Anatomy and Physiology II ii. Catalog Description




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НазваниеAnatomy and Physiology II ii. Catalog Description
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Suffolk County Community College

College Course Syllabus for BIO132


I. Course Title:


Anatomy and Physiology II


II. Catalog Description:


Basic principles of the structure and function of the human body are discussed in depth for each of the organ systems. Physiology is presented from both a biochemical and organismal point of view. Basic understanding of chemistry, physics and mathematics is introduced where useful and necessary for understanding these biological phenomena. Special attention is given to the application of these principles and concepts to health-related areas. A 2-semester sequence (3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. laboratory)


III. Course Goals:


Students will understand the basic scientific structure and function of the human cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary, endocrine, and reproductive systems at the cellular, histological, organ, and systemic levels.


IV. Outcome Behaviors:


The students will be able to demonstrate their knowledge of the material covered through written and practical exams, discussions and reports. Upon completion of this course students should be able to:


A. Apply the scientific method,

1. by designing experiments to test formulated hypotheses,

2. by solving problems with the correct use of appropriate scientific

notation and equipment,

3. by quantifying (observing, describing, measuring, and calculating)

various empirical phenomena,

4. and by logically reaching valid conclusions based on these data through

critical analysis and interpretation.

B. Explain the relationship between structure and function at each level of

organization of the body for the cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary, endocrine, and reproductive systems.

C. Identify, locate and classify various anatomical structures at the cellular,

histological, organ and systemic levels of organization for the cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary, endocrine, and reproductive systems.

D. Describe and explain selected physiological processes at the cellular,

histological, organ and systemic levels of organization of cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary, endocrine, and reproductive systems, the physiology of nonspecific defense and immunity, and the homeostatic principles of electrolyte, fluid and acid base balance.

E. Use correct and appropriate anatomical and directional terminology and

descriptions as well as scientific terminology in general as they apply to the cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary, endocrine, and reproductive systems.

F. Identify and explain how selected pathologic conditions apply to the normal

functions of the topic being studied.


V. Programs that require this course:

Fitness Specialist (Hegis Code 5299.30)

Health Information Technology/Medical Records (Hegis Code 5213)

Nursing (Hegis Code 5208-10)

Occupational Therapy Assistant (Hegis Code 5210)

Physical Therapy Assistant (Hegis Code 5219)


VI. Major Topics Required with Approximate Times for Each Major Topic:

(50min hours)

Lecture:

A. The Cardiovascular System 8 hrs.

1. Blood

a. Plasma

b. Erythrocytes

c. Leukocytes

d. Platelets

e. Hemostasis

2. The Heart

a. Anatomy of the Heart

b. Cardiac Physiology

c. Cardiodynamics: Cardiac Output and Heart Rate

3. Blood Vessels and Circulation

a. Arteries

b. Capillaries

c. Veins

d. Cardiovascular Physiology

e. Cardiovascular Regulation

f. Cardiovascular Response

g. Distribution of Blood Vessels

B. The Lymphatic System and Immunity 4 hrs.

1. Lymphatic System Organization

2. Nonspecific Defenses

a. Barriers

b. Phagocytes

c. Immunological Surveillance

d. Interferons

e. Complement

f. Inflammation

g. Fever

3. Immune Response

1. Cell-Mediated Immunity

a. CD8 / TC Cells

b. CD4 / TH Cells

2. Antibody-Mediated Immunity

a. B cell activation

b. Antibody Structure and Classes

c. Antibody-Antigen Complexes

3. Immune Disorders

C. The Digestive System 6 hrs.

1. Digestive Organs

a. Oral Cavity

b. Pharynx

c. Esophagus

d. Stomach

e. Small Intestine

f. Glandular Organs

g. Large Intestine

2. Digestion and Absorption

D. Metabolism and Energetics 3 hrs.

1. Cellular Respiration and Metabolism

a. Carbohydrate Metabolism

b. Lipid Metabolism

c. Protein Metabolism

4. Diet and Nutrition

5. Metabolic Rate and Thermoregulation

E. The Respiratory System 3 hrs.

1. Respiratory Organs

a. Upper Respiratory System

b. Larynx

c. Trachea and Primary Bronchi

d. Lungs

2. Respiratory Physiology

a. Pulmonary Ventilation

b. Gas Exchange

c. Control of Respiration

F. The Urinary System 2 hrs.

1. Urinary Organs

a. Kidneys

b. Ureters

c. Urinary Bladder

d. Urethra

2. Renal Physiology

a. Filtration at the Glomerulus

b. Reabsorption and Secretion

G. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance 2.5 hrs

1. Fluid balance

2. Electrolyte Balance

3. Acid-Base Balance

H. The Endocrine System 3.5 hrs.

1. Endocrine Organs and Hormones

a. Pituitary Gland

b. Thyroid Gland

c. Parathyroid Gland

d. Adrenal Gland

e. Pineal Gland

f. Pancreas

g. Intestines

h. Kidneys

i. Heart

j. Thymus

k. Gonads

l. Adipose

\ 2. Hormone Action and Interaction

I. The Reproductive System 3.5 hrs.

1. Male Reproductive Organs

a. Testes

b. Reproductive Tract

c. External Genitalia

2. Male Reproductive Physiology

a. Spermatogenesis

b. Hormones and Male Reproductive and Sexual Function

3. Female Reproductive Organs

a. Ovaries

b. Uterine Tubes

c. Uterus

d. Vagina

e. External Genitalia

f. Mammary Glands

4. Female Reproductive Physiology

a. Oogenesis and Ovulation

b. Menstrual Cycle

c. Hormones and Female Reproductive and Sexual Function

J. Development and Inheritance 3.5 hrs

1. Fertilization

2. Prenatal Development

a. First Trimester

b. Second Trimester

c. Third Trimester

d. Labor and Delivery

3. Postnatal Development

4. Genetics and Inheritance


Lab:

