Evidence-Based Practice for the Helping Professions: a practical Guide with Integrated Multimedia Leonard E. Gibbs




НазваниеEvidence-Based Practice for the Helping Professions: a practical Guide with Integrated Multimedia Leonard E. Gibbs
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Evidence-Based Practice for the Helping Professions

A Practical Guide with Integrated Multimedia

Leonard E. Gibbs

University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire

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Evidence-Based Practice for the Helping Professions: A Practical Guide with Integrated Multimedia Leonard E. Gibbs

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6 7 8 9 10 11 10 09

To Mom and Dad, who repeatedly demonstrated their willingness to pay a price for ethical principles,

and to my students, who I hope learn the same from me.


Contents

CHAPTER 1

Evidence-Based Practice: Definition and What It Offers to You and to Your Clients i

Overview i

Definition by Detailed Example 2 A Conceptual Definition 6 Additional Conceptual Definitions 8

An Operational Definition: Steps of Evidence-Based Practice 8

An Operational Definition Applied to the Hospital Interactive

Team Thinking Test 9 The HITTT's Three Purposes 9

Background for the Hospital Interactive Team Thinking

Test 10 Mr. Anderson's Condition 10 The Health Care Team's Decision iz Instructions for the HITTT 13

Potential Benefits of Evidence-Based Practice 13 Evidence-Based Practice Incorporates Three Essential Elements 13

Evidence-Based Practice Harnesses Advances in Information Science as a Way to Integrate Research into Practice 13

Evidence-Based Practice Is Consistent with Professional Goals

and Ethics 16 Evidence-Based Practice Can Help to Resolve an Age-Old

Division Between Research and Experience as Guides to

Practice 16

Evidence-Based Practice Is Consistent with Efforts to Integrate

Research into Practice 17 Evidence-Based Practice May Provide a Common Ground

Across the Helping Professions 18

Summary 19

Exercise 1-1 Steps of Evidence-Based Practice Demonstrated in

the Hospital Interactive Team Thinking Test 19 Purpose 19 Background 19 Instructions 20

The HITTT Steps Worksheet 20

Exercise 1-2 Ethical and Practice Standards as Considerations in

Evidence-Based Practice 21 Purpose 21 Background 21 Instructions 21

Ethics and Standards Worksheet 22

CHAPTER 2

Become Motivated to Apply the Current Best Evidence to Practice 25

Overview 25 Scientific Reasoning 26

Exercise 2-1 The Hospital Interactive Team Thinking Test 27 Purpose 27 Background 27

How to Prepare to Take the HITTT 28 Instructions for Taking the HITTT 31

Exercise 2-2 The Courtroom Interactive Testimony Thinking

Test 3 2 Purpose 32 Background 3 2

How to Prepare to Take the CITTT 34 Instructions for Taking the CITTT 37

Exercise 2-3 The Multidisciplinary Interactive Team Thinking Test 39

Contents

Purpose 39 Background 39

How to Prepare to Take the MITTT 39 Vividness of Case Example 41 Ignorance of the Law of Large Numbers 4r Ignorance of Sample Representatives 41

Instructions for Taking the MITTT 44

Avoiding Quack Reasoning 44 Summary 47

Scoring the HITTT, the CITTT, and the MITTT 47

CHAPTER 3

Pose a Specific Question of Importance to Your Client's Welfare 53

Overview 53

The Need to Pose Vital Questions 54

Importance of Learning How to Pose Specific Questions About Practice 56

Client-Oriented, Practical, Evidence-Search Questions 57

Three Features of COPES Questions 57

Five COPES Question Types and Four Features of Well-Built

Questions 5 8 Examples of General Questions and Related COPES

Questions 5 8

Effectiveness Questions: Definition by General Concept and Two Examples 60

Prevention Questions: Definition by General Concept and Two Examples 61

Risk/Prognosis Questions: Definition by General Concept and Two Examples 61

Assessment Questions: Definition by General Concept and Two Examples 61

Description Questions: Definition by General Concept and Two Examples 65

Lessons Learned from Practitioners' Questions 66 Incredible Diversity of Questions 66 Practitioners Pose Vague Questions 66

Questions Concern Effectiveness and Other Issues as Well 6j Questions Need to Be Posed as Questions of Fact 6j Not Drawing a Distinction Between a Question of Fact and a Question of Value Causes Confusion
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