«Outstanding Scientists of the World»




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Название«Outstanding Scientists of the World»
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ТипУрок
Тема урока: « Outstanding Scientists of the World»


Цель урока: развитие иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции – речевой, языковой, социокультурной, компенсаторной, учебно-познавательной.


Задачи: 1. обучающая – закрепление языкового материала по теме

2. развивающая – организация монологической речи учащихся

3. воспитывающая – формирование культуры общения, выработка

умения самостоятельно добывать и применять полученные знания


Тип урока: защита проектов по теме ( информационный монопроект с открытой координацией)


Формы обучения: применение индивидуальной и групповой работы и самоконтроля


Средства обучения: ТСО (презентация проектов на компьютере), картинки, доска


Ход урока.


I.Организационный момент: Приветствие, объявление темы, формулировка целей и задач урока.


Good afternoon. Sit down, please. Let us begin our lesson. The theme is “Outstanding Scientists of the World”. At this lesson we will speak about the role of science in our life, learn more about the most famous scientists of Great Britain, the United States of America, Russia and our Republic Chuvashia.


II. Фонзарядка.


First of all let us remember some words and phrases which we will use in our speech on this theme. Now will you repeat after me these word combinations?


To be important to world peace and understanding

To develop the modern tools of war


To keep the peace

To improve life

The problem of supplying the world with enough energy

To develop a number of solutions to the energy problem

To share the resources

To use possibilities for the benefit of men

To be essential for ones life

To predict earthquakes

To study various aspects of human biology

The origin and developments of the human race

Outstanding scientists

To possess qualities


III. Речевая зарядка.


In recent years scientific and technological developments have changed life on our planet. Science is very important in the modern world.


1.Why is science so important in the modern world?

2.How does science help keep peace in the world?

3.How does science help solve the energy problem?

4. What proves that the study of science is important for understanding of the natural world?

5.Do you know any outstanding scientists of the world?

6.What people are considered to be outstanding?

7.What qualities must they possess?

8.Is it enough to be talented to be called outstanding?


IV. Защита проектов.


I see, you know some outstanding scientists of the world. Today we are going to speak about them.You have worked much finding out some facts, you have made projects, and now you will speak about the famous English, American, Russian and Chuvash scientists. Now we shall listen to the first group, and the other groups will ask them some questions after they have finished speaking. And at the end of the lesson you will give each group the marks.

Well, the first group is welcome. We are listening to you.


(Выступает первая группа по теме «The famous English scientists».)


Thank you very much. Have you got any questions?

Now let us check up how you know the English scientists. I shall read the sentences, and you must guess the name of the scientist and for each true answer you will get one point.


1.He discovered the law of gravity when an apple fell on his head. (Isaac Newton)

2.He invented a machine on which the modern computer is based.(Charles Babbage)

3.This famous scientist discovered laws of electricity. (Michael Faraday)

4.This brave scientist discovered penicillin.(Alexander Fleming)

5. He tried to prove that our remote granddads and grannies were monkeys.(Charles Darwin.)

6.This man invented a telephone.(Alexander Graham Bell )

7.A famous explorer of Africa, the first European to see the Zambezi River and the Victoria Falls. (David Livingstone)

8.The inventor of the television.(John Logie Biard)

9.The inventor of the steam engine.(James Watt)


Now let us listen to the second group.


(Вторая группа выступает с сообщениями по теме «The famous American scientists».)


Now let us continue guessing the names of the scientists.


1.The inventor of the electric candle.(Thomas Alva Edison)

2.This man invented Coca-Cola in 1896.(John Pemberton)

3.He built the car Ford. (Henry Ford)

4.He developed a rubber solution (резиновый раствор) (Charles Mackintosh)

5. Two brothers invented, built and flew the first airplane in 1903. (Orville and Wilber Wright)

6.He was a portrait painter. He invented the telephone short sound (.) and long sound (-) alphabet known as Morse code.( Samuel Finley Morse (1791-1872)


Well, you know a lot about the scientists of English-speaking countries. And what about the scientists of our country, the Russian Federation? The next group will tell us about them.

(Третья группа выступает с сообщениями по теме «The famous Russian scientists».)


Let us go on guessing the names of the scientists.


1.This scientist worked out the theory of cosmic flights.(Konstantin Tsialkovsky)

2.He discovered the Periodic Law of elements (Dmitry Mendeleyev)

3.He worked on hydrogen bomb (A.D.Sakharov)

4.Under his guidance were built planes named TU-104, TU-114(A.N.Tupolev)

5.This man did much in medicine, especially in the field of surgery.(N.I.Pirogov)

6.The inventor of the clock.(I.P.Kulibin) (1735-1818)

7.He invented a telescope.(M.V.Lomonosov)(1711-1765)

8.The father of genetics.(N.I.Vavilov)

9.The designer of space-rocket systems.(S.P.Korolyov) (1906-1966)

10.The great physicist, heachieved important results in nuclear physics.(I.V.Kurchatov)

11.He created the radio.(A.Popov)

12.He created new Geometry(N.I.Lobachevsky)


And we mustn’t forget that there are famous scientists in our Republic. Some of them are known to you. Now the fourth group will tell us about the Chuvash scientists.

