Scheme of instruction and examination




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BIOTECHNOLOGY SYLLABUS

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND EXAMINATION

B.Tech. (Biotech) –I YEAR



SUBJECT CODE

SUBJECTS

PERIODS/ WEEK (50MTS.)

MARKS

DURATION OF EXAM







Th / Prac

Sessionals

Exams.

Hrs.

BTT.1.101

English

3

30

70

3

BTT.1.102

*Biology/*Mathematics

4/4

30

70

3

BTT.1.103

Biophysics

3

30

70

3

BTT.1.104

Chemistry (Inorganic, Physical & Analytical)

3

30

70

3

BTT.1.105

Bio-Organic Chemistry

3

30

70

3

BTT.1.106

Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology of Humans

3

30

70

3

BTT.1.107

Computer Programming in C and C++

3

30

70

3

BTP.1.108

Engineering Drawing and Workshop Practice

3

25

50

4

BTP.1.109

Bio-Physics Lab

3

25

50

4

BTP.1.110

Chemistry Lab

3

25

50

4

BTP.1.111

Computer Programming Lab

3

25

50

4







34

310

690






* Biology for M.P.C Background and Mathematics for B.P.C Background Students

With effect from Academic Year (2005-2006)

OTECHNOLOGY SYLLABUS

ENGLISH



Subject code : BTT.1.101

Sessional : 30

Periods / Week : 3

Examination : 70

Nature of Examination : Theory

Exam Duration : 3 Hrs



UNIT-I

Role and importance of communication, verbal and non-verbal communication. Group communication, conduct of seminars conferences etc., Drafting and delivering a speech. How to introduction one self and other; How to seek apology; How to thank in different ways. Greetings, some polite expression. Agreement and disagreement.


UNIT- II

Communication through letter, official and personal letter. Technical reports, letters of complaints, letters of enquires and responses. What to avoid while writing letters.


UNIT-III

Tenses, Voice, Articles, Direct and indirect speech; Degree of comparison; common errors of English made by Indian learners of English, Essay writing on topics of interest to engineers


UNIT – IV

How to use a dictionary, How to use a thesaurus, vocabulary development, synonyms and antonyms, single word substitutes, Comprehensions, paragraph writing.


UNIT – V

The following four essays from the “selections from Modern English prose Ed by Haladhar panda are prescribed.



  1. Our Own Civilization” - C.E.M. Joad

  2. Andrew Carnegie” - E.H. Carter

  3. The Secret of work” - Swami Vivekananda

  4. The Generation Gap” - Benjamin Spock



EXAMINATION: One question from each unit with internal choice and one question on Essay writing to be made compulsory in the choice.

BOOKS:



  1. “Business Correspondence and report Writing” R.C. Sharma and Krishna Mohan, Tata McGraw Hill Publishers, New Delhi – (1999).

  2. “Communicative English “ E. Sureh kumar, Raj Kamal Publications 1997.

  3. “Selection of Modern English Prose” Ed. By Haladhar Panda, Published by Universities Press (India) Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad.



BIOLOGY



Subject code : BTT.1.102 – M

Sessional : 30

Periods / Week : 4

Examination : 70

Nature of Examination : Theory

Exam Duration : 3 Hrs



UNIT-I: HISTORY OF LIFE AND ECOSYSTEM:

History of earth, theories of origin of life and nature of the earliest organism.

Classification, Five kingdoms, viruses (TMV, HIV, Bacteriophage), Prokaryote (Bacteria), Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia.

Ecosystem functioning- Basic principles, Ecosystem analysis– inventory and monitoring of Biodiversity. The resource base for Biodiversity assessments.


UNIT- II: BIODIVERSITY

Introduction to Biodiversity; Characterization of Biodiversity, Species richness, numerical diversity and the niche; Types and levels of Biodiversity; Magnitude and Distribution of Biodiversity-Generation, Maintenance and loss of Biodiversity. Economic value of biodiversity, Economic Importance of Plants.


