Applied Engineering Mathematics




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UNIT-I

Boundary Value Problems 9


Linear second order partial differential equations in two independent variables – normal forms – hyperbolic, parabolic and elliptic equations – Cauchy problem.

UNIT-II

Wave Equations 9


Wave equations – solution of initial value problem – significance of characteristic curves-Laplace transform solutions – displacements in a long string – along string under its weight – a bar with prescribed force on one end – free vibrations of a string.


UNIT-III

Calculus Of Variations 9

Concepts of functional and their stationary values – Euler’s equation and solution for the problem and for more general causes – natural boundary conditions – variational problems with moving boundaries – condition variational problems – Isoparametric problems-Direct Methods: Ritz, Kantorovich and Galerkin techniques


UNIT-IV

Eigen Value Problems 9


Standard Eigen value problems – properties of Eigen values and Eigen vectors – Generalized Eigen value problems – strum sequence – Jacobi, Givens and Householder transformations.


UNIT-V

Iteration Problems 9


Forward and inverse iteration schemes – Graham Schmidt deflation – simultaneous iteration method – subspace iteration – Lanczo’s algorithm – Estimation of core and time requirements.


TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


  1. Jennings. A., Matrix Computation for Engineers and Scientists., John Wiley and Sons, 1992.

  2. Prem.K.Kythe, Pratap Puri, Michael R.Schaferkotter, Introduction to Partial Differential Equations and Boundary Value problems with Mathematica, CRC Press, 2002

  3. Kreyszig, Erwin, I.S., Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Wiley, 1999.

  4. Ramamurthy. V., Computer Aided Design in Mechanical Engineering., Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., 1987.

  5. Reny – Dannemeyer, “Introduction to Partial Differential Equations and Boundary Value problems”, McGraw Hill, 1968.

P1CCB01 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE:


  • To impart knowledge on one dimension and two dimension problems.

  • To give a comprehensive insight to ISO parametric formation, theory of elastic with problems.

  • To impart knowledge on dynamic analysis and non-linear analysis.


UNIT -I

1d Finite Element Analysis 9

Historical Background - Weighted Residual Methods - Basic Concepts of FEM - Variational Formulation of B.V.P - Ritz Method - Finite Element Modeling - Element Equations - Linear and Quadratic Shape functions -Bar, Beam Elements - Applications to Heat Transfer.


UNIT -II

Finite Element Analysis Of 2d Problems 9

Basic Boundary Value Problems in 2 Dimentions - Triangular, quadrilateral, higher order elements - Poissons and Laplace Equations - Weak Formulation - Elements Matrices and Vectors - Application to Solid mechanics, Heat transfer, Fluid Mechanics


UNIT- III

Iso Parametric Formulation 9

Natural Co-ordinate System - Lagrangian Interpolation Polynomials - Iso-parametric Elements - Formulation -Numerical Intergration - 1D -2D Triangular elements - rectangular elements - Illustrative Examples.


UNIT- IV

Solution To Plane Elasticity Problems 9

Introduction to Theory of Elasticity - Plane Stress - Plane Strain and Axisymmetric Formulation - Principle of virtual work - Element matrices using energy approach.


UNIT –V

Special Topics 9

Dynamic Analysis - Equation of Motion - Mass Matrices - Free Vibration analysis - Natural frequencies of Longitudinal - Transverse and torsional vibration - Introduction to transient field problems. Non linear analysis. Use of software - h & p elements - special element formulation.


TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


  1. Reddy J.N. " An Introduction to the Finite Element Method " , Mc Graw Hill, International Edition, 1993.

  2. Chandrupatla & Belagundu , " Finite Elements in Engineering ", Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd., 1997.

