Учебно-методический комплекс по дисциплине Иностранные языки




НазваниеУчебно-методический комплекс по дисциплине Иностранные языки
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ТипУчебно-методический комплекс
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   13
часть — для аудиторной проработки с преподавателем - состо­ит из четы­рех уроков. В каждый урок входят: предтекстовые уп­ражнения, направленные на первоначальное ознакомление с новой
лексикой; основной текст для изучающего чтения; послетекстовые
лексико-грамматические упражнения для устного и письменного
выполнения; дополнительные тексты, развивающие тему урока, для
просмотрового чтения без словаря и передачи его содержания по-
русски. Краткие диалоги, динамичные и естественные, помогают
развитию диалогической речи и являются реальными ситуациями
общения. Перед каждым уроком указан тот грамматический мате­
риал, который следует изучить, прежде чем приступать к работе
над текстом и упражнениями.

Наличие кратких методических указаний перед каждым уроком позволяет использовать данное пособие и для дистанционного обу­чения.

II часть — краткий грамматический комментарий ограничен
только грамматическими темами, предусмотренными программой
Т—II курсов и отраженными в контрольных работах №№ 1-4.

III часть — для внеаудиторной (самостоятельной) проработки
содержит также профессионально-ориентированные тексты с по­яснениями.


I часть


АУДИТОРНЫЕ ТЕКСТЫ С УПРАЖНЕНИЯМИ


УРОК 1. Грамматика: времена глагола в действительном залоге, функции глаголов to be, to have, словообразование


Методические указания к уроку 1

Прорабатывая тексты, упражнения урока, обращайте вни­мание на глаголы. Вы найдете здесь времена Present, Past, Future в группах Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect в действитель­ном залоге (Active Voice). Обратите внимание на различные функ­ции глаголов to be, to have в предложениях и на слово­образование в английском языке.


ПРЕДТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ


I. Прочтите следующие слова, уточните их произношение по
транскрипции в словаре:


century, allegedly, ancient, predecessor, Mediterranean Sea, architecture, adjacent, sci­ence, schedule.


II. Переведите следующие слова, не пользуясь словарем:
cultural — (culture — культура)

western — (west — запад)

longevity — (long — долгий)

proximity — (proximate — ближайший)


ОСНОВНОЙ ТЕКСТ. Прочтите и переведите текст со словарем.


ALEXANDRIA LIBRARY, EGYPT


The Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Alexandria Library) was for several centuries the cultural centre of the western world. It was built by the heirs of Alexander the Great 2400 years ago and burned, allegedly, by Julius Caesar. With the aim of reviving the world's most famous ancient library and to preserve eight million books, a new library has been constructed on almost the same site as its predecessor. It has a design life span of 200 years, and the most immediate threat to its longevity is its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, only 40 m away.

The architectural design featured four basement levels, with up to six working floors under the sloping roof. The Library's orientation is dictated by the need to minimize the amount of direct sunlight entering the building.

The library building is supported on a piled raft. Adjacent to the library building, a planetarium and a science museum have been constructed and supported on a plain raft without piles. Construction of the diaphragm wall and the piles of the library started in May 199$, and casting of the piled raft started in July 1996. Construction was com­pleted in February 1999, and the building is scheduled to enter service in December 2000.


heir — наследник

raft — опорная плита

revive — возрождаться

sloping roof—наклонная крыша

pile — свая

casting — отливка, литье

support — поддерживать, подпирать

feature — отличаться


ПОСЛЕТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ


I. Найдите в тексте ответы на вопросы:

  1. What library was the cultural centre for several centuries?

  2. When was it built?

  3. How many books are there in this library?

  4. What is its design life span?

  5. What is the most threat to its longevity?

  6. What did the architectural design feature?

  7. What buildings have been constructed adjacent to the library?

  8. When is this superstructure scheduled to enter service?


II. Определите время сказуемого, предложения переведите.

  1. Great changes have taken place in this country since 90s.

  2. His company produced good equipment.

  3. He learns a lot about British economy, the country's trade, customs and traditions of the people.

  1. What matters are you going to discuss with them?

  2. The director will receive these two representatives after lunch.

  3. People can travel by air, by rail, by sea or by road.

  4. I was hurrying to the office when I met her.

  1. By that time the University had already trained many young specialists.

  2. We developed large-scale industrial complexes.

10. Russia arranges international and home exhibitions.


III.Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на различные
функции глаголов
to be, to have.

