Lakireddy bali reddy college of engineering (autonomous), mylavaram 521230




НазваниеLakireddy bali reddy college of engineering (autonomous), mylavaram 521230
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T199ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

Lecture : 3 Periods/week Internal Marks : 25

Tutorial : 1 External Marks : 75

Credits : 3 External Examination : 3 Hrs

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UNIT - I


Multidisciplinary nature of Environmental Studies: Definition, Scope and Importance – Need for Public Awareness.

Natural Resources : Renewable and non-renewable resources – Natural resources and associated problems – Forest resources – Use and over – exploitation, deforestation, case studies – Timber extraction – Mining, dams and other effects on forest and tribal people – Water resources – Use and over utilization of surface and ground water – Floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams – benefits and problems -Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies. - Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies. Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources use of alternate energy sources. Case studies. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles. [11 Lectures]


UNIT – II


Ecosystems : Concept of an ecosystem. - Structure and function of an ecosystem.- Producers, consumers and decomposers. - Energy flow in the ecosystem – Ecological succession. - Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.

Biodiversity and its conservation: Introduction - Definition: genetic, species And ecosystem diversity. - Bio-geographical classification of India - Value of Biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values. - India as a mega diversity nation - Hot-spots of biodiversity - Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts. - Endangered and endemic species of India – Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.

[11 Lectures]

UNIT – III


Environmental Pollution: Definition, Types, Cause, effects and control measures of:

a. Air pollution

b. Water pollution

c. Soil pollution

d. Marine pollution

e. Noise pollution

f. Thermal pollution

g. Nuclear hazards


Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. - Role of an individual in prevention of pollution. - Pollution case studies. - Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides. [11 Lectures]


UNIT – IV


Social Issues and the Environment: From Unsustainable to Sustainable development -Urban problems related to energy -Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management -Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Case Studies -Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions. -Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust. Case Studies. -Wasteland reclamation. – Consumerism and waste products. [11 Lectures]


UNIT – V


Human Population and the Environment: Population growth, variation among nations. Population explosion – Family Welfare Programme -Environment and human health. -Human Rights. -Value Education. HIV/AIDS. -Women and Child Welfare. -Role of information Technology in Environment and human health. –Case Studies. Environment Protection Act. -Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. –Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act -Wildlife Protection Act -Forest Conservation Act -Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation. -Public awareness. [11 Lectures]


TEXT BOOKS


1. Textbook of Environmental Studies for Undergraduate Courses by Erach Bharucha for University Grants Commission.

2. Environmental Studies by R. Rajagopalan, Oxford University Press.

REFERENCES


Textbook of Environmental Sciences and Technology by M. Anji Reddy BS Publication.

P806C - PROGRAMMING LAB


Internal Marks : 25

Lab/Practicals: 3 Period/Week External Marks : 75

Credits : 2 External Examination : 3 Hrs

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


I) Write a programme in ‘C’ language to cover the following problems.

a) Roots of Quadratic Equation.


b) Example program which shows the usage of various Operators
available in C Language.


c) Example program which shows the usage of various preliminary
Data types available in C Language.

d) Example programs to illustrate the order of evaluation.


II) WRITE EXAMPLE PROGRAMS:


a) To check whether the given year is leap year (or) not


b) Converting given two digit number into words using switch statement


c) To illustrate the usage of ‘goto’ statement.


d) Finding smallest& biggest number from the given set of 4 numbers using ‘if’ statement.


e) Calculate the student grade in the examination – assume suitable

constraints.


f) Prepare electricity bill for the consumed units – assume suitable

constraints.


III) EXAMPLE PROGRAMS:


a) To Display first N natural numbers

b) To find whether the given number is Armstrong (or) not

c) To find reverse of the given number and to check whether it is palindrome (or) not.

d) To find whether given number is strong number (or) not.

e) To check whether given number is Prime (or) not

f) To display prime numbers with in the given range(Nesting of Loops).

g) To display the following structure(Nesting of Loops)

i) 1 ii) 5 4 3 2

1 2 4 3 2 1

1 2 3 3 2 1

1 2 3 4 2 1

1 2 3 4 5 1


IV) Write example programs in C Language:

a) To find factorial of a given number using functions.

b) Swap two numbers using functions.

c) To find GCD of two numbers using recursion

d) Write a recursive function to solve Towers of Honai problem.

e) Write an example program to illustrate use of external & static
storage classes.


V) Write example programs in C Language to perform following operations:

a) Finding the sum and average of given numbers using Arrays.

b) To display elements of array in reverse order

c) To search whether the given element is in the array (or) not
using linear search & binary search.

d) Write a C program to perform the following operations

i) Addition, suCSraction and multiplication of Matrices

ii) Transpose of given matrix

(The above operations are to be exercised using functions also by
passing arguments)

e) Write a C program to find whether the given string is palindrome
(or) not.

f) To accept line of text and find the number of characters, number of
vowels and number of blank spaces in it.

g) Write an example program to illustrate the use of any 5 string
handling functions.


VI) a) Example program to bring clarity on pointer declaration &
initialization and Pointer arithmetic.

b) Write an example program to describe the usage of call by reference.

c) Write a program to find sum of the elements of the array using

functions.

d) Write an example program to illustrate the usage of command line
arguments.

e) Program to illustrate the usage of dynamic memory management functions.


