Wisconsin’s Model Academic




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By the end of grade eight students will:


A.8.1 Use common media and technology terminology and equipment


  1. identify and define computer and networking terms (e.g., modem, file server, client station, LAN, Internet/Intranet, data storage device)

  2. demonstrate the correct operation of a computer system on a network

  3. demonstrate touch keyboarding skills at acceptable speed and accuracy levels (suggested range 20-25 wpm)

  4. organize and backup files on a computer disk, drive, server, or other storage device

  5. recognize and solve routine computer hardware and software problems

  6. use basic content-specific tools (e.g., environmental probes, measurement sensors) to provide evidence/support in a class project

  7. scan, crop, and save a graphic using a scanner, digital camera, or other digitizing equipment

  8. use simple graphing calculator functions to solve a problem

  9. capture, edit, and combine video segments using a multimedia computer with editing software or a video editing system


A.8.2 Identify and use common media formats


  1. describe the operating and file management software of a computer (e.g., desktop, file, window, folder, directory, pull-down menu, dialog box)

  2. identify the various organizational patterns used in different kinds of reference books

  3. define the basic types of learning software (e.g., drill and practice, tutorial, simulation)

  4. use electronic encyclopedias, almanacs, indexes, and catalogs to retrieve and select information

  5. describe the various applications of productivity software programs (e.g., word processing, database, spreadsheet, presentation, communication, drawing, desktop publishing)

  6. identify common integrated software packages or applications suites

  7. use a graphics program to create or modify detail to an image or picture


A.8.3 Use a computer and productivity software to organize and create information


  1. explain the use of basic word processing functions (e.g., menu, tool bars, dialog boxes, radio buttons, spell checker, thesaurus, page layout, headers and footers, word count, tabs)

  2. use the spell checker and thesaurus functions of a word processing program

  3. move textual and graphics data from one document to another

  4. use graphics software to import pictures, images, and charts into documents

  5. use a graphical organizer program to construct outlines or webs that organize ideas and information

  6. compose a class report using advanced text formatting and layout styles (e.g., single and double spacing, different size and style of fonts, indents, headers and footers, pagination, table of contents, bibliography)

  7. classify collected data and construct a simple database by defining fields, entering and sorting data, and producing a report

  8. construct a simple spreadsheet, enter data, and interpret the information

  9. plot and use different types of charts and graphs (e.g., line, bar, stacked, scatter diagram, area, pie charts, pictogram) from a spreadsheet program

  10. incorporate database and spreadsheet information (e.g., charts, graphs, lists) in word-processed documents


A.8.4 Use a computer and communications software to access and transmit information


  1. define basic on-line searching and Internet terminology (e.g., website, HTML, home page, hypertext link, bookmark, URL address)

  2. send an e-mail message with an attachment to several persons simultaneously

  3. access information using a modem or network connection to the Internet or other on-line information services

  4. view, print, save, and open a document from the Internet or other on-line sources

  5. use basic search engines and directories to locate resources on a specific topic

  6. demonstrate efficient Internet navigation

  7. organize World Wide Web bookmarks by subject or topic


A.8.5 Use media and technology to create and present information


  1. use draw, paint, or graphics software to create visuals that will enhance a class project or report

  2. design and produce a multimedia program

  3. plan and deliver a presentation using media and technology appropriate to topic, audience, purpose, or content


A.8.6 Evaluate the use of media and technology in a production or presentation


  1. determine the purpose of a specific production or presentation

  2. describe the effectiveness of the media and technology used in a production or presentation

  3. identify criteria for judging the technical quality of a production or presentation

  4. judge how well the production or presentation meets identified criteria

  5. recommend ways to improve future productions or presentations



By the end of grade 12 students will:


A.12.1 Use common media and technology terminology and equipment


  1. identify and define basic on-line and telecommunications terminology or concepts (e.g., bandwidth, satellite dish, distance learning, desktop conferencing, listserv, downlink, teleconference, virtual reality)

  2. demonstrate proper keyboarding mechanics and touch type accurately (suggested range 30-35 wpm)

  3. use a camcorder, VCR, multimedia computer, or editing equipment to produce a short video program

  4. identify common graphic, video, and sound file formats (e.g., JPEG, GIF, MPEG, QUICKTIME, WAV)

  5. use desktop or video conferencing equipment and systems


A.12.2 Identify and use common media formats


  1. identify examples of agents, expert systems, or artificial intelligence (e.g., search engine, grammar checker, voice recognition, translators)

