Report of: Director Of Secretariat




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Subject: Questions to the Mayor

Report number: 4

Report to: London Assembly

Date: 23/05/07

Report of: Director Of Secretariat



Renewable Energy at the Olympics

Question No: 856 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Is it correct to conclude from your answer to MQT 656/2007 that 20% of the energy demand during the Olympic Games in 2012 will be provided from on-site renewable energy, and that London Array and other off-site renewables will not count towards this 20%?

Response from the Mayor

The ODA Sustainable Development Strategy sets out the objective for providing 20 per cent of immediate post Games Park and Village energy demand from on-site renewable sources.  This will be achieved through on-site renewable sources.  The London Array and other off site renewable sources will not count towards that target.




Annual CO2 Reduction Targets

Question No: 857 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Following your Climate Change Action Plan, will you set annual targets for CO2 reductions in London?

Response from the Mayor

My Climate Change Action Plan set an overall carbon reduction target of 60% by 2025. As I set out when launching the Plan, this implies a reduction of 4% a year. Clearly we will not achieve emissions reductions in a totally linear fashion, but we will aim to reach this leve of cuts each year. I have also undertaken to report annually on progress with the Plan, and will include within this information about CO2 emissions as well as details of implementation programmes.




ODA Sustainability Policies

Question No: 858 / 2007

Darren Johnson

In response to question 374/2007 you expressed concern regarding ODA sustainability policies “particularly on waste, water, timber and procurement issues”. Please outline the substance of your concern in each of these four areas.

Oral answer

Carbon Footprint

Question No: 859 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What assessment have you conducted of the carbon footprints of different sectors of London’s population, as part of the background for your Climate Change Action Plan?

Response from the Mayor

The focus of the Climate Change Action Plan was on overall carbon reduction targets, and designing a programme of measures to meet them. The Plan contains some analysis of carbon emissions from aviation by different socio-economic groups (page 169 of the report), some analysis of social housing and the fuel poor (page 53) and of the linakages between London and other global communities (page 11). Additional work is ongoing to raise awareness of climate change issues amongst London’s diverse population.




Carbon Accounting

Question No: 860 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Are all GLA Group organisations now using the carbon accounting software developed by the Toronto Atmospheric Fund and London Climate Change Agency?

Response from the Mayor

The carbon accounting software tool has been issued to the GLA and the functional bodies. The LCCA purchased the software and gave each functional body, including the GLA, a copy, provided training and ran the software tool for the whole GLA Group in 2005.




Loss of Nature Conservation Sites

Question No: 861 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Why has London suffered a net loss to development of protected nature conservation sites (according to information in the last two London Plan Monitoring Reports), given its rising population and your objective of protecting and enhancing biodiversity and access to it?

Response from the Mayor

While any loss of wildlife habitat is regrettable, small losses of protected sites are inevitable with the amount of new development required to meet the demands for housing and employment. The loss you refer to was less than two hectares, or 0.01 per cent of the total area of designated wildlife sites.


Monitoring through the London Development Database only gives part of the whole picture, as it more readily records losses than gains. Figures soon to be published in my State of the Environment Report indicate that my open space and habitat survey has identified around 1000 hectares of additional sites of importance for nature conservation since 2003. While some of this is land that has never been surveyed before, much of it reflects real improvements in London’s wildlife habitats.




TfL Travel Demand Management budget

Question No: 862 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What was TfL’s budget for Travel Demand Management in 2004/05 and 2007/08?

Response from the Mayor

The Travel Demand Management budget in 2004/05 was £8.65m and has increased to £30m in 2007/08. This significant increase in resources has enabled a major uplift in the numbers of travel plans being delivered for workplaces, schools, colleges, hospitals and residents (through personalised travel planning), together with travel awareness campaigns and support for car clubs.




TfL Cycling Budget

Question No: 863 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What was TfL’s budget for cycling in 2004/05 and 2007/08?

