Appendix b – hibernacula: forest habitat analysis 98 appendix c – literature cited 101




НазваниеAppendix b – hibernacula: forest habitat analysis 98 appendix c – literature cited 101
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DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPOSED ACTION



The Forest Service proposes to revise the 1992 Amended Land and Resource Management Plan (1992 Amended Forest Plan) for the Shawnee National Forest (SNF or Forest). The 1992 Amended Forest Plan was a significant amendment to the 1986 Land and Resource Management Plan (1986 Forest Plan). The 2006 Revised Land and Resource Management Plan (2006 Forest Plan) has been undertaken in compliance with the law in order to review and improve the management of the SNF and to incorporate information that has been gained through monitoring and evaluation of the 1992 Amended Forest Plan.


The 2006 Forest Plan, along with applicable laws and regulations, will be used to guide all natural resource management activities on the SNF. It describes and specifies resource-management practices, levels of resource production and management and the availability and suitability of lands for resource management. The 2006 Forest Plan focuses on the decade 2006 through 2016 and may be amended as needed. It should be revised within 10 to 15 years of the date it is adopted. It does not include site-specific treatments and actions as these will be considered at the project level.


The SNF includes about 284,600 acres located in the southern tip of Illinois. The area is bordered on the east and south by the Ohio River and on the west by the Mississippi River. The Forest is divided into two Ranger Districts. The Mississippi Bluffs Ranger District is located on the west side of the SNF and includes portions of Jackson, Williamson, Union, Alexander and Pulaski Counties. The Hidden Springs Ranger District is located on the east side of the SNF and includes portions of Gallatin, Hardin, Johnson, Massac, Pope and Saline Counties.


The SNF offers a setting of hills, rock formations and outstanding bluffs and streams, as well as a broad diversity of plants and animals. The Forest was created about 70 years ago when much of the area was exhausted, abandoned farmland or heavily logged forest. Land was acquired, eroded fields and cutover areas were reforested, erosion was checked and the forest was protected from fire.


The Forest is located at the edge of the glaciated area at the integration-point of five regional ecotypes, which results in a broad diversity of flora and fauna and unique geological features. The Forest provides diverse habitats for endangered, threatened and sensitive species, as well as for game and non-game species. The Oakwood Bottoms Greentree Reservoir and Mississippi River floodplains provide important wetland habitats for migrating waterfowl in the Mississippi Flyway, as well as migrating shorebirds and wading birds.


The SNF contains some of the largest and most diverse blocks of mature hardwood forest, forest-interior habitat, bottomland forest and openland habitats in Illinois. Most of the Forest is comprised of native oaks and hickories, which provide excellent wildlife habitat. Non-native pines were planted in the early years of the Forest to control erosion on abandoned farm-fields and pine plantations are now common, especially on the east side of the Forest. The Forest contains seven congressionally-designated wilderness areas and six candidate wild and scenic rivers.


The proposed action is to implement a program of ecological restoration and resource management activities on the SNF that will insure perpetuation of healthy natural communities and provide a variety of goods and services through time on the SNF. During the NEPA process the SNF examined four alternatives in detail. Alternative 2 is the preferred alternative. This alternative is discussed in detail in the SNF Draft EIS for the Proposed Land and Resource Management Plan (USFS 2005d). Alternative 2 offers additional emphasis and revised guidance on: watershed protection; biological diversity; management of recreational resources; forest health and sustainability; wilderness, roadless areas and candidate wild and scenic rivers; and land-ownership adjustment. Management activities, such as timber harvest and prescribed fire, are used to mimic ecological processes to attain and sustain a high diversity of habitats and species.

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