  2. describe the common organizational patterns in different types of print media

  3. identify and explain the use of common microforms

  4. demonstrate how to import and export text, graphic, and sound files

  5. distinguish between an individual productivity program and an integrated software program or applications suite

  6. edit, import, and export movie or video files


A.12.3 Use a computer and productivity software to organize and create information


  1. explain terminology and concepts connected with integrated software or an applications suite (e.g., tool palette, bulleted or numbered lists, macros, auto-correct, find-and-replace, stylesheets)

  2. use an integrated program or applications suite to complete a class assignment

  3. proofread and edit a document using the spell, thesaurus, and grammar checking functions of a word processing program

  4. manipulate graphics objects in a word processing program (e.g., select, move, modify, delete, duplicate, arrange)

  5. use desktop publishing and graphics software to produce page layouts in different formats (e.g., brochure, tri-fold, newsletter)

  6. analyze data from a database and present conclusions in a document or report

  7. construct a spreadsheet, enter data into cells, use mathematical functions to manipulate/process data, generate a chart or graph, and interpret the results

  8. use a computer and graphical organizer software to generate modifiable flow charts, project time lines, organizational charts, or calendars


A.12.4 Use a computer and communications software to access and transmit information


  1. choose most appropriate search engines and directories to locate specific resources on the Internet or other on-line services

  2. distinguish between "pull" and "push" or "broadcast" methods of acquiring information from an on-line source

  3. employ FTP (file transfer protocol) to retrieve and download computer files from a remote computer

  4. use desktop conferencing, e-mail, or groupware to communicate with others regarding assignments or class projects

  5. establish access to primary sources and other experts for class reports or projects

  6. participate in an on-line discussion group or listserv appropriate to a content area

  7. gather and organize statistical or survey data using e-mail, listservs, or on-line news or discussion groups


A.12.5 Use media and technology to create and present information


  1. use draw, paint, graphics, or presentation software to visually communicate ideas or concepts

  2. produce a multimedia program using text, graphics, moving images, and sound

  3. develop a document or file for inclusion into a website or web page

  4. participate in a desktop conferencing session to present and share information with others


A.12.6 Evaluate the use of media and technology in a production or presentation


  1. assess the purpose and effectiveness of a production or presentation

  2. evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of the media and technology used

  3. determine criteria for judging the delivery, pacing, focus, and technical quality of the production or presentation

  4. judge how well the production or presentation meets specified criteria

  5. specify ways to improve future productions or presentations



B. INFORMATION AND INQUIRY


Content Standard

Students in Wisconsin will access, evaluate, and apply information efficiently and effectively from a variety of sources in print, nonprint, and electronic formats to meet personal and academic needs.


Rationale:


Today's students face a present and future in which they will encounter unprecedented access to ever increasing amounts of information. Students must be prepared to evaluate critically each item of information in order to select and use information effectively in learning and decision-making for personal growth and empowerment. This critical evaluation requires that students have frequent opportunities to learn how knowledge is organized, how to find information, and how to use information in such a way that others can learn from them. Mastery of information and inquiry skills will prepare students to participate in a rapidly changing, information-based environment.


PERFORMANCE STANDARDS


By the end of grade 4 students will:


B.4.1 Define the need for information


  1. identify the information problem or question to be resolved

  2. determine what is already known about the information problem or question

  3. formulate initial questions to define what additional information is needed

  4. determine a specific focus for the information search questions


B.4.2 Develop information seeking strategies


  1. identify possible sources of information including print, nonprint, electronic, and human resources

  2. evaluate possible sources based on currency, genre, and relevance to topic

  3. select more than one resource when appropriate

  4. identify keywords and phrases for each information source

  5. recognize different ways to organize ideas, concepts, and phrases

  6. list steps to follow in carrying out the information search


B.4.3 Locate and access information sources


  1. recognize that materials in the school library media center are organized in a systematic manner

  2. locate materials using the classification system of the school library media center

  3. identify and use printed or electronic catalogs to access materials in the school library media center

  4. search for information by keyword, author, title, and topic or subject

  5. use an encyclopedia, dictionary, almanac, and atlas in print or electronic formats

  6. use the index or table of contents of a book, magazine, or reference set to locate specific information

  7. locate information from preselected Internet sites and web pages


B.4.4 Evaluate and select information from a variety of print, nonprint, and electronic formats


  1. preview selected resources using table of contents, index, and other simple scanning strategies

  2. differentiate between fiction and nonfiction resources

  3. distinguish between fact and opinion

  4. determine timeliness and validity of information sources

  5. recognize that graphics and images can be used to convey a message

  6. identify the sponsoring organization or author for all resources

  7. choose resources appropriate to their interests, abilities, and information need