  1. Her English is very poor, she has to study very hard.

  2. He has a lot of English and Russian books and magazines at home.

  3. The city of Oxford is situated on the river Thames.

  4. This express train was to arrive at 6, but it hasn't arrived yet.

  5. They have been on the island for two years.

  6. The scientists will be discussing the results of their experiment tomorrow at 12 o'clock.

  7. They had to stay at home because it was raining.

8. I have not been to my home town since I entered the University.

9. They are to take part in this competition.

10. The students have a dinner break which lasts till two o'clock.


IV.Поставьте глаголы, стоящие в скобках в соответствую­
щей временной форме.


  1. Today it (to be) not so cold as it (to be) yesterday.

  2. He usually (to read) very much.

  1. Now I (to translate) a very interesting article from Russian into English.

  1. This student not (to go) to the library every day.

  2. My brother (to finish) school in two years.

6. I (to sit) at the window and (to read) a newspaper when my friend came to see me.


V.Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на слова с при­
ставками и суффиксами.

  1. Не felt very nervous when he entered the doctor's room.

  2. All progressive people fight for peace.

  1. She likes to read detective stories.

  2. This man is a famous writer.

  3. His numerous friends sent him warm greetings on his birthday.

  4. He lost the address of this street and looked very unhappy.

  5. I'm afraid I misunderstood you.

  6. He was uninterested in the work he had to do.

  7. It's incorrect to say that he has no talent.

10. The situation worsened from day to day.


VI.Объедините в пары слова из списка а и б, сочетающиеся по
значению:

  1. to solve, to correct, to play, to join, to be absent, to enter, difficult

  1. mistakes, a problem, football, the game, from the lesson, the Institute, subject.


VII.Прочитайте диалоги и переведите их, не пользуясь слова­рем.


At a Railway Station


1.

  • When does the Kiev train leave, please?

  • At 10 o'clock, platform 3.

  • What time does it arrive?

  • At 5 o'clock in the evening. It takes about seven hours to get there.

  • Do I have to change?

  • No, it's a through train.


2.

  • Sorry to trouble you, the London train leaves at 6, doesn't it?

  • That's right. You mean the express, don't you?

  • Yes, the express. And it arrives at about 8, doesn't it?

  • Yes, 8.05.

  • And I have to change at N., don't I?

  • No, you don't have to change. It's a through train.

  • Well, a ticket for the London train, please.

  • Here you are, the train leaves from platform 2. Have a good journey.

VIII.Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты, соответ­ствующие англий­ским словам в левой колонке:

century сохранять

cultural строительство

revive древний

ancient конструкция, проект

preserve возрождать

design век

construction культурный


Дополнительный текст. Прочтите текст без словаря и передай­те его содержание.


ENGLISH — A WORLD LANGUAGE


Geographically English is the most widespread language on Earth. About 400 million people speak English as their first language. About the same number of people use it as a second language. It is the language of business, technology, aviation, sport and computer language. 75% of the world's mail and 60% of the world's telephone calls are in English. 60% of the world's radio stations broadcast in English and more than half of the world's periodicals arc printed in English. It is an official language in 44 countries.


widespread — распространенный

mail — почта

broadcast — транслировать

print — печатать


УРОК 2. Грамматика: времена глагола в страдательном

залоге; причастие настоящего времени и его функции,

модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты


Методические указания к уроку 2


В этом уроке рассматриваются времена глаголов в Present, Past и Future в группах Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect в страда­тельном залоге (Passive Voice). Причастие настоящего и про­шедшего времени (Participle I, II), которые выступают в предло­жениях самостоятельно и имеют определенные функции.

Они могут быть определением и обстоятельством в зависи­мости от того места, которое они занимают в предложении. Обратите внимание на перевод модальных глаголов и их эк­вивалентов.


ПРЕДТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ


I.Прочтите следующие слова, уточните их произношение по транскрипции в словаре:

extend, railway, importance, community, enormous, specialized, traction, imagine, comparatively, volume, forward, handle.


II.Переведите следующие слова, не пользуясь словарем:
importance — (important — важный)

possibility — (possible — возможный)

widely — (wide — широкий)

different — (differ — различать)

industrial — (industry — промышленность)


ОСНОВНОЙ ТЕКСТ. Прочтите и переведите текст со словарем.


RAILWAYS TODAY AND TOMORROW


The railways of today extend over 1,100000 kilometers covering all five continents: Europe, America, Asia, Africa and Australia. The goods traffic of the railways of all countries total 7,4 billion t/km. The railways carry billions of passengers a year. This is good proof to the importance of railways for the life of the world's community.

The technical possibility of this mode of transport is enormous indeed. Electric and diesel electric traction play a leading role in handling traffic. Specialized wagons and contain­ers are used on an ever increasing scale. Heavy rails are widely used. Modern comput­erized systems have become an integral part of stations, shops and traffic control cen­ters.

The modern community can hardly be imagined without railways although their role is different in the various countries. In some of them railways are the main mode of trans­port while in others the railways play a comparatively small role in the overall for­warding process. However there is a specified area of activity of the railways. The most typical is the handling of immense volumes of commuter

traffic as well as long distance traffic while forwarding passengers over distances of 1000 or 1500 km, carrying bulk goods such as coal, ore, timber, cement, grain, motor cars etc, and forwarding industrial products and food using containers to move them from door-to-door.


ПОСЛЕТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ


I. Найдите в тексте ответы на вопросы.

  1. What is the extension of the railways today?

  2. Does electric traction play a leading role in handling traffic?

  3. What wagons are used on an increasing scale?

  4. Can we imagine the modern community without railways?

  5. Modern computerized systems have become an integral part of stations, haven't they?

  6. What are the most typical goods for handling?

  7. What do you know about the method of carrying goods from door-to-door?


П. Определите время и залог сказуемого, предложения переве­дите.

  1. This plant had been built by the time I moved to this town.

  2. The work was completed at the end of the week.

  1. The construction of the library will have been finished by the end of the year.

  1. Different enterprises are being established throughout the country.

  2. Consumer goods and equipment are imported on a commercial basis.

  1. Russian-Australian trade relations were established about sixty years ago.

  2. The U.K. is considered one of the world's major manufacturing nations.

  1. Our University was founded in 1951.

  2. A new atomic power station was being built when I came to Siberia.

10. They have seen many places of interest during their visit to London.


III. Ответьте по-русски на вопросы, поставленные к каждому предложению.


1. I shall be asked at the next seminar.

Я буду спрашивать кого-то или меня будут спрашивать?

2. The young engineers were shown a new laboratory by the dean.

Кто кому показывал новую лабораторию?

3. The student was visited at the hospital.

Студент приходил в больницу или находился в ней?

4. The new school will have been finished by the 15lh of August.

Дети пойдут в школу 1 сентября?

5. The scientists have finished the experiment.

Я могу присутствовать здесь во время опыта?


IV. Прочитайте и переведите предложения, учитывая различ­ные функции при­частия настоящего и прошедшего времени (Participle I, Participle II).

  1. When I entered the room I saw a man working at the table.

  2. Not finding this engineer at a plant, I left a note for him.

  3. Being very pleased with student's answer, the teacher didn't ask him any more ques­tions.

  4. We are discussing the article written by you.

  5. He showed us some magazines received by their library.

  6. The houses being built in our city are very high.

  7. All the specialists working abroad must know foreign languages.

  8. The questions discussed at the conference were very important.

  9. Travelling about England he saw many places of interest.

10. The translation made without a dictionary was very good.


V. Прочитайте предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы и их эквива­ленты, переведите их на русский язык.