VII) a) Write an example program using structures to process the student
record. Assume suitable fields for student structures ( Different
kinds of initialization of structure variables are to be exercised)

b) Write a program to read records of 10 employees and find their
average salary ( exercise array of structures & Nested structures
concepts through this program).

c) Write a program to handle a structure variable using pointers and
implement self referential structure(i.e. A structure variable
having a pointer to itself)


VIII) Write an example program on file to perform following operations:

a) Accessing content from files and writing content in to it.

(Exercise different file operation modes)

b) Copy the contents of one file into another (Exercise different file
operation modes)


P832ENGLISH LANGUAGE COMMUNICATION SKILLS LAB

Lab. : 3 Periods/week Internal Marks : 25

External Marks : 75

Credits : 2 External Examination : 3 Hrs

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The English Language Communications Skills Lab focuses on practice of sounds of language and familiarizes the students with the use of English in everyday situations and contexts. It aims at improving the communicative competence of students and to enrich their power of expression, articulation and persuasiveness. The thrust is on developing competences, both linguistic as well as communicative, in order to improve employability potential.


OBJECTIVES


1. To expose the students to a variety of self-instructional, learner-friendly modes of English language learning and stimulate intellectual and attitudinal exercise.

2. To provide students with the required facility and practice to face computer-based Competitive exams such as GRE, TOEFL , IELTS etc.

3. To enable them to learn better pronunciation through emphasis on word accent, intonation and rhythm.

4. To train them to use language effectively to face interviews, group discussions, public Speaking.

5. To develop necessary attitudes and behaviors so as to improve their employability quotient.


SYLLABUS


The following course content is prescribed for the English Language Communication Skills Laboratory sessions:

1. Dimensions of Phonetics: Phonetic Transcription, Sounds, Stress, Intonation, Rhythm, Varieties of Spoken English: Indian, British and American

2. Oral Presentations -- Prepared and Extempore -- JAM

3. Role Play

4. Describing Objects / Situations / People

5. Information Transfer

6. Debates

7. Group Discussions


SUGGESTED SOFTWARE


  1. Digital Mentor: Globarena,Hyderabad,2005

  2. Sky Pronunciation Suite: Young India Films, Chennai, 2009

  3. Mastering English in Vocabulary, Grammar, Spelling, Composition, Dorling Kindersley,USA,2001

  4. Dorling Kindersley Series of Grammar, Punctuation, Composition, Dorling Kindersley,USA,2001

  5. Oxford Talking Dictionary, The Learning Company, USA, 2002

  6. Learning to Speak English - 4 CDs. The Learning Company,USA,2002

  7. Cambridge Advanced Learners English Dictionary (with CD). Cambridge University Press, New Delhi, 2008

P831 - ENGINEERING WORKSHOP


Internal Marks : 25

Lab/Practicals: 3 Period/Week External Marks : 75

Credits : 2 External Examination : 3 Hrs

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


TRADES FOR EXERCISES: (Common to EEE, ECE, CSE, EIE & IT)


At least three exercise from each trade :


1. Carpentry

2. Fitting

3. House – Wiring

4. Plumbing


TRADES FOR EXERCISES : ( MECHCHANICAL ENGINEERING)


At least two exercise from each trade :


1. Carpentry

2. Fitting

3. Tin - Smithy

4. Black - Smithy

5. House - Wiring

6. Plumbing


TEXT BOOK

Workshop manual / P. Kannaiah / K.L. Narayana Scitech Publications, India Pvt Ltd, Chennai.

II-SEMESTER

T119 - APPLIED MATHEMATICSII

Lecture : 4 Periods/week Internal Marks : 25

Tutorial : 1 Period/Week External Marks : 75

Credits : 4 External Examination : 3 Hrs

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


UNIT – I


Laplace transforms of standard functions –Shifting Theorems, Transforms of derivatives and integrals – Unit step function –Dirac’s delta function. Inverse Laplace transforms– Convolution theorem - Applications of Laplace transforms to ordinary differential equations


UNIT – II


Fourier Series: Determination of Fourier coefficients – Fourier series – even and odd functions – Fourier series in an arbitrary interval– Half-range sine and cosine series.


UNIT – III


Fourier integral theorem (only statement) – Fourier sine and cosine integrals – Fourier transform – sine and cosine transforms – properties – inverse transforms – Finite Fourier transforms.


UNIT – IV


Formation of partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions –solutions of first order linear (Lagrange) equation. Method of Separation of Variables - Applications to wave equation, heat equation and Laplace Equation.


UNIT – V


Z-transform – properties – Damping rule – Shifting rule – Initial and final value theorems -Inverse z-transform -Convolution theorem – Solution of difference equation by z-transforms.


TEXT BOOKS


1. Higher Engineering Mathematics by Dr. B.S. Grewal

2. Higher Engineering Mathematics by Dr. B. V. Ramana – TMGH


REFERNCES


1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Michael D. Greenberg – TMGH

2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Krezig - John Wiley & sons

T198 - English-II
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