UNIT –III: PLANT BIOLOGY

Classification of Plant Kingdom, Structure of Plant Cell, living and non-living inclusions. Different types of plant tissues and their functions, Mitosis and Meiosis. Concepts of Growth, Meristems (apical, intercalary, lateral) and their function; simple tissue (parenchyma, collenchymas, sclerenchyma); Complex tissue (xylem and phloem); Tissue systems (epidermal, ground, vascular). Primary and Secondary growth. Development of different plant organs; Roots, Stems, Barks, Wood, Leaf, Flower, Fruit and Seed. Plant growth regulators;


UNIT – IV: ANIMAL BIOLOGY

Classification of Animal Kingdom, Phylogeny of Invertebrate & Vertebrate Phyla, Concepts of Species & Genus; Structure of Animal Cell, Living and Non Living inclusions; Different type of Animal Cells and their Functions, morphology, growth and Reproduction,


UNIT – V: PARASITOLOGY

Morphology of Human parasites: Protozoan Parasites – two important forms in man (Plasmodium, Entamoeba histolytica), Helminthes (Fasciotopsis buski, Taenia solium, Ascaris, Wucharia bancrafti)

Life history of Mosquitoes and housefly as agents for spreading diseases.

Biology of Pests in relation to Rice, Cotton, Sugarcane and Groundnut.


EXAMINATION: One question from each unit with internal choice.


TEXT BOOKS:



  1. Introduction to Applied Biology & Biotechnology, by K. Vaidya Nath, K.Pratap Reddy and K. Satya Prasad, BS Publications, Hyderabad. (2004).

  2. Essentials of Ecology and Environmental Science by S.V.S Rama, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, (2003).




  1. Biology: Life on Earth (8th Edition) Publisher: Benjamin Cummings; Animal Biology / A.J. Grove & G.E. Newell, (2007).

  2. Essentials of Modern Biology Author: R. C. Sobti & V.L. Sharma: Eastern Book corporation, (2008).



REFERENCE BOOKS:



  1. Cells And Life Processes Publisher’s Hardcover by Walker, Denise Black Rabbit Books (2007).

  2. Introduction to biology, focusing on green plant Green Plants by Walker, Denise Series: Basic Biology. Catalog Number: #16554.

  3. Basic biology course By Michael A. Tribe, Irwin Tallan, Michael R. Eraut, Roger K. Snook, Derek Peacock.

  4. Basic Concepts in Biology. Publisher: Brooks Cole; 6 edition (2005). ISBN-10: 053442029X.

  5. Biology, 6/e Author: Dr. George B. Johnson, Washington University. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

  6. Discover Biology Fourth Edition Michael L. Cain, and Carol Kaesuk Yoon,Anu Singh-Cundy, (2004). Independent Publishers.

  7. Biology, 7/E Neil A. Campbell, Jane B. Reece, (2005), Pub: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.

  8. Biotechnology, H.G. Rehen and G.Reed, Volume I & 2.

  9. Basic Biotechnology, Second Edition, by Colin Ratledge and Bjorm Kristiansen, Cambridge University Press.

  10. Anatomy and Physiology In Health and Disease, K. J.W. Wilison and A. Waugh, Churchill & Livingston.

  11. Plant Physiology F.B Salisbury & C.W. Ross 4th edition Thomson Wadsworth (1991).



MATHEMATICS



Subject code : BTT.1.102 - B

Sessional : 30

Periods / Week : 3

Examination : 70

Nature of Examination : Theory

Exam Duration : 3 Hrs



UNIT-I :

Logarithms: Logarithm of a real number to an arbitrary base, Napier ion Base-Theorems on Logarithm – Use of Tables.

Trigonometry: Measurement of angles, Trigonometrical ratios and simple relations connecting the complimentary the complimentary and supplementary angles, Negetive angles sum and difference of two angles, sine and cosine formulae for multiple angles and half angles.


UNIT- II:

Differential Calculus: Functions, Limits Differential coefficient rules, Differentiation of a sum, product and quotient of functions, Differentiation from first principles, Differentiation of implicit, Geometrical, composite and inverse functions, Partial Differentiation, Maxima and Minima.

UNIT-III:

Integral Calculus: Integration considered as converse of differentiation, simple integrations, standard forms like x dx, Sin (a x) dx, Cos (a x) dx, Sec (a x) dx etc. Methods of substitution, simple example integration by parts. Integration of rational, irrational, trigonometrical functions. Calculations of areas of standard bodies using integration.


UNIT – IV:

Matrices: Matrices, basic definitions, matrix operations, transpose, adjoint, rank, inverse of a matrix, solution of linear systems of equations – LU decomposition, matrix inversion, Gaussian elimination.