  1. Excuse me, sir, how can I get to the Exhibition Centre?

  2. The work is to be finished next week.

  3. Her English is very poor, she must study very hard.

  4. In this museum you may see some interesting things.

  5. As the manager was out we had to wait.

  6. They will be able to finish the experiment by 6 o'clock.

  7. The students will be allowed to do their work in a new laboratory.

  8. The matter is to be discussed in tomorrow's debate.

  9. You may do whatever you like.

10. I couldn't go to the theatre with them last night.


VI.Заполните пропуски соответствующими модальными гла­голами или их экви­валентами. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. I ... to go to the reading-room and prepare my lessons there as I have no text-book at home.

  1. We have no lectures today and the students of our group ... go home.

  2. You ... translate this text without a dictionary. It is not difficult.

  3. Nick ... stay at home, he is ill.

  4. This magazine is very interesting, you ... get it.

  5. We ... meet either on Tuesday or on Thursday.

  6. It is very hot in the street. It ... rain in the evening.

  7. You ... smoke here.


VII.Прочитайте диалог, постарайтесь понять его содержа­ние, не пользуясь словарем:

A: Do you know the names of the main islands of the British Isles?

B: I think I do. They are Great Britain (in which are England, Wales and Scotland) and Ireland (in which are Northern Ireland and the independent Irish Republic).

A: Do the British Isles consist of many islands?

B: Yes, about 5,500.

A: I'm often confused about the capitals of Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic. Which are they?

B: Well, just remember. Dublin is the capital of an independent state, and Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland.

A: Well, I'll try to remember.


VIII.Объедините в пары слова из списка а и б, сочетающиеся
по значению:


a) political, important, densely, beautiful, to live, the capital, to stretch;

b) for fifty miles, of the USA, populated, in London, parts, centre,
buildings.


Дополнительный текст. Прочтите текст без словаря и передайте его содержа­ние.


Britain is the name of island which contains the countries of England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland is on a separate island and together they are

called the British Isles. Britain or Great Britain is the name of island off the north-west coast of Europe, one of the British Isles. It consists of England, Scotland and Wales and is part of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the Roman name Britannia; which in turn is derived from the ancient Celtic name of the inhabitants Bryttas.


УРОК З. Грамматика: Согласование времен. Союзное и бессоюзное подчи­нение


Методические к уроку 3

В английском языке время глагола в придаточном допол­нительном предложении зависит от времени глагола главно­го предложения и подчиняется правилу согла­сования времен. В русском языке не существует такой зависимости, и перевод осуществляется по схеме, которая подробно излагается в §.

Сложноподчиненное предложение состоит из главного и придаточного предло­жения, которое соединяется с главным при помощи подчинительных союзов и союзных слов. Часто в английских предложениях союзы опускаются, а при пере­воде на русский язык их нужно добавить. (Подробнее об этом читайте в §).


ПРЕДТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ


I.Прочтите следующие слова, уточните их произношение по
транскрипции в словаре:

perpetual, urban, infrastructure, contemporary, issue, visionary, tunnel, multidiscipli­nary, environmental, social, logistical, reuse, pollution.


II.Переведите следующие слова, не пользуясь словарем:
scientific (science — наука)

mobility (mobile — подвижный)

contribution (to contribute— жертвовать, делать вклад)

specific (to specify — точно определять, устанавливать)

financial (to finance —финансировать)

operation (to operate — действовать, управлять)


ОСНОВНОЙ ТЕКСТ. Прочтите и переведите со словарем.


SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMME


Around the world there is a demand for greater mobility and a perpetual need for urban transportation systems of higher capacity and reduced journey time in order to raise living standards and to allow for population growth and expanding markets. Indeed, there is an infrastructure and for improvement of existing infrastructure, a demand that can only be met through the active involvement of structural en­gineers. The Lucerne Congress thus addressed an important contemporary issue by covering structural engineering contributions to the development of urban transportation systems. Congress session dealt with existing, planned and visionary structures, including the design, construction, operation and maintenance of bridges, airports, stations and tunnels. Individual sessions were also dedicated to specific large transportation projects, providing a multidisciplinary view of structural, environmental, social, lo­gistical and financial aspects.

