Учебно-методический комплекс по дисциплине Иностранные языки




НазваниеУчебно-методический комплекс по дисциплине Иностранные языки
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Дата02.10.2012
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ТипУчебно-методический комплекс
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Контрольная я работа №2 (вариант 8)


1. Определите время и залог сказуемых, предложения переведите.

1. Weather condition in the North are studied by meteorologists.

2. Sound will be amplified by new device.

3. The powerful ventilators were purifying the air the laboratory for 20 minutes.

4. Scientists are developing new processes to produce the necessary metals.


2. Определите функцию причастий и переведите предложения.

1. Knowing English well he worked as a translator.

2. At present we have automatic machines sorting letters.

3. Attending all the lectures he passed all the examinations well.

4. Making new discoveries scientists serve mankind.


3. Подчеркните модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты. Предложения переведите.

1. They must provide us with all necessary data.

2. You may use this instrument in your experiment.

3. You can translate this text without a dictionary.


4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря.


From the History of the Railroad Track

The railway track of today is different from the track, which was used in the early days of the steam railroads. The first track had no ballast; the rails were long wooden bars and they were covered with thin straps of iron.

The wooden rails were put on granite blocks. The centre of the track was a path for the horses which drew the cars. This kind of track was not satisfactory for steam trains. The granite blocks were soon replaced by wooden ties.

In the eighteenth century long before the steam locomotive was invented. English engineers began to experiment with rails which were made of iron. But iron rails also often broke.

People of those days knew about steel. But steel is very expensive.


thin strap- тонкая полоса life- зд. срок службы times- раз


Контрольная работа №2 (вариант 9)


1. Определите время предложений и переведите их:

1. Every year railway transport of our country carries millions of passengers.

2. Construction workers were building a new railway station for 2 years.

3. The day will come when spaceships fly to other planets.

4. We shall use the results of this experiment in our work.

5. The delegation of this republic has already taken an active part in the conference.

2. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на различные функции глаголов to have и to be.

1. At present our scientists are working on traction problems.

2. The students have already discussed the questions of their practical training.

3. You have to contact manufacturers of railway cars.

4. The express train was to arrive in two hours.

5. He was to come at 10, but he hasn’t come yet.

3. Образуйте существительные от глаголов to achieve, to conduct, образуйте прилагательное от существительного use, переведите их на русский язык.

4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря.


Television for Railways


Some years go one of the research institutes of our country designed a television apparatus. We use it in railway transport to record the serial numbers of freight cars arriving at a station. As a train pulls in at a station, somewhere at a distance of ten kilometers an operator sees this train on the screen of his television set. On another television set the operator can see all the railway lines in a station.

The Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Railways is designing a new television apparatus which will enable engine drivers «to see» the condition of the freight car even when it is dark.


Record- записывать

Serial number- серийный номер


Контрольная работа №2 (10 вариант)


1. Определить время и залог сказуемых. Предложения переведите.

1. This railway line was constructed to link central and eastern regions of the country.

2. The output of building materials will be increased by more than 20 per cent next year.

3. New computers were set in our laboratory.

4. Everything had been done when we came.


2. Определить функцию причастий, предложения переведите.

1. Having treated ties with creosote the railwaymen laid them in the track.

2. Being in Petersburg we visited many museums.

3. We saw new equipment prepared for our laboratory.

4. The computer used I our work is of a new design.


3. Подчеркните модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты, предложения переведите.

1. Electric and diesel locomotives must handle 92 per cent of the total railway freight turnover of Russia.

2. This new railway will have to connect these distant regions.

3. The modern railway track will be able to carry a great volume of freight.


4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря.


Computers

We live in the age of great development in science and engineering. The invention of electronic computers has freed man’s brain from the labor of measurement and computation. A computer is a device solving problems automatically. The first electronic computers went into operation in 1945.

Electronic computers work very quickly, they can carry out several thousands of arithmetic operations in one second. We may divide them into two groups: machines that can measure and those that can count. The latter can add, subtract, multiply and divide. They can combine many problems and solve them in any order. Electronic machines can be used for controlling production.


Контрольная работа №3 (вариант 1)


1. Определить время и залог в предложениях и переведите их.

1. This engine had been installed in our workshop by the end of the last month.

2. Our specialists have made great progress in different fields of science.

3. Electronics and television will have found a wider application on railways by 2010.

4. The devices were fixed by the laboratory assistant.

2. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования времен:

1. They said that he would be carrying out the experiment on Monday.

2. It was reported that Metro builders had used some new methods of construction.

3. We know that he was making a great progress in English.

3. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и бессоюзное подчинение:

1. We can say the development of industry depends on electricity.

2. The control system we use in automation must constantly measure some process conditions.

3. When we finish our experiment we shall be able to make a report about it.

4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

The operation of trains


The work at a freight yard is very difficult and requires much time. We must use technical aids to facilitate this work. The telephone system is only one aspect of telecommunication. Another one is the loudspeaker system for giving information at stations, which plays an important part in passenger traffic. Radio is also essential in the modern freight yard. It helps car inspectors to save their time. If a car inspector finds a car requires repair, he can ask other inspectors for help by radio. Television is finding application on railways too. It helps to check the cars which appear on a television screen. So we see that radio, telephone and television make the job of the railroad workers easier and more efficient.


