Учебно-методический комплекс по дисциплине Иностранные языки




НазваниеУчебно-методический комплекс по дисциплине Иностранные языки
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Дата02.10.2012
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ТипУчебно-методический комплекс
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Unique line


The length of the Baikal-Amur railway is more than 3000 km. It runs from the Lena river to Komsomolsk-on-Amur through the Irkutsk region, the Buryat republic, the Chita and Amur regions and the Khabarovsk territory. Never before in the world has such a labourious railway line been built. The construction was carried in the most difficult topographical and geological engineering conditions. Lena station is situated in the upper part of the river Lenaj There is a railway there - a branch from Taishet on the Trans-Siberian railway. It was built in the late 50's when new industrial areas were being developed. Among them there was Bratsk, which is famous for its hydro-electric power station, one of the biggest in the world.


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3 (7 вариант)

I. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их.

  1. Good harvest has been gathered in this region this autumn.

  2. Vast deposits of natural gas, oil and coal were discove­red in Siberia.

  3. New chemical plant will be built in this highly developed country.

4. The equipment used in this laboratory is very expensive.
II. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования
времен.


  1. It was reported that a huge work was being done by this group of engineers.

  2. The young man said that he would enter our University.

  3. The chief engineer said that this device was very complecated.

III. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и
бессоюзное подчинение, *,


  1. The work the young scientist is doing now is very useful.

  2. Mathematics is the subject that is studied at all higher technical schools.

  3. In this article the scientist described an experiment he had finished recently.

IV. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

Kinds of trains

Railways have two distinct kinds of trains. They are "regular" trains and "extra" trains. A regular train is a "scheduled" train, a train listed on the railway time-table. A railway has certain trains which are operated each day. They have definite times of leaving their terminals, definite times to make stops at stations and definite times for arrival at the terminals where they complete their runs. These are the regular trains. All regular trains on a railway are devided into "classes". There may be two or theref1 or four classes of trains. When there are only two classes, the first class trains are the passenger trains, and the second-class trains are the freight trains."Extra" trains are trains which are not scheduled in the railway time-table.

"scheduled" train - поезд, предусмотренный расписанием

"extra" train - дополнительный поезд


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3 (8 вариант)

I. Определите время и залов в предложениях и переведите их:

  1. World railways are now busy in search of ways to increase their economic efficiency.

  2. The underground railway in London was opened to traffic

in 1890.

  1. Electronics has found a wide application in railway substations.

  2. These cars have good sound-insulation.

II. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования
времен.


  1. We thought that we should go to a business trip in winter.

  2. The foreman watched how the railwaymen were repairing a railway track.

  3. She told us that all experiments had been finished in time.

III. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и
бессоюзное подчинение.


  1. They know they will made a report at the scientific conference.

  2. If automatic control is used, many operations will be improved.

3. We are sure their information is absolutely correct.
IV. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

Train dispatcher

At every railway division there is always a train dispatcher. From every station he receives reports of passing trains. He knows at any time the location 'of every train on his division. When a train becomes late, or when an extra train is started, it is his business to give the orders which will permit the trains to pass over his division with as little delay as possible. He directs the movement of trains. His work requires quick acting, and above all absolute accuracy. The slightest mistake on the part of the dispatcher may cause a terrible accident.

Each dispatcher makes a complete record of the movement of trains on his division. He has to keep traffic moving freely. He provides the best possible utilisation of locomotive and train crews, the running of special trains. Train control is carried out from special offices which are equipped with different devices.

extra train - дополнительный поезд


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3 (9 вариант)


I. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

1. World railways are now busy In search of ways to increase their economic efficiency.

2. The underground railway in London was opened to traffic in 1890.

3. Electronics has found a wide application in railway substations.

4. These cars have good sound-insulation.

II. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования времен.

1. We thought that we should go to a business trip in winter.

2. The foreman watched how the railwaymen were repairing a railway track.

3. She told us that all experiments had been finished in time.

III. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и бессоюзное подчинение.

