Twentieth-Century American Politics and Diplomacy




НазваниеTwentieth-Century American Politics and Diplomacy
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Chronology




Year

Month/Day




1889

Sep 23

Born in New York City, residence on Lexington Avenue between 61st and 62nd Street. Son of Jacob and Daisy (Baum). Father a clothing manufacturer and real estate broker, and mother a Hunter College graduate.

1896

May 16

First of more than forty Atlantic crossings, R.M.S. Etruria. “Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Lippmann and maid: Master Walter Lippmann.” (From the passenger list)

1896

Sep

Entered Sachs Collegiate Institute, 38 West 59th Street, New York City.

1903

Feb

Wrote first editorial (age 13) for school paper, the Record, as editor-in-chief.

1903

Apr 25

Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize “for faithful devotion to school duties and for general excellence.” (Ten volume Fiske History)

1904

May 20

Confirmed as a member of Temple Emmanu-El.

1904

May 22

Awarded the Lewis May Pin and Medal, Temple Emmanu-El.

1906

Apr 28

Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize for faithful devotion to school duties and for general excellence. (Six volume Robert Browning)

1906

Jun

Graduated from Sachs Collegiate Institute. Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize for academic achievement. Had been a member of the debating, football, hockey and tennis teams.

1906

Sep

Entered Harvard College. Lived at 12 Weld Hall.

1907

Dec

One of the winners of the Harvard College prize for academic distinction.

1908

Jan 9

Elected to the Circolo Italiano Society.

1908

Oct

Taught evening classes at the Cambridge Social Union as an instructor in Fine Arts.

1908

Dec

One of the winners of the Harvard College prize for academic distinction.

1908




Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.

1909




Elected to the Cosmopolitan Club. Member of the Debating, Philosophical and Political Clubs. Joined the Harvard Socialist Club and later became president.

1909




Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society, attending conventions and organizing chapters at other colleges.

1909




One of the winners of the Deturs prize “Pro Insigni Studiis Diligentia,” and the John Harvard prize.

1909

Jun 30

Completed requirements for A.B. degree (three years), Cum Laude. Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Chapter of Massachusetts.

1910




Assistant to Prof. George Santayana, Department of Philosophy, teaching history of philosophy. Also studied for Master’s Degree. Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.

1910

Apr

Elected to Board of Editors, the Harvard Monthly.

1910

May

Within three weeks of earning Master’s degree, dropped studies, left Harvard, and was hired as a reporter on the Boston Common (newspaper) by his first employer and future father-in-law, Ralph Albertson.

1910

Jun

Took A.B. degree with the Class of 1910.

1910




Engaged by Lincoln Steffens for Everybody’s Magazine.

1911

Apr 1

Elected to Executive Committee, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.

1911




Regular contributor to the International Magazine through 1912.

1912

Jan 1

Appointed Executive Secretary to the Rev. George R. Lunn, Socialist Mayor of Schenectady, New York. Resigned four months later.

1912




Wrote articles for the Intercollegiate Socialist Society publication.

1913




Joined the Socialist Party, New York County, and the Socialist Press Club of New York City.

1913




First book, A Preface to Politics, published by Mitchell Kennerly.

1913




Invited by Herbert Croly to become one of the six members of the editorial board of a new weekly, the New Republic. The six members were Herbert Croly, Francis Hackett, Walter Lippmann, Philip Littell, Charlotte Rudyard and Walter Weyl.

1914

Nov 7


First issue of the New Republic.

1914




Book, Drift and Mastery, published by Mitchell Kennerly.

1915




Book, The Stakes of Diplomacy, published by Henry Holt and Company.

1915




Wrote series “Today and Tomorrow” for Metropolitan magazine.

1917

May 24

Married Faye Albertson, daughter of Ralph and Irene (Mulford Albertson. Ceremony performed by the Hon. William H. Wadhams, Judge of the Court of General Sessions and City Magistrate of the City of New York.

1917

Jul 18

Appointed assistant to Newton D. Baker, Secretary of War. Served on the Cantonment Adjustment Commission with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy.

1917

Sep 24

Invited by Colonel House to become secretary of “The Inquiry,” a secret organization created by order of President Wilson to prepare data for the Paris Peace Conference.

1918

Jun 28

Commissioned Captain, Military Intelligence, and assigned to the staff of General Pershing and sent to France. Prepared propaganda leaflets for dropping behind the German lines and interrogated prisoners.

