A comparative analysis of the science and innovation profiles of oecd and selected countries




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A comparative analysis of the science and innovation profiles of OECD and selected countries



Nils de Jager


Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research

Working Paper 2011—03


December 2011


Economic Conditions Section
Industry Policy and Economic Analysis Branch
Industry and Small Business Policy Division
Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research
Canberra


This paper was written by the author while engaged as a consultant at the OECD. It was part of an OECD report, Science, Technology, and Industry Outlook (STI) 2010, prepared under the auspices of the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP). This paper constituted Chapter 3 of the main report. Ester Basri served as the overall co-ordinator of the STI report and Claire Miguet provided statistical support. The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research or the Australian Government. All errors and omissions in this paper remain the responsibility of the author.


Abstract


This paper focuses on the individual profiles of the science and innovation performance of countries and relates these to their national context and policy challenges. Overviews of OECD accession countries (Estonia and the Russian Federation) and other BRIICS countries (Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa) were also included in the analysis. The analysis was conducted for the period up to 2008, although in many cases the latest available data were used. A set of indicators are used to construct a radar graph for each country, comparing each individual country’s innovation performance with the OECD average. Each radar graph highlights the relative strengths and weaknesses compared to the performance of other countries. The indicators used in the radar graphs were selected on the basis of current science and innovation policy issues in OECD and selected countries. They typically focus on research and innovation inputs, scientific and innovation outputs or outcomes, linkages and networks–including international linkages–and investment in human resources. For most countries, the standard suite of indicators is used. When data are not available, alternative indicators are applied.

Contents


A comparative analysis of the science and innovation profiles of OECD and selected countries 1

Abstract 3

Contents 4

A comparative analysis of the science and innovation profiles of OECD and selected countries 5

Introduction 5

Key results 6

Description of indicators and methodology 8

Australia 10

Austria 12

Belgium 14

Brazil 16

Canada 18

Chile 20

China 22

Czech Republic 24

Denmark 26

Estonia 28

Finland 30

France 32

Germany 34

Greece 36

Hungary 38

Iceland 40

India 42

Indonesia 44

Ireland 46

Israel 48

Italy 50

Japan 52

Korea 54

Luxembourg 56

Mexico 58

The Netherlands 60

New Zealand 62

Norway 64

Poland 66

Portugal 68

Russian Federation 70

Slovak Republic 72

Slovenia 74

South Africa 76

Spain 78

Sweden 80

Switzerland 82

Turkey 84

United Kingdom 86

United States 88

Annexes 90

Bibliography 91



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