Chiiloquin ranger district




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Documents from the National Archives and Other Sources

1) Moore, A.W. 1943. Outline of a Wildlife Management plan For the Klamath Indian Reservation.

2) Pigg, J.F. 1962. From:.Allotment Management Plan for Jack Creek Sheep and Goat Allotment, Chemult,

Oregon, 1971.

3) BIA Grazing Summaries, 1930-1947 for Klamath Indian Reservation.

Forest Records and Sources

O'Conner Meadow Condition and Trend Studies

Subregional Ecological Assessment Team Report; i.e., Williamson River and Sprague River Reports.

Chiloquin District Records

Wildlife Observation Files

Wildlife Surveys

Chiloquin Allotment Files for Skellock, Deep Creek, Yamsi, Sycan, No Name, East Chiloquin Ridge, Saddle

Mountain, Switchback, Trout Creek Allotments

1990-1992 Range Analysis Information for Skellock, Deep Creek, Yamsi, and Sycan Allotments, 1963 &

1966 Range analysis information for No Name, East Chiloquin Ridge, Saddle Mountain, Switchback, and

Trout Creek Allotments.

Winema National Forest, Chemult Ranger District. 1977. Chemult Planning Unit.

USDA-Forest Service-Pacific Northwest Region. pp. 235

Meadow Creek Condition and Trend Studies


Appendix B. Rosgen Stream Type (Rst)

(Management Interpretations of vanous stream tIpes)

Stream Sensitivity to Recovery Sediment Streambank Erosion Vegetation Controlling

Type Disturbance' Potential' Supply' - Potential Influence'

A 1 Very Low Excellent Very Low Very Low Negligible

A2 Very Low Excellent Verv Low Very Low Negligible

A3 Very High Very Poor Very High High Negligible

A4 Extreme Very Poor Very High Very High Negligible

A5 Extreme Verv Poor Very High Very High Negligible

A6 High Poor High High Negligible

B I Very Low Excellent Very Low Very Low Negligible

B2 Verv Low Excellent Very Low Very Low Negligible

B3 Low Excellent Low Low Moderate

B4 Moderate Excellent Moderate Low Moderate

B5 Moderate Excellent Moderate Moderate Moderate

B6 Moderate Excellent Moderate Low Moderate

C 1 Low Very Good Very Low Low Moderate

C2 Low Very Good Low Low Moderate

C3 Moderate Good Moderate Moderate Very High

C4 Very High Good High Very High Very High

C5 Very High Fair Very High Very High Very High

C6 Verv High Good High High Very High

D3 Very High Poor Very High Very High Moderate

D4 Very High Poor Very High Very High Moderate

D5 Very High Poor Very High Very High Moderate

D6 High Poor High High Moderate

DA4 Moderate Good Very Low Low Very High

DA5 Moderate Good Low Low Very High

DA6 Moderate Good Very Low Very Low Very High

E3 High Good Low Moderate Very High

E4 Very High Good Moderate High Very High

E5 Very High Good Moderate High Very High

E6 Very High Good Low Moderate Very High

FI Low Fair Low Moderate Low

F2 Low Fair Moderate Moderate Low

F3 Moderate Poor Very High Very High Moderate

F4 Extreme Poor Very High Very High Moderate

F5 Very High Poor Very High Very High Moderate

F6 Very High Fair High Very High Moderate

GI Low Good Low Low Low

G2 Moderate Fair Moderate Moderate Low

G3 Very High Poor Very High Very High High

G4 Extreme Very Poor Very High Very High High

G5 Extreme Very Poor Very High Very High High

G6 Very High Poor High High High

'Includes increases in streamflow magnitude and timing, and/or sediment increases.


I Assumes naturalrecoverv once cause of instability is corrected.


I Includes suspended and bedload from channel derived sources and/or from stream adjacent slopes

' Vegetation that influences width/depth ratio-stability.


FLOOD - PRONE AREA

BANKFULL STAGE

Longitudinal, cross-sectional, and plan views of major stream types (after Rosgen 1994)


DEFINABLE RIPARIAN

REACH CHANNEL COMMUNITY PERIODICITY

LEGAL

CONDITION

RISKS

EAST SIDE COPPERFIELD DRAW (cont.)

Y I

T35SR08ESIO

T35SR08ESI I

T35SR08ES 14

T35SR08ES1 I

T35SR08ESI I

T I AR3DRI

T I AR4DRE

TlIBRIURI

T 1 BR2DRI

TII BR3DNE

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

N

E


E

FAR NA

FAR NA

PFC

FAR D

FAR NA

A,E,G

B


A.CZEFH

A

REACH DESIGNATION: e. g. T I IBR2DRI

FUNCTIONAL CONDITION

TIl - Tributary with headwaters in section I I

B. - Indicates this is the second tributary originating

in section 11

R2 - Reach number two in upstrearx direction from

confluence of next larger tributary.