1918

Jul 3

Assigned to the staff of Colonel House and to the American Mission to Negotiate Peace. Interpreted President Wilson’s Fourteen Points to the British and Italians.

1919

Jan 23

Resigned. Sailed for home on the S.S. Cedric.

1919

Feb 3

Honorably discharged from the U.S. Army.

1919




Book, The Political Scene, an essay on the victory of 1918, published by Henry Holt and Company.

1920




Regular contributor to Vanity Fair magazine.

1920




Book, Liberty and the News, published by Harcourt, Brace and Howe.

1922

Jan 1

Joined the editorial staff of the New York World in the capacity of editorial and special writer.

1922




Book, Public Opinion, published by Harcourt, Brace and Company.

1924

Mar 10

Became chief editorial writer in charge of the editorial page of the New York World following the death of Frank I. Cobb in the fall of 1923.

1925

Jan 12

Gave the Bloch Foundation lecture at Yale University.

1925




Book, The Phantom Public, published by Harcourt, Brace and Company.

1926

Jun 4

First honorary degree, LL.D., conferred by Wake Forest College. (For complete list of degrees, see “Degrees - Walter Lippmann”)

1927

Apr

Appointed to National Panel of Arbitrators by the American Arbitration Association

1927

Aug

Death of father, Jacob.

1927




Book, Men of Destiny, published by the MacMillan Company.

1928




Book, American Inquisitors, published by the MacMillan Company. A Commentary on Dayton and Chicago. Lectures delivered at the University of Virginia for the Barbour-Page Foundation.

1929




Named editor of the New York World.

1929




Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Government at Harvard. Served through 1961.

1929




Book, A Preface to Morals, published by the MacMillan Company. A Book-of-the-Month Club Selection.

1930




Appointed to Committee to Visit Harvard College. Served through 1936.

1931

Feb 25

Last issue of the New York World. Sold to the Scripps-Howard chain by the heirs of Joseph Pulitzer.

1931

Sep 8

First “Today and Tomorrow” column for the New York Herald Tribune.

1932




Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1931, published by Harper and Brothers. Written in collaboration with William O. Scroggs.

1932




Book, Interpretations: 1931-1932, published by the MacMillan Company. “Today and Tomorrow” columns selected and edited by Allan Nevins.

1932-1935




Regular contributor to the American magazine.

1933

Jun 22

Elected to the Board of Overseers, Harvard University, for a six-year term.

1933




Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Economics at Harvard. Served through 1937.

1933




Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1932, published by Harper and Brothers.

1934

May

Delivered the Godkin lectures at Harvard.

1934




Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Philosophy at Harvard. Served through 1957.

1934




Book, The Method of Freedom, published by the MacMillan Company. Godkin lectures delivered at Harvard.

1934




Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1933, edited with an introduction, published by Harper and Brothers.

1936




Book, Interpretations: 1933-1935, published by the MacMillan Company. “Today and Tomorrow” columns selected and edited by Allan Nevins.

1936-1937




Regular contributor to the Atlantic.

1937

Dec 9

Divorce decree from his wife Faye, in Bradenton, Florida.

1937




Book, The Good Society, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1937




Book, The Supreme Court: Independent or Controlled?, published by Harper and Brothers. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” columns.

1938

Feb 16-18

Gave series of three lectures at the University of Chicago.

1938

Mar 26

Married Helen Byrne Armstrong. Ceremony performed by the Hon. Charles Poletti, Justice, Supreme Court, State of New York. Moved to Washington, D.C.

1938

Sep 5

Decoration conferred: Officier de l’Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur. (For complete list of honors and awards, see “Honors and Awards”)

1939

Mar 7

Gave address on the Charles R. Walgreen Foundation at the University of Chicago.

1940

May 3

Faye Albertson Lippmann married Jesse Heatley.

1940




Book, Some Notes on War and Peace, published by the MacMillan Company. Four reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” columns.

1943




Book, U.S. Foreign Policy: Shield of the Republic, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1944

Autumn

Trip to Europe as a war correspondent.

1944




Book, U.S. War Aims, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1945

Jan 26

Gave the Bergen lecture at Yale University.

1946

Apr

Attended the Nuremberg trials, International Tribunal, Palace of Justice.

1946




Appointed to the Committee to Visit the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Harvard.

1947

Feb 1

Elected a member of the American Society of International Law.

