Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment




НазваниеEfficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment
страница1/15
Дата09.10.2012
Размер0.52 Mb.
ТипДокументы
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   15
Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment


a regional review


siddhi-enda

october, 1998


Contents

Case studies used in the document

Box 1 : Colombo Metropolitan area, Sri Lanka 30

Box 2 : Ayala Foundation, Manila, Philippines 32

Box 3 : SEWA, Ahmedabad, India 35

Box 4 : Surat Municipal Corporation, India 38

Box 5 : Din Daeng Mechanical Compost Plant, Bangkok, Thailand 39

Box 6 : Singapore city 41

Box 7 : Kuala Lumpur 42

Box 8 : GRASP, Pune, India 44

Box 9 : Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, India 47

Box 10 : Binh Hung Hoa Project, HCM city, Enda Vietnam - Preceup 50

Box 11: Orangi Pilot Project, Karachi, Pakistan 52

Box 12 : Metro Manila Women’s garbage recycling programme, Philippines 54


1. Introduction



The objectives of economic development and poverty alleviation, as they exist today, seem to be conflicting with environmental considerations, resulting in the absence of effective environmental management in the cities. Cities are full of contradictions for human development, resulting in centres of “growth and wealth” on the one hand and “need and poverty” on the other. Poverty to a large extent is linked with the degraded environment and the rapid population growth. But there is a tendency to overemphasise the second factor, thereby undermining the consequences of degraded environment, although the impact of local environments are both visible and dangerous.


Environmental degradation also has long term effects on resources and human potentials, thereby threatening the overall eco-system. On the information front, there is an absence of the most essential information for decision making and for execution of appropriate development programmes which would incorporate environment - security-poverty system. This would also have implications for the opportunity for participation of the poor in the general socio-political and economic system. A careful analysis of the living conditions of the poor and their perceptions on the daily environment, coupled with their creative responses, would contribute to our understanding the major source of progress.


Today’s cities are duel systems providing many spaces for self-management and planning on the one hand, and restraining popular initiatives on the other. In view of the inadequacies of bureaucratic planning and technocratic management models, the prospects of strengthening popular autonomy and self expression will have to be effectively re-enforced and integrated for economic independence and political democracy.

1.1 Global Agenda for Urban Environment



Global Agenda for Urban Environment of the United Nations Conference of Human Settlements (UNCHS), have underlined the principles governing the process of Urban Environment Planning and Management (EPM). These have been grouped under five main headings :


· Better environmental information and technical expertise

· Better environmental strategies and decision-making

· More effective implementation of environmental strategies

· Enhanced institutional and participatory capacities

· More effective use of scarce resources for capacity-building and change

1.1.1 Better environmental information and technical expertise



· Preparing basic environmental management information

· Involving stakeholders

· Setting priorities

· Clarifying priority issues


1.1.2 Better environmental strategies and decision-making



· Clarifying issue-specific policy options

· Considering implementation options and resources

· Building broad-based consensus on issue-specific objectives and strategies

· Coordinating environmental and urban development strategies


1.1.3 More effective implementation of environmental strategies



· Applying the full range of implementation capabilities

· Agreeing on action plans for implementation

· Developing packages of mutually supportive interventions

· Consolidating political support and mobilisation of resources

1.1.4 Enhanced institutional and participatory capacities



· Strengthening system- wide capacities for EPM

· Institutionalising broad-based participatory approaches to decision-making

· Strengthening cross-sectoral and inter-institutional coordination

· Monitoring, evaluating, and adjusting the EPM system

1.1.5 More effective use of scarce resources for capacity-building and change



· Utilising special opportunities

· Applying specific leveraging strategies

· Networking among cities

· Strategic use of external support

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   15

Похожие:

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconR315 Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconVariation of condition 12 of application 618/94 proposed dedicated access for traffic associated with waste disposal

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconBassler, Bruce… [et al.] (1992). Cladding: Tall Buildings and Urban Environment Series / Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, Committee 12A. McGraw-Hill, Inc

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconJoint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconArchitecture and urban environment; a vision for the new age

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconExploring an Effective and Efficient Online Course Management Model

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconThe Mayor’s Municipal Waste Management Strategy

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconLeadership, Culture and Management Practices

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconOutcome Management: Lessons Learned and Best Practices

Efficient Management Practices in Disposal of Solid Waste in Asian Urban Environment iconA review of the Potential Health and Environmental Impacts from Municipal Waste Management Technologies which might be used in Milton Keynes

Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
Библиотека


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.znate.ru 2014
обратиться к администрации
Библиотека
Главная страница