1. They know they will made a report at the scientific conference.

2. If automatic control is used, many operations will be improved.

3. We are sure their information is absolutely correct. IV. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

Train dispatcher


At every railway division there is always a train dispatcher. From every station he receives reports of passing trains. He knows at any time the location of every train on his division. When a train becomes late, or when an extra train is started, it is his business to give the orders which will permit the trains to pass over his division with as little delay as possible. He directs the movement of trains. His work requires quick acting, and above all absolute accuracy. The slightest mistake on the part of the dispatcher may cause a terrible accident.

Each dispatcher makes a complete record of the movement of trains on his division. He has to keep traffic moving freely. He provides the best possible utilization of locomotive and train crews, the running of special trains. Train control is carried out from special offices which are equipped with different devices.

extra train - дополнительный поезд


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3 (10 вариант)


I. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

1. World railways are now busy In search of ways to increase their economic efficiency.

2. The underground railway in London was opened to traffic in 1890.

3. Electronics has found a wide application in railway substations.

4. These cars have good sound-insulation.

II. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования времен.

1. We thought that we should go to a business trip in winter.

2. The foreman watched how the railwaymen were repairing a railway track.

3. She told us that all experiments had been finished in time.

III. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и бессоюзное подчинение.

1. They know they will made a report at the scientific conference.

2. If automatic control is used, many operations will be improved.

3. We are sure their information is absolutely correct. IV. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

Train dispatcher


At every railway division there is always a train dispatcher. From every station he receives reports of passing trains. He knows at any time the location of every train on his division. When a train becomes late, or when an extra train is started, it is his business to give the orders which will permit the trains to pass over his division with as little delay as possible. He directs the movement of trains. His work requires quick acting, and above all absolute accuracy. The slightest mistake on the part of the dispatcher may cause a terrible accident.

Each dispatcher makes a complete record of the movement of trains on his division. He has to keep traffic moving freely. He provides the best possible utilization of locomotive and train crews, the running of special trains. Train control is carried out from special offices which are equipped with different devices.

extra train - дополнительный поезд


Контрольная работа №4 (вариант 1)


1. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их :

1. They have already passed their exams.

2. Four reports will have been presented before you return from St. Petersburg.

3. The house was built at the end of the 18th century.

4. Nuclear power station will produce vast amount of electricity.

5. Metro lines are being built in new districts.

2. Определите форму и функцию причастий. Предложения переведите:

1. The equipment used in our shop is very expensive.

2. While mechanizing the process of production we increase the productivity of labour.

3. Having lost the plan of the district, she could not find the street.

3. Подчеркните независимый причастный оборот. Предложения переведите:

1. The site having been chosen, the builders started the work.

2. The scientist gave the explanation of the observed facts, his report being accompanied by some tables.

3. The tunnel having been bored, there was no need in building a bridge.

4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря.


Science and technology


Our science and engineers are transforming nature for the benefit of humanity. Science has solved a lot of important problems and will solve more in future to make our life still better. New beautiful towns and cities will be built throughout the country.

Space exploration is and will be extremely important in different fields, television via satellites being of great potential benefit to developing countries. Nuclear energy is and will be used in a lot of different ways. Our great demands for power in the next 30 years will be met by nuclear power to a great extent. Nuclear power stations on floating platforms will not only produce great amounts of fresh water from sea, but will also help in weather control.

To a great extent – в большой степени

Nuclear power station – атомная электростанция

Fresh water – пресная вода

Контрольная работа №4 (2 вариант)


1. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

1. Our country has become a highly industrialized state.

2. When the student came to the Institute he saw his friend who was reading a wall newspaper.

3. Every year our scientists solve a lot of important scientific problems.

4. Next month an expedition will leave for the Far East.

5. Since the early thirties atomic research has been successfully conducted in our country.

2. Определите форму и функцию причастий. Предложения переведите:

1. Having decided to bore the tunnel through hard rock, the tunnel builders thought of the shortest line possible.

2. Students taking exams next week should come to the dean’s office.

3. Making these experiments we can compare the weight of elements.

3. Подчеркните независимый причастный оборот. Предложения переведите:

1. The work being finished, the students went home.

2. The electronic computers having been used, we improve the technology.

3. The delegation returned from Moscow, its work being approved.

4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

Science and education

In the of scientific and technological revolution when the further development of production and the society as a whole depends more and more upon the progress of human knowledge, the role of higher education is taking on immense significance. The young specialist who graduates from higher educational establishment must not only be trained to meet the demands of modern production, science, technology and culture, but to some extent he must foresee the prospect of their development.

