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Edith Saurer, „Romantische KonvertitInnen. Religion und Identität in der Wiener Romantik“, in: Christian Aspalter, Wolfgang Müller-Funk, Edith Saurer, Wendelin Schmidt-Dengler, Anton Tantner eds., Paradoxien der Romantik. Gesellschaft, Kultur und Wissenschaft in Wien im frühen 19.Jahrhundert. Vienna 2006, 229-255
Edith Saurer, „Frauenbewegung und soziale Netzwerke. Kommentar zur Karriere eines Begriffs“, in: Anja Weckwert, Ulla Wischermann eds., Das Jahrhundert des Feminismus. Streifzüge durch nationale und internationale Bewegungen und Theorien. Frankfurt 2006, 77-94
Astrid von Schlachta, “Die ‘Freiheit der Frömmigkeit’? Volkssprachliche Dichtung und Mystik der Beginen, in: Edeltraut Klueting ed., Fromme Frauen – Unbequeme Frauen? Hildesheim 2006, 181-204
Astrid von Schlachta, “Herrschen und vorbereiten. Claudia de’Medici und ihre europäischen verwitweten ‘Kolleginnen’, in: Tiroler Heimat vol. 69 (2005) 27-40
Kordula Schnegg, “Darstellungen von Frauen in Kriegssituationen in der Römischen Geschichte des Cassius Dio”, in: Christoph Ulf, Robert Rollinger eds., Frauen und Geschlechter, vol. 2: Bilder - Rollen - Realitäten in den Texten antiker Autoren der römischen Kaiserzeit. Vienna 2006, 257-278
Christoph Ulf, Kordula Schnegg, “Geschlechterrollen - Frauenbilder. Diskurse - Realitäten(en). Einige Gedanken zur Unvermeidbarkeit grundsätzlich-methodologischer Reflexionen am Beispiel terminologischer Fragen”, in: Christoph Ulf, Robert Rollinger eds., Frauen und Geschlechter, vol. 2: Bilder - Rollen - Realitäten in den Texten antiker Autoren der römischen Kaiserzeit. Vienna 2006, 13-35
Alois Unterkircher, “Ein ungleicher Start ins Leben? Morbidität und Mortalität von männlichen und weiblichen Säuglingen um 1860 in den Krankenjournalen des Südtiroler Landarztes Franz v. Ottenthal”, in: Martin Dinges ed., Männlichkeit und Gesundheit im historischen Wandel ca. 1800 - ca. 2000. Stuttgart 2007, 53-72
Heidrun Zettelbauer, “‘Wie machen wir unsere Frauen zu gebildeten deutschen Hausfrauen?’ Konstruktionen von Modernität und Tradition in deutschnational-völkischen Geschlechterkonzepten um 1900”, in: Werner Suppanz, Heidemarie Uhl eds., Moderne als Konstruktion II. Debatten, Diskurse, Positionen um 1900. Vienna 2006, 81-105
Heidrun Zettelbauer, “Das Identitätsbegehren nach musealer Repräsentation. Geschlecht und Identität in musealen Inszenierungen zum ‘Gedankenjahr’ 2005”, in: Martin Wassermair, Katharina Wegan eds., Rebranding Images. Ein streitbares Lesebuch zu Geschichtspolitik und Erinnerungskultur. Innsbruck, Vienna et al.: Studienverlag 2006, 147-160
Heidrun Zettelbauer, “Kulturelle Grenzwächterinnen der Nation. (‘Volks’-)Kultur als Austragungsort deutschnational-völkischer Geschlechterideologien”, in: Erik Fischer ed., Chorgesang als Medium von Interkulturalität: Formen, Kanäle, Diskurse. Bonn 2007, 5-38
Compiled by Birgitta Bader-Zaar and Gunda Barth-Scalmani
Religious women in nineteenth century Belgium : a group portrait
Kristien Suenens, PhD-project at Kadoc- KULeuven
This project was started by Kristien Suenens at the Documentation and Research Center for Religion, Culture and Society (KADOC, Leuven University) in 2006, under supervision of Prof.dr Jan De Maeyer. It concerns the history of female apostolic religious congregations in nineteenth-century Belgium, especially during the period of the Catholic Revival (ca. 1830-ca. 1860). Focus will be on the role played by female foundresses and superiors in the foundation process and the expansion of their institutes. Six of them, as well as their six congregations, were selected as representative examples for the total number of new founded nineteenth-century congregations and their staff members. Their motives, goals and strategies with regard to their own lives and the spiritual, organizational and social development of the congregations are important research questions, as well as their gendered relationships with (male) collaborators, clerics and regulars, clerical and civil authorities and benefactors. Both topics will be examined within the religious, cultural and socio-economic context of the nineteenth century and the spectacular expansion of sister congregations in Belgium and the whole Western world.
