Lojban For Beginners— velcli befi la lojban bei loi co’a cilre




НазваниеLojban For Beginners— velcli befi la lojban bei loi co’a cilre
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Chapter 1. Sounds, names and a few attitudes


The first thing you need to do when you learn a foreign language is to become familiar with the sounds of the language and how they are written, and the same goes for Lojban. Fortunately, Lojban sounds (phonemes) are fairly straightforward.

Vowels


There are six vowels in Lojban.

a

as in father (not as in hat)

e

as in get

i

as in machine or (Italian) vino (not as in hit)

o

as in bold or more—not as in so (this should be a ‘pure’ sound.)

u

as in cool (not as in but)


These are pretty much the same as vowels in Italian or Spanish. The sixth vowel, y, is called a schwa in the language trade, and is pronounced like the first and last A’s in America (that’s English America, not Spanish.) It’s the sound that comes out when the mouth is completely relaxed.

Two vowels together are pronounced as one sound (diphthong). Some examples are:

ai

as in high

au

as in how

ei

as in hey

oi

as in boy

ia

like German Ja

ie

like yeah

iu

like you

ua

as in waah!, or French quoi

ue

as in question

uo

as in quote

ui

like we, or French oui


Double vowels are rare. The only examples are ii, which is pronounced like English ye (as in “Oh come all ye faithful”) or Chinese yi, and uu, pronounced like woo.
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