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ENT 153/4 PRINCIPALS OF THERMALFLUID AND MATERIAL
At the end of the course, students are expected to understand basic thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and engineering materials concepts, and will be able to make analyses and calculations while using thermofluids and materials knowledge.
Introduction to Material Science
Background study. Importance of Material Science and Engineering. Material types.
Mechanical Characteristics of Metal
Introduction. Concepts of Stress and Strain. Behavior of Stress-Strain. Non-Flexibility. Characteristics of Metal Flexibility. Tensile Characteristics. Actual Stress and Strain. Change of Shape under Compression, Torsion and Shear. Hardness. Transition Characteristic of Materials. Design factors and Safety.
Principles of Fluid Mechanics
Fluid Definition. Analysis Method. Dimension and units. Characteristic of Fluids and Linear Approach. Stress and Field Velocity. Viscosity. Classification and Study of Fluid Flow.
Basic Equations. Change of Pressure in Static Fluid. Hydrostatic Force on Bend Surface and Area. Float and Stability.
Thermodynamic and Heat. Dimension and Unit. Close and Open Systems. Types of Energy. Characteristic of a Equilibrium System. Process and Cycles. Pressure. Temperature and Zeroth law of Thermodynamics.
First Law of Thermodynamics.
Heat Transfer. Work. Characteristic of Mechanical Work. First Law of Thermodynamic. Specific Heat. Internal Energy, Enthalpy and Specific Heat of Gas, Solids and Fluids.
Second Law of Thermodynamics.
Conservation of Heat and Energy. Engine Heat. Refrigerator and Heat Pump. Continuous Machine Movement. Reversible and Irreversible Process.
ENT 161/4 ELECTRIC CIRCUITS
This course purpose is to introduce students with: DC and AC electric circuit system, AC system concept such as inductance, capacitance, R-L-C circuits, impedance, three phase system, electric circuit analysis using Laplace transformation, concept of frequency response for AC circuit, analysis of electric circuit using Fourier series, concept of two port circuit
Circuit Elements and Variables
SI Unit, Voltage and Current, Power, Energy, Basic Circuit Elements ( Passive and Active), Voltage and Current Source, Ohm’s law, Kirchoff’s Law, Circuit Model, Circuit with Dependent Source. Introduction to an Inductor, Voltage relationship, Current, Power and Energy, Capacitor and Combination of Serial-Parallel Inductor and Capacitor.
Serial/Series Resistors, Circuit Voltage/Current Dividers, Measurement of Voltage and Current, Wheatstone Bridge and Equal Circuit Delta-Wye (Pi-Tee)
Circuit Analysis Method
Node-Voltage Method and this Method encompass Dependent Source and Special Case. Introduction to Mesh-Current Method which encompass Dependent Source and Special Case. Point Transformation. Equivalent Circuits of Thevenin and Norton. Maximum Power Transfer and Superposition.
Introduction to Self Induction, Concepts of Mutual Inductance, Induced Mutual Polar Voltage, Energy Calculation, Linear and Ideal Transformer, Coupled Magnet in Equivalent Roll Circuit, Ideal Transformer in Equivalent Circuit.
RL and RC circuits first-order response
RL and RC circuit original response, step response (forced function) RL and RC circuits, general solution of original and step responses, sequential switching, introduction to original and step RLC circuit.
Steady state Sinusoidal analysis
Sine Source, Sine Response, Phase Concept, Circuits Passive Element in Frequency Domain, Impedance and Reactance, Kirchoff’s Law in Frequency Domain, Circuit Analysis Techniques in Frequency Domain.
Step Frequency in AC Circuit
Step Frequency (Magnitude Plot and Phase Stripe Pass, Stripe Limit), Cut Frequency, Typical Filter Type, Low-pass Filter in RL and RC Circuits, High-Pass Filter in RL and RC Circuits, RLC Stripe Pass Filter, Frequency Response using Bode Diagram.
Steady state Sinusoidal Power calculation
Real-Time Power, Average and Reactive Power, Force Calculation and RMS Value, Complex and Triangulation Power, Maximum Force Transfer in Impedance Term.
Power Circuits Systems
One and Two Phase Systems, Equal Three Phase Point Voltage, Y-Delta Circuit Analysis, Power Calculation in Equal Three Phase Circuit, Average Power Calculation in Three Phase Circuit.
