Overshadowing of cs1 by a behaviorally silent cs2




НазваниеOvershadowing of cs1 by a behaviorally silent cs2
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SCHEDULE AND ABSTRACTS




Thursday, March 4, 2010 4:00pm-5:20pm







Event

Salon F/G

EPAGS BUSINESS MEETING

Thursday, March 4, 2010
4:00 PM - 5:20 PM








CHAIR: NICOLETTE JONES (ST. JOHN’S UNIVERSITY)


Thursday, March 4, 2010 6:45pm-8:30pm







Invited Speaker

Salon F/G

KEYNOTE SPEAKER

Thursday, March 4, 2010
6:45 PM - 8:30 PM








CHAIR: KURT SALZINGER (HOFSTRA UNIVERSITY)

MY JOURNEY FROM EVIL TO HEROISM

PHILIP G. ZIMBARDO (STANFORD UNIVERSITY )


Friday, March 5, 2010 8:00am-8:50am







Paper

Salon H

LEARNING
PAPER SESSION I


Friday, March 5, 2010
8:00 AM - 8:50 AM








CHAIR: DOUGLAS A. WILLIAMS (UNIVERSITY OF WINNOPEG)

8:00am - 8:10am

OVERSHADOWING OF CS1 BY A BEHAVIORALLY SILENT CS2

DOUGLAS A. WILLIAMS (UNIVERSITY OF WINNIPEG)

Two appetitive conditioning experiments with rats examined how a target US embedded within the duration of CS1 is best overshadowed by a competing CS2 having a common onset. Large variations in anticipatory responding to CS2 were created by introducing extra USs into the intertrial interval and varying CS2 offset. Overshadowing of the CS1 was virtually complete when CS2 terminated just as the target US arrived, although CS2 supported minimal responding in these circumstances.

8:15am - 8:25am

THE DORSAL HIPPOCAMPUS: RENEWAL AND SPONTANEOUS RECOVERY OF EXTINGUISHED APPETITIVE LEARNING

VINCENT CAMPESE (BROOKLYN COLLEGE CUNY), ANDREW R. DELAMATER (BROOKLYN COLLEGE)

Three experiments in rats assessed the role of the dorsal hippocampus (DH) in the contextual control over extinguished appetitive Pavlovian conditioning using a magazine approach paradigm. These studies showed that while muscimol induced DH inactivation did not influence ABA or ABC renewal (Experiments 1 & 2 respectively), spontaneous recovery was eliminated (Experiment 3). These data suggest that in an appetitive magazine approach paradigm, conditional control by temporal but not physical contexts depends upon the DH.

8:30am - 8:40am

A SEARCH FOR BIAS IN THE ASSOCIATIVE REPRESENTATION OF UNCERTAINTY

DANIEL A. GOTTLIEB (SWEET BRIAR COLLEGE)

Rescorla (2002) used a novel testing technique to show that the learning rate parameter is greater for reinforcement than for nonreinforcement. An implication is that the associative strength of a 50% reinforced stimulus is closer to that of a 100% reinforced stimulus than to a nonreinforced stimulus. This prediction was tested in six rat and mouse conditioned approach experiments. Results did not support the idea that rodents represent 50% more like 100% than 0%.








Paper

Salon B

TEACHING OF PSYCHOLOGY
PAPER SESSION I


Friday, March 5, 2010
8:00 AM - 8:50 AM








CHAIR: BRONNA D. ROMANOFF (THE SAGE COLLEGES)

8:00am - 8:15am

DOES DISCOVERY-BASED INSTRUCTION ENHANCE LEARNING?

LOUIS ALFIERI, PATRICIA J. BROOKS, NAOMI J. ALDRICH (COLLEGE OF STATEN ISLAND, CUNY), HARRIET R. TENENBAUM (KINGSTON UNIVERSITY)

Two meta-analyses of discovery learning practices were conducted using 153 studies: the first examined the effects of unassisted discovery versus explicit instruction and the second examined the effects of enhanced discovery versus other types of instruction. Random effects analyses of 509 comparisons revealed outcomes were favorable for explicit instruction when compared to unassisted discovery. In contrast, analyses of 344 comparisons revealed outcomes were favorable for enhanced discovery when compared to other forms of instruction.