Constructions of masculinity and nation in the long nineteenth century
Josephine Hoegaerts, PhD-project at Leuven University
Josephine Hoegaerts started her PhD-project at the History Department of the KULeuven in 2006, under supervision of Prof. dr. Leen Van Molle. Her project wants to look at the mutual constitutive functioning of masculinity and nation in nineteenth-century Belgium. Focusing on three male-only spaces, it wants to provide three case-studies in which the work of building masculinity dovetails with the building of a nation-as-space. The three spaces analyzed, the boy’s school, the barracks and the national parliament, are highly different. They contain diverging social groups, represent different ‘stages’ in the experience of masculinity (boy, young man, father) and each has a very specific function in both the nation and individual identity. Nonetheless, all three represent themselves as exclusively male spaces and as explicitly ‘national’.
Looking at discourses on and performances of identity within these spaces can create an opening to reconsider the means by which masculinity can be historicized. Rather than designing a working-definition of what masculinity is in order to track evolutions (thereby running the risk of projecting contemporary meanings of masculinity onto the past), Josephine Hoegaerts wants to employ a ‘sliding’ definition of gendered identity, using the criteria of entrance at the border of the three spaces chosen as a touchstone. Moreover, by restricting the analysis to constructions of masculinity in a ‘national’ context, the individual identity is linked to a collective space that is constructed simultaneously and ‘slides’ as well, creating a room for conflicting and changeable performances of manhood to exist and become visible in parallels of space and time.
Eliane Vogel-Polsky : une femme de conviction
Ce livre, actuellement sous presse, a été écrit par Eliane Gubin (co-présidente du Centre d’Archives pour l’Histoire des Femmes, professeure à l’ULB) à la demande et avec le soutien de l’Institut pour l’Egalité des Femmes et des Hommes. Il retrace la carrière d’Eliane Vogel Polsky. Brillante juriste, enseignant le droit social à l’ULB, elle découvre les inégalités qui frappent le travail des femmes lors de la grande grève de la fabrique nationale d’armes d’Herstal, en 1966. C’est un choc qui détermine chez elle son engagement féministe. A partir de là, son action est constante en faveur des droits des femmes. Elle lutte d’abord pour obtenir l’application du principe d’égalité salariale, inscrit pourtant dans le Traité de Rome (1957) mais resté jusque-là lettre morte. Sa trajectoire déborde rapidement du seul terrain économique pour inclure tous les aspects de l’égalité des femmes et des hommes. Elle s’investit dans l’essor des études féministes, dans le développement des actions positives, dans la lutte pour la démocratie paritaire. Experte reconnue auprès des instances européennes et internationale, Eliane Vogel-Polsky a fait du droit son angle d’attaque pour obtenir que l’égalité des hommes et des femmes soit reconnue comme un droit fondamental.
Référence: Eliane Gubin et Catherine Jacques, Eliane Vogel-Polsky : une femme de conviction. Recherche effectuée par le Centre d’Archives pour l’Histoire des Femmes à la demande et avec le soutien de l’Institut pour l’Egalité des Femmes et des Hommes. Bruxelles, 2007.
Plus d’information: email@example.com
Een universitaire loopbaan voor vrouwen aan de Universiteit Gent (1901-1965) : een glazen plafond ? (An academic carreer for women at Ghent University (1901-1965): a glass ceiling?)
Anne-Marie Van der Meersch has published before on the history of women students and academics at Ghent University. Her latest booklet was published on the occasion of the 125th anniversary of the enrolment of the first woman student at Ghent University. Richly illustrated, it covers the first female PhD-students and their tentative academic careers. From the first research assistant (Bertha De Vriese, 1903) to the first professor (Marthe Terryn, in 1965), Van der Meersch follows a selection of women pioniers in their academic endeavours at her university.
Reference : A.M. Van der Meersch. Een universitaire loopbaan voor vrouwen aan de Universiteit Gent (1901-1965) : een glazen plafond?. Gent : Archief UGent, 2007. 80 p. (series: Uit het verleden van de Universiteit Gent, n° 46)
AWARDS & HONOURS
Denyse Baillargeon won the Jean-Charles Falardeau prize awarded by the Canadian Federation of humanities and social sciences for her book Un Québec en mal d’enfants. La mėdicalisation de la maternitė, 1910 – 1970 (Montréal, remue-mėnage, 2004)
Wendy Churchill, a faculty member at the History Department of the university of New Brunswick, was awarded the Hannah Millennium History of Medicine Doctorial Thesis Award for 2006 for her PhD desertion “Female Complaints: The Medical Diagnosis and Treatment of British Women, 1590-1740” (PhD from McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, 2002).
Wendy Mitchinson was awarded a Tier 1 Canada research Chair in gender and Medical History at university of Waterloo.
