Noun 1 Group these nouns into countable and uncountable

НазваниеNoun 1 Group these nouns into countable and uncountable
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1 Read the following adverbs, find their Russian equivalents. Try to memorize them.

When, where, why; always, never, sometimes, occasionally, often, seldom, twice; now, then, soon, still, today, yet, lately, early, by, down, here, there, downstairs, near, up, nowhere; coldly, fast, deep, hard, quickly, badly, well, happily; certainly, surely, perhaps, definitely; naturally, rather, quite, enough, too, very, hardly, nearly, so, really, almost.

2 Form the adverbs from the following adjectives by the suffix -ly. Give their Russian equivalents.

Polite, happy, complete, just, real, nice, gay, recent, right, bad, quick, wide, deep, attentive, extreme, high, gentle, careful, close, sharp, loud, simple, hot, strict, unfortunate, serious, snow, wonderful, warm, exact.

3 State whether the words in italics are adjectives or adverbs.

1. It's getting late.

2. The Times is a daily paper.

3. She's a lovely, friendly, lively person. But she seems lonely.

4. It doesn't seem lovely that your children will be ugly.

5. Look straight ahead.

6. The postman's early.

7. She speaks English very well.

8. We have monthly meetings.

9. Don't talk so loud.

10. If you've got a fast car, why don't you drive fast.

11. If you want me to work hard, you'll have to pay me more.

12. This is the wrong way.

13. The train arrived late.

14. I can't stand loud noises.

15. Don't be so silly.

16. I am very well, thanks.

17. I get paid monthly.

18. Try to come home early.

19. He led us wrong.

20. Turn right here.

4 Open the brackets and choose the right word.

1. It's not (good, well) for you to smoke.

2. He often speaks (angry, angrily).

3. It isn't (bad, badly).

4. He wrote his dictation (bad, badly).

5. This is quite (clear, clearly).

6. The weather is (cold, coldly) today.

7. This is a (comfortable, comfortably) chair.

8. The ice is (dangerous, dangerously).

9. My opinion of this book is (different, differently) from yours.

10. The children seem to be very (happy, happily).

11. The box is too (heavy, heavily).

12. She looked round (helpless, helplessly).

13. He came into the room very (quiet, quietly).

14. His voice is always very (quiet, quietly).

15. Do you (serious, seriously) want to go there?

16. It's a very (serious, seriously) thing.

17. Your answer isn't quite (exact, exactly).

18. I don't know (exact, exactly) when he will come.

19. The weather during the last few days has been (perfect, perfectly).

20. The work is done (perfect, perfectly).

5 Give the comparatives of the following adverbs.

Clearly, cheerfully, fairly, far, hard, early, well, quickly, seriously, late, soon, happily, often, slowly, badly, high, softly, politely, little, correctly, much, bravely, attentively, fortunately, carefully.

6 Choose a proper adverb to complete the sentences below.

1. I think you're working too .... You need a holiday.

2. She sang ....

3. You speak German ... — just like a German.

4. Please talk .... I don't want the baby to wake up.

5. She had no problems at all with the exam. She passed it ... .

6. Don't drive so ... . It's dangerous.

7. I understood what to do because she explained everything very... •

8. Please carry the glasses .... They were very expensive.

9. She didn't cry or scream. She just listened very ... when I told her the terrible news.

10. I asked him very ... but he refused.

Quietly, calmly, easily, perfectly, politely, beautifully, hard, carefully, fast, clearly.