UNIT – V:

Coordinate Geometry: Basic Mathematical Principles that are commonly used in biology sets, integers, linear and non linear graphs; 2d Coordinate geometry, Equation of line, circle ellipse and hyperbola; 3d geometry, equation of plane, sphere and cone;


EXAMINATION: One question form each unit with internal choice


TEXT BOOKS:



  1. A text book of Mathematics by N.Krishna Murthy, Chand series, Volume – I &II.



REFERENCE BOOKS:



  1. Higher Engineering Mathematics by Grewal. Khanna Publishers(1998).

  2. Guide to Essential Math: A Review for Physics, Chemistry and Engineering Students By S. M. Blinder Edition:Published by Academic Press, (2008).

  3. Higher Mathematics for Engineering Students: Worked Examples and Problems with Elements of Theory by Aleksandr Vasilʹevich Efimov, Boris Pavlovich Demidovich Edition: revised, Published by Mir, (2084).

  4. Ordinary differential equations: an elementary textbook for students of mathematics, engineering, and the sciences By Morris Tenenbaum, Harry Pollard

Edition: Published by Courier Dover Publications, (1985).

  1. Prentice Hall guide to scholarships and fellowships for math and science students: a resource guide for students pursuing careers in mathematics, science, and engineering By Mark Kantrowitz, Joann P. DiGennaro Pub. by Prentice Hall, (1993).

  2. Essentials of applied mathematics for scientists and engineers by Robert G. Watts, Morgan & Claypool Publishers - Mathematics – (2007).

  3. Mathematics and statistics for students of chemistry, chemical engineering, chemical technology and allied subjects By C. J. Brookes, I. G. Betteley, S. M. Loxston Published by Wiley, (1966).

BIOPHYSICS



Subject code : BTT.1.103

Sessional : 30

Periods / Week : 3

Examination : 70

Nature of Examination : Theory

Exam Duration : 3 Hrs



UNIT-I : INTRODUCTION TO BIOPHYSICS

Definition of Biophysics and Cell Doctrine, cell Theory and Atomic Theory, Electrical Properties of Cell and Tissues, Electrical Oscillatory Phenomenon associated with Cell Division. Evidences of Oscillation Electric Fields from Cells by Cellular Spin Resonance (CSR).

Detection of Cells using Microscope Structure, Construction and functions of Microscope; High Resolution Optical Imaging. Types and functions of different Microscopes – Interface Microscope, Polarizing Microscope, phase Contrast Microscope and Electron Microscope, Phase Contrast Microscope and Electron Microscope

Cell Fractionation – Centrifugal Methods, Methods of determining of size, shape and molar mass of bio molecules.


UNIT – II: BIOPHYSICS OF SENSORY SYSTEMS

Human Eye - Structure of retina and its biometrics – optics of the Eye; Camera principle & its application to the Eye – Visual Receptors-Electroretinogram; Photochemistry of Visual Process – Quantum effects in Dark and Adopted Vinson – Colors and its recognition

Human Ear- Structure and functions of audible factors Mechanics of hearing, Auditory Receptors and Genesis of Different potential charges in the Ear; Determination Pitch, Loudness and Quality of Sound and its Effects Sound as a wave function.

Human Muscle-Structure and functions – Muscle Contraction; Sliding Filament Model – Elastic Behavior of Muscle, Bridge Cycle theory; Flight Muscles of Biological Flyers (Insect, Bird and Bat)

Human Nerves-Chemical and Electrical properties of Mylinated and Non mylinated Nerves; Properties of Mylinated conduction. Charge distribution on resting Nerve Cell; Leakage of current across cell membrane; Electro toners; Hodgkin–Huxley Model for Membrane Current; Propagation of Nerve Impulse; Techniques of Acupuncture and Electro Convulsive shock therapy.


UNIT – III BIOPHYSICS OF RADIATION AND ENERGY

Radiation and Light Action – Inactivation of proteins and nucleic acids through radiation effects –Light Action on respiratory pigments-Photo synthetic Machinery

Radiation Effects of on Cells and Tissues – Nature of Ionizing Radiation-Target Theory; Variable Energy Transfer, Radiation Sensitivity of Large Molecules, Action of Ionizing Radiation on Chromosomes.

Principles or Instrumentation and Biological Applications of X-rays (continuous and characteristics) X-Ray Images, X –ray diffraction analysis-Bragg’s law for Atomic Structure Determination.

Basic principles and operation of a laser, Types of lasers, He-Ne laser, semiconductor laser, holography – theory and applications Dosimeter – Protocols, Evaluation and Optimization of Dosimetry of radio Isotopic Medicines; Measurement of laser, X-Ray and Gamma Radiation Dosimetry.


UNIT – IV BIOPHYSICAL NATURE OF LIGHT AND MATTER

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