D - Definable (D) channel as opposed to an Undefined (U)

channel

R - Indicates an in-channel Riparian (R) plant community

as opposed to a Non-riparian (N) plant community

I - Intermittent (I) as opposed to Ephemeral (E) or

Perennial (P)

PFC

FAR

U

D

N.A

N T-

- Proper Functioning Condition

- Functional At Risk

- Upward Trend

- Downward Trend

- Trend Not Apparent

- Non-Functional

AT-RISK FACTORS COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED

A Road activity contributing negatively

B Presence of Active Headcuts

C Side bank erosion

D Side slope erosion

E Presence of Increaser/Invader vegetative species

F Loss of Riparian Zone/Floodplain

G Past Logging Activity

H Manrmade Diversions/Channelization

I Mixed effects from past Erosion Control Structures


CONCLUSION-


The overall functioning condition of riparian areas examined in the Copperfield Draw Subshed is on a downward trend.

However, only a slightly lower percentage of the areas examined are on an upward trend. This determination is made by a tally of

the reaches detennined to be on an upward trend versus those on a downward trend. Proper functioning reaches and those where

a trend was not apparent or stable were excluded from the tally.


Risk factors that influence the riparian areas examined were tallied and those occurring most frequently were identified. Of the

risks most frequently identified were (1) Road effects, (2) Side Bank Erosion, (3) Presence of Increaser/Invader Plant Species,

and (4) Presence of Active Headcuts.


Appendix C. Functional Condition of Streams Examined In Copperfield Subshed

DEFINABLE

REACH CHANNE

LEGAL


T35SR08ES15

T35SR08ES 15

T35SR08ES 10

T35SR08ES i5

T35SR08ES 15

T35SR08ES 15

T3SSR08ES 15

T35SR08ES 15

T35SR08ES22

RIPAR1AN

COMQMUNITY PERIODICITY

COPPERFIELD DRAW

Y I

T15BRIDRI

TI 5BR2DNE

MRO1 DRI

MR02DRI

MRO3DRI

MR04DRI

MRO5DRI

MR06DRI

MR07DRI

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

E

I

I.

I

I

I

I

I

CONDITION


FAR D

FAR D

FAR U

FAR U

NF

NF

FAR U

NF

FAR NA

RISKS


B

G

F

E,F

CE,F

A,B,EF,I

A,BE,I

C,E,F

A,E

WRIGHTS MEADOW

T35SR08ES22

T35SR08ES23

T35SR08ES27

T35SR08ES27

T35SR08ES27

T35SR08ES26

T35SR08ES35

T35SR08ES22

T35SR08ES27

MR08DRI

MR09URI

MR I ODRI

MR 11 DRI

MR I2DRI

MR13DRI

MR14URI

T22ARIDRI

T27ARIDNE

Y

N

Y

y

Y

Y

N

Y

y

Y

Y

y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Iy

N

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

E

FAR U

FAR D

FAR U

FAR U

FAR U

FAR D

PFC

PFC

FAR D

AB,C,E,I

A,BXH,I

A,CE,I

B,CEI

B,CEH

BJH-


A

SOUTH OF WRIGHTS NEADOW

T35SR08ES35

T35SR08ES35

T35SR08ES35

T36SR08ES02

T36SR08ESI I

T36SR08ES13

T36SR08ES24

T36SR08ES24

T36SR08ES25

T36SR08ES25

T36SR08ES31

MRI 5DNE

MR16DRI

MR17UNE

MRI 8DNE

MR1 9UNE

MR2OURI

MR21URI

MR22DRI

MR23DRI

MR24DRI

MR25DRI

y

Y

N

Y

N

N

N

Y

y

Y

Y

N

y

N

N

N

Y

y

Y

y

Y

Y

E

I

E

E

E

I

I

I

I

I

I

FAR NA

FAR NA

PFC

FAR NA

N/A

PFC

PFC

FAR U

FAR D

FAR NA

FAR NA

A

B


A,G


G

C,G,H

G

E,G

WEST SIDE COPPERFELD DRAW

T35SR08ES09

T35SR08ES09

T35SR08ES08

T35SR08ES16

T35SR08ES16

T35SR08ESI5

T35SR08ES16

T35SR08ES16

T35SR08ES16


T35SR08ES03

T35SR08ES03

T8ARIDRI

T8AR2DRI

T8AR3DNP

T21ARIDNI

T21AR2DRI

T15ARIDRI

T16ARIDRI

T16AR2DNE

T16BRIDNE


Tl IARIDNE

TI IAR2DRI

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y


Y

Y

y

y

N

N

y

y

y

N

N

I

I

I

I

I

I

E

E

FAR NA

FAR D

FAR NA

FAR U

PFC

FAR NA

PFC

PFC

PFC

A,F

D,G

E

A,CE,F


A,H

EAST SIDE COPPERFIELD DRAW

N

y

E

I

FAR NA

PFC


represented by an A or B channel (RST), depending on field measurements of the sinuosity and bed

material.

