Mla list of works cited




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MLA LIST OF WORKS CITED
An alphabetized list of works cited, which appears at the end of your research paper, gives publication information for each of the sources you have cited in the paper. For a sample list of works cited, see the MLA-style sample paper. (See also advice on preparing the list of works cited.)

NOTE: Unless your instructor asks for them, omit sources not actually cited in the paper, even if you read them.


Top of Form

Multiple authors
For works with two or three authors, name the authors in the order in which they are listed in the source. Reverse the name of only the first author.

Walker, Janice R., and Todd Taylor.

Wilmut, Ian, Keith Campbell, and Colin Tudge.
For a work with four or more authors, either name all of the authors or name the first author, followed by "et al." (Latin for "and others").

Sloan, Frank A., Emily M. Stout, Kathryn Whetten-Goldstein, and Lan
     Liang.

Sloan, Frank A., et al.


Sacred text
Give the title of the edition of the sacred text (taken from the title page), underlined; the editor's name (if any); and publication information.

Holy Bible: New Living Translation. Wheaton: Tyndale, 1996.


Bottom of Form

Corporate author
When the author of a print document or Web site is a corporation, a government agency, or some other organization, begin your entry with the name of the group.

First Union.

United States. Bureau of the Census.

American Automobile Association.
NOTE: Make sure that your in-text citation also treats the organization as the author (see MLA in-text citations, item 9).

Encyclopedia or dictionary entry
When an encyclopedia or a dictionary is well known, simply list the author of the entry (if there is one), the title of the entry, the title of the reference work, the edition number (if any), and the date of the edition.

Posner, Rebecca. "Romance Languages." The New Encyclopaedia
     Britannica: Macropaedia. 15th ed. 1987.


"Sonata." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language.
     4th ed. 2000.


Volume and page numbers are not necessary because the entries in the source are arranged alphabetically and therefore are easy to locate.

If a reference work is not well known, provide full publication information as well.


Sacred text
Give the title of the edition of the sacred text (taken from the title page), underlined; the editor's name (if any); and publication information.

Holy Bible: New Living Translation. Wheaton: Tyndale, 1996.


Articles in periodicals

This section shows how to prepare works cited entries for articles in magazines, scholarly journals, and newspapers. In addition to consulting the models in this section, you will at times need to turn to other models as well:

NOTE: For articles appearing on consecutive pages, provide the range of pages, such as 121-29 or 298-310. When an article does not appear on consecutive pages, give the number of the first page followed by a plus sign: 32+.


Article in a magazine
List the following elements, in order, separated by periods:

  1. The author's name

  2. The title of the article, in quotation marks

  3. The title of the magazine, underlined

  4. The date and the page numbers, separated by a colon

Abbreviate the names of the months except May, June, and July. If the magazine is issued monthly, give just the month and year.



If the magazine is issued weekly, give the exact date.

Lord, Lewis. "There's Something about Mary Todd." US News and
     World Report 19 Feb. 2001: 53.



Article in a journal paginated by volume
Many scholarly journals continue page numbers throughout the year instead of beginning each issue with page 1; at the end of the year, the issues are collected in a volume. To find an article, readers need only the volume number, the year, and the page numbers.

Ryan, Katy. "Revolutionary Suicide in Toni Morrison's Fiction."
     African American Review 34 (2000): 389-412.


Wood, Michael. "Broken Dates: Fiction and the Century." Kenyon Review
     22.3 (2000): 50-64.

Article in a daily newspaper
Begin with the name of the author, if there is one, followed by the title of the article. Next give the name of the newspaper, the date, and the page number (including the section letter). Use a plus sign (+) after the page number if the article does not appear on consecutive pages.

Murphy, Sean P. "Decisions on Status of Tribes Draw Fire." Boston
     Globe 27 Mar. 2001: A2.


If the section is marked with a number rather than a letter, handle the entry as follows:

Wilford, John Noble. "In a Golden Age of Discovery, Faraway Worlds
     Beckon." New York Times 9 Feb. 1997, late ed., sec. 1: 1+.