Response from the Mayor

This is set out in the table below, which contains figures for all cycling related activity; i.e. research, marketing, cycle training, cycle parking and local access improvement measures on borough roads and the Transport for London Road Network (all figures in £M).



Cycling

2004/05

2007/08










Borough schemes

8.5

20.4

TfL schemes

4.6

15.6










Total

13.1

36.0





TfL Walking Budget

Question No: 864 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What was TfL’s budget for walking in 2004/05 and 2007/08?

Response from the Mayor

This is set out in the table below, which contains figures covering all walking related activity; i.e. research, marketing, Strategic Walks Network, new and upgraded crossing facilities and local access improvement measures on borough roads and the Transport for London Road Network (all figures in £M).

Walking

2004/05

2007/08










Borough schemes

3.5

9.2

TfL schemes

3.3

5.5










Total

6.8

14.7





LDA Climate Change Budget

Question No: 865 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What was the approximate total LDA budget for climate change work in 2004/05 and 2007/08?

Response from the Mayor

The budget identified for climate change work in 2004/05 financial year was £105 thousand. The LDA budget for climate change work in 2007/08 financial year is £12.1 million.



Biofuels

Question No: 866 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Following rising concerns (including in a recent UN report) about the impact of biofuels on rainforests, climate change, biodiversity, food prices and food security, will you support a freeze on crop-based biofuels in TfL vehicles until a sustainable source can be identified?

Response from the Mayor

I share your concerns with some of the reports about some biofuels.


TfL must ensure that any ethanol purchased for its fleets comes from sustainable supplies, and has therefore urged the DfT to mandate that any fuels supplied through the Renewable Transport Fuels Obligation from spring 2008 only come from sustainable sources.


My office, along with TfL, is continuing to develop our policy on biofuels.



Used Cooking Oil

Question No: 867 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What proportion of used cooking oil in London is currently recycled into biodiesel, and what steps will your Business Waste Strategy take to increase this proportion?

Response from the Mayor

There is no accurate data on the quantity of used cooking oil currently recycled in London because very minimal data was reported by waste authorities (through WasteDataFlow) in 2005/06. Projects that collect commercial vegetable oil in London, such as BISTRO, fall outside the waste authority reporting requirements and are not required to report data elsewhere.


The Mayor’s draft Business Waste Strategy:

* Promotes the collection of wastes that can be made into a range of transport fuels, such as bio-diesel,

* Uses Transport for London’s Freight Plan to increase the take-up of waste-derived fuels amongst vehicle operators, creating a market for these alternative fuels, and

* Puts pressure on Defra and the Environment Agency, through their data strategy, to improve business waste data.



Housing Need

Question No: 868 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Given London’s current population and social make-up, how many (both existing and new) social rented, affordable, and market homes does the capital currently need? Please give separate figures for each category of housing. How will these figures have changed by 2016?

Response from the Mayor

I published in December 2004 the Greater London Housing Requirements Study, which is on the GLA website:


(http://www.london.gov.uk/mayor/housing/docs/housing_reqs_2004.pdf)


The 2004 Housing Requirements Study did not cover the period as far as 2016, but I intend to publish within the next year a new report building on the 2004 study and meeting the requirements of the Government’s new guidance on carrying out Housing Market Assessments. This next study should cover the period up to 2016.


Of course the actual housing requirements in 2016 will depend on a range of factors, not least whether the supply of affordable housing has risen to meet the targets set out in the London Plan. In addition, setting targets for new housing has to take into account housing capacity and market conditions as well as theoretical requirements studies, not all of whose assumptions will fully correspond to reality.



Low Emission Zone

Question No: 869 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Do you recall Roger Evans AM spending much of the first term calling on you to implement an LEZ rather than the congestion charge - urging you, for example, on 5/9/01 “the low emission zone actually has widespread support, certainly around the table here and amongst the public. Wouldn’t you be better doing that rather than wasting money on congestion charge?” Do you find it odd that Roger Evans is now pouring scorn on the idea of an LEZ, dismissing it in his 30/4/07 blog as a “stealth tax”?