  3. Segerlind L.J., " Applied Finite Element Analysis " , John Wiley, 1984.

  4. Rao S.S., " Finite Element Method in Engineering " , Pergamon Press, 1989.

  5. Cook, Robert Davis et al, " Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis " , Wiley, John & Sons,1999.

  6. George R Buchanan, " Schaum's Outline of Finite Element Analysis ", McGraw Hill Company, 1994.


P1CCB02 COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING SYSTEM L T P C

3 1 0 4


OBJECTIVES:


  • To gain knowledge in group technology, and computer aided planning and control

  • To gain knowledge in computer monitoring and integrated manufacturing system.


UNIT- I

Introduction 9

Objectives of a manufacturing system-identifying business opportunities and problems classification production systems-linking manufacturing strategy and systems-analysis of manufacturing operations


UNIT- II

Group Technology And Computer Aided Process Planning 9

Introduction-part families-parts classification and cooling - group technology machine cells-benefits of group technology. Process planning function CAPP - Computer generated time standards


UNIT- III

Computer Aided Planning And Control 9

Production planning and control-cost planning and control-inventory management-Material requirements planning (MRP)-shop floor control-Factory data collection system-Automatic identification system-barcode technology automated data collection system.


UNIT –IV

Computer Monitoring 9

Types of production monitoring systems-structure model of manufacturing process-process control & strategies direct digital control-supervisory computer control-computer in QC - contact inspection methods non-contact inspection method - computer-aided testing - integration of CAQC with CAD/CAM.


UNIT- V

Integrated Manufacturing System 9

Definition - application - features - types of manufacturing systems-machine tools-materials handling system computer control system - DNC systems manufacturing cell. Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) - the FMS concept-transfer systems - head changing FMS – variable mission manufacturing system - CAD/CAM system - human labour in the manufacturing system-computer integrated manufacturing system benefits. Rapid prototyping - Artificial Intelligence and Expert system in CIM.


TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


        1. Groover, M.P., "Automation, Produ tion System and CIM", Prentice-Hall of India, 1998.

        2. David Bedworth, "Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing", TMH, New Delhi, 1998.

        3. Yorem Koren, "Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems", McGraw Hill, 1983.

        4. Ranky, Paul G., "Computer Integrated Manufacturing", Prentice Hall International 1986.

        5. R.W. Yeomamas, A. Choudry and P.J.W. Ten Hagen, "Design rules for a CIM system", North Holland Amsterdam, 1985.


P1CCB03 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING L T P C

3 1 0 4


OBJECTIVES:


  • To give an overview of cam, geometric dimensioning and tolerancing.

  • To improve knowledge in CNC tools, process and programs.

  • Understand about APT programming.


UNIT- I

Introduction to Computer Aided Design 9

Phases of design - Standardization and interchangeability of machine elements - Tolerances for process and function - Individual and group tolerances - Selection of fits for different design situations. Geometrical dimensioning and tolerancing, Tolerance stacking – types and remedies


UNIT –II

Introduction to CAM and CNC Tooling 9

CNC machine tools, Principle of operation of CNC,Construction features including structure, drives and CNC controllers, 2D and 3Dmachining on CNC. Different types of tools and tool holders used on CNC Machines, parameters for selection of configuration of cutting tools, work holding devices used on CNC machines


UNIT –III

CNC Part Programming 9

Detailed Manual part programming on Lathe & Milling machines using G & M codes, FAPT programming (FANUC). Generation of tool path, generation of G & M codes, Optimization of tool path (to reduce machining time)


UNIT- IV

Advanced Manufacturing Technices 9

EDM, Wire EDM, Abrasive water jet, LASER cutting, RPT, (Working principles, construction or set up of process, applications)


UNIT- V

APT Programming 9

APT language structure, APT geometry: Definition of point, time, vector, circle, plane, patterns and matrices. APT motion commands: setup commands, point-to-point motion commands, continuous path motion commands. Post processor commands, complication control commands. Macro subroutines. Part programming preparation for typical examples


TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


        1. Jon Stenerson and Kelly Curran “Computer Numerical Control”, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

        2. Ibrahim Zeid “CAD/CAM - Theory and Practice” Mc Hill, International edition, 1998

        3. P. N. Rao “CAD/CAM principles and operations”, Tata McGraw Hill

        4. Reference Manuals of FANUC, Siemens, Mazak, etc.

        5. Thomas M. Crandell “ CNC Machining and Programming, Industrial Press ISBN- 0-8311-3118-7

        6. Bedworth, Wolfe and Henderson - “Computer aided design and manufacturing” - McGraw Hill

        7. “Manufacturing Science” - A. Ghosh and Malik - Affiliated East West Press Pvt. Ltd.