He must be a creative specialist, highly qualified and capable of using the latest methods of scientific research. This explains the fact that in higher schools science and education have now become inseparable from each other.


Educational establishment- учебное заведение

To meet the demands-удовлетворять потребности

Контрольная работа №4 (3 вариант)

1. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

1. I saw a man who was standing on the platform.

2. The site of the city Washington was chosen by George Washington as the national capital.

3. We were told that he was making progress in his research.

4. Many problems have been solved with the help of scientific methods.

5. Our scientists will be working for the benefit of humanity.

2. Определите форму и функцию причастий. Предложения переведите.

1. Automatic control system used in electric locomotives are of high quality.

2. Having been told to join the expedition we started to the north.

3. The apparatus was broken while being carried from place to place.

3. Подчеркните независимый причастный оборот. Предложения переведите:

1. The signal having been given, the train began to move.

2. The railway was built between two stations, the distance being 30 kilometers.

3. The work having been done, the chief engineer inspected it very carefully.

4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

The largest hydroelectric station

The largest hydroelectric station – the Sayano-Shushenskaya- was constructed on the Yenisey river. The station has ten turbines, the dam being 242 metres high. Construction work on the Yenisey river was conducted under the hard climatic conditions.

For many months this territory is exposed to intense cold. To reach the site where the dam spans the Yenisey river a road had to be laid through solid rock. Due to the achievements of our country in the construction of hydroelectric stations the Sayano-Shushenskaya station began the commercial generation of electricity before the project was fully completed.

Energy consumption in all branches of industry, agriculture and in domestic use will increase greatly.

To span- соединять берега

Due to – благодаря


Контрольная работа №4 (4 вариант)

1. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

1. Every year our country produces many types of machines.

2. The equipment for the enterprises constructed in our country is manufactured at the large plants of Russia.

3. A new method has been applied at our factory.

4. Computers will soon carry out more difficult tasks of economy.

5. Many important observations are being made by our cosmonauts.

2. Определите форму и функцию причастий. Предложения переведите.

1. We saw our engineer testing new machines.

2. The research work being done in our laboratory is of great importance for the national economy.

3. Having built up heavy industry our country began to accelerate the economic development.

3. Подчеркните независимый причастный оборот. Предложения переведите:

1. The train having come to the station, the passengers began to get out.

2. The new machine having been installed, the productivity of the plant went up.

3. Computers represent a new branch of science, the first of them having appeared many years ago.

4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:


Refrigerator cars


The refrigerator cars is a special kind of a box car, used for hauling fresh meat, fruit, vegetables, fish, milk and other goods. Most refrigerator cars depend upon ice or upon a mixture of ice and salt keeping their contents cool. The walls and floors are airtight. They are made of several layers of material. The inside layer is of wood, and the outside is usually of steel. There is the insulating material between the inner and outer layer. The layers of insulating material are covered with one or more layers of waterproof paper. Water and air cannot enter the walls, roof or floor of a well-built refrigerator car, the doors of the car being also insulated.

Box car- крытый товарный вагон

Waterproof- водонепроницаемый

Airtight- воздухонепроницаемый, герметичный


Контрольная работа №4 (5 вариант)


1. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

1. A new railway line will have been built by the end of the year.

2. Our teacher showed us a new machinery.

3. Russia is sending machinery to many countries.

4. Many raw materials have been found in Siberia.

5. Many countries are seeking an effective way of developing rail transport.

2. Определите форму и функцию причастий. Предложения переведите.

1. Being tested the new machine showed good results.

2. Working at our chemical laboratory the students learned many interesting thing.

3. Having discovered the properties of the electron scientists put it to the service of mankind.

3. Подчеркните независимый причастный оборот. Предложения переведите:

1. The new method having been studied in details, the engineers introduced it at the plant.

2. The problems of transition to the new type of traction having been solved, the train speed has increased considerably.

3. A large research centre was built last year, all its laboratories being equipped with new instruments.

4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:
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