Response from the Mayor

I am grateful to you for reminding me of this. While the Conservative leader is now ready to indulge in rhetoric on the environment, it is noticeable that the London Conservatives continue to oppose most of the major initiatives that I have taken, with Green Party support, to make London more green.



London and the Prime Minister

Question No: 870 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Has Tony Blair been good for London?

Response from the Mayor

Tony Blair’s greatest gift to London has been the restoration of city-wide strategic government, helping the capital secure its place as a leading world city.


Londoners have also benefited from falling unemployment, investment in education, childcare and health, and the minimum wage along with increased rights to maternity and paternity leave. Londoners have welcomed the repealing of Section 28, the introduction of civil partnerships and other equalities legislation.


The important role that the Prime Minister played in securing the Olympics for London should be recognised, as should his efforts in promoting action on climate change globally, including his part in negotiating the Kyoto Protocol.



Safety Cameras

Question No: 871 / 2007

Jenny Jones

What is the anticipated net surplus due to be raised from cameras operated by the London Safety Camera Partnership in the coming year and passed to the Treasury? How much of this money is the Government due to return to London for expenditure on safety cameras and how much on other road safety initiatives?

Response from the Mayor

There will be no net surplus for 2007/8. Under the new funding mechanism announced by the government in December 2005, Partnerships will no longer need to return a surplus to the Treasury (as has happened in the previous five years) from April 2007. Regardless of the number of fines issued in 2007/8 the London Safety Camera Partnership (LSCP) will receive a grant of £10.5M to fund the operation.



20 mph zones

Question No: 872 / 2007

Jenny Jones

Can you provide me with a breakdown by borough of the amount of money that has been allocated for 20mph zones since 2000/01?

Response from the Mayor

TfL’s London Road Safety Unit has managed the road safety budget since 2003/04. In that time at total of £37.068m has been allocated to the boroughs to support the implementation of 20mph zones. The attached spreadsheet (Appendix A) breaks this figure down by borough for the last five financial years.



Tachograph Irregularities

Question No: 873 / 2007

Jenny Jones

What proportion of lorry stops by police uncover tachograph irregularities?

Response from the Mayor

The MPS has informed me that since January 2006 a total of 542 tachograph cases have been received within the Traffic Serious Casework Unit.

These cases have resulted in 1,639 tachograph offences being prosecuted at court.

It should be noted that when the above tachograph offences are added to other offences reported at the same time, for example, Operator's Licence, dangerous loads, no insurance, dangerous condition & driving licence offences, the total offences prosecuted increases from 1,639 to 2,894.)  

These prosecutions have resulted in excess of £120K worth of fines being imposed and have resulted in excess of £20K of costs being awarded. 

 



Car parking at the Olympics

Question No: 874 / 2007

Jenny Jones

How many car parking spaces are being created for the Olympics, at all Olympics venues in London? How many of these will be temporary and how many will be retained after the Games?

Response from the Mayor

The current Olympic and Legacy Transformation Planning Applications propose a total of 2500 parking spaces on the main Olympic site during Games time and the retention of these in legacy. Officers remain in discussion with the Olympic Delivery Authority regarding the applications, both of which are yet to be determined.



Olympics Media Centre

Question No: 875 / 2007

Jenny Jones

Stratford is an area with high public transport accessibility, so why did the ODA decision on parking for the media centre ignore your own guidance within the London Plan which allows you to restrict car parking further than the maximum car parking standards? When are you going to revise the car parking standards in the London Plan to allow for refusal of car generating developments such as the Stratford media centre and King Cross?

Response from the Mayor

The Host City Contract places requirements on the Organising Committee during Games time. However, the numbers of car parking spaces at the IBC/MPC detailed in the Olympic planning applications are merely proposed. Officers remain in discussion with the Olympic Delivery Authority regarding the applications.