7 Put the adverbs in the right place.

1. You are right, (probably)

2. I get headaches, (often)

3. It's very difficult, (sometimes)

4. I buy them in boxes, (always)

5. We are going to win. (difficultly)

6. February is the worst month, (usually)

7. She has done that before, (never)

8. She's going to stay overnight, (probably)

9. They are against me. (always)

10. I've tried to find it out. (often)

11. They are fighting, (seldom)

12. It's cold, (certainly)

13. I meet him at the library, (often)

14. He forgets my birthday, (always)

15. I don't go to the doctor, (often)

16. I will be able to get it cheaper, (probably)

17. I stay in bed late, (sometimes)

18. I feel cold in your home, (never)

19. It's not raining, (definitely)

20. Chocolate cakes are the best, (certainly)

8 Use the adverbials in their correct place.

1. She went (to school, at 10 o'clock).

2. He was born (in the year 1953, at 10 a. m., on June 17th).

3. She drinks coffee (every morning, at home).

4. He's working (now, there).

5. I'll meet you (outside your office, tomorrow, at 2 o'clock).

6. Put the butter (at once, in the fridge).

7. Let's go (tonight, to the pictures).

8. He played (at the Town Hall, last night, beautifully, in the concert).

9. She speaks Japanese (fluently).

10. The train arrived (this morning, later).

11. We talked about it (at lunchtime, briefly).

12. Cyril was working (at his office, very hard, all day yesterday).

13. The team played (yesterday, brilliantly).

14. We are going (for a week, to France, on Saturday).

15. Mary speaks English (very well); but she writes English (badly).

16. I like coffee (very much, in the morning).

17. I can't explain my feelings (clearly).

18. She practises the piano (every evening, here).

19. I don't think she plays tennis (very well).

20. He went (quietly, upstairs).

9 Supply the right word:

a) still, yet, already

1. Are you in the same job?

2. He's seventeen, but he's married.

3. Has Susan arrived?

4. Have you written that letter?

5. 9 a. m., and it's dark!

6. 4 p. m., and it's dark!

7. Have you had breakfast?

8. Look — it's raining.

9. I haven't met your brother.

10. Is she in that little flat?

11. I bored with my new job.

12. You should go to Scotland. — We've been.

13. Why are you in bed?

14. I haven't received an invitation to the party.

15. I've received an invitation to the party.

16. I am waiting for my new passport.

17. She's only been here a week and she knows all the neighbours.

18. This machine is out of date.

19. Is Masha in hospital?

20. Our old car runs OK.

b) such, so

1. It was ... hot weather that nobody could do any work.

2. The book is ... boring that I want to stop reading it.

3. I didn't know that you had ... nice friends.

4. It was ... a good film that I went to see it three times.

5. And their garden is ... beautiful.

6. His voice is ... pleasant that I could listen to him all day.

7. They've got ... a nice house that I always love staying there.

8. I wish you wouldn't drive ... fast.

9. The canteen served ... bad food that nobody could eat it.

10. I was ... tired that I went to sleep standing up.

11. He's ... a nice person that everyboby likes him.

12. He's... glad to see me.

13. It's ... dark that I can't see my hand in front of my face.

14. It was ... a boring lecture that I couldn't keep my eyes open.

15. This language is ... difficult that foreigners can't learn it.

c) very, too, very much (two variants may be possible)

1. I can see that you are ... worried about it.

2. I get ... confused when people shout at me.

3. She doesn't think my work is ... good.

4. If you think that, you are ... mistaken.

5. The coffee is ... hot and I can't drink it.

6. The coffee is ... hot but I can drink it.

7. I hear Jack has been ... ill.

8. He hasn't got ... much money.

9. She's ... intelligent to believe that!

10. I didn't enjoy the meal

11. I can't afford it. It's ... expensive.

12. We were ... late, but we just got the train.

13. We were ... late, so we missed our train.

14. I was ... shocked to hear about the accident.

15. The Antartic will be ... cold for me.

16. Are you thirsty? — Yes, ....

17. How are you feeling? — Not ... well, I'am afraid.

18. Do you spend much time on it? — Yes, ... much.

19. I waited till the ... end of the film.

20. John is a ... nice man.

d) too, also, either

1. I like cycling and I like driving, ....

2. She can act and she can ... sing.

3. He writes novels and he ... writes TV scripts.

4. I don't swim and I don't run, ....

5. I can't knit and I can't sew, ....

6. Billy can already read and he can write, ....

7. I play volleyball and I ... play tennis.

8. The coffee is freshly-made and it's hot ....

9. I don't know and I don't care ....

10. Susan is an engineer. She's ... a mother.

11. I know John well and I like him, ....

12. He runs a restaurant and a hotel, ....

13. I don't want to buy this jacket. It's badly-made and ... expensive.

14. Don't drink tea and don't drink coffee, ....

15. I know she has some rings and some lovely necklaces, ....

e) even or only

1. He plays tennis ... in the rain.

2. I ... liked the first part of the concert.

3. ... a child could understand it!

