Lojban For Beginners— velcli befi la lojban bei loi co’a cilre




НазваниеLojban For Beginners— velcli befi la lojban bei loi co’a cilre
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Preface—lidne prosa


This document is an introductory course on Lojban, consisting of fifteen lessons. It has been authored by Robin Turner and Nick Nicholas, and gives a gentle introduction to the structure of the language. Robin authored lessons 1–8 and 10–11 in 1999; Nick added to the existing lessons, and authored lessons 9 and 12–15, in 2001.

The material covered in this course should be sufficient to allow the learner to understand most of the Lojban they are likely to see in the online Lojban discussion groups, or in the publications of the Logical Language Group. For information on Lojban, please contact the Logical Language Group:

Bob LeChevalier

The Logical Language Group, Inc.

2904 Beau Lane

Fairfax, VA 22031

U.S.A.

(+1 703) 385-0273

<lojban@lojban.org>

http://www.lojban.org

The document What is Lojban? (available online at http://www.lojban.org/publications/level0.html) is a general introduction to the language. It should be available from the same place you obtained this document.

Lojban is likely to be very different to the kinds of languages you are familiar with—which certainly include English. If a point of grammar or logic seems inscrutable at first, don’t hesitate to move on, and come back to it later. Likewise, some of the exercises are trickier than others (particularly the translation exercises at the end of each lesson.) If you can’t work out the answer to a particular question, feel free to skip it—but do look at the answer to the question, as there are often useful hints on Lojban usage in there. The answers to the exercises are at the end of each lesson.

Occasionally we use brackets to clarify the grammatical structure of Lojban in our examples. These brackets are not part of official Lojban orthography, and are included only for paedagogical purposes.

Robin is English (residing in Turkey), and Nick is Greek-Australian (residing in the U.S.A.) So don’t be surprised if you see some unfamiliar language usage in this text. We are particularly unrepentant about using Commonwealth spelling.

Our thanks to the Lojbanists who have reviewed these lessons; in particular, Pierre Abbat, John Clifford, John Cowan, Björn Gohla, Arnt Richard Johansen, John Jorgensen, Nora Tansky LeChevalier, Jorge Llambías, Robin Lee Powell, Adam Raizen, Anthony Roach, Tim Smith, Rob Speer, Brion Vibber. Thanks also to Robin Lee Powell for providing the infrastructure for publishing the course in progress, and to Paul Reinerfelt for his help in producing the TeX version of the text.

ni’o le dei seltcidu cu te ctuca be loi co’a cilre bei fo la lojban. gi’e se pagbu lo pamumei .i le go’i cu se finti la’o gy. Robin Turner gy. joi la’o gy. Nick Nicholas gy. goi la nitcion. gi’e frili jai junri’a fo le stura be le bangu .i la robin. finti le 1moi bi’i 8moi .e le 10moi bi’i 11moi pagbu ca la 1999nan .i la nitcion. jmina fi le pu zasti pagbu gi’e finti le 9moi .e le 12moi bi’i 15moi vau ca la 2001nan.

ni’o lei datni poi se cusku le dei te ctuca cu pe’i banzu lenu ka’enri’a le cilre lenu jimpe piso’a loi lojbo poi lakne fa lenu tcidu ke’a vecu’u le jondatnymu’e ke lojbo casnu girzu .a le se prigau be la lojbangirz. .i mu’i tu’a loi tcila pe la lojban. ko te notci fo la lojbangirz. noi se judri zoi gy.

Bob LeChevalier

The Logical Language Group, Inc.

2904 Beau Lane

Fairfax, VA 22031

U.S.A.

(+1 703) 385-0273

<lojban@lojban.org>

http://www.lojban.org

gy. .i le seltcidu po’u la’e lu la lojban mo. li’u zi’enoi ka’e se cpacu fi le jondatnymu’e tu’i zoi gy. http://www.lojban.org/publications/level0.html gy. cu nalsteci cfari bo skicu le bangu .i ba’a ka’e cpacu le go’i tu’i le jaitu’i cpacu be le dei seltcidu

ni’o la lojban. cu la’a mutce frica le bangu poi slabu do zi’epoi ju’o se cmima le glico .i ko fau lo da’i nu lo nandu pe le gerna .a le logji cu simlu loka to’e ke frili se jimpe co’a lenu tcidu cu zukte lenu rivbi tu’a le nandu gi’e krefu troci tu’a ri baku .i pa’abo su’o cipra jufra cu zmadu su’o cipra jufra leni tcica nandu .i go’i fa ra’u le nunfanva cipra jufra pe le fanmo be ro te ctuca pagbu .i za’o lenu do na pu’i jdice le danfu be lo preti kei ko co’u troci gi’e ku’i catlu le danfu be le cipra jufra .imu’ibo le danfu so’iroi jarco lo plixau se stidi pe lenu pilno la lojban. .i le danfu be le cipra jufra cu diklo le fanmo be ro te ctuca pagbu

ni’o mi so’iroi pilno lo girzu sinxa lerfu mu’i lenu ciksi le gerna stura be la lojban. be’o pe le mi mupli seltcidu .i le girzu sinxa lerfu genai pagbu le se zanru ke lojbo ke nunciska ciste gi se pilno fi le nu po’o ctuca

ni’o la robin. cu glico gi’e xabju le gugdrturkie .ije la nitcion. cu xelso sralo gi’e xabju le merko .i seki’ubo ko na se spaji tu’a loi glibau selpli pe le dei seltcidu zi’epoi na slabu do .i mi ra’u to’e xenru lenu pilno le glico se jitro gugde bo girzu ke valsi lerfu se cuxna ciste

ni’o mi ckire le lojbo poi cipygau fi le kamdrani le dei te ctuca zi’eno’u la. pier.abat. joi la biorn.golys. joi la djan.iorgensen. joi. la .arnt.rikard.iuxansen. goi la tsali ge’u joi la xorxes.jambi,as. joi la djan.kau,n. joi la djan.klifyrd. goi la pycyn. ge’u joi la noras.tanskis.lecevaLIER. joi la rabin.lis.pau,el. joi la .adam.reizen. joi la .antonis.routc. joi la tim.smit. joi la rab.spir. joi la braiyn.viber. .i ckire ji’a la rabin.lis.pau,el. ce’e lenu sabji le jicmu be lenu gubgau le ve ctuca ca’o lenu finti pe’eje la paul.rainerfelt. ce’e lenu sidju lenu cupra le seltcidu peta’i la tex.
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