Structural engineers must consider Aesthetics in a cultural and historical context during development, even in situations where resources are limited. New guidelines and principles are presented for consid­ering Sustainability and the Environment, encouraging a move away from a minimum initial cost ap­proach to one that takes into account total embodied and operating energy, material reuse, waste, green products, and environmental pollution.


Слова и словосочетания к тексту:


demand for — спрос на

allow for — предусматривать, учитывать, принимать во вни­мание

a perpetual need — постоянная необходимость

the Lucerne Congress — конгресс в Люцерне

Aesthetics — эстетика

sustainability — поддержка

to take into account — принимать во внимание

environmental pollution — загрязнение окружающей среды

structural engineering — зд. транспортное строительство


ПОСЛЕТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ


I. Найдите в тексте ответы на вопросы.

  1. What is the demand of the world public?

  2. What questions were discussed during the Congress sessions?

  3. What did the Congress sessions deal with?

  4. What were the individual sessions dedicated?

  5. What new guidelines and principles were presented at the Congress?


II. Определите время и залог сказуемого, предложения переве­дите.

  1. A railway line connects the village with the town.

  2. This mine will produce large quantities of cool this year.

  3. Our scientists are making wonderful discoveries.

  4. He is shown the way to the station.

  5. The bridge will be designed by a well-known engineer.

  6. Who has written this article?

  1. When he entered the room, the legal adviser was checking the contract.

  1. He had finished his work by 6 o'clock.

9. I shall have written a composition by 8 o'clock tomorrow.

  1. This article has been translated into Russian.

  2. Her report was listened to with great attention.


III. Переведите сложные предложения.

  1. They told us that they were ready to discuss the draft contract.

  2. The secretary explained that the President had left the office.

  3. All of us knew that she studied English.

  4. We did not know where she would live.

  5. The manager said the customer would place a large order for our equipment.

  6. He said that he had passed his exams perfectly well.

  7. It was reported that the airplane would land at 5 o'clock.

  8. The teacher asked us if we knew his address.

9. I knew he would go to New York one of these days.

10. It was written in the newspaper that underground was being built in Krasnoyarsk.


IV.Заполните пропуски вспомогательными глаголами shall, will,
should или would, учитывая правило согласования времен. Предло­жения переве­дите.

  1. The teacher said that the new equipment for our laboratory ... be soon brought.

  1. My friend said that he had much time and ... be able to help us.

  1. The students were sure that the conference ... be useful for their future profession.

  1. They promise that they ... bring us all the necessary articles.

5. I was thinking what a pleasure it... be to see my old friend again.

6. We were afraid that they ... not be able to finish their work in time.

7. I tell them that I... leave this city on the following day.


V.Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты, соответ­ствующие англий­ским словам в ле­вой колонке:

allow требовать

demand городской

urban мощность

capacity позволять

market рынок

present представлять


VI.Прочтите и переведите сложно-подчиненные предложения
и укажите их связь с главными: союзная или бессоюзная.

  1. We know he had a good education.

  2. The students that were absent yesterday were ill.

  3. He will tell us about the journey which he made a month ago.

  4. I know he has returned.

5. The letter that I received from him yesterday is very important.


VI. Прочтите диалог, переведите его и выучите наизусть.

A.: Hello, Bob. How are you? I wanted to be the first to welcome you.

В.: Thanks, Alec. It's awfully good of you.

A.: I hear that you're quite a traveller. Is that a fact?

В.: Oh, yes. I'm very fond of travelling, and I spend much of my time visiting various parts of the world. Sometimes on business, and sometimes for pleasure.

A.: Have you ever traveled by plane?

В.: Yes. In fact, I always go by air on my business trips, but when I travel for pleasure, I prefer to go by train and ship. It's so interesting getting to know the other passengers.

A.: Most of my trips have been made by train. I find it quite enjoyable except in the holiday season when there are such crowds that you can hardly get a seat. I certainly don't enjoy standing for the whole of a trip?


Дополнительный текст. Прочтите текст без словаря и передай­те его содержание.


One day a young lady was travelling by train together with her two sons. One of the boys was very quiet. He sat in the corner of the compartment looking through the window. His little brother was quite a differ­ent boy. He was playing noisily with other children in the corridor. The boy's mother was reading a very interesting book. She paid no attention to her children.