ENT162/4 ANALOG ELECTRONICS
The objective of this course is to expose the students about basic knowledge in analog electronics field. Students will be exposed towards the knowledge of amplifier design based on two-pole BJT transistor and FET, for first stage and multistage, power amplifier design, in-depth analysis frequency response and learn about special electronic devices such as the Shockley Diode, the Silicon-Controlled Switch (SCS), the DIAC and TRIAC, the Unijunction transistor (UJT), the Light-Activated SCR (LASCR) and Optical Couplings. Apart from that, students will learn about operations and functions of Op-Amp, basic design aspects and applications. In summary, this course is design to introduce the basic knowledge of analog electronics which involved with basic theory and practical.
Basic Introduction to Electronics Devices
To study Semiconductor Devices and Operational Characteristics. Semiconductor Materials and P-N Junctions. Diodes and applications, Two-pole BJT transistor, Biasing BJT, FET transistors and biasing, Two-base devices.
Small signal transistor amplifier
Small signal operation, Transistor AC equivalent circuit, common transmission amplifier schematic diagram, common collector schematic diagram, common base schematic diagram hybrid approximation equivalent circuit, hybrid complete circuit model.
Small signal FET amplifier
Introduction to FET small signal model, FET fixed bias schematic diagram, FET self bias schematic diagram, voltage divider schematic diagram, common flow schematic diagram, common base schematic diagram.
Big signal amplifier
Introduction the types of amplifiers, Class A amplifier, Class B operational amplifier, Class B amplifier circuits, skewing amplifier, Class C and D amplifiers, power transistor and heat sink.
Introduction to basic concepts. Miller Theorem and Decibels. Low-Frequency Amplifier Response. High-Frequency Amplifier Response. Total Amplifier Frequency Response. Frequency Response Measurement Techniques.
Thyristor and Special Devices
Introduction to The Shockley Diode, The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR) and its applications. The Silicon-Controlled Switch (SCS). The DIAC and TRIAC. The Unijunction transistor (UJT)
. The Light-Activated SCR (LASCR). Optical Couplings.
Operational Amplifiers (Op-Amp)
Operation of Op-Amp. Differential and Common-Mode Amplifiers. Op-Amp Parameters. Op-Amp Basic. Practical Op-Amp Circuits. Op-Amp Datasheets.
1. Introduction to diode
2. Diode as rectifier
3. Current and voltage characteristics of BJT
4. Common collector amplifier
5.Common base amplifier
6.Common amplifier channel
7.Class A Power amplifier
8.Class B Amplifier push-pull
9. Controller rectifier, SCR
ENT 163/4 FUNDAMENTAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
The main objective of this course is to enhance basic knowledge of theory and principles of electrical technology, introduce students with electrical and electromechanical devices that are used in the industry, and also train students with basic electrical wiring and installation skills
Introduction to Electric Circuit
Electron theory, electrical sources, resistance and factors which influence the resistance, study the types of electrical circuits, study the voltage, current and resistor relationship, electrical power, electrical energy, characteristics of serial and parallel circuits, Ohm’s Law, Kirchoff’s Law, Thevenin’s Theorem and Norton’s Theorem.
Inductor and Capacitor
Basic principle of inductor and basic principle of capacitor
Magnetic and Electromagnetic
Basic principle of magnetic and characteristics, basic principle of electromagnetic, factors influence magnetic field strength, electromagnetic induction, magnetic circuits for electrical machines, electrical and permanent magnetic field excitation
Introduction to Alternating Current (AC) Circuit
Basic principle of AC circuit
Principles of transformer, construction and design, efficiency of operation, efficiency of three-phase transformer’s operation, parallel transformer operation
Basic principle of three-phase system, star and delta connections, applications
Direct Current (DC) Electrical Machine
DC generator, DC construction machines, characteristics of DC motor, loss in DC motor, efficiency of DC motor
Alternating Current (AC) Electrical Machine
AC generator, single-phase AC motor, three-phase AC motor, types of starter, relation between torque and speed, applications, motor’s speed control.
Disconnector circuit, current devices residual, contactors, relay, fuses, earthing, insulator, rules of electrical wiring and pairs.