RESEARCH GRANTS & FELLOWSHIPS
Nicole Lang, Universite de Moncton, Edmundston campus and Linda Kealey, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, are part of a larger research team funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada examining the history of women’s caring work (nursing) in the province of New Brunswick since World War II. In addition to archival sources oral interviews play a large role in the project. The two themes we examine are:
Christabelle Sethna (University of Ottawa) had been awarded as Principal Investigator a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada three year grant (2007-2010) for a study entitled : Far From Home? Abortion Tourism to Abortion Clinics in Canada. She is also a co-investigator with Steve Hewitt (University of Birmingham) as Principal Investigator on a project, Sex Spying: Canadian State Surveillance of Women’s Groups, 1965- 1975, funded by the British Academy (Association of Commonwealth Universities).
Binnie-Clark, Georgina . With a new introduction by Sarah A. Carter. Wheat and Woman . Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2007
Bridge, Kathryn . A Passion for Mountains: The Lives of Don and Phyllis Munday . Surrey , BC : Rocky Mountain Books, 2006.
Chilton, Lisa, Agents of Empire: British Female Migration to Canada and Australia, 1860s–1930 (University of Toronto Press, 2007).
Comacchio, Cynthia. The Dominion of Youth: Adolescence and the Making of a Modern Canada , 1920 to 1950 . Waterloo : Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2006.
Gleason, Mona and Adele Perry, eds. Rethinking Canada : The Promise of Women's History , 5th ed . Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Hare, Jan and Jean Barman. Good Intentions Gone Awry: Emma Crosby and the Methodist Mission on the Northwest Coast . Vancouver : UBC Press, 2006.
Iacovetta, Franca, Gatekeepers: Reshaping Immigrant Lives in Cold War Canada (Between the Lines 2006)
Kelm, Mary Ellen, ed., The Letters of Margaret Butcher: Missionary: Imperialism on the North Pacific Coast ( Calgary : University of Calgary Press , 2006)
Kelm, M.E. and Lorna Townsend, ed., In the Days of our Grandmothers: A Reader in Aboriginal Women's History in Canada (UTP, 2006).
Willeen Keough, The Slender Thread: Irish Women on the Southern Avalon,
1750-1860 (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006, http://www.gutenberg-e.org/keough).
Myers, Tamara, Caught: Montreal 's Modern Girls and the Law, 1869-1945 (University of Toronto Press, 2006).
Ainley, Mariane, “Gendered Careers: Women Science Educators at Anglo-Canadian Universities, 1920-1980.” In Paul Stortz and E. Lisa Panayotidis, eds., Historical Identities: The Professoriate in Canada ( Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2006).
Buddle, Melanie. “'You Have to Think Like a Man and Act Like a Lady': Businesswomen in British Columbia, 1920-80.” BC Studies 151 (Autumn 2006): 69-95.
Carter, Sarah, “Britishness, ‘Foreignness', Women and Land in Western Canada, 1890s - 1920s,” in Humanities Research vol. 13, no. 1 (2006).
Duder, Cameron “‘Two Middle-Aged and Very Good-Looking Females That Spend All Their Week-Ends Together': Female Professors and
Same-Sex Relationships in Canada , 1910-1950.” In Paul Stortz and E. Lisa Panayotidis, eds., Historical Identities: The Professoriate in Canada ( Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2006).
Janovicek, Nancy“‘If it saves one life, all the effort . . . is worthwhile': Women's Organizing Against Wife Abuse, Moncton , 1979-1987.” Acadiensis 35, 2 (Spring 2006): 27-45
Janovicek, N., “Oral History and Ethical Practice: Towards Effective Policies and Procedures.” Journal of Academic Ethics , (2006).
Kirkland, Elizabeth, “A Home Away from Home: Defining, Regulating, and Challenging Femininity at the Julia Drummond Residence in Montreal , 1920–1971,” Urban History Review/Revue d'histoire urbaine 34, 2 (March 2006): 1-17
Morgan, Ceclia,'"A choke of emotion, a great heart-leap": English-Canadian Tourists in Britain, 1880s-1914,' Histoire sociale/Social History XXXIX, 77 (May/mai 2006): 11-44.
Prentice, Alison, “Boosting Husbands and Building Community: The Work of Twentieth-Century Faculty Wives,” in Paul Stortz and E. Lisa Panayotidis, eds., Historical Identities: The Professoriate in Canada ( Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2006).
Sethna, C. “’Chastity Outmoded!’ The Ubyssey, Sex and the Single Girl, 1960-1970.” In Magda Fahrni and Robert Rutherdale (Eds.). Creating Postwar Canada: Community, Diversity, and Dissent, 1945–1975. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2007.
Sethna, C. (2006). “The Evolution of the Birth Control Handbook: >From student peer education manual to feminist self-empowerment text, 1968-1975.” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la médecine 23/1: 89-118.
