004)100. Adopted June 9, 2004. Available at www.oecd.org.
Oono M. Kaneda M., and Hirata Y., 1997, Destruction of PCBs by reaction with potassium tert butoxide, Organohalogen Compd. 31, pages 415–419.
Oono M. and Kaneda M., 1997, Complete destruction of PCBs by a catalytic hydrogenation and t BuOK method in a bench scale plant, Organohalogen Compd. 31, pages 405–409.
Piersol, P. 1989. The Evaluation of Mobile and Stationary Facilities for the Destruction of PCBs. Environment Canada Report EPS 3/HA/5, May 1989..
Rahuman, M.S.M. Mujeebur; L.Pistone; F. Trifirò and S. Miertu, 2000. Destruction Technologies for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs). Available at www.unido.org.
Ray, I. D., 2001. Management of chlorinated wastes in Australia. 6th International HCH & Pesticides Forum Book, 20–22 March 2001, Poznań, Poland, November 2001.
Sakai S., Peter. A. B., Oono M. 2001. PCB destruction by catalytic hydrodechlorination (CHD) and t BuOK method: Combinatorial bio/chemical analysis. Organohalogen Compd. 54, pages 293–296.
Sasaki Satoshi, A. Masaaki, A. Watanabe, O. Nishida, H. Fujita, W. Harano, S. Nagata, H. Mimura. 2003. Dioxin formation and PCB Emissions in a Pool Combustion of a PCB Mixed oil – Simulation of Fires in PCB Degradation Facilities. Organohalogen Compounds, 63, pages 171–175.
Stobiecki, S., J. Cieszkowski, A. Silowiecki and T. Stobiecki. Disposal of pesticides as an alternative fuel in cement kiln: project outline. 6th International HCH & Pesticides Forum Book, 20-22 March 2001, Poznań, Poland, November 2001.
Takigami H., Sakai S., and Oono M., 2002, Validation study for practical bio-monitoring of waste PCB samples during their destruction treatment using DR-CALUX assay and PCB immunoassay, Organohalogen Compd. 58, pages 397–400.
Takigami H., Sakai S., and Oono M., 2002, Practical CALUX-monitoring of PCB wastes during their chemical treatments, Organohalogen Compd. 58, pages 397–400.
UNECE, 2003a. Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (Model Regulations). Available at www.unece.org.
UNECE, 2003b. Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). Available at www.unece.org
UNEP, 1993. Storage of Hazardous Materials: A Technical Guide for Safe Warehousing of Hazardous Materials. Available at www.uneptie.org.
UNEP, 1994. Guidance Document on the Preparation of Technical Guidelines for the Environmentally Sound Management of Wastes Subject to the Basel Convention. Available at www.basel.int.
UNEP, 1995a. Model National Legislation on the Management of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes as well as on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes and their Disposal. Available at www.basel.int.
UNEP, 1995b. Basel Convention: Manual for Implementation. Available at www.basel.int.
UNEP, 1995c. Technical Guidelines on Incineration on Land (D10). Available at www.basel.int.
UNEP, 1995d. Technical Guidelines on Specially Engineered Landfill (D5). Available at www.basel.int.
UNEP, 1998a. Basel Convention: Guide to the Control System. Available at www.basel.int.
UNEP, 1998b. Inventory of World-wide PCB Destruction Capacity. Available at www.chem.unep.ch.
UNEP, 2000a. Methodological Guide for the Undertaking of National Inventories of Hazardous Wastes Within the Framework of the Basel Convention. Available at www.basel.int.
UNEP, 2000b. Survey of Currently Available Non-Incineration PCB Destruction Technologies. Available at www.chem.unep.ch.
UNEP, 2001. Destruction and Decontamination Technologies for PCB and Other POPs Wastes Part III. Technology Selection Process. Available at www.basel.int.
UNEP, 2003. Interim guidance for developing a national implementation plan for the Stockholm Convention. Available at www.pops.int.
UNEP, 2004a. Guidance for a Global Monitoring Programme for Persistent Organic Pollutants. 1st edition, June 2004, UNEP Chemicals; Available at www.chem.unep.ch/gmn/GuidanceGPM.pdf.
UNEP, 2004b. Review of the Emerging, Innovative Technologies for the Destruction and Decontamination of POPs and the Identification of Promising Technologies for Use in Developing Countries. Available at www.unep.org/stapgef.
UNEP 2005: UNEP/GEF project on existing capacity and capacity building needs for analyzing pops in developing countries. Available at www.chem.unep.ch/pops/laboratory/default.htm.
UNEP, 2006a. Draft Guidelines on Best Available Techniques and Provisional Guidance on Best Environmental Practices. Available at www.pops.int.
UNEP, 2006b. Draft Guidance for Analysis of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPS). Available at www.chem.unep.ch/pops/laboratory/default.htm.
United States Army Corps of Engineers, 2003. Safety and Health Aspects of HTRW Remediation Technologies. Available at www.usace.army.mil.
Vijgen, J., 2002. NATO/CCMS Pilot Study: Evaluation of Demonstrated and Emerging Technologies for the Treatment of Contaminated Land and Groundwater. Available at www.unep.org/stapgef.
Watanabe Atsuo, A. Ohara, and N. Tajima 2002.
|I organic air pollutants I 1 Volatile Organic Compounds (vocs)||Программа Организации Объединенных Наций по окружающей среде Distr.: General|
Конвенции (см документы unep/pops/poprc. 2/15 и unep/pops/poprc. 2/Inf/7) и подготовки проекта характеристики рисков в соответствии...
|Программа Организации Объединенных Наций по окружающей среде Distr.: General|
А, в и/или с к Конвенции (см документы unep/pops/poprc. 2/14 и unep/pops/poprc. 2/Inf/6) и подготовить проект характеристики рисков...
|Nof-digitise Technical Standards and Guidelines|
|Guidelines for the diagnosis and management||Text: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Stoker, 2007, 4th Edition Evaluation and Grading Policy|
|Guidelines on Management of Cancer Pain: Bibliography||Guidelines for curriculum development in records management and the administration of modern archives|
|European guidelines for the management of chronic non-specific low back pain||Chem 6v39: Organic Electronics (Special Topics in Organic Chemistry)|