Appendix b – hibernacula: forest habitat analysis 98 appendix c – literature cited 101




НазваниеAppendix b – hibernacula: forest habitat analysis 98 appendix c – literature cited 101
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Description of Management Prescription Areas and Scheduled Management Practices


The following is a brief description of the Management Prescription Areas excerpted from the 2006 Forest Plan. A complete description can be found in Chapter V of the 2006 Forest Plan. The standards and guidelines for each management prescription area will not be included here, but can also be found in Chapter V of the 2006 Forest Plan (USFS 2005c).


Management Prescription Area CR protects and maintains land and resource conditions on approximately 14,600 acres along waterways recommended for study and possible inclusion in the national wild and scenic river system. Included within this prescription are National Forest System lands that lie one-quarter of a mile on either side of Bay Creek, Big Creek, Big Grand Pierre Creek, Hutchins Creek, Lusk Creek and the Big Muddy River. The free-flowing condition, water quality and outstanding remarkable values that qualified these stream-segments as candidate wild and scenic rivers are protected. Activities that may be seen include prescribed burning, logging, trails construction and maintenance, minor recreation facility construction and maintenance and non-native invasive species control.


Table 2. Scheduled Management Practices – Management Area CR

Management Practice/Activity

Unit of Measure

Amount Proposed in First Decade

Amount Probable in Second Decade

Prescribed Burning

- Landscape Scale site prep. for oak


Acres


2,512



2,512

Equestrian/Hiking Trail Construction


Miles


12


0

No other scheduled management practices. Specific practices needed to manage the river corridors to maintain their eligibility as potential wild and scenic rivers may be determined during Plan implementation.


Management Prescription Area CV provides for management of Swainson’s and cerulean warblers and other non-game birds within the 2,000-acre Cave Valley/Cedar Creek area. The management emphasis is to enhance habitat for non-game bird species and provide non-motorized recreational opportunities for non-motorized recreation in a roaded, natural setting. Activities that may be seen include prescribed burning, trail construction and maintenance, non-native invasive species control and pond and waterhole maintenance.


Table 3. Scheduled Management Practices – Management Area CV

Management Practice/Activity

Unit of Measure

Amount Proposed in First Decade

Amount Probable in Second Decade

Equestrian/Hiking Trail Construction


Miles


4


0

No other scheduled management practices. Specific practices needed to maintain wildlife habitat may be determined during plan implementation.


Management Prescription Area DR provides for facilities, services and settings designed for human activities and affects 1,600 acres. These facilities may include campgrounds, picnic areas, boat ramps, interpretive sites, overlooks, swimming areas and trailheads. Management emphasis is on services and facilities that best fill niches provided by the Forest. Management activities that may be seen include thinning and tree removal, lawn-mowing, trail and recreation facilities construction and maintenance and non-native invasive species control.


There are no scheduled management practices for Management Area DR. Maintenance, rehabilitation, or reduction in services at developed recreation sites will be determined during Plan implementation.


Management Prescription Area EH provides for the production of high quality hardwoods on 137,700 acres in a roaded-natural recreational setting. The management prescription provides for maintenance of the oak-hickory forest-type and ecological restoration of areas that have been planted with non-native pine. Management activities that may be seen include prescribed burning, logging, temporary road construction and maintenance, trail and recreation-area construction and maintenance, openings maintenance, pond maintenance and non-native invasive species control.


The following vegetation composition objectives apply:

Vegetation Condition

Management Area

Permanent Wildlife Openings

1-4%

Herbaceous Openland

1-2%1

Mixed Pine/Hardwood Types

0-10%

Hardwood Types

80-99%2

1 All herbaceous openland may be managed to retain its natural open character. The composition objectives shown above are an estimate of the amount that actually can be attained.

2 Oak hickory composition objectives vary by ecological units as listed below:

--Illinois Ozarks – 60-75% in uplands and 25-50% on low slopes and alluvial plains;

--Greater and Lesser Shawnee Hills LTA’s 1, 2, 4, 5, 7 –70-90% in uplands and 30-90% on low slopes and alluvial plains;

--Greater and Lesser Shawnee Hills LTA’s 3 and 6 –85-100% on uplands and 30-85% on low slopes and alluvial plains.