1. Alexander, C. K., Sadiku, M.N.O. (2004). Fundamental of Electrical Circuits. 2nd Ed. McGraw Hill.
2. Nilsson, J.W. and Riedel, S.A. (2004). Electric Circuits. 6th ED. Prentice Hall.
3. Naidu, M.S. Introduction to Electrical Engineering.
4. Bruce, C.A. Electrical Engineering: Concepts and Applications.
5. Hyatt, W.H. Engineering Electromagnetics.
6. Rajput, R.K. (2003). Electrical Machine. Laxmi Pub.
7. Wildi, T. (2002). Electrical Machines, Drives and Power systems. Prentice Hall.
8. Bhattacharya, S.K. (1998). Electrical Machines. Mc Graw-Hill.
9. Sen, P.C. (1997). Principles of Electric Machines and Power Electronics. 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons.
ENT 164/4 SENSOR & MEASUREMENT
Introduction of measurement system, basic measurement circuit, resistance-based transducer, magnetic-based transducer, capacitance-based transducer, self-generating transducer, electrochemical transducer, semiconductor transducer, mechanical transducer in flow, pressure, power and weight measurement , interfacial sensor and transducer with computer and input data.
Introduction to measurement system
Fundamental terminology, elements in the measurement, control amplifier, inverted amplifier, phase amplifier differential amplifier, feed-back capacitor, Wheatstone bridge.
Transducer and resistance-based sensor and its measurement
Potentiometer, resistance thermometers, Thermistor, strain gage. Examples of measurement applications.
Transducer and magnetic sensor and its measurement
Linear voltage differential transducer (LVDT)- specification, circuit, application. Linear circuit variable reluctant transducer, applications of transducer magnet measurement.
Transducer and capacitance-based sensor and its measurement.
Fundamental of capacitance, capacitor measurement circuit. Application of capacitance transducer measurement.
Transducer and self-generating sensor and its measurement.
Thermocouple-basic thermocouples, types of thermocouples, applications of thermocouple measurement, piezoelectric, basic piezoelectric , types of piezoelectric, application of piezoelectric measurement.
Transducer and electrochemical sensor and its measurements.
Potentiometric sensor, amperometrik sensor, other elechtrochemical sensor. Conductivity measurement, pH measurement. Basic biosensor and biosensor application.
Transducer and semiconductor sensor and its measurement.
Hall’s sensor, photodiode, Ion-MOSFET sensitive device, ISFET.
Transducer and mechanical sensor
Flow, pressure, power and weight measurements
Interfacial sensor and transducer with computer and input data
Analog-digital converter, computer network, programming techniques for data acquisition, time divider multiplexer, typical data acquisition systems.
1. Practical temperature measurement with wheatstone bridge circuit and thermistor.
2. Practical linear voltage differences transducer (LVDT)
3. Practicla thermocouple circuit
4.Practicla piezoelectric circuit
6. Practicla sensor effect Hall
7. Practicle pressure measurement use strain measurement.
8. Practicla input data.
1. Doeblin, E.O. (2004). Measurement System: Application and Design. McGraw-Hill.
2. Sinclair,I. (2001). Sensor and Transducers. 3rd Edition. Newnes.
3. Holman, J.P. (2001). Experimental Methodes for Engineers. 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill.
4. Harsanyi G. (2000). Sensors in Biomedical Applications. Techomic Pub.
5. Usher, M.J. (1996). Sensors and Transducers. MacMillan.
6. Bell D.A. (1994). Electronic Instrumnetation and Measurements. 2nd Edition. Prentice Hall.
7. Beckwith T.G., Marangoini R.R.D and Lienhard J.H. (1993). Machanical Measurements. 5th Edition. Prentice Hall.
8. Trietly H.L. (1986). Transducers in Mechanical and Electronic Design. Marcel Decker.
ENT 165/4 INSTRUMENTATION
The main objective of the course is to introduce electronic instrumentation system to students so that they are capable of doing accurate measurement on electrical and mechanical quantity. Students are also given analytical and experimental exposure in instrumentation and also introduction to measurement devices which are widely used in the industry
Measurement and error analysis
Definition, accuracy and pressician, significant digit, analysis statistic, error probability, error limit.
Analog equipment and digital
Multimeter (voltmeter, ammeter, ohmmeter), osciloscope, power resource.
Circuit of Ac and DC bridge
Introduction, type of circuit bridge, Bridge Wheatstone circuit, Bridge H circuit, application.
Introduce, tube cathode light, tube cathode light circuit, divergen sistem, and transducer osciloloscope, measurement with osciloscope, particular oscilloscope.