(Четвертая группа выступает с сообщениями по теме «The famous Chuvash scientists»)


1.This man studied the history of the peoples of Central and Middle Asia,Southern Siberia and the Far East, their language, economy and culture. (N.Bichurin )

2.He created the Chuvash alphabet.(I.Y.Yakovlev)

3.He is the author of the 17-volume dictionary of the Chuvash language.(N.I.Ashmarin)(1870-1933)

4.This man is the founder of ethno-pedagogics.(Gennady Nikandrovich Volkov-born 1927)


V. Аудирование текста.


Before summing up the results of the competition we shall do one more group work. You will listen to 3 stories about the lives of famous inventors. Read questions 1-8, and match each question to the person A-C that it refers to.


(Ученики слушают текст и выполняют задания в группах.

Listening

You are going to hear part of a radio programme about the lives of famous inventors. Read questions 1-8,and match each question to the person A-C that it refers to.


A Alexander Graham Bell

B Maria Mitchel

C Jan Szczepanik


1. Who came from a big family? ------------B

2. Who received a medal from a king? -------C

3. Whose scientific interests were not grounded in family traditions? --------C

4. Whose achievements were appreciated outside his/her country? --------C

5. Whose research was concentrated on one field of science? ----------B

6. Who had planned a different career? ----------A

7. Who worked as a teacher? -------------A

8. Whose birthplace is open to the public? -----------------B


(Ученики работают в группах.)


Now let us check up your answers. Each group one by one will tell me the name of the scientist and if it is true it will get one point for the right answer.


VI. Подведение итогов, выставление оценок.


Now let us count your points. How many points has each group got? The first group has-----points, the second group----points, the third -------points, and the

fourth group----points. The winner is-----


Have you learned something useful for yourselves from this lesson? What have you learned?


Now we should give each group the marks for their interesting reports and you will do it yourselves. What mark will we give the first group? Give your reasons, plaese, etc.


Listening


You are going to hear part of a radio programme about the lives of famous inventors. Read questions 1-8,and match each question to the person A-C that it refers to.


A Alexander Graham Bell

B Maria Mitchel

C Jan Szczepanik


1.Who came from a big family? ------------

2. Who received a medal from a king? -------

3. Whose scientific interests were not grounded in family traditions? --------

4. Whose achievements were appreciated outside his/her country? --------

5. Whose research was concentrated on one field of science? ----------

6. Who had planned a different career? ----------

7. Who worked as a teacher? -------------

8. Whose birthplace is open to the public? -----------------


The text for listening


Alexander Graham Bell- as a young boy, the telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell liked mathematics, and science, but he was easily bored at school. He was much more interested in experimenting and discovering things on his own. One of his first inventions was a simple machine imitating the human voice. Alexander built it with his brother Melville when they were still children.

As a teenager, Bell wanted to become an actor or a sailor. Instead, he worked, like his father, as a speech therapist, and taught deaf people. Bell’s studies of the human ear and voice vibrations, and years of experiments resulted in 1876 in the first telephone conversation between Bell and his assistant Tomas Watson.

Alexander Bell’s lifelong interest in nature and science also led to a variety of other invention ideas, including experiments with flight and designing aeroplanes.

Maria Mitchell- Maria Mitchell was one of the most famous American scientists of the 19th century. Born in 1818, in Massachusetts, Maria was the third child of a family with ten children. Her father was a dedicated astronomer and teacher, and he encouraged Maria’s scientific interests. In 1847, when she was looking at the sky through a telescope from the roof of her parents’ house, she discovered a new comet. A year later she became the first woman admitted to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the first female professor of astronomy in the USA.

After her death, the Maria Mitchell Astronomical Society was created as tribute to her memory. The house where she was born was turned into a museum.

Jan Szczepanik- There was an inventor who is sometimes called the “Polish Edison”. His name was Jan Szczepanik, and he was born in a poor uneducated family in a small village in the south of Poland.

During the 54 years of his life, Szczepanik got a few hundred patents and made over fifty inventions, many of which are still used today, especially in colour photography, film production and television. He also worked on a moving wing aircraft, an airship and a submarine.

Szczepanik patented his inventions in Germany and England. The American novelist Mark Twain wrote two articles about his achievements, and the King of Spain gave him an order after a silk bullet-proof vest invented by the `Polish Edison` saved his life.

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