        8. Tilak Raj - “CNC Technology and Programming”, Dhanpat Rai Publication Company.

P1CSB44 COMPUTER GRAPHICS L T P C

3 1 0 4


OBJECTIVES:


  • To teach students about computer graphic fundamentals.

  • To gain knowledge in CAD software, visual realism, assembly of parts and solid modeling.


UNIT- I

Introduction To Computer Graphics Fundamentals 9

Output primitives (points, lines, curves Etc.,), 2-D transformation (Translation, scaling, rotators) windowing , view ports clipping transformation.


UNIT –II

Introduction To CAD Software 9

Writing interactive programs to solve design problems and production of drawings, using any languages like Auto LISP/C etc., creation of surfaces, solids etc., using solid modeling pack (prismatic and revolved parts).


UNIT- III

Visual Realism 9

Hidden - Line - Surface - solid removal algorithms shading - coloring. Introduction to parametric and variational geometry based on softwares and their principles creation of prismatic and lofted parts using these packages


UNIT -IV

Assembly Of Parts 9

Assembly of parts, tolerance analysis mass property calculations, mechanism simulation


UNIT- V

Solid Modelling 9

Solid modelling - Rapid prototyping - Data exchange - Documentation - Customizing - solid modelling system

TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


  1. William M. Neumann and Robert.F. Sproul "Principle of Computer Graphics", McGraw Hill Book Co. Singapore ,1989.

  2. Donald Hearn and M. Pauline Baker "Computer Graphics" Prentice Hall, Inc., 1992.

  3. Mikell P. Grooves and Emory W.Zimmers Jr. "CAD/CAM Computer -- Aided Design and Manafacturing" Prentice Hall, Inc., 1995.

  4. Ibrahim Zeid " CAD/CAM -- Thoery and Practice " - McGraw Hill, International Edititon, 1998.


P1CCB04 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN LAB L T P C

0 0 3 2


OBJECTIVES:


  • To gain knowledge on modeling software and to do modeling on automobile components.

  • To gain knowledge on analysis software.


Contents


  • Conversion of 2D to 3D solid model

  • Geometric dimensioning and Tolerencing

  • Modeling of Automobile components

  • Perform static analysis, Modal analysis, Harmonic analysis and transient analysis

  • Perform nonlinear analysis

  • Perform thermal analysis

  • Perform fluid flow analysis


Introduction to CAD softwares – ProE, CATIA; Conversion of 2D drawing into 3D solid model; Automate drafting from 3D model; Geometric Dimensioning and Toloerencing; Solid modeling and Assembly of Automobile and Machine components like Piston connecting rod Assembly, Crank Case, Cylinder head, Car body design, Chassis design, Impeller and its casing; CAD data transfer through neutral file format and geometry repair.


Introduction to Finite Element Analysis software - Pre-processing, Solving and Post processing; Solution of structural problems – Static Analysis, Modal Analysis, Harmonic Analysis, Transient Analysis, Spectrum Analysis, Buckling Analysis, Nonlinear Analysis, Contact Analysis, Fatigue and Fracture analysis; Solution of Thermal Problems - Steady State Thermal Analysis, Transient Thermal Analysis; Fluid flow Analysis - CFD, Acoustic


REFERENCES


1. CAD/CAM Lab Manual

2. S.C.Jonathan Lin, “Computer Numerical Control – From Programming to Networking”, Eastern Michigan University, Delmar Publishers, 1994.