Analysis and signal generating
Sinus wave generating, signal sintetic frequency generating, signal frequency generating audio, noise digital generating and analog, wave analysis, distorsion and spectrum.
Data accuatition system and analogy
Introduce, signal conditioning input, data accuatition system single channel, data accuatition multi channel, data changer, A/D changer and D/A and input and out put device and analog record, I/O digital source multiplex, sample circuit and palka.
Sensor and transducer
Sensor classification, passive sensor and active, behaviour of sensor.
1. Introduce kind of error
2.Introduce to measurement analog and digital
3.Develop circuit bridge
4.Application ADC and DAC
1. Figliola R.S., Beasley D.S. (1995). Theory and Design for Mechanical Measurements. 2nd Edition. Wiley and Sons.
2. Dally J.W., Riley W.F., McConnell K.G. (1993). Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements. 2nd Edition. J. Wiley and Sons.
3. Beckwith T.G. (1990). Marangoni R.D., Mechanical Measurements. Addison-Wesley.
4. Tse F.S, Morse I.E. (1989). Measurement and Instrumentation in Engineering. Marcel Dekker.
ENT 211/4 THERMOFLUID
Students are given ample exposure to thermodynamics and fluid mechanics. In the end of the course, students are able to relate these subjects to biomedical engineering and they shall apply thermofluids in solving problems in biomedical engineering.
Introduction of engineering thermodynamics, basic concepts and defintion;
First law of thermodynamics;
Second law of thermodynamics;
Pure materials; reversibility; power cycle; ideal gas
Properties of mixtures, thermodynamics cycle
Basic concepts; pressure measurement;
Fixed flow energy equation and Bernoulli equation; flow rate measurement; Momentum equation; flow in pipe; similarity analysis and dimension
Laminar and turbulent flow,
Priciples of fluid machines, reciprocating pump, rotodynamics pump.
ENT212/4 BIOMEDICAL SIGNAL AND SYSTEM
In the end of the course, the students are able to understand different types of continuous and discrete signals. They are also capable to identify linear systems and Fourier Transform series. They could able to design the system and the filters involved.
Discrete-time and continuous -time signals, sinusoidal and exponential signals
Impulse response and unit step function, characterization of basic systems
Linear Time-Invariant Systems
LTI Systems: Convolution sum, characterization of LTI systems
Continuous-time LTI systems; Convolution integration
Differential equation: Causality of LTI systems
Continuous-time Fourier analysis
Fourier series for periodic continuous-time signals
Characterization of continuous-time Fourier series, Fourier series and LTI systems
Non-periodic signal representation
Continuous-time Fourier transforms
Characterization of continuous-time Fourier transform
Systems identification with linear constant coefficient
Discrete signals Fourier Analysis
Discrete-time Fourier transform, characterization of discrete-time Fourier transform
Systems identification of discrete signals
Z-transform and inverse Z-transform
1.Roberts. M.J. (2003). Signals and Systems: Analysis of Signals Through Linear Systems. McGraw-Hill.
2.Haykin, S., Van Veen, B. (2002). Signals and Systems. 2nd Ed. Wiley.
3.Oppenheim, A.V. (1996). Signals and Systems. 2nd Ed. Prentice Hall.
ENT 213/4 BIOMEDICAL ELECTRONICS AND BIOINSTRUMENTATION
Our objectives here is to introduce the students to medical instruments used at hospitals and in medical industries.. In the end of the semester, the students are expected to provide clear understanding in various medical instrumentation principles and demonstrate the ability to design basic biomedical electronic circuits.
Basic concepts in medical instrumentation
Terminology, principles of instrumentation, PC based instrumentation, microcontroller based instrumentation, electronic controlled instrument, electronic powered instrument, motor controller
Biopotential amplifier and signal processor in medical instrumentation
Biopotential signals, biopotential amplifier,instrumentation amplifier design, bioelectric amplifier design, active filtering, digital filtering, image processing and data reduction techniques
Measurement of blood pressure and sound, measurement of blood volume and flow, measurement of respiratory system
Electrodes, electrode-skin interface, resistance sensors, bridge circuits, inductive sensors, capacitive sensors and piezoelectric sensors
ECG, EEG, Defibrillator, Pacemaker, respiratory assistance equipment, ultrasonic equipment, X-ray, CT-scan
ENT 214/4 Biomechanics
In the end of the course, the students are competent to apply mechanical concepts to human motion analysis, human tissue analysis and rehabilitation analysis.