8:20am - 8:35am

THE CHALLENGE AND PROMISE OF MASTER'S LEVEL EDUCATION IN PSYCHOLOGY

BRONNA D. ROMANOFF (THE SAGE COLLEGES)

The master’s degree is a viable and valuable alternative to doctoral training as preparation for professional practice in applied psychology. This paper briefly recounts the history of master’s level education in psychology, gives an overview and assessment of the current status of applied master’s training in psychology, identifies mechanisms for insuring rigorous program standards and competent graduates, and presents critical issues for the future of applied master’s training programs.


Friday, March 5, 2010 9:00am-10:20am







Invited Speaker

Salon F/G

KEYNOTE SPEAKER IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY

Friday, March 5, 2010
9:00 AM - 10:20 AM








CHAIR: GREGG HENRIQUES (JAMES MADISON UNIVERSITY)

TOWARD UNIFIED CLINICAL SCIENCE: A PSYCHOTHERAPIST'S PERSPECTIVE

JEFFREY MAGNAVITA (PRIVATE PRACTICE)

There is an emergent movement toward unifying clinical science. The practice of psychotherapy is a convergent point of interest for clinical scientist, practitioners, theorists, basic researchers as well as many related disciplines. This address will examine the trend toward unification through the lens of a psychotherapist by looking at psychotherapy in the 20th century, how it evolved and where it is headed in the 21st century.








Poster

Salon D/E

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
POSTER SESSION I


Friday, March 5, 2010
9:00 AM - 10:20 AM









POSTER 1

SHUFFLE UP AND DEAL: AGGRESSIVENESS IN POKER PLAYING STYLE BY GAME TYPE AND SETTING


STEVE L. ELLYSON, JAMES E. JUERGENSEN (YOUNGSTOWN STATE UNIVERSITY)

With television coverage and over 1700 online sites, poker has increased dramatically in popularity. Examining poker playing strategies in internet cash games and in live home cash games, it was hypothesized that online players would be significantly more aggressive than live home players. To test this hypothesis, 108 participants were monitored for 1200 hands in either home or online games. There was a significant difference in playing style based on environment; possible explanations are explored.


POSTER 2

DISTANCING FROM A PERSON WITH CANCER: EMPATHY AND FAMILY HISTORY


GEORGE I. WHITEHEAD (SALISBURY UNIVERSITY), STEPHANIE H. SMITH (INDIANA UNIVERSITY-NORTHWEST)

We examined several propositions. The more empathy someone has, the less the distance from a target person with cancer. Women report greater empathy than do men. Women distance themselves less from the target when there is a family history of cancer than when there is not. Participants read about a person with cancer and evaluated their personalities relative to the target. Results confirmed predictions. The findings indicated a complex relationship between gender, empathy, and distancing.


POSTER 3

PREDICTORS OF COUNTERPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR IN COLLEGE LIFE


ARNO R. KOLZ, MICHAEL MARY HARRISON, JOSHUA DIAZ (MANHATTAN COLLEGE)

The present study attempts to apply previous research on predicting counterproductive work behavior to the prediction of similar counterproductive behaviors in college life. Participants completed the Neo-Five Factor Inventory and 26 items which measured vandalism, absenteeism, physical altercations, excessive teasing, academic dishonesty, rumor-mongering, drug and alcohol use, and sexual harassment. Agreeableness or conscientiousness significantly predicted every counterproductive behavior except drug and alcohol abuse.


POSTER 4

PREDICTING COLLEGE CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR


ALANA J. GARVEY, DR. ARNO KOLZ, JACQUELINE HARGROVE (MANHATTAN COLLEGE)

The past decade has seen an increase in research focusing on beneficial non-task behaviors by employees. Such behaviors are most commonly referred to as Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCB). Research on OCB has been largely limited to work settings. However, the concept should also apply to college life. The present study explores potential predictors of OCB in college students. Results indicated that extraversion and conscientiousness are important predictors of OCB in college.