Williams, Carol, "Nation, identity, periphery, and modernity: synthesizing Canada’s photographic history,” Image, Index and Inscription: Essays on Contemporary Canadian Photography, edited by Bob Bean (Toronto: Gallery 44 & YYZ Books, 2005)
Williams, C., “Muscular tongue, strident assertion: the work of Rebecca Burke,” (Owens Art Gallery exhibition catalog, Mount Allison University, New Brunswick,2006)
Williams, C. “Beyond Illustration: Illuminations of the Photographic Frontier,” Journal of the West., special thematic issue on “Teaching the West” edited by Richard Slatta (forthcoming summer 2007)
Doctoral candidate Sonya Roy (McGill University) edited a special issue on gender history for Les Cahiers d'histoire , the student journal of the Department of History at Université de Montréal (25, 2, winter 2006). Included were contributions by doctoral candidate Élise Detellier (Université de Montréal), “Le genre du sport;” Isabelle Malo, M.A. (Université de Montréal), “Représentations physiques des hommes et idéal masculin. Châtelaine , 1960-1975;” Laurie Laplanche, M.A. student (Université de Montréal), “Mary Wollstonecraft: Droit des femmes, raison et éducation à la fin du XVIII e siècle;” and Hélène Rompré, doctoral candidate (Université de Montréal), “Sainteté et dissension: Deux voix féminines au XVII e siècle. Marie de l'Incarnation (1599-1672) et Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1651-1695).”
CONFERENCE PAPERS/ INVITED LECTURES
Doctoral candidates Amélie Bourbeau (Université du Québec à Montréal) and Elizabeth Kirkland ( McGill University ) both took part in international conferences. On April 27, 2007, Amélie Bourbeau gave a paper entitled “Les parcours variés de la ‘professionnalisation' de l'assistance privée à Montréal (1930-1950)” at an international meeting in Cordoba , Spain : Modernité, citoyenneté, déviances et inégalités. Pour une analyse comparative des difficultés du passage à la modernité citoyenne . Elizabeth Kirkland's paper, “Politesse and Politics: The Canadian Suffrage Debate and the Case of Montreal,” was presented in Finland on October 16, 2006, at a University of Tampere conference called Suffrage, Gender and Citizenship. International Perspectives on Parliamentary Reforms
Sarah Carter gave the James A. Jackson Memorial Lecture at the University of Manitoba on March 6, 2007 called “Magnifying the Great Land Rush: The Widows of Wood Mountain and Other Explorations of Gender and Land in the Borderlands of Saskatchewan and Montana, 1870s - 1920s
Over the past year Franca Iacovetta has delivered a number of keynotes that derived from her new book, Gatekeepers: Reshaping Immigrant Lives in Cold War Canada, including at the McGill-Queen's Graduate History Conference and at Nippising University. During an invited lecture tour in Sweden, she delivered a lecture on Food, Family and Sex in Cold War Canada at the University of Vaxjo and one on Radical Women in the Italian Diaspora at the Transnationalizing Swedish Labour History conference in Stockholm organized by the Stockholm Labour
Ève-Marie Lampron, gave a paper called “Solidarités féminines, solidarités féministes? Réflexions sur le cas du XVIII e siècle européen.” at a McGill symposium sponsored by the Graduate Group for Feminist Scholarship, Tracer les études féministes/Mapping Feminist Scholarship , June 2006.
The UNB History department hosted a symposium in which Professor Joy Parr presented preliminary findings from her research on the environmental and social implications of the creation of the Gagetown military base in the 1950s. Joy's paper was entitled “Unsettled: Woods, Meadows and Memory of North Atlantic Alliances at Gagetown.”
Hébert, Karine (Université du Québec à Rimouski), Elsie Reford. Genre, classe, espace à Montréal, 1880-1920", paper presented at the 'Université Libre de Bruxelles, Centres d'études canadiennes, March 12, 2007.
Participation of Denyse Baillargeon, Magda Fahrni, Elizabeth Kirkland, Andrée Lévesque and Amélie Bourbeau at the Cordoba international congress, Modernité, citoyenneté, déviances et inégalités : pour une analyse comparative des difficultés du passage à la modernité citoyenne (Canada, Espagne, France, Belgique) , April 2006.
Participation of Denyse Baillargeon, Andrée Lévesque, Magda Farhni, Suzanne Morton and Amélie Bourbeau at a conference held in Barcelona, Control Social, Historia i Proteccio de Dades al Québec i a Catalunya , May 2006.
Sarah Carter has joined the University of Alberta Department of History and Classics and Faculty of Native Studies (as of July 1, 2006) as Henry Marshall Tory Chair
The History Department, University of New Brunswick, welcomed Dr. Wendy Churchill, specialist in early modern British gender and medical history, to the department in September 2006.