Introduction for Analyzing Human Motions
Concepts of kinematics and kinetics for human motion analysis
Biomechanics of Human Skeletal Articulations and Muscle
The classifications of joints based on motion capabilities and basic behavioral properties of the musculotendinous unit.
Biomechanics of Human Upper and Lower Extremity
The anatomical structure affects movement capabilities of upper and lower extremity articulations
Biomechanics of Human Spine
The anatomical structure affects movement capabilities of the different region of spine.
Introduction to Biomechanics of Gait, Running and Rehabilitation
Gait cycle is used in determined the relation between walking and running and applying biomechanics concepts in rehabilitation.
Force analysis on the equilibrium of the human body and its segments
Application of engineering mechanics analysis on the body and its segments equlibrium body segments motion
Force reaction on the body and its segments
Force reaction on the body, the effect of force reaction on body segments, mechanics of muscle, mechanics of joints
Force plate and transducer, foot pressure, normal and pathological gait analysis
i) Application of basic kinematic and kinetics of the human body
ii) Analysis of human body equilibrium
iii) Analysis of the motion of the human body segments
iv) Analysis of force reaction onto the human body
v) Normal gait analysis
vi) Pathological gait analysis
1. Basic Biomechanics, 5th Edition, 2007, Susan J. Hall
2. Biomechanics and motor control of human movement, 3rd Edition, 2005, David A. Winter.
3. Biomechanical basis of human movements, 2nd Edition, 2003, Joseph Hamill, Kathleen M. Knutzen
4. Principles of biomechanics & Motion Analysis, 3rd Edition, 2006, Iwan W. Griffiths.
ENT215/4 BIOMEDICAL ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY
In the end of this course, the student should have a firm grasp of basic electromagnetic and identify their effects on the biosystem which cover bioelectric, bioelectromagnetic, and biomagnetic phenomena. The knowledge encompasses laws which determine the electrical and magnetic field. Thus, they will be able to understand the operational principles of electrical instrumentation and machine for biomedical engineering application.
Scalar and vector quantity, gradient, curl of a vector field, laplacian operator, divergence of a vector fields and Stokes’s theorem
Fundamental Theorem: Coulomb’s Law, Gauss’s Law, electric flux density, intensity of electric fields and electric potential. Laplace’s equation and Poisson’s equation, boundary conditions, electrostatic fields in dielectric, capacitance. Electrostatic fields strength
Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s circuital law, magnetic field intensity, magnetic flux density, magnetic force and magnetic materials
Interaction of Humans with Electromagnetic Fields
Bioelectromagnetism, Electromagnetic Frequency Spectrum, Electrosmog or Radiation Pollution and Bioeffects of ELF Fields
International Ed. 2006
2. Ulaby, F.T. (2003). Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics. Prentice Hall.
3. Kraus, J.D., Fleisch, D.A. (1999). Electromagnetics. 5th ed. McGraw-Hill.
4. Cheng D.K. (1992). Fundamentals of Engineering Electromagnetics. Prentice Hall.
5. Dragan Poljak, “Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields”, WIT Press, 2004
ENT 250/3 MECHANICAL MANUFACTURING SKILL
The aims of this course is to introduce and provide the students with theoretical and practical skills that are required in fabricating and manufacturing mechanical parts or components. At the end of this course the students will be able appreciate various skills and technology in manufacturing processes.
Introduction and usages of manufacturing measurement tools, standard of measurements, dimensional measurements, straightness, flatness, roundness and profile.
Welding terminology, safety procedures, work piece preparation, electrodes, suitability of welding process with materials and applications, welding processes: Arc (SMAW), MIG(GMAW) and TIG(GTAW), weld test.
Introduction to conventional machining, safety procedure, materials suitability and preparation, cutting tools preparation, machining processes: turning, milling and grinding.
Introduction to advanced machining, safety procedure, materials suitability and preparation, cutting tools preparation, machine codes (G code and M code) and programming (can cycle and subroutine), CNC machine set-up, machining processes: turning and milling.
Introduction and concept of EDM (Electro discharge machining), machine tooling and accessories, safety procedure, electrode and work piece preparation, machine set-up, machine code and programming, EDM machining.
2. Arc, MIG and TIG welding
3. Conventional Lathe(Turning) Machining
4. Conventional Milling
5. CNC Lathe or CNC Milling
6. EDM die-sinking or wire-cut.