Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health




Скачать 409.46 Kb.
НазваниеMonographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health
страница4/15
Дата конвертации15.10.2012
Размер409.46 Kb.
ТипДокументы
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   15

Monographs on Medicinal Plants for Malaria and Febrile Illnesses




  1. Acanthospermum hispidum

  2. Alchornea cordifolia

  3. Alstonia boonei

  4. Anthocleista nobilis

  5. Azadirachta indica

  6. Canthium glabriflorum

  7. Carapa procera

  8. Carica papaya

  9. Cassia siamea

  10. Cassia occidentalis

  11. Cryptolepis sanguinolenta

  12. Hoslundia opposita

  13. Hydrastis Canadensis

  14. Khaya ivorensis

  15. Khaya senegalensis

  16. Lantana camara

  17. Mangifera indica

  18. Ocimum basilicum

  19. Paullinia pinnata

  20. Parinari robusta

  21. Persea Americana

  22. Phyllanthus niruri

  23. Psidium guajava

  24. Pycnanthus angolensis

  25. Momordica charantia

  26. Monodora myristica

  27. Morinda lucida

  28. Nauclea latifolia

  29. Newbouldia laevis

  30. Rauwolfia vomitoria

  31. Solanum torvum

  32. Spathodea campanulata

  33. Tabernaemontana crassa

  34. Trema orientalis

  35. Xylopia aethiopica

  36. Vernonia amygdalina



______________________________

Acanthospermum hispidum

Botanical name


Acanthospermum hispidum DC

Local name(s)


Not available

Chemical constituents


Essential oils (sesquiterpenes, aliphatic aldehydes and aromatic compounds); alkaloids; diterpenes; sugars (Fleischer et al 2003; Cartagena et al 2000; Nair et al 1976)

Pharmacology


The crude ethanolic extracts of the leaves and flowering tops of A. hispidum showed various degrees of antibacterial activity particularly against Gram-positive organisms (Fleischer et al 2003). A significant antimalarial activity has been observed with alkaloid extract of A. hispidum (Sanon et al 2003). Aqueous extract of the leaves of A. hispidum exhibited antiviral activity by interaction with α-herpes virus particles resulting in inhibition of attachment to and penetration into target cells (Summerfield et al 1997). The immunostimulatory capacity of A. hispidum was studied in vitro. The plant was shown to enhance the proliferation of T lymphocytes. The virus-specific MHC class II restricted in vitro immune response against pseudorabies virus (PRV) was also enhanced in a co-stimulating manner (Summerfield and Saalmüller 1998). In an attempt to evaluate the abortifacient/or teratogenic effect of extracts of A. hispidum and Cajanus cajan, used in Brazil to cause, female Wistar rats were treated with the aqueous extract (infusion, proportion C. cajan and A. hispidum 1:1.3). There was no significant change in the mean weight of the fetuses, and no change in the percentage of post implantation loss in the treated groups. There was, however, an increase in the number of external malformations in a dose-related manner. No internal malformations were observed in fetuses at term, but there was a significant incidence of fetuses with visceral anomalies (Lemonica and Alvarenga 1994).

Medicinal uses

Traditional system/folk medicine

As an anthelmintic; abortifacient; diuretic, febrifuge, sudorific; for the treatment of boils; hypertension; gonorrhea ((Fleischer et al 2003; Menut et al 1995; Lemonica and Alvarenga 1994; Uphof 1968; Morton 1981).


Uses as described in pharmacopoeia

Not available


Uses supported by experimental or clinical data

Immunostimulant; antimalarial; antiviral; teratogenic

Precautions and toxicology


Seeds of A. hispidum have toxic effects characterized by haemorrhage, weakness and diarrhoea (Ali and Adam 1978). Poisoning in goats manifested as jaundice, diarrhoea, weakness of the hind limbs and debility (Ali and Adam 1978).
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   15

Похожие:

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconThe ministry of public health and social development of the russian federation
«Articom plus» Ltd. Printed in the «Printing house ”Beresta”» Ltd., Saint-Petersburg, Kolya Tomchak str., 28

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconScope a seminar designed to assist pastors and other ministry leaders in analyzing their leadership strengths and weaknesses, while building a learning life-style for the remainder of their ministry life. Objectives

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconA contribution to the consultation process launched

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconThese health resources are a sample of the resources found in Health-Minder software, a Family Health Information Manager. Use Health-Minder to organize family

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconMonographs available from The Horticultural Society Library

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconCatalogue of monographs, pamphlets, reprints and journals of the

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health icon[This list includes only publications submitted to, accepted by, or published in journals and monographs beginning in 2000 that

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconEvaluation of the Health and Research Outcomes of Technologies Licensed by the National Institutes of Health

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconМеждународное служение "благословение отца" © international ministry father's blessing
Еждународное служение "благословение отца" © international ministry father's blessing

Monographs on selected medicinal plants of ghana launched by the ministry of health iconThis Instructor Manual is a resource for instructors using the materials for Component 1: Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the us. Each

Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
Библиотека


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.znate.ru 2012
обратиться к администрации
Библиотека
Главная страница