Suddenly her elder son said:

"Mother, do you know the name of the station we passed a few minutes ago?"

"No, I don't", said the mother. "And, please, stop asking me questions. Don't you see that I'm reading?"

"I shan't ask you any more questions. But it's a great pity that you don't know the name of the station, be­cause my little brother got off there."


УРОК 4. Грамматика: Сложные причастия. Независимый причастный оборот.


Методические указания к уроку 4

В английском языке наряду с простыми формами причас­тия часто встречаются и сложные формы. Причастия с отно­сящимися к нему словами образует причастный оборот. При­частные обороты мо­гут быть двух типов: соответствующие русским деепричастным оборотам и самостоятельные прича­стные обороты.


ПРЕДТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ


I.Прочтите следующие слова, уточните их произношение по
транскрипции в словаре:


durable, judicious, aesthetics, techniques, area, acceptance, heritage, segrega­tion, architect, infrastruc­ture, pedestrian, rehabilitation, technology.


II.Переведите следующие слова, не пользуясь словарем:

construction — (to construct — строить, сооружать, конструиро­вать)

transportation —- (to transport — перевозить, транспортировка) envi­ronmental — (to environ — окружать)

innovation — (to innovate —делать нововведение; производить пере­мены)

practical — (practice — практика)

cooperation — (to cooperate — сотрудничать)


ОСНОВНОЙ ТЕКСТ. Прочтите и переведите со словарем.


STRUCTURES FOR URBAN TRANSPORTATION


The Lucerne Congress (Switzerland) began with 30 papers and almost 100 pa­pers were dedicated to the design and construction of structures for urban trans­portation. The majority of papers deals with rail and road bridges and demon­strates the need for durable structures, minimal construction times, and re­duced environmental impact through noise control, judicious urban land use, and aes­thetics. Although innovative technology can help, these needs can be met by care­ful design and planning using existing techniques, as illustrated by many papers presenting practical solutions to real problems. Tunnels are proposed as perhaps the most relevant solution to future transportation needs in urban areas, since they increase public acceptance by concealing transport corridors underground, thus saving the cultural heritage, avoiding the segregation of communities, and maintaining land for other use. Many papers emphasise the importance of cre­ating integrated transportation systems with intermodal railway sta­tions and air­port structures that should be made passenger friendly through close cooperation between structural engineers and architects. Structures in and on water can provide innovative solutions to infra­structure needs in urban areas where available land space is limited; examples are presented of structures that are floating, submerged or founded in water. Pedestrian structures are an ideal field for innovation and new ideas in structural engineering, as illustrated by papers covering the design, analysis, con­struction and rehabilitation of structures em­ploying both basic and high technology.


ПОСЛЕТЕКСТОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ


I. Найдите в тексте ответы на вопросы:

  1. How many papers are dedicated to the Design and Construction of Struc­tures for Urban Transporta­tion?

  2. What do the majoring of papers deal with?

  3. What is the most relevant solution to future transportation needs in Urban ar­eas?

  4. Structures in and on Water can provide innovative solutions to infrastruc­ture needs, can't they?

  5. What is an ideal field for innovation in structural engineering?


П. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на причастные обо­роты.

  1. Having come home, he began to do his lessons.

  2. Giving that explanation the teacher pointed to the diagram.

  3. Skating he fell down.

  4. Having lost the key she could not enter the house.

  5. Not having received an answer from him, he decided to write to him once more.

  6. Having found out that the next train would leave only at eleven o'clock in the evening, I decided to go by the morning train.

  7. Having lived in Moscow for many years, she knew the city very well.

  8. The woman standing at the window is my sister.


III. Переведите предложения с независимым (самостоятель­ным) при­частным оборотом, стоящими в начале предложения.

  1. The teacher having come, we set to work.

  2. The weather being bad, we stayed at home.

  3. All the questions having been settled, we went home.

  1. Nobody being there, I went away.

  2. The sun having set, the tourists reached the place of their destination.

  3. The meeting being over the concert began.

  4. My work having been finished, I left the office.


IV.Переведите предложения с независимым причастным обо­ротом, стоящим в конце пред­ложения.