Patricia Harms, a historian of Guatemalan women, has been appointed to a tenure track position at Brandon University in the field of gender in transnational perspective
Mary-Ellen Kelm began her tenure as a Canada Research Chair in the Department of History at Simon Fraser University
Amy Shaw has been appointed to a tenure-track position in Canadian history at the University of Lethbridge .
In 2006 Sharon Wall took up a position as Assistant Professor in the History Program at the University of Northern British Columbia
On October 31, fifty-five public historians gathered at the Canadian Museum of Civilization at a conference entitled ''New Directions in Women's Material Culture and Public History". The event was organized to bring together scholars from a variety of
disciplines (archaeologists, historic building preservationists, academics, museum historians, archivists and other public historians).
Intended as a first step towards organizing a national working group on women's public history, the conference was a success. Participants from fifteen different institutions gathered to discuss, debate and share their ideas about the ways in which women's history is made public.
Though the bulk of those attending came from the National Capital Region, several participants made their way from as far away as Alberta to take part. Many more wrote to show their support (there were even some letters from Australia and England) and to request that they be included in future events.
Seven short discussion papers were followed by two question periods and an afternoon workshop session. The majority of the papers focused on
the ways Canadian institutions represent women's history. The presentations, drawn from the professional experiences of the panellists, highlighted a number of common challenges faced by a selection of large Canadian institutions. Sharon Reilly (Manitoba
Museum), Dianne Dodd (Parks Canada), Myron Momryk (recently retired from Library and Archives Canada), Laura Brandon (Canadian War Museum) and Christina Bates (Canadian Museum of Civilization) each touched on their
own projects related to the study of women's public history. Two theoretical papers, presented by Phaedra Livingstone (Ryerson University) and Krista Cooke (Canadian Museum of Civilization), looked at structural issues within public history institutions that restrict their
ability to tell women's stories.
The very popular Women's History Network of B.C. Conference held its annual meeting in September. The 2006 theme was Historical Perspectives on Women and the Visual Arts in B.C. and as usual, attracted a lively crowd of local and professional historians. The 2007 conference will be held in Vancouver and focuses on the history of Women and Health Care.
“New World Coming: The Sixties and the Shaping of Global Consciousness,” Queen's University June 13th -16th 2007.
This international and interdisciplinary conference will bring together over 200 scholars, artists and filmmakers. The program features topics as diverse as the history of environmental consciousness, the New Left and the New Right, popular music, Third World decolonization and liberation movements, and the politics of sex and race. Our aim is to foster a dialogue on the interconnected nature, and present day legacy, of the various forms of culture and movements which characterized “The 'Sixties." Plenary speakers include Sheila Rowbotham, Rabab Abdulhadi, Varda Burstyn, Alice Echols, Patrizia Gentile, Tom Hayden, Lillian Allen and Amiri Baraka. Program and registration information is available at www.queensu.ca/history/News/NewWorldComing.htm
“From Multicultural Rhetoric to Anti-Racist Action,” Munk Centre, University Toronto, October 27th and 28th , 2007.
In the decades since Canada's adoption of official multiculturalism, multiculturalism has come to mean many things to many people: it represents a cornerstone of Canada's national identity in the contemporary period; it has received sustained attention from government, policy-makers, academics, and the media in Canada and abroad; and it has also been the object of successive and sometimes fierce waves of critique as a failed social and political experiment. In the post-9/11 era, the debate has once again been reframed, and the conversation in the public sphere now demonstrates a marked anxiety about the possible failures of assimilation and the resultant “end” of multiculturalism. At the same time, multiculturalism is being newly championed – and instrumentalized – as a security measure and a strategy of pragmatic self-interest, based on the argument that knowing and assimilating possibly threatening “Others” is what will ultimately protect “us” from “them.”
“From Multicultural Rhetoric to Anti-Racist Action” is intended as a space for scholars, activists, and writers to engage in critical dialogue and to interrogate contemporary meanings and applications of multiculturalism, examine structural racisms and material inequalities that may result from well-intended multicultural tolerance, and explore the ways in which a generalized language of multiculturalism may work to marginalize and diminish the particular claims and histories of Aboriginal Peoples. For information contact lisa.helps@utoronto
WOMEN’S HISTORY EVENTS
The History Department at Lauretian University, Sudbury Ontario celebrated their thirteenth annual Women’s History Week October 11-13, 2006 with guest lecturer Dr. Karen Dubinsky, History Department, Queen’s University. Karen gave a public lecture “The National Baby: Saving Cuba’s Children, From Operation Peter Pan to Elian Gonzalez”, a class presentation “Second Thoughts on the Second Greatest Disappointment: Revisiting Niagara Falls”; and she participated in a discussion of the film based on Paul Jackson’s research, “Open Secrets: Homosexuality in the military During WWII”.