Table 4. Scheduled Management Practices – Management Area EH

Management Practice/Activity

Unit of Measure

Amount Proposed in First Decade

Amount Probable in Second Decade

Timber Harvest

- Hardwood Shelterwood

- Hardwood Shelterwood with reserves

- Pine Shelterwood with reserves

- Intermediate Treatments


Acres

Acres


Acres


Acres


3,197

1,500


3,814


263


6,175

3,000


6,369


172

Reforestation

- Site prep for natural regeneration

- Planting


Acres


Acres


6,326


2,185


8,116


2,731

Timber Stand Improvement

Acres

1,300

8,511

Roads

- Reconstruction


Miles


77


85

Equestrian/Hiking Trail Construction


Miles


122


0

Wildlife Habitat Improvement

- Wildlife opening maintenance


Acres


658


658

Prescribed Burning

- Site prep/brush disposal

- Landscape scale site prep for oak


Acres

Acres


11,970

43,228


19,776

43,228


Management Prescription Area HR provides for the preservation and protection of sites listed on the National Register of Historic places and other known significant sites. These sites occupy about 3,300 acres and include Millstone Bluff, the Illinois Iron Furnace, Battery Rock, Great Salt Springs, Fountain Bluff and Hamburg Hill. Management activities that may be seen include archaeological excavation, site interpretation, trail construction and maintenance, tree and shrub removal, prescribed burning, timber management and non-native invasive species control.


Table 5. Scheduled Management Practices – Management Area HR

Management Practice/Activity

Unit of Measure

Amount Proposed in First Decade

Amount Probable in Second Decade

Equestrian/Hiking Trail Construction


Miles


1


0

No other scheduled management practices. Specific management practices to protect, evaluate, or interpret significant heritage resource sites, or for wildlife habitat improvement will be prescribed during Plan implementation.


Management Prescription Area LO provides for large, high-quality openlands of grassland and oldfield habitat, generally greater than 80 acres, in a roaded-natural setting. The large openlands encompass approximately 3,700 acres and are primarily mixtures of native and non-native grasslands, oldfields in a variety of generally early-successional conditions, some wildlife openings and some remnant, wooded fencerows. Management activities that may be seen include prescribed burning, non-native invasive species control, plowing and disking, pond maintenance and trail and minor recreation construction.


Table 6. Scheduled Management Practices – Management Area LO

Management Practice/Activity

Unit of Measure

Amount Proposed in First Decade

Amount Probable in Second Decade

Wildlife Habitat Improvement

- Large openland maintenance


Acres


2,300


2,300

Prescribed Burning

- Landscape scale site prep for oak

- Large openland management


Acres


Acres


68


9,200


68


9,200


Management Prescription Area MH provides for recreation, wildlife, soil and water protection and visual quality on 24,900 acres. This prescription provides habitat for wildlife requiring mature hardwood forest conditions. Management activities that may be seen include prescribed burning, logging, temporary road construction, opening maintenance, trail and recreation area construction and maintenance, pond maintenance and non-native invasive species control.


The following vegetation-composition objectives apply:


Vegetation Condition

Management Area

Permanent Wildlife Openings

0-4%

Herbaceous Openland

1-2%1

Mixed Pine/Hardwood Types

0-10%

Hardwood Types

80-85%2

1 All herbaceous openland may be managed to retain its natural open character. The composition objectives shown above are an estimate of the amount that actually can be attained. Up to 80% of the opportunity areas composing the Big Barrens region of Pope and Massac Counties (the Burke Branch area) may be managed to enhance herbaceous open-land conditions.

2 Oak hickory composition objectives vary by ecological units as listed below:

--Illinois Ozarks – 60-75% in uplands and 25-50% on low slopes and alluvial plains;

--Greater and Lesser Shawnee Hills LTA’s 1, 2, 4, 5, 7 –70-90% in uplands and 30-90% on low slopes and alluvial plains;

--Greater and Lesser Shawnee Hills LTA’s 3 and 6 –85-100% on uplands and 30-85% on low slopes and alluvial plains.


Table 7. Scheduled Management Practices – Management Area MH

Management Practice/Activity

Unit of Measure

Amount Proposed in First Decade

Amount Probable in Second Decade

Reforestation

- Site prep for natural regeneration

- Planting


Acres

Acres


1,164

481


1,547

955

Timber Stand Improvement

Acres

300

1,645

Roads

- Reconstruction


Miles


17


20

Equestrian/Hiking Trail Construction


Miles


24


0

Wildlife Habitat Improvement

- Wildlife opening maintenance

- Pine restoration to hardwoods

- Shelterwood for oak management

- Shelterwood with reserves

- Intermediate treatment


Acres

Acres

Acres

Acres

Acres


36

586

659

400

95


36

1,431

1,330

800

45

Prescribed Burning

- Site prep/brush disposal

- Landscape scale site prep. for oak


Acres

Acres


2,400

11,431


4,071

11,431


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