1947

Apr 26

Elected a member of the American Philosophical Society.

1947




Book, The Cold War, published by Harper and Brothers. Material appeared as a series of article sin the New York Herald Tribune.

1949

May 11

Elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

1949

July 27

Death of mother, Daisy (Mrs. I.M. Stettenheim).

1950

Feb 22

Gave the Newton D. Baker Memorial Lecture, Cleveland, Ohio.

1950

Mar 1

Presented the Knight Cross of First Class of the Order of St. Olaf (Norway).

1951

Jan 22

Death of father-in-law, Ralph Albertson.

1951

Jan 23

Elected a member of Sigma Delta Chi.

1951

Nov 7

Elected a Fellow of the American Geographical Society.

1952

Mar 13

Elected Commandeur, Orde Van Oranje-Nassau (The Netherlands). Upon Walter Lippmann’s death in 1974, the medal was returned in accordance with Royal Decree No. 12 of 12 April 1923.

1952

May

Gave Sulgrave Manor Board lecture in England, on the Sir George Watson Chair of American History, Literature and Institutions.

1952




Book, Isolation and Alliances, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1955




Book, The Public Philosophy, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1957

Jan 27

Gave the Gideon D. Seymour Memorial Lecture at the University of Minnesota.

1958

May 5

Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Comment.

1959

Mar 2

Named Associe de sa Section des Sciences Morales et Politiques, Academie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique.

1959

Sep 23

Awarded the National Press Club Certificate of Appreciation in recognition of meritorious service to correspondents of press, radio and television in the nation’s capitol.

1959




Elected member of the American Military Institute.

1959




Book, The Communist World and Ours, published by Little, Brown and Company. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” articles following his trip to Russia in 1958.

1960

Jul 7

First TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann on Leadership.”

1960

Oct 27

Testimonial of Appreciation and Esteem, Hall of Fame for Great Americans, New York University.

1961

Jun 15

Second TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1961.”

1961

Nov 14

Appointed a member of the Advisory Committee on the Arts, National Cultural Center, by President John F. Kennedy.

1961

Dec 21

Third TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, Year End.”

1961




Book, The Coming Tests with Russia, published by Little, Brown and Company. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” articles following his second trip to Russia in 1961.

1962

Apr 18

George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award presented to Walter Lippmann and CBS for the program which did most to promote international understanding during 1961.

1962

May 7

Awarded Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Reporting of International Affairs.

1962

May 16

Appointed a member of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Commission by President John F. Kennedy.

1962

Jun 7

Fourth TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1962.”

1962

Dec 13

Elected Corresponding Member of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

1963

Jan 1

Changed “Today and Tomorrow” syndicate from the New York Herald Tribune to the Washington Post.

1963

Jan 21

First of the bi-weekly articles for Newsweek.

1963

May 1

Fifth TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1963.”

1964

Apr 8

Sixth TV appearance. CBs Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1964.”

1964

Sep 14

Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1965

Feb 22

Final TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1965.”

1965

Mar 1

Addressed the United Nations.

1965

Apr 26

George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award presented to CBS Reports, with special mention of interview with Walter Lippmann televised on April 8, 1964.

1965

May 27

Addressed the International Press Institute, London.

1965

Dec 22

Named Grand Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite by French President Charles de Gaulle.

1965




Awarded the National Institute of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for Eminence in Essays and Criticism.

1967

May 25

Final “Today and Tomorrow” article.

1967

May

Moved from Washington, D.C., to 1021 Park Avenue, New York City.

1968

Dec 1

Moved to The Lowell, 28 East 63rd Street, New York City.

1971

Jan 11

Final article for Newsweek.

1971

Jun 11

Elected a Charter Member of the Washington Hall of Fame, Sigma Delta Chi.

1974

Feb 16

Helen Byrne Lippmann died at The Lowell.

1974

Apr 18

Death of Faye Albertson’s second husband, Jesse Heatley.

1974

Dec 14

Walter Lippmann died at the Mary James Nursing Home, 755 Park Avenue, New York City, at approximately 7:00 a.m.

1974

Dec 18

Memorial service at the Ford Foundation, 320 East 43rd Street, New York City.

1975

Jan 8

Memorial service at the Washington Cathedral, Washington, D.C.

1975

Mar 17

Death of Faye Albertson Lippmann Heatley.


Degrees


1.

Harvard

1910 B.A.

2.