Crystal Castle Spring

Longitudinal Profile & Gradient

5400

, 5200

4.J

i 5000

i L

. 4800

c 4600

i a 4400

I " 4200

I l

! 4000

l 3800

. .....................................................

40

.............. . -- - -- - ---- --- ---


. 1 c_ _ _ _ _ 10


';t V~~iIXASLPE%-

I~~~~~~~~~RO

. . ,..,------------ ...... -- - -- - - -- - -


. /e , ------------,------- ------- -------------. 20


'.;_ - '-vi - - ! ii~l^ R..Y :.. ....*- .-..-..-.-.


. i ., ,. . . . . . . . .

0


A)

0.

0

Reach 2: 30,000 feet in length, average

valley slope is 3.1%. Much of this reach

flows through two meadow areas

connected by a short, steep canyon. The

canyon area could be classified as A or

B (RST). Evidence of sediment

deposition exists, possibly due to roads

and upland logging and thinning. A visit

to both reaches on May 31, .1995

resulted in estimates of sinuosity at less

than 1.2, and a low width/depth ratio of

less than 12. The stream seemed

functionally intact, with good age and

type of riparian vegetation diversity, and

fairly stable streambanks - except for an

occasional short length of streambank

erosion. An instream erosion control

project may be appropriate to stop any

further streambank erosion.

0 10000 20000 30000 40000

Length in Feet

Substation Subwatershed - 2,447 acres


No flow information is available on this subwatershed. The WIN Inventory does not include any sites in

this area. There are no recorded Water Rights with the OWRD.


91% of the area is in the Winema National Forest. 45 acres are classified as riparian areas. The area has

a West/northerly aspect, with 85% being below 5,000 feet. There are 15 miles of road (3.9 miles/square

mile).


Corbell Subwatershed - 3,439 acres


No flow information is available on this subwatershed. The WIN Inventory does not include any sites in

this area. There are no recorded Water Rights with the OWRD.


92% of the area is in the Winema National Forest. The subwatershed contains 4.3 stream miles (.81

miles/square mile). 137 acres (4%) of the area are classified as riparian areas. 96% is below 5,000 feet,

with a North and West aspect. There are 24 road miles and 2.4 railroad miles (4.4 miles/square mile).

Two road miles are coincident with old railroad grades. 37% of the stream length falls within 210 feet

of a road, and the mainstem is crossed at least three times.


Copperfield Draw Subwatershed - 21,512 acres


92% of the subwatershed is in the Winema National Forest. There are 35 stream miles (I mile/square

mile). 1712 acres (8%) within the area are classified as riparian. There are 135 miles of road and 14.5

railroad miles (4 miles/square mile). 20% of the stream length falls within 210 feet of a road, and the

mainstem is crossed at least six times.


Appendix D. Subwatersheds

Crystal Subwatershed - 9,945 acres


The timing of this assessment has not allowed for a site-specific survey of this system. No flow

information is available. The Water Improvement Needs (WIN) Inventory does not include any

sites in this area. There are no water rights recorded with the Oregon Water Resources

Department (OWRD).


There are two primary channels, Butler Creek and Crystal Castle Spring. 97% of the

subwatershed is within the Winema National Forest. From the GIS database it was determined

336 acres (3% of the area) are classified as riparian. This is an intermittent system, with 17.75

stream miles (1.15 miles/square mile). Elevation ranges between 5,000 and 6,000 feet, with a

west aspect. 30% of the subwatershed has slopes less than ten percent. There are 66 road, and

49 railroad miles (4.3 miles/square mile). 29 road miles are coincident with old railroad grades.

31% of the stream length falls within 210 feet of a road, and the mainstem channels are crossed at

least six times. The GIS database used to plot road locations uses pixels which are 210 feet wide,

therefore that is the shortest distance from streams that we could determine roads to be.

Butler Creek: Beginning at the

juncture with the Sprague River (at

rivermile 3.5), the creek is broken

into four reaches going upstream.


Reach 1: 17,500 feet in length,

average valley slope is 6.5%. A

stable channel condition would be

represented by a Rosgen Stream

Type (RST) A or B channel,

depending on field measurements of

the sinuosity and bed material.


Reach 2: 8,000 feet in length,

average valley slope is 2.0%. Under

these valley slope conditions, a

stable channel condition would be

represented by channel types C or E

(RST).

Butler Creek

Longitudinal Profile & Gradient

5400

5200

0 5000

4800

c 4600

a 4400

" 4200

4000

3800

............ ,....... ..


............ .. . . .. . . . ........................


~~~~~~~~~..,..... ........

-50

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