4. ... you could do a thing like that.

5. She ... gets up at six on Sundays.

6. They've ... lived here for a few weeks.

7. They've lived here ... a few weeks.

8. He can ... speak Chinese.

9. I work every day, ... on Sundays.

10. ... my mother understands me.

11. You can borrow it, but ... for a few minutes.

12. They do everything together. They ... brush their teeth together.

13. ... his wife knew that he was ill.

14. Hello! It's ... me!

15. ... the cat thinks you're stupid.

10 Rewrite the sentences choosing the correct word (adjective or adverb).

1. This music is too loud/loudly. We can't talk.

2. She played bad/badly and she lost the game.

3. We waited patient/patiently for the letter but it never came.

4. Please don't be angry/angrily with him.

5. She asks intelligent/intelligently questions.

6. The children are playing together very nice/nicely today.

7. She's a very warm/warmly person and everyone likes her.

8. She suprised me when she opened the door sudden/suddenly.

9. You speak English very good/well.

10. It's dangerous/dangerously to swim in the sea here.

11 Translate these sentences into English.

1. Они всегда приходят вовремя.

2. Она никогда не опаздывает.

3. Вы иногда тоже ошибаетесь.

4. Я только что закончил работу.

5. Я еще не вернул книгу в библиотеку.

6. Вы уже написали письмо?

7. Мы видели его вчера в кино.

8. Они всегда будут помнить эти веселые дни.

9. После прогулки мы спим хорошо.

10. Я плохо знаю латынь.

11. Летом мы почти всегда отдыхаем у моря.

12. Она упорно работает над своим произношением.

13. Он дышал медленно и глубоко.

14. Чем скорее вы прочтете эту книгу, тем лучше.

15. Дальше они внимательно слушали лекцию.

16. Куда еще вы ходили после ужина?

17. Он все еще сидит в библиотеке.

18. Он еще не пришел.

19. Дайте мне, пожалуйста, еще одну чашечку кофе.

20. Какие еще книги вы купили вчера?

21. Еще только 8 часов, мы закончим эту работу сегодня.

22. Он останется в Риме еще три дня.

23. Вчера было довольно холодно.

24. Я слишком устала, чтобы сделать это быстро.

25. Я глубоко заинтересован в этом.

26. Больше всего она любит математику.

27. Чем больше я вас слушаю,.тем меньше верю.

28. Я не видел его в последнее время.

29. Он очень много читает.

30. Она была так взволнована, что ничего не смогла сделать.

31. Сейчас почти 11 часов.

32. Я чуть не упал.

33. Он вошел в комнату очень быстро.

34. Я тоже буду там.

35. Он тоже не видел меня.

36. Что еще мне сделать?

37. Он живет там один.

38. Послушай-ка его!

39. Шум был просто ужасный.

40. Они жили счастливо.

41. К счастью, он был дома, когда я позвонил ему.

42. Я не могу понять, почему он опаздывает.

43. Я видел его там сегодня.

44. Он говорит на английском вполне хорошо.

45. Не спешите, у вас достаточно времени.

46. Мое пальто достаточно теплое для зимы.

47. Он недостаточно работает.

48 В вашем диктанте слишком много ошибок.

49. Я, вероятно, буду дома в б часов.

50. Он легко перевел статью.