There was a serried of events linked to Professor Christine Bard’s (Universitė d’ Angers, France) visit to Québec in the fall. She presented two papers in Montréal. One of them, "Trouble dans le genre vestimentaire XIXe-Xxes” was held at Universitė d’ Montréal on September 16, 2006, and was followed by a group discussion and a lunch at a nearby restaurant. Many thanks to André Lévesque and Denyse Baillargeon for participating to the organization of this activity, among others. The CCWH collaborated with the Montreal History Group (MHG), the Institut de Recherché et d’Ėtudes fėministes (IREF) Universitė du Québec á Montréal (UQAM), and the history department of the Universitė de Sherbrooke on that occasion. Other activities with Professor Bard included a presentation and a discussion of the virtual women’s history museum, Musėa, with Isabelle Lamy.
In the spring of 2007, Lara Campbell and Jolene Cummings started Herstory Café, an informal women’s history gathering in cafes around downtown Vancouver. SFU’s Willeen Keough presented “The Widow’s Curse: Irish-Newfoundland Women and Conflict Management on the Southern Avalon” to a packed house.
Lianne McTavish, who is now at the University of Alberta, used a SSHRC grant to fund a web site on the history of women in the New Brunswick Museum entitled : “Progress and Permanence: Women and the New Brunswick Museum, 1880-1980”. The website is now complete and may be accessed at www.unbf.ca/womenandmuseum.
Sasha Mullally curated an exhibition on rural women doctors for Mount Holyoke University last spring which was on display into the fall of 2006. The exhibit was called”: “Everlasting Sticking at It Brings Success?: The life of country doctor, Mary Phylinda Dole, M.D.” This exhibition was part of the traveling exhibition entitled, Changing the Face of Medicine: Celebrating America’s Women Physicians, which is funded by the National Library of Medicine (US). Sasha presently holds a Hannah Post-doctoral Fellowship at the Gorsebrook Institute at Saint Mary’s University.
Wendy Mitchinson has become a co-editor of the CHA Journal (2006-08)
Readers might look at Atlantis: A Women’s Studies Journal, published by Mount Saint Vincent University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Historians are frequent contributors to the journal. For 2006-07, historian Franca Iacovetta is one of the coeditors. In 2007, historian Linda Kealey will resume co-editorship of the journal. For more information go to www.msvu.ca/atlantis
Marjatta Rahikainen (University of Helsinki) and Kirsi Vainio-Korhonen (University of Turku) have edited a book about female servants in Finland 1300-2000 (Työteliäs ja uskollinen: Naiset piikoina ja palvelijoina keskiajalta nykypäivään. SKS, Helsinki 2006.) The book discusses in Finnish the history of female servants during seven centuries, from the abolishment of slavery in the Middle Ages to the waning of traditional forms of service in the late twentieth century. It presents several kinds of servants, from medieval trusted subordinates to twentieth-century casual maids-of-all work. It approaches the institution of service from the servant’s perspective and highlights not only their working conditions but also their personal lives and, sources permitting, their feelings and experiences. Theoretically the book will contribute to a number of current debates, such as institutional theory (enforcement and change of formal and informal rules), empowerment and gendered tactics and everyday politics in labour history.
Rahikainen and Vainio-Korhonen have also edited a book about women’s work in Finland 1300-2000. The book is going to be published in German in October: “Arbeitsam und gefügig: Frauenarbeit in Finnland vom Mittelalter bis heute”. (Schriftenreihe des Finnland-Instituts in Deutschland. Band 10. BWV Berliner Wissenschaft-Verlag, Berlin 2007.) The book discusses the history of women’s work during seven centuries, from the abolishment of slavery in the Middle Ages to modern Finland in the late twentieth century. It also presents several occupations and fields of work, female servants, farm work, entrepreneurship, industrial workers, shop assistants, female officials and salaried employees.
This book is going to be discussed and presented at the seminar “Hardworking and docile – Female work in Finland and Germany in the 19th and 20th century”. October 26th 2007, at the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Berlin and Finnland-Institut in Deutschland.
Docent Marko Lamberg (University of Jyväskylä) has recently published a book entitled "Jöns Budde - birgittalaisveli ja kirjailija", where he analyses matriarchal and patriarchal thinking within the medieval monastic order of the Birgittines. (Helsinki, SKS 2007)
The centenary of Women’s political rights in Finland has been celebrated this year. In the series of Finnish Parliament 100 Years, the book “Naiset eduskunnassa” (Women in Parliament), written by Irma Sulkunen, Aura Korppi-Tommola and Maria Lähteenmäki, focuses the position, politics and agency of women. Sulkunen has contributed with a text about the early vote for Finnish women, also surveying the progress of women’s suffrage in detail. In the fifth part, to be published this autumn, Anne Ollila (University of Turku) is writing about "Ammattina kansan edustaminen" (Occupation: to represent the people). Furthermore, Sulkunen is preparing a book in English on the same topic; Suffrage, Gender and Citizenship in Finland: An International Comparison. Sulkunen analyses the early vote Finnish women in a framework of the worldwide democratic movement, which gained many variations in different countries. The main questions of her study are: How did this process occur in Finland compared, particularly, to New Zealand but also to some other western countries? Which concept of female citizenship did the Finnish model follow and from which societal, political, and cultural background was it derived?