B.4.5 Record and organize information


  1. take notes or record information in their own words

  2. record the sources of information as notes are taken

  3. recognize the need to identify the author of any information copied verbatim

  4. arrange notes to help answer the information problem or question

  5. organize information using simple outlining techniques

  6. list basic bibliographic sources for information used


B.4.6 Interpret and use information to solve the problem or answer the question


  1. identify new information and integrate it with prior knowledge

  2. determine if information is relevant to the information question

  3. select information applicable to the information question

  4. seek additional information if needed

  5. apply the information gathered to solve the information problem or question


B.4.7 Communicate the results of research and inquiry in an appropriate format


  1. identify the audience for the product or presentation

  2. identify whether the purpose of the product or presentation is to inform, entertain, or persuade

  3. recognize the three common types of communication or presentation modes (written, oral, visual)

  4. choose a presentation format (e.g., speech, paper, web page, video, hypermedia)

  5. develop a product or presentation to communicate the results of the research


B.4.8 Evaluate the information product and process


  1. review the criteria to be used in judging both the product (or presentation) and the process

  2. determine how well the product or presentation meets the original information need based on the criteria

  3. review the process based on the criteria

  4. suggest ways in which the process and product can be improved



By the end of grade 8 students will:


B.8.1 Define the need for information


  1. identify the information problem or question to be resolved

  2. relate what is already known to the information need

  3. formulate general and specific research questions using a variety of questioning skills

  4. revise and narrow the information questions to focus on the information need


B.8.2 Develop information seeking strategies


  1. identify relevant sources of information including print, nonprint, electronic, human, and community resources

  2. evaluate possible sources of information based on criteria of timeliness, genre, point of view, bias, and authority

  3. select multiple sources that reflect differing or supporting points of view

  4. identify and select keywords and phrases for each source, recognizing that different sources use different terminology for similar concepts

  5. organize ideas, concepts, and phrases using webbing, outlines, trees, or other visual or graphic tools

  6. focus search strategies on matching information needs with available resources


B.8.3 Locate and access information sources


  1. identify the classification system used in the school library media center, public library, and other local libraries

  2. locate materials using the classification systems of the school library media center and the public library

  3. use an on-line catalog and other databases of print and electronic resources

  4. recognize differences in searching bibliographic records, abstracts, or full text databases

  5. search for information by subject, author, title, and keyword

  6. use Boolean operators with human or programmed guidance to narrow or broaden searches

  7. use biographical dictionaries, thesauri, and other common reference tools in both print and electronic formats

  8. use a search engine to locate appropriate Internet or Intranet resources


B.8.4 Evaluate and select information from a variety of print, nonprint, and electronic formats


  1. examine selected resources for pertinent information using previewing techniques to scan for major concepts and keywords

  2. differentiate between primary and secondary sources

  3. distinguish between fact and opinion; recognize point of view or bias

  4. determine if information is timely, valid, accurate, comprehensive, and relevant

  5. analyze and evaluate information presented in charts, graphs, and tables

  6. locate indicators of authority for all sources of information

  7. select resources in formats appropriate to content and information need and compatible with their own learning style


B.8.5 Record and organize information


  1. use notetaking strategies including summarizing and paraphrasing

  2. record concise notes in a prescribed manner, including bibliographic information

  3. cite the source of specific quotations or visuals using footnotes, endnotes, or internal citation formats

  4. organize and compare information using graphic organizers, storyboarding, and other relational techniques

  5. organize information in a systematic manner appropriate to question, audience, and intended format of presentation

  6. record sources of information in a standardized bibliographic format


B.8.6 Interpret and use information to solve the problem or answer the question


  1. compare and integrate new information with prior knowledge

  2. analyze information for relevance to the question

  3. analyze findings to determine need for additional information

  4. gather and synthesize additional information as needed

  5. draw conclusions to address the problem or question


B.8.7 Communicate the results of research and inquiry in an appropriate format


  1. determine the audience and purpose for the product or presentation

  2. identify possible communication or production formats

  3. select a presentation format appropriate to the topic, audience, purpose, content, and technology available

  4. develop an original product or presentation which addresses the information problem or question


B.8.8 Evaluate the information product and process


  1. identify the criteria to be used in judging both the product (or presentation) and the process

  2. determine how well research conclusions and product meet the original information need or question based on the identified criteria

  3. assess the process based on identified criteria

  4. summarize ways in which the process and product can be improved


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