3. Prof. Sham Tickoo, “CATIA for Engineers and Designers”, Purdue University Calumet, Dream Tech Publishers, 2004.

4. Stephen M. Samuel, “CAD with Unigraphics NX2”, Dream Tech Publishers, 2004.


SEMESTER II


P2CCB05 COMPUTER AIDED PROCESS PLANNING L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVES:


  • To give indepth knowledge in part design and process planning.

  • To gain knowledge in types of computer aided process planning.


UNIT –I

Introduction 9

The Place of Process Planning in the Manufacturing cycle - Process Planning and Production Planning – Process Planning and Concurrent Engineering, CAPP, Group Technology


UNIT -II

Part Design Representation 9

Design Drafting - Dimensioning - Conventional tolerancing - Geometric tolerancing - CAD - input / output

devices - topology - Geometric transformation - Perspective transformation - Data structure - Geometric

modelling for process planning - GT coding - The optiz system - The MICLASS system.


UNIT- III

Process Engineering And Process Planning 9

Experienced, based planning - Decision table and decision trees - Process capability analysis - Process Planning -Variant process planning - Generative approach - Forward and Backward planning, Input format, Al.


UNIT- IV

Computer Aided Process Planning Systems 9

Logical Design of a Process Planning - Implementation considerations -manufacturing system components,production Volume, No. of production families - CAM-I, CAPP, MIPLAN, APPAS, AUTOPLAN and PRO,CPPP


UNIT –V

An Intergarted Process Planning Systems 9

Totally intergarted process planning systems - An Overview - Modulus structure - Data Structure, operation -Report Generation, Expert process planning


TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


        1. Gideon Halevi and Roland D. Weill, " Principles of Process Planning ", A logical approach, Chapman & Hall, 1995.

        2. Tien-Chien Chang, Richard A.Wysk, "An Introduction to automated process planning systems ", Prentice Hall, 1985.

        3. Chang, T.C., " An Expert Process Planning System ", Prentice Hall, 1985.

        4. Nanua Singh, " Systems Approach to Computer Intergrated Design and Manufacturing ", John Wiley & Sons, 1996.


P2CCB06 FLEXIBLE COMPETITIVE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM L T P C

3 1 0 4


OBJECTIVES:


  • To give overview of manufacturing unit in current scenario

  • To gain knowledge in group technology, FMS applications and database.

  • Just intime used in manafucturing units.


UNIT- I

Manufacturing In A Competitive Environment 9

Automation of manufacturing processes - Numerical control - Adaptive control - material handling and movement - Industrial robots - Sensor technology – flexible fixturing - Design for assembly, disassembly and service.


UNIT- II

Group Technology 9

Part families - classification and coding - Production flow analysis - Machine cell design - Benefits


UNIT -III

Flexible Manufacturing Systems 9

Introduction - Components of FMS - Application workstations - Computer control and functions - Planning, scheduling and control of FMS - Scheduling - Knowledge based scheduling - Hierarchy of computer control - Supervisory computer.


UNIT –IV

Software Simulation And Database Of FMS 9

System issues - Types of software - specification and selection - Application of simulation - Manufacturing data systems - data flow - CAD/CAM considerations - Planning FMS database.


UNIT- V

Just In Time 9

Characteristics of JIT - Pull method - quality -small lot sizes - work station loads - close supplier ties – flexible work force - line flow strategy - preventive maintenance - KANBAN system - strategic implications - implementation issues - MRD JIT - Lean manufacture.


TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


1. M.P. Groover, " Automation, Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing ", Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1996.

2. N.K. Jha, " Handbook of Flexible Manufacturing Systems ", Academic Press Inc., 1991.

3. Kalpakjian, " Manufacturing Engineering and Technology ", Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1995.

4. Taiichi Ohno, Toyota, " Production System Beyond Large-Scale production ", Productivity Press (India) Pvt. Ltd., 1992.


P2CCB07 MANUFACTURING INFORMATION SYSTEMS L T P C

3 1 0 4



OBJECTIVES:


  • To understand the database and how to design a database in manufacturing unit.