Docent Tiina Kinnunen (University of Joensuu) has published a book “Lauded and reviled” (Kiitetyt ja parjatut: Lotat sotien jälkeen, Otava 2006) about historical representations of Lotta Svärd, a patriotic women’s organization, which occupied a prominent position in Finnish society from the early 1920s to the end of the Second World War. After the war the organization, labeled as Fascist in the Soviet notion, was dissolved. Kinnunen is showing how the work that of the members of Lotta Svärd had carried out nearby the battlefields and on the home front was mainly ignored in silence or marginalized until the late 1980s. Despite protests and counter claims, the dominant public image of the members, the Lottas, was that of politically incorrect or sexually loose women.
Furthermore Tiina Kinnunen and Ville Kivimäki (Åbo Akademi University) has edited a book introducing new perspectives of the history of Finland during the Second World War. The book is called “Human being at War. The Finns’ Experiences of the Winter and Continuation Wars( Ihminen sodassa. Suomalaisten kokemuksia talvi- ja jatkosodasta. Jyväskylä 2006), and it discusses the experiences of war through – among others – the concepts of gender, class, sexuality and trauma.
In July 2007, check out http://www.helsinki.fi/collegium/e-series/ for a new on-line open-access e-book on women’s and gender history, called "Doubled Voice: Women, Men and Gender in Early Modern Europe", edited by Anu Korhonen and Kate Lowe. Published by The Collegium for Advanced Studies at the University of Helsinki, the book is volume 2 in the e-series COLLeGIUM: Studies across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Ranging from fifteenth-century Italian women humanists to eighteenth-century Swedish secret diarists, the essays in the collection look at gendered bodies, gendered spaces for agency, and women’s strategies of empowerment from various perspectives.
In November 2006 docent Marjo Kaartinen published a book on gender, the body, and early modern cultural history in Europe (Arjesta ihmeisiin: Eliitin kulttuuriaa 1500-1800-luvun Euroopassa, Tammi 2006). She was rewarded the title “Scholar of the Year in Finland 2006” by the Finnish Union of University Researcher and Teachers. Furthermore, Kaartinen currently works on breast cancer in early modern British Isles. For her book on racism in twentieth-century Finland she was awarded the Villa Karo cultural award The Bronze Panther in June 2007.
Anu Lahtinen, Dept.of History, University of Turku, deals with early modern female agency in Sweden in her dissertation "Sopeutuvat, neuvottelevat, kapinalliset. Naiset toimijoina Flemingin sukupiirissä 1470-1620" (Conciliatory, negotiating, insubordinate women. Female agency in the Fleming family, 1470–1620, Finnish Literature Society 2007). The study presents formerly neglected documents produced by noble women. I order to discuss the variety of women’s roles, Lahtinen analyses noble women as wives, mothers or daughters, sisters and protegées. She pays special attention to these women's skillful use of rhetorical means in their correspondecne and other written documents. The study broadens our understanding how women of the past actively strove to shape their lives through means of conciliation, negotiation and sometimes even insubordination.
Hockman, Tuula 2006: Kolmen polven perilliset. Ingeborg Aakentytär (Tott) ja hänen sukunsa (n. 1460-1507) [Paying special attention to a female aristocrat and her position in her own family circle.] University of Tampere.
Toivo, Raisa 2006/2007: Mother, Wife and Witch: Authority ans Status in Court Record
Narratives in Early Modern Finland. [unpublished dissertation, about 17th century common women's access to authority]. University of Tampere.
Seija Jalagin defended her dissertation (March 31, 2007) and earned her doctorate with a
reserch titled Japanin kutsu. Suomalaiset naislähetit Japanissa 1900-1941. With an
English Summary: Answering the Call: Finnish Missionary women in Japan, 1900-1941.
Bibliotheca Historica 107. SKS, Helsinki 2007. University of Oulu.
University of Oulu:
Forcing the Way - Women in Professional Networks of Power and Knowledge in 20th-Century Finland, 2007-2009. Funded by the Academy of Finland. Project leader: Professor Jouko Vahtola: The project consists of three post doctoral fellows, PhD Heini Hakasalo, Phd Seija Jalagin and PhD Marianne Junila and two doctoral students Niina Timosaari and Heidi Kurvinen.
The project, Forcing the Way - Women in Professonal Networks of Power and Knowledge in 20th-Century Finland, also organises a theoretic workshop on power and gender in Oulu university in fall 2007 together with another project in the "Power in Finland" programme, namely the Strategic Practices: Hidden Histories of Gender in Finland 1880-2005 (leader: Prof. Laura Stark, University of Jyväskylä).