Контрольная работа №3 (вариант 2)


1. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их :

1. This passenger car will have been repaired by the end of the week.

2. The railwaymen have installed a new signaling system on this railway.

3. This railway had equipped the trains with comfortable passenger cars by the end of the last year.

4. The electric and diesel locomotives replaced the steam locomotives.

2. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования времен:

1. Our professor asked if the students had used the new apparatus for recording temperature.

2. The mechanic said that the work would be finished in time.

3. My friend told me that our teacher knew four foreign languages.

3. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и бессоюзное подчинение:

1. They say computers are widely used in their research work now.

2. When we compress gas, the number of molecules in each cubic centimeter increases.

3. We know that Bratsk is famous for its hydroelectric power station.

4. Переведите текст с помощью словаря


Underground railways


The first underground railways for city transport appeared in the second part of the nineteenth century. At that time the traffic was operated by steam locomotives. The use of electric power had its beginning in 1887, and the construction of rapid underground lines began in such cities as London, New York and Moscow. For the first time an underground

railway for Moscow was discussed in the beginning of the century.

But only in the thirties the construction of the underground system was initiated. Our engineers made a study of existing undergrounts and worked out their own project. Work on the first line from Sokolniky to the Central Park began in 1932 and was completed in 1938. Now the Moscow underground system is one of the most highly developed in the world. The beautiful architecture and cleanliness of its stations are well known.


Контрольная работа №3 (вариант 3)


I. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

  1. The trainees have already become experienced drivers.

  2. A new design of a freight car will have been developed by the beginning of the year.

  3. Our workshop fulfilled this year's plan with good results.

  4. The experiment had been completed before our professor returned from the expedition.

II. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования
времен.


  1. It was reported that the new railway station had been opened by the first of January.

  2. The foreman said that his workers were testing the new machine in the workshop.

  3. They knew that he would be a locomotive driver.

III. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и
бессоюзное подчинение.


  1. They say their research work will be completed in time.

  2. When we heat gas, the motion of molecules becomes still more rapid.

  3. The number of electrons an atom loses or receives is cal­led its valence (валентность).

IV. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

Unique line

The length of the Baikal-Amur railway is more than 3000 km. It runs from the Lena river to Komsomolsk-on-Amur through the Irkutsk region, the Buryat republic, the Chita and Amur regions and the Khabarovsk territory. Never before in the world has such a labourious railway line been built. The construction was carried in the most difficult topographical and geological engineering conditions. Lena station is situated in the upper part of the river Lena. There is a railway there - a branch from Taishet on the Trans-Siberian railway. It was built in the late 50's when new industrial areas were being developed. Among them there was Bratsk, which is famous for its hydro-electric power station, one of the biggest in the world.


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3 (вариант 4)


I. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их.

1. Our scientists are solving many complex problems now.

2. Space research has been paid much attention to.

3. Our students will have translated these texts by six o'clock.

4. The new metro stations are being built in residential areas.

II. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования времен:

1. The laboratory assistant said that the results of our experiment were good.

2. Everybody knew that Kurchatov was one of the famous atomic scientists.

3. We were told that the lecture on mathematics would be on Monday.

III. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и бессоюзное подчинение.

1. If students from other countries study at our University they have the same privileges as our students.

2. We want to ask our teacher when the new laboratory will be ready for work.

3. They knew he had graduated from our University.

IV. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:


Gas turbine


In many respects gas turbines are quite similar to the modern steam turbines. The development of gas turbine installations has been rapid in the past decades. They have a number of advantages over steam turbines. They take up less space, do not require a special water supply, may use natural gas and are easily and quickly operated by automatic control. The greatest gas turbine capacity is about 30.000 kw. Many important ideas have appeared recently which indicate that ways will be found for the direct conversion of atomic, chemical and solar energy into electrical power. A new method of generating electrical power has been developed by our engineers. The new installation produces several times more electric power.


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3 (вариант5)


I. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

1. World railways are now busy In search of ways to increase their economic efficiency.

2. The underground railway in London was opened to traffic in 1890.

3. Electronics has found a wide application in railway substations.

4. These cars have good sound-insulation.

II. Переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования времен.

1. We thought that we should go to a business trip in winter.

2. The foreman watched how the railwaymen were repairing a railway track.

3. She told us that all experiments had been finished in time.

III. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и бессоюзное подчинение.

1. They know they will made a report at the scientific conference.

2. If automatic control is used, many operations will be improved.

3. We are sure their information is absolutely correct. IV. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

Train dispatcher


At every railway division there is always a train dispatcher. From every station he receives reports of passing trains. He knows at any time the location of every train on his division. When a train becomes late, or when an extra train is started, it is his business to give the orders which will permit the trains to pass over his division with as little delay as possible. He directs the movement of trains. His work requires quick acting, and above all absolute accuracy. The slightest mistake on the part of the dispatcher may cause a terrible accident.

Each dispatcher makes a complete record of the movement of trains on his division. He has to keep traffic moving freely. He provides the best possible utilization of locomotive and train crews, the running of special trains. Train control is carried out from special offices which are equipped with different devices.

extra train - дополнительный поезд


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3 (6 вариант)


I. Определите время и залог в предложениях и переведите их:

1. The trainees have already become experienced drivers.

2. A new design of a freight car will have been developed by the beginning of the year.

3. Our workshop fulfilled this year's plan with good results.

4. The experiment had been completed before our professor returned from the expedition.

II. переведите предложения, учитывая правило согласования времен.

1. It was reported that the new railway station had been opened by the first of January.

2. The foreman said that his workers were testing the new machine in the workshop.

3. They knew that he would be a locomotive driver.

III. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на союзное и бессоюзное подчинение.

1. They say their research work will be completed in time.

2. When we heat gas, the motion of molecules becomes still more rapid.

3. The number of electrons an atom loses or receives is cal­led its valence (валентность).

IV. Переведите текст с помощью словаря:

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