Overview of cms capabilities, features, and plug-ins explored




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НазваниеOverview of cms capabilities, features, and plug-ins explored
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Introduction and Scope

[Compiled by Christina Meninger]

The interface group explored the following collection management systems (CMS): Collective Access, Drupal, GetSimple, Joomla, and WordPress.org. Based on the needs of the Staten Island folklore archive, simplicity, flexibility, multi-user and multilingual capabilities are the focus.


The advantages and disadvantages as well as features and necessary tools, such as a server, of each CMS are identified. Additionally, examples, in the form of screenshots and links, are provided to illustrate some of the capabilities.


To facilitate a multi-user social environment, the ability to create multiple accounts is a must. Social comments, linking, and tagging will create an interactive environment to engage the community. Because of the many cultures involved in the creation of the archive, tools which accommodate or adapt to a variety of languages would be helpful. Icon interfaces and tools such as icon-based tagging and automated translators were explored. Additionally, to serve a wider audience, audio tools for prerecorded or automated narration were examined.


To capture real-time events throughout the community and to engage more users, the possibility of incorporating mobile devices and tools, with touch interfaces, to integrate with a CMS was investigated.

The digital archive must have effective organizational tools and features so community members are able to share and locate information provided by other community members. First and foremost, the digital archive will need a metadata standard to unify the description of information throughout the site. The metadata standards compatible with each CMS are provided. Additionally, a controlled or suggested vocabulary is recommended to maintain consistent language throughout the digital archive and to ultimately provide useful search results. Tools which provide this capability were also explored.


Various tools for searching, connecting, and browsing, including faceting browsing, audiovisual materials and other digital information as well as multiple ways to navigate were investigated. Successful use of these tools will also facilitate organization and access of digital archive.


For audiovisual and multimedia materials, display tools, such as zoom capabilities and lightbox, audiovisual players, and picture viewers were explored. Additionally, support, such as interface support, for users was investigated.


Overview of CMS capabilities, features, and plug-ins explored:


audiovisual player

browsing

controlled vocabulary

display tools (zoom, lightbox)

faceted browsing

flexibility

icon-based tagging

icon interface

linking

metadata

mobile tool

multilingual

multi-user

narration

navigation

searching

simplicity

social comments

social linking

support

tagging

touch interface

upload materials


SECTION 1: Notes on User Interface & Design Elements


(A) User Interfaces for illiterate or semi-literate communities [Compiled by Carly Bogen]

Two areas we identified as important for this project are ease of use for illiterate or semi-literate communities and multilingual access for a variety of different cultures.


Much research has been done on the topic of interfaces for illiterate or semi-literate users. However, little has been developed and commercialized at this point, though the beginnings of projects are in the works. The article “Text-Free User Interfaces for Illiterate and Semi-Literate Users” by Indrani Medhi, Aman Sagar, and Kentaro Toyama suggests voice feedback, semi-abstracted graphics, and a consistent help feature as ways create an interface that works for these communities. It is important to note however that iconography differs widely between cultures. Jan Chipchase (http://www.disambiguity.com/designing-for-illiteracy/) argues that for semi-literate users, an interface that is easy to learn, recognize and remember, even if it uses words, is more important than icons or graphics. This can be accomplished through simplicity, consistency, and limited consequences of failure. While there is no commercially available interface that integrates all of these ideas, we suggest that all can be built into already existing systems to some degree and should be considered when designing this project.


Unlike interfaces for illiterate and semi-literate users, multilingual interfaces are much more developed and commercially available at this point. Most operating systems and many content management systems have multilingual options, which usually allow a user to select from a list of available languages for display. Multilingual user interfaces (MUI) often allow other localization options such as time zones and display formats that may not be as necessary for this project. Sometimes MUI is available for both input and display; often it is only the display that is able to be translated, and sometimes the translation is not sufficient. Translations for smaller dialects is often not as available as official languages or those used by wider populations. At the very least it will be necessary to choose a CMS that can display in the needed languages for the project, if not their variant dialects; however it would be optimal to find a CMS that can allow users to input in various languages as well to allow for the proliferation of user-generated content.


Since both MUI and icon-based interfaces provide many challenges, it is our opinion that combining the two can help to mitigate some of the problems.


Sources

Interfaces for Illiterate and Semi-Literate Users

http://research.microsoft.com/pubs/143179/medhi_ictd2006.pdf

http://www.scribd.com/doc/8455555/Text-Free-Interfaces-for-SemiLiterate-Users

http://www2007.org/papers/paper764.pdf

http://www.disambiguity.com/designing-for-illiteracy/

https://bora.uib.no/bitstream/1956/4843/1/71958134.pdf


Multilingual Interfaces

http://www.slideshare.net/mitcho/ubiquity-designing-a-multilingual-natural-language-interface

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/goglobal/bb978454

http://www.ieee-tcdl.org/Bulletin/v3n3/mizera-pietraszko/mizera-pietraszko.html

http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december97/oard/12oard.html

http://www.cacaoproject.eu/fileadmin/media/presentations/extendedabstractVariazioniWorkshop.pdf

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