POSTER 5

THE ROLE OF PERPETRATOR MOTIVATION IN TWO CRIME SCENARIOS


O. J. SIZEMORE (IONA COLLEGE),

The role of perpetrator motivation (anger versus personal desire) was examined in two crime scenarios (rape versus. robbery). Undergraduate students read a crime scenarios and then completed a series of attitude items, assigned blame points to agents in the scenario, and assigned a prison sentence to the perpetrator. Participants assigned the least blame to the victim in the case of anger-motivated rape. Perpetrator blame and length of prison sentence did not change systematically by condition.


POSTER 6

THE EFFECT OF MUSIC AND FRIENDS ON MOOD WHILE EXERCISING


JULIA A. LAKE, DR. KERRIE BAKER (CEDAR CREST COLLEGE)

This study examined the relationship between moderate exercise and mood in female college students. Fifty-two participants performed the same exercise treatment, split into four groups with combinations of two independent variables: exercise with a friend nearby or listening to music. The main hypothesis, exercise positively influences mood was supported. The secondary hypotheses, that the four combinations of independent variables positively influences mood, were not supported directly. Other results and their implications will be discussed.


POSTER 7

RELATIONSHIPS AMONG LEVELS OF EXERCISE AND PERCEIVED OBSTACLES AND BENEFITS


DEBRA B. HULL, EMILY BORCHERS, ANDREA BOVA, MONICA PRIEUR, CASSANDRA SANDERSON (WHEELING JESUIT UNIVERSITY), JOHN H. HULL (BETHANY COLLEGE)

Undergraduates described their levels of exercise, then their degree of agreement with reasons for and for not exercising. Results showed that students who were not exercising, but intend to start, more strongly agreed with reasons for not exercising than students who were exercising. Those interested in encouraging college students to establish life-long exercise habits need to focus on helping those who strongly endorse reasons for not exercising to cope with or overcome those obstacles.


POSTER 8

IDEOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE: IS CONSERVATISM ASSOCIATED WITH DEFICITS IN EMOTION PROCESSING?


MARINA DRUS, C. D. HARDIN (CUNY GRADUATE CENTER - BROOKLYN COLLEGE)

In two studies, we explored relations among several measures of ideology and emotion processing. Findings suggest that endorsing political conservatism, social dominance orientation, protestant work ethic, and right-wing authoritarianism predicts reduced self-consciousness, range of emotions, attention to feelings, increased externally orientated thinking and emotion suppression. In addition, right-wing authoritarianism predicts reduced emotion differentiation, and social dominance orientation predicts reduced emotional repair.


POSTER 9

EVERYDAY PAIN AND THE SYMBOLIC POWER OF MONEY: REPLICATING FINDINGS FROM CHINA


FAUN ROCKCLIFFE, JUANITA SHARPE, VANESSA HALFHIDE, MULIKA ADAMS, KATHLEEN BARKER (MEDGAR EVERS COLLEGE/CUNY)

We sought to replicate a study conducted in China that examined the role of distress in the activation of a symbolic desire for money. Our hypothesis that participants who were primed them to recall common symptoms of everyday types of physical pain would overestimate the size of currency and to give up idealized value compared with participants who experienced a neutral word-completion task was not supported. Reasons for the failure of the replication are considered





POSTER 10

IMPACT OF ACADEMIC VERSUS HEALTH-RISK INFORMATION ON COGNITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH ILLICIT PRESCRIPITION STIMULANT USE


VIRGINIA K. ARLT, MICHELLE STOCK, DANA LITT (THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY)

The current study examined the impact of presenting information that illicit prescriptions stimulant use is not effective in improving grades versus health-risk information or no information on willingness to use prescription stimulants, attitudes toward use, beliefs about use, and normative perceptions of use. Results indicated that providing information related to academic ineffectiveness has a more positive impact on these cognitions than information about health risks or no information.
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