A. Microscope 1.5 hrs.

B. Blood 3 hrs.

1. Composition and Formed Elements

2. Blood Typing

3. Hematocrit

C. Heart 3 hrs.

1. Anatomical and Histological Features

2. EKG

D. Blood Vessels 1.5 hrs.

E. Lymphatic System 1.5 hrs

F. Digestive System 6 hrs.

1. Anatomical and Histological Features

2. Enzymatic Digestion

G. Respiratory System 3 hrs.

1. Anatomical and Histological Features

2. Lung Volumes and Respiratory Physiology

H. Urinary System 3 hrs.

1. Anatomical and Histological Features

2. Urinalysis

I. Endocrine System 3 hrs.

J. Reproductive System 3 hrs.

K. Genetics & Biotechnology 3 hrs.

1. Heredity

2. DNA Gel Electrophoresis


VII. Special Instructions:


A. Prerequisites to this course:


Required: BIO130 – Anatomy and Physiology I

B. Courses that require this course as a prerequisite:


BIO244 – General Microbiology

BIO246 – Anatomy & Physiology of Human Movement

BIO262 – Genetics

BIO270 – Embryology (or BY52)

PFS113 – Exercise Leadership & Concepts of Aerobic Conditioning

PFS201 – Exercise Leadership & Concepts of Muscle Conditioning

PF23 – Kinesiology

PF25 – Injury Prevention & Management

H120 – Study of Disease

NR24 – LPN to RN Advanced Placement

NR33 – Adult Physical Health Nursing I

NR36 – Adult Mental Health Nursing

PT20 – Foundations of Disease

PT22 – Physical Therapy Skills II

PT24 – Physical Agents I

PT30 – Introduction to Clinical Practice

PT34 – Physical Therapy Skills III

PT36 – Clinical Affiliation I

PT40 – Advanced Therapeutic Exercise

PT42 – Clinical Affiliation II


C. External Jurisdiction: None


  1. Supporting Information:


(Course texts are indicated with an asterix)

A Brief Atlas of the Human Body, Matt Hutchinson, Jon Mallatt and Elaine N.

Marieb, Benjamin Cummings, 2003.

A Guide to Anatomy & Physiology Lab, Thomas Rust, Southwest Educational

Enterprises, San Antonio, TX 1986

Anatomy & Physiology Coloring Workbook: A Complete Study Guide by Elaine

N. Marieb, Pearson Benjamin Cummings 2006

A Photographic Atlas for the Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory, 5th Ed., Kent

M. Van De Graaff & John L. Crauley, Morton Publishing Co., Englewood, CO. 2003

Atlas of the Skeletal Muscles by Robert J. Stone and Judith A. Stone, Wm. C.

Brown, 1990

Basic Chemistry for Biology, 2nd Ed., Carolyn Chapman, MCB/McGraw-Hill,

Dubuque, IA, 1999

Color Atlas of Histology, 3rd Ed., Gartner & Hiatt, Williams & Wilkins, 2000

Coloring Guide to Anatomy & Physiology, Judith A. Stone & Robert J. Stone,

Wm. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, IA 1995

DeFiore’s Atlas of Histology, 10th Ed., Eroschenko; Lippincott, 2005

*Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology, 7th Ed., Frederick H. Martini,

Benjamin Cummings, 2006

*Human Anatomy & Physiology, 6th Ed., Elaine N. Marieb, The

Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co., Inc., Menlo Park, CA 2004

*Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory Manual Cat Version, 8th Ed., Elaine

N. Marieb, Benjamin Cummings, 2005

Imagining Atlas of Human Anatomy, Jamie Weir and Peter H. Abrahams, Third

Edition, Elsevier Science Limited, 2003.

Introduction to Chemistry for Biology Students, 8th Ed., George I. Sackheim,

MCB/McGraw-Hill, Menlo Park, CA 2005

*Introductory Laboratory Exercises for Human Anatomy & Physiology, Part 2,

3rd Ed., Donald S. Kisiel and Linda A. Sabatino, Whittier Publications,

Inc., Island Park, NY 2005

Laboratory Atlas of Anatomy & Physiology, 4th Ed., Douglas J. Eder, Shari L.

Kaminsky & John W. Bertram, WCB/McGraw-Hill, St. Louis, MO 2005

Martini’s Atlas of the Human Body by Frederic H, Martini, Benjamin Cummings

2004

Mosby’s Anatomy Coloring Book, Barbara A, Magerl and Bernadette A. Sanner,

Elsevier Science, 2004

Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, 10th Ed., Tortora & Grabowski; Wiley 2003

Study Guide for Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, 7th Ed., Frederic H.

Martini, Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 2006

Study Guide to Accompany Human Anatomy & Physiology, 6th Ed., Elaine N.

Marieb, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co., Inc., Menlo Park, CA 2004

The Anatomy Coloring Book, 3rd Ed., Wynn Kapit & Lawrence M. Elson,

Harper/Collins Publishers, NY, 2001

The Physiology Coloring Book, 2nd Ed., Wynn Kapit, Robert I. Macey & Esmail

Meisami, Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, CA 2000

Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences, 3rd Ed., Victoria E. McMillan,

Bedford Books, Boston, MA, 2001


IX. Optional Topics:

Lecture:

None


Lab:

Autopsy observation upon completion of all organ systems

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