1 Match the English prepositional phrases from a) with their Russian equivalents from b).

a) in front of me; across the street; between the windows; at the end of the street; in the east; at the theatre; on the shelf; at the top of the page; on the corner; in the shop; in the sky; on the right; on the way to; in the picture; at home; at sea; at the station; in/at a small village; on the train; by bus; welcome to; arrive at work; get into a car; next to me; above the shelves; in the middle of the hall; through a window; round the corner; round the town; past the cinema; in the sun; in the rain.

b) за углом; через окно; на море; между окнами; на небе; в середине зала; в поезде; добро пожаловать в; передо мной; на солнце; в верхней части страницы; приходить на работу; в магазине; дома; под дождем; в театре; мимо кинотеатра; в маленькой деревушке; на картине; на вокзале; на автобусе; через улицу; на углу; по городу; садиться в машину; направо/ справа; в конце улицы; рядом со мной; на востоке; на полке; по/на пути; над полками.

2 Match the sentence beginnings on the left with the endings on the right.

1. Nick is ill, he went

2. Turn right

3. I'm tired. I am going

4. We met Ann

5. I like reading

6. The supermarket is

7. Victor lives

8. They said nothing when

9. I had a hard day

10. Meet me

11. He walked

12. Don't wait outside,

13. We met Helen

14. There is a public phone

15. In most countries people

a) in bed.

b) on the ground floor.

c) they walked past me.

d) on our way home.

e) across the room.

f) at the traffic lights.

g) drive on the right.

h) at the birthday party.

i) at/on the corner of the street

j) come in the house.

k) at the university.

1) opposite our house.

m) at the entrance to the library.

n) to the doctor's.

o) home.

3 Complete the following sentences by putting the prepositions in brackets in the right place.

1. He works at the bank just ... the road from the cinema and .. the supermarket, (across; next to)

2. My home is ... the town, ... the post-office, (in the centre of; close to)

3. Peter works ... London ... the University, (at; in)

4. Jack also lives ... Park street, just ... my house, (in, opposite)

5. It was silly of you to go ... the rain. We could meet... the office on Monday, (in; at)

6. They live ... the building ... the end of the street, (at; in)

7. I saw him ... the bus yesterday. He waved me when we arrived ... the bus station, (at; on)

8. My grandmother lives ... a small village not far ... the city, (in; from)

9. We stopped ... a nice hotel ... the way to London, (at; on)

10. They live ... King Street, ... number 151. (in; at)

11. We were ... sea for 20 days. I liked swimming ... the sea. (in; at)

12. I didn't feel well yesterday, so I decided to be ... home and stay ... bed. (in; at)

13. How did they get ... London? — I think they went there ... train, (to, by)

14. The river Rhine is ... Germany. It flows ... the North Sea. (in; into)

15. John was born ... Boston but then his family moved ... New York, (to; in)

16. We left our luggage ... the station and went ... a small cafe to have a snack, (at; to)

4 Answer the following questions using the opposite prepositions.

1. Do you live in the flat above Nick?

2. Was there anything under the table?

3. Was he going up the street when you met him?

4. Did you see her get into the car?

5. Was Pete standing in front of the table?

6. Were they going to the university when you saw them?

7. Can you see much when you fly above the clouds?

8. Did you see a boy under the tree?

9. Did you take (put) the book from the shelf? 10. Did you put (take) the purse into your pocket?

5 Fill in the gaps with the following prepositions: /at/on/in/under/ over/behind/in front of/beside/between/among/opposite/.

1. He seldom has his dinner ... the canteen.

2. She turned round when she heard a noise ... her.

3. Our summer camp was in a wood, so the tents stood ... the trees.

4. The bus stops just ... my house.

5. He was alone on the bench, nobody sat ... him.

6. It is not a good thing to sit all evening ... a TV-set.

7. There was a small passage ... two high walls.

8. It is pleasant to lie ... the sun.

9. In summer thousands of tourists travel all ... the world.

10. Many people spend their weekends ... the country.

11. In winter there is much snow ... the ground.

12. Take your seat ... the table.

13. When it is hot it is very pleasant to sit ... a tree.

14. In autumn there are red and yellow leaves ... the trees.

15. The house isn't seen ... the trees.

16. We always feel safe ... our friends.

17. At last the tourists saw Everest ... them.

18. There was a small inn ... the river and we stayed there.

19. The library is ... the chemist's and the supermarket.

20. Nick was standing near the window with his hands ... his pockets.
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