Wake Forest College

1926 LL.D.

3.

University of Wisconsin

1927 LL.D.

4.

Columbia University

1932 LITT.D.

5.

Dartmouth College

1932 LITT.D.

6.

University of California

133 LL.D.

7.

Union College

1933 LL.D. Honorary Chancellor

8.

Wesleyan University

1934 LL.D.

9.

Oglethorpe University

1934 LITT.D.

10.

University of Michigan

1934 LL.D.

11.

George Washington University

1935 LL.D.

12.

Amherst College

1935 LL.D.

13.

University of Rochester

1936 LL.D.

14.

College of William and Mary

1937 LL.D.

15.

Drake University

1937 LL.D.

16.

Harvard University

1944 LITT.D.

17.

University of Chicago

1955 LL.D.

18.

New School for Social Research

1959 LITT.D.

19.

College of the Holy Cross

1962 LL.D.

20.

Boston University

1964 LL.D.

21.

Brandeis University

1968 LL.D.

22.

University of York (England)

1969 Doctor of the University. First American to be awarded an honorary degree.

23.

Princeton University

1970 LL.D.


Honors And Awards


MEDALS




1903

Sachs’ School Tennis

1904

Lewis May Pin, Temple Emmanu-El

1909

Phi Beta Kappa Key, Harvard

1909

Harvard Crimson

1917

British and French War Commission

1917

Belgian War Mission

1934

American Academy of Arts and Letters

1936

Harvard Tercentenary

(1940s)

Assistance to General Charles de Gaulle

1946

Princeton University Bicentennial

1946

French Legion of Honor

1946

Pope Pius XII medallion

1947

Orde Van Oranje-Nassau (The Netherlands)

1947

Order of Leopold (Belgium)

1950

Knight of First Class, Order of St. Olaf (Norway)

1950

Sigma Delta Chi Key

1953

Pope Pius XII Silver Medal

1959

School Bell Award

1960

Kappa Delta Pi Key

1960

Hall of Fame for Great Americans

1962

George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award

1963

République Française, Ordre National du Mérite

1964

Presidential Medal of Freedom

1965

United Nations Silver Medal

1965

Pope Paul VI visit to the United Nations

1965

Family of Man Award

1966

Pope Paul VI medal

1974

City of New York medallion


PLAQUES




1943

Freedom House Award

1950

Sigma Delta Chi

1953

Overseas Press Club

1954

Overseas Press Club

1955

Overseas Press Club

1960

Overseas Press Club

1967

National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences

1970

Columbia Journalism Award


CERTIFICATES




1908

Il Circolo Italiano dell Universita Harvard

1910

Phi Beta Kappa, Harvard

1927

American Arbitration Association

1938

Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur, Officier

1946

Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur, Commandeur

1947

American Society of International Law

1947

American Philosophical Society

1947

Order of Leopold (Belgium)

1949

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

1950

Order of St. Olaf (Norway)

1951

American Geographical Society

1951

Sigma Delta Chi

1952

Orde Van Oranje-Nassau (The Netherlands)

1958

Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Comment

1958

University of Missouri School of Journalism

1959

American Military Institute

1959

National Press Club

1959

Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique

1961

Advisory Committee on the Arts (National Cultural Center)

1962

George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award

1962

Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Reporting of International Affairs

1962

Massachusetts Historical Society

1962

Woodrow Wilson Memorial Commission

1964

Presidential Medal of Freedom

1965

National Institute of Arts and Letters

1965

Ordre National du Mérite, Grand-Officier

1971

AAPOR award (American Association for Public Opinion Research)

1971

Charter member, Sigma Delta Chi, Washington Hall of Fame



Editorial Note

The Walter Lippmann Papers are housed in the Manuscripts and Archives Division of Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. The microform edition of this collection comprises four parts, with part 2 subdivided into two sections. The relationships of the parts of the microform edition to the original arrangements of the collection at Yale University is delineated below:



Microform Edition

Original Source at Yale

Description of Contents

Part 1

Series 1

Correspondence, 1906-1930

Part 2, Section 1

Series 3 (Box 50-94)

Correspondence, 1931-1974

Part 2, Section 2

Series 3 (Box 95-139)

Correspondence, 1931-1974

Part 3

Series 5 and 7

Public Opinion Mail (Series 5); Diaries and Engagement Books (Series 7)

Part 4

Not yet assigned by Yale

Correspondence; Notebooks


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