  • Consideration and information systems followed in manafucturing unit.


UNIT- I

Introduction 9

The evolution of order policies, from MRP to MRP II, the role of Production organization, Operations control.


UNIT –II

Database 9

Terminologies - Entities and attributes - Data models, schema and subschema - Data Independence – ER Diagram - Trends in database.


UNIT- III

Designing Database 9

Hierarchical model - Network approach - Relational Data model -concepts, principles, keys, relational operations - functional dependence -Normalization, types - Query languages


UNIT- IV

Manufacturing Consideration 9

Product and its structure, Inventory and process flow - Shop floor control - Data structure and procedure - various models - order scheduling module, input / output analysis module stock status database – complete IOM database.


UNIT- V

Information System For Manufacturing 9

Parts oriented production information system - concepts and structure -computerised production scheduling, online production control systems, computer based production management system, computerised manufacturing information system - case study.


TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


  1. Luca G. Sartori, " Manufacturing Information Systems ", Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1988.

  2. C.J. Date., " An Introduction to Database systems ", Narosa Publishing House, 1997.

  3. G. Orlicky, " Material Requirements Planning ", McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., 1975.

  4. R. Kerr, " Knowledge based Manufacturing Management ", Addison-Wesley, 1991.



P2CCB08 MECHATRONICS IN MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS L T P C

3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVES:


  • To impart knowledge in mechatrons in products and design.

  • To gain knowledge in transducers, actuators and automatic control system in mechatronics

  • Latest application on mechatronics system used in manufacturing unit


UNIT- I

Systems And Design 9

Definition of Mechatronics - philosophy and approach - key elements - Mechatronics in products - integrated design issues- -design process- advanced approaches in Mechatronics - integrated product design –possible design solutions -modeling , analysis and simulation- modeling electromechanical systems and fluid power systems - man-machine interface


UNIT- II

Transducers And Signal Conditioning 9

Transducers – characteristics - sensors for position, displacement, velocity, acceleration, force, torque, power -strain - pressure - humidity - temperature - flow-time- frequency and phase angle - noise and sound level; fibre optic devices in mechatronics -micro sensors - signal processing - preamplifiers-charge amplifiers-filters-attenuators


UNIT- III

Actuators In Mechatronics System 9

DC and AC drives - servo motor and stepper motor - hydraulic and pneumatic drives - piezoelectric and magnetostrictive actuators - micro actuators and smart instrumentation - vibration isolation.


UNIT- IV

Automatic Control Systems 9

Automatic control and real time control systems - embedded microprocessor systems – hardware structure - software design and communication - feedback principle, implication of measurements - error detectors - final actuating elements - proportional controls - relays - servo amplifiers - architecture of PLC- input / output processing - programming - internal relays, timers and counters - data handling - analog input / output.


UNIT- V

Advanced Applications In Mechatronics 9

Case studies of Mechatronics systems -CNC machines - micro machines – precision manufacturing systems- computer aided inspection – CMM, AFM, Talysurf instruments. Mechatronics control in condition monitoring, machine diagnostics - automated manufacturing, artificial intelligence and fuzzy logic applications.

TOTAL : 45+15 (Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


  1. Michael B. Histand and David G. Alciatore, "Introduction to Mechatronics and Measurement Systems", McGraw-Hill International Editions, 1999.

  2. D.A. Bradley, D. Dawson, N.C. Buru and A.J. Loader, " Mechatronics ", Chapman and Hall, 1993.

  3. S. Ramesh, Gaonkar, " Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Applications ", Wiley Eastern, 1998.

  4. Lawrence J.Kamm,"Understanding Electro-Mechanical Engineering, An Introduction to Mechatronics", Prentice-Hall, 2000.

  5. P.K. Ghosh and P.R. Sridhar, " Introduction to Microprocessors for Engineers and Scientists ", Second Edition, Prentice Hall, 1995.
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