I have no plans revise my Policy 3C.22 Parking Strategy in the London Plan, other than the amendment to strengthen it on cycle parking which you will have noticed forms part of my Further Alterations. The policy’s main provision – that on-site parking is the minimum necessary and that there is no over-provision that could undermine the use of more sustainable non-car modes – has worked well and I have no plans to change it.



Signalised Pedestrian Crossings

Question No: 876 / 2007

Jenny Jones

A number of junctions with traffic lights in London do not provide ‘green-man’ crossing signals for pedestrians. Does TfL have an obligation under the Disability Discrimination Act to make the `reasonable adjustment’ of providing pedestrian crossing signals at all arms of junctions with traffic lights, to ensure that people with a disability do not find it significantly harder to access everyday services?

Response from the Mayor

TfL does not have an obligation under the Act to provide pedestrian crossings at signalised junctions. The Act places a requirement on all service providers to make reasonable adjustments to provide a level of service that is accessible to disabled people. However, while the Act requires changes to service vehicles, it does not make the same requirement on highway facilities such as crossings.


Therefore, the requirement is to ensure that where crossings are installed these conform to appropriate guidance and standards, and include tactile paving, dropped kerbs and rotating cones.


In 2000, 75.69% of junctions had pedestrian facilities, compared to 85.43% in 2007.



Community Land Trusts

Question No: 877 / 2007

Jenny Jones

Will you provide a detailed timetable for the delivery of a pilot Community Land Trust affordable housing project in London?

Response from the Mayor

The LDA has identified two sites for this project and is currently working on both in order to bring forward one of these sites for a Community Land Trust affordable housing project. The site should be in its construction phase, subject to planning approval during 2009.



Borough Walking Officers

Question No: 878 / 2007

Jenny Jones

How many London Boroughs have a dedicated Walking Officer?

Response from the Mayor

A recent survey by the Strategic Walks Partnership amongst boroughs sought to ascertain the level of resource to promote walking. To date 20 boroughs have responded and further work is being undertaken to obtain a full picture. The results of this survey will be discussed at the Walking Advisory Panel.



Borough Walking Policies

Question No: 879 / 2007

Jenny Jones

What has TfL done to encourage the take-up of walking issues by London’s borough councils and how successful have these efforts been?

Response from the Mayor

Within their Local Implementation Plans (LIPs), all London boroughs are required to provide a full local response to the Transport Strategy and the Walking Plan for London. LIPs are required to specifically address walking issues including personal safety and security, infrastructure improvements, completing the strategic walk network, local promotion, introduction of pedestrian signal phases and accessibility improvements.



Borough Walking Maps

Question No: 880 / 2007

Jenny Jones

Who is responsible for producing definitive rights of way maps within Greater London? What work has TfL done to ensure that these maps are up to date, and will TfL include this right of way information in its pedestrian way-finding strategies?

Response from the Mayor

These maps are usually prepared by a surveying authority and are a legal record of the public's rights of way in one of four categories:


  • footpath

  • bridleway

  • road used as a public path

  • byway open to all traffic


In London, each borough is the surveying authority. However, the twelve inner London borough councils and the City of London are not legally required to produce a definitive map.


Production of definitive maps and statements is a duty set out in the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949. TfL does not have a custodial role in the duty on boroughs. However data on the rights of way network in outer London is available and TfL is intending to make this available within Journey Planner.



Air Conditioning at the Olympic Village

Question No: 881 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Your response to question 341 / 2007 states, “various options for cooling the accommodation in the Olympic Village will be investigated as part of the design of the residential development”. If air conditioning is to be installed in the Athletes’ Village, why does the Energy Statement in the Olympic Planning Application show an energy consumption of zero for cooling in the Athletes’ Village?

Response from the Mayor

The ODA have confirmed that there are no plans to include air conditioning in the residential units at the athletes’ village during Games or Legacy.  Some related buildings, such as catering and laundry, may require air conditioning during Games time only.  This is for operational and health and safety reasons.