Annual Women's Studies conference will be held in Oulu university on November 15 & 16, 2007 and organised by the Women studies unit as well as related fields (history being one of them).The above mentioned project, Forcing the Way, will organise two sessions in the women's studies conference. The other deal with women and professional power, the other with women in scientific power discourses.
University of Jyväskylä
Prof. Laura Stark studies gender and magic in early modern agrarian popular culture. She leads also a project group dealing with hidden gendered practices in Finland, 1880-2005.
Docent Marko Lamberg is leading a project entitled "Politics of Brothers, Neighbours and Friends - Political Culture and Strategies of Influence in Early Modern Sweden c. 1500-1700"; also gendered practices are analysed. He is also studying how Finnish immigrants integrated into Swedish local communities between c. 1450 and 1650 and in this study, too, the role of the gender is discussed.
Phil.Lic. Pasi Saarimäki is preparing his thesis on masculine discourses in a nineteenth-century
agrarian local community.
M.A. Heli Niskanen is preparing her thesis on
women's pregnancy expectations in modern Finland.
M.A. Arja Turunen is preparing her thesis on women wearing pants in twentieth-century Finland.
PhD Heli Valtonen has analysed women's autobiographies in her thesis "Minäkuvat, arvot ja mentaliteetit - Tutkimus 1900-luvun alussa syntyneiden toimihenkilönaisten omaelämäkerroista" (2004). Currently she is dealing with business leaders' collective biographies.
Docent Marja Kokko has studied women's organisational culture in Jyväskylä during the late nineteenth century and the twentieth century.
Docent Jari Eilola has dealt with gender aspects in his thesis on urban witch hunts ("Rajapinnoilla. Sallitun ja kielletyn määritteleminen 1600-luvun jälkipuoliskon noituus- ja taikuustapauksissa" (2003)).
Prof. Ilkka Nummela has published a study on Minna Canth as a business woman (2004).
M.A. (soon Phil.Lic.) Kirsi Ojala is also dealing with gender aspects while analysing servants' every-day life in eighteenth-century Turku (Sw. Åbo) and Odense. It is a question of a doctoral
Phil.Lic. Janne Haikari is analysing among others female authority in his upcoming thesis on interaction within the seventeenth-century county of Pori (Sw. Björneborg).
M.A. Marko Hakanen is analysing male bonding and male friendship in his upcoming thesis on patronus-client-networks in seventeenth-century Finland.
M.A. Ville Sarkamo is analysing male honour in his upcoming thesis on eighteenth-century officers in Swedish army.
Phil.Lic. Sofia Kotilainen is detecting matriarchal and patriarchal patterns in her upcoming thesis on name giving practices in agrarian families mainly in the nineteenth century.
Åbo Akademi University
In his doctoral dissertation Armed masculinity: Gender and nationalism in the interwar Finnish conscript army, 1919-1939, Phil.Lic. Anders Ahlbäck studies the attempts made to “reform” the masculinities of young men within the context of compulsory military training. He focuses on the discourses, practices and experiences within military training, and interrogates the interaction between bourgeois and popular masculinities, rural and urban, as well as older and newer notions of what it meant to be a man.
In his dissertation Reconstruction of the Citizen-Subject: Ethos of Work and Privatized Traumas, 1944–1954, M.A. Ville Kivimäki studies the Finnish war veterans’ home-coming and readjustment process. The dissertation empirically answers three main research problems: 1. The emotional heritage of war, as experienced by the generation of veterans upon their return; 2. The social and cultural regulation of this experience through readjustment politics, societal reforms, and medical treatment; 3. The subject-constitution of the post-war Finnish male citizen, in the middle of the public reconstruction ethos and private experiences of war.
In a project funded by the Academy of Finland (“The Peasant Figure and Masculinity - Gender, Class and Societal ideals in Finnish descriptions of the peasantry 1880-1940”), senior lecturer Ann-Catrin Östman is studying the history of historiography from a gender perspective. By analysing early 20th century studies on the history of the peasantry, she is focusing how understandings of gender and masculinity were structuring historic writing, and how notions of masculinity were formulated and used by historians.
NEWS & NOTES
The Association pour le développement de l’histoire des femmes et du genre—Mnémosyne: http://www.mnemosyne.asso.fr has created a new electronic journal : RevueGenre&Histoire.net, The journal aims to publish doctoral students’ work. Articles, work-in-progress, summaries and book reviews will all be published in the journal. The first issue will be available on-line by June 2007. For more information see Mnémosyne’s website.
Information about the new Institut Émilie du Châteletfor the development of research on women, gender and sexuality in Paris can be found on the website of the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle: http://www.mnhn.fr/museum/foffice/science/science/Recherche/rub-dep1/som-dpt/fichedep.xsp?ARTICLE_ARTICLE_ID=10587
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