  1. The girl went into the garden, the dog running after her.

  2. He went to the door and opened it, there being no one in the corridor.

  3. It was very dark, there being no stars in the sky.

  4. The students wrote their English test, each doing his variant.

  5. The installation was automixed last year, its capacity rising by 25 per cent.


V.Подчеркните независимый причастный оборот, предложе­ния пере­ведите.

  1. The work having been done, we went home.

  2. We went out for a walk, the dog running behind us.

  3. The weather being bad, we stayed at home.

  4. Coming to Moscow I went sightseeing.

  5. The teacher being ill, the lecture was put off.

  6. It being late, we decided to stop working.


VI.Укажите, какие слова с суффиксом -ing являются причас­тием.

  1. After walking a short distance he came to the centre of the town's busi­ness area.

  2. She likes to walk in the park in the evening.

  3. A group of laughing people came up to us.

  4. His way of counting the cash had been different too.

  5. Travelling all over the world the scientist saw many interesting things and collected important mate­rial.

  6. He was thinking much about the problem.


VII.Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты, соответствую­щие английским словам в левой колонке:

dedicate (to) доказывать

demonstrate метро

judicious интегрировать

underground подчеркивать

integrate посвящать

submerge благоразумный

emphasise погружать


VIII. Прочтите диалог, переведите его и выучите наизусть.

A.: Excuse me, can you tell me the right time?

В.: Yes, 1 think it is 25 minutes past ten, but my watch may be a minute or two fast.

A.: Thank you very much; it's only a quarter past ten by my watch, so it must be slow. By the way, do you know how far it is from here to the station?

В.: Yes, it's a little more than three miles. It'll take you nearly an hour if you intend to walk. Are you in a hurry?

A.: Yes, rather. I have to catch a train at eleven thirty (11.30). I shall have to hurry to get there in time. Is there a bus along this road?

В.: I don't think there is. May I give you a lift in my car? I shall go past the station and we shall be there in plenty of time for you to catch your train.

A.: That's very kind of you. Are you sure it isn't any trouble?

В.: No trouble at all.

A.: Thank you. I'm really very grateful to you.


Notes:

  1. the right time — верное время

  2. to be fast (slow) — спешить (отставать) (о часах)

  3. by the way — между прочим

  4. to be in a hurry — спешить, торопиться

  5. in time — вовремя

  6. to give a lift — подвезти кого-либо

  7. to be sure — быть уверенным

  8. at all — совсем



Дополнительный текст.


One dark night a young man was going home from the railway station. The road was very lonely, for it was very late. He was walking as fast as he could. Then very suddenly he saw some­body following him. The faster he went the faster the man behind followed him.

At last he decided to turn into a side-street. So he turned into the first side-street and walked as fast as he could. After some time the young man turned his head, looked back and saw the man walking behind him. "It is clear", he thought, "the man is a rob­ber". He took another turn and so did the robber. At last the young man turned to him, and said "What do you want? Why are you following me?" "I'm going to Mr. Brown's, "said the man, and the porter at the station told me to follow you as Mr. Brown lives next door to you. I don't know his address".


II часть


КРАТКИЙ ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИЙ СПРАВОЧНИК


§ 1. Времена глагола в действительном залоге.

Tenses in Active Voice


В английском языке существуют три времени: Present — настоя­щее, Past — прошедшее, Future — будущее. Помимо этого суще­ствуют группы времен, отличающиеся и по образованию, и по упот­реб­лению: Indefinite — неопределенная группа, Continuous — продол­женная, Perfect — завер­шенная.

Времена в английском языке образуются путем сочетания вспо­мога­тельных глаголов (to be, to do, to have, shall, will) со смысловы­ми глаго­лами в одной из четырех основных форм:

I форма (V1) Infinitive — инфинитив, неопределенная форма гла­гола;

II форма (V2) Past Indefinite — имеет окончание -ed для стан­дарт­ных глаголов, формы нестандартных глаголов см. в таблице на с. 36;

  1. форма (V3)Past
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   13

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