Mount Pleasant Sorting Office

Question No: 882 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What representations have you made to Royal Mail about their plans for developing the Mount Pleasant Sorting Office site - in particular with regard to traffic impact if mail has to travel longer distances for sorting and with regard to the supply of affordable housing if much of the site is to be sold off for housing?

Response from the Mayor

My Planning Decisions Unit has been involved in the development of a masterplan for the area, working closely with Royal Mail and Islington and Camden Councils to achieve a sustainable development. I have no powers over Royal Mail’s decision to centralise part of their mail sorting capacity in this location, or to base a planning decision on my view of that decision.


Transport issues will, as always, play an important part in any planning decision I take relating to this site. The majority of the mail handled in this location will continue to be to and from the nearby City. As with any strategic housing site, the delivery of the London Plan housing policies will be another priority, including those policies relating to affordable housing.



Patients’ Forums

Question No: 883 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Will the Mayor seek guarantees from the Secretary of State for Health that the system of Patients’ Forums in London will not be abolished without clear indication regarding both funding and powers of the replacement bodies (i.e. LINks)?

Response from the Mayor

Yes, I will seek assurances from Government that Patients’ Forums will not be abolished without suitable and robust arrangements being in place for their replacement structures.


I have previously urged DH and NHS officials to ensure adequate resources and support are provided to public and patient involvement structures and have raised my concerns about the negative impact of ongoing change to arrangements – and will continue to do so.


In my view, LINks must be adequately funded and given clear and significant powers if they are to be credible as an effective way for individuals and communities to engage with the NHS. I also consider it essential that they are both required and appropriately skilled and supported to be socially inclusive in their approach and to actively consider health inequalities in their ongoing work.



London Ambulance Service Forum

Question No: 884 / 2007

Darren Johnson

Will the Mayor report on the steps he will take to persuade the Secretary of State for Health that London’s only pan-London Patients’ Forum (LAS Forum) will be maintained, supported and fully funded?

Response from the Mayor

I shall continue to raise with NHS and DH colleagues my concerns about ongoing changes to patient involvement structures and the limited resource committed to supporting them. I recognise that the LAS Forum deserves particular attention in these discussions due to both its London-wide remit and the pivotal role that LAS plays in the provision of emergency services in London. I will be meeting with officials from LAS in July and will consider this with them, as well as continuing to seek to influence those with responsibility for these structures.



Bees

Question No: 885 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What actions are you and your biodiversity team taking to help safeguard London’s bees following the recently reported threats to the bee population?

Response from the Mayor

I have publicised Buglife’s Big Bumblebee Hunt on Wildweb.


I will continue to seek the inclusion of suitable habitat for London’s two rare bumblebees in the landscaping of new developments and the construction of green roofs. Also my biodiversity team are seeking to ensure that the Olympic Park contains habitat for the rare bees.



Butterflies

Question No: 886 / 2007

Darren Johnson

What actions will you and your biodiversity team be taking in respect of the recommendations in the ‘State of British Butterflies 2007’ report?

Response from the Mayor

I will continue to promote the protection and enhancement of important habitats, and ensure that the requirements of butterflies are considered in the landscaping of strategic developments, including the Olympic Park.


My biodiversity team will assist the London Biodiversity Partnership in assessing whether additional butterfly species, as proposed in the report, should be added to the list of London priority species, and what actions are required for their conservation.


They will also investigate with Butterfly Conservation whether the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme collects sufficient data in London to enable the compilation of a meaningful state of the environment indicator for London.



Solid Wall housing

Question No: 887 / 2007

Darren Johnson

A significant proportion of London’s housing stock either has solid walls or are flats, and will be unable to benefit from the cavity wall insulation programme. What steps are you taking to investigate technical solutions to improve insulation in these types of properties? Will funding be made available from the Regional Housing Budget or affordable sources to address this issue? Will financial assistance be available to help with the high cost of heating faced by vulnerable Londoners who have to pay disproportional high heating bills due to poorly insulated homes?
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