When an edition of the newspaper is specified on the masthead, name the edition after the date and before the page reference (eastern ed., late ed., natl. ed., and so on), as in the example just given.

If the city of publication is not obvious, include it in brackets after the name of the newspaper: City Paper [Washington, DC].


An entire Web site
Give as many of the following elements as apply and as are available:

  1. The name of the author or corporate author (if known)

  2. The title of the site, underlined

  3. The names of any editors

  4. The date of publication or last update

  5. The name of any sponsoring organization

  6. The date of access

  7. The URL in angle brackets

In the following example, items 3 and 5 do not apply.

WITH AUTHOR




WITH CORPORATE (GROUP) AUTHOR

United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Values and Functions
     of Wetlands. 25 May 1999. 24 Mar. 2001      wetlands/facts/fact2.html>.


AUTHOR UNKNOWN

Margaret Sanger Papers Project. 18 Oct. 2000. History Dept., New York
     U. 3 Apr. 2001 .

WITH EDITOR

Exploring Ancient World Cultures. Ed. Anthony F. Beavers. 1997. U of
     Evansville. 12 Mar. 2001      index.htm>.
NOTE: If the site has no title, substitute a description, such as "Home page," for the title. Do not underline the words or put them in quotation marks.

Block, Marylaine. Home page. 5 Mar. 2001. 12 Apr. 2001
     .


Work from a service such as InfoTrac
Libraries pay for access to databases through subscription services such as InfoTrac. When you retrieve a work from a subscription service, give as much of the following information as is available:

  1. Publication information for the source (see items 20-26)

  2. The name of the database, underlined

  3. The name of the service

  4. The name and location of the library where you retrieved the article

  5. The date on which you retrieved the article

  6. The URL of the service

The following models are for articles retrieved through three popular library subscription services. The InfoTrac source is a scholarly article in a journal paginated by volume (see item 21); the EBSCOhost source is an article in a bimonthly magazine (see item 20); and the ProQuest source is an article in a daily newspaper (see item 23).

InfoTrac

Johnson, Kirk. "The Mountain Lions of Michigan." Endangered Species
     Update 19.2 (2002): 27+. Expanded Academic Index. InfoTrac.
     U of Michigan Lib., Ann Arbor. 26 Nov. 2002      infotrac.galegroup.com>.

NOTE: When you access a work through a personal subscription service such as America Online, give the information about the source, followed by the name of the service, the date of access, and the keyword used to retrieve the source.

Conniff, Richard. "The House That John Built." Smithsonian Feb. 2001.
     America Online. 11 Mar. 2001. Keyword: Smithsonian Magazine.

Article in an online periodical
When citing online articles, follow the guidelines for printed articles (see items 20-26), giving whatever information is available in the online source. End the citation with your date of access and the URL.

NOTE: In some online articles, paragraphs are numbered. For such articles, include the total number of paragraphs in your citation, as in the next example.

FROM AN ONLINE SCHOLARLY JOURNAL

Belau, Linda. "Trauma and the Material Signifier." Postmodern Culture
     11.2 (2001): 37 pars. 30 Mar. 2001      jefferson.village.virginia.edu/pmc/current.issue/11.2belau.html>.

FROM AN ONLINE MAGAZINE

Morgan, Fiona. "Banning the Bullies." Salon.com 15 Mar. 2001. 2 Apr.
     2001      index.html>.

FROM AN ONLINE NEWSPAPER

Whillon, Phil. "Ready or Not." Los Angeles Times 2 Dec. 2001. 3 Dec.
     2001 .


E-mail
To cite an e-mail, begin with the writer's name and the subject line. Then write "E-mail to" followed by the name of the recipient. End with the date of the message.

O'Donnell, Patricia. "Re: Interview questions." E-mail to the author.
     15 Mar. 2001.


Personal interview
Begin with the name of the person you interviewed. Then write "Personal interview," followed by the date of the interview.

Shaikh, Michael